Flight 1939-03
I.15 (Russia)
Standard Russian bomber.
Douglas B.19 (America)
Arado 80 (Germany)
The Mark IV and V Armstrong Whitworth Whitleys are having Rolls-Royce Merlin engines. With the two-speed supercharged units the top speed should be over 250 m.p.h.
Performance figures for the Messerschmitt Me 109 (DB 600) have not yet been released.
The first Bristol Blenheim bomber which set a new standard for performance in its category.
The Blenheim high-speed bombers fitted with 840 h.p. Bristol Mercury VIII engines awaiting delivery from the company's Filton aerodrome
A Mercury VIII installed in a Blenheim bomber. Points to note are the leading-edge collector ring with single outlet and the controllable gills.
A typical R.A.F. Blenheim showing the retractable turret in the extended position.
The operational tell-tale panel on the Curtiss Wright 20 as it appears in experimental form. It is placed immediately below the Sperry panel and, consequently, in full view of both the first and second pilots.
The Dewoitine D.520 which is said to lend itself well to rapid quantity production.
THE GOLDEN GATE: A distinctly striking picture of one of United Airways Douglas D.C. is flying over San Francisco Bay and the Treasure Island Exposition ground, which will be seen behind the fuselage of the machine. The Exposition has actually been laid out on an artificial island and this will afterwards be a civil landplane and flying boat base. P.A.A. are already operating therefrom.
The Dornier Do.24, as supplied to the Governments of Germany and the Netherlands;
America has developed a single-seater shipboard fighter to a very high pitch. The machine illustrated is the Brewster F2A-1 now in production.
Focke-Wulf FW 159 (Germany)
The installation of a 23mm. Madsen shell-gun on a Curtiss Hawk 75. The upper sketch shows how the rear part of the weapon is faired.
SEEING FOR HIMSELF: Mr. W. J. Sanderson, president of Fleet Aircraft of Canada, Ltd., Fort Eerie, Ontario, is an accomplished pilot, and he recently visited the Handley Page aerodrome at Radlett and flew a Hampden. His company, which is one of the manufacturing units of Canadian Associated Aircraft, Ltd., is to build Hampdens.
Hampdens being delivered in quantity with two-speed supercharged Bristol Pegasus radials. H.P. lift slots make for brilliant performance in the Hampden and Hereford.
Henschel Hs 126 observation monoplanes of the Luftwaffe. This is one of the types released by the German Government for export.
Armed, for the time being at least, with eight machine guns, the 335-m.p.h. Hawker Hurricane can alternatively be fitted with shell-firing armament.
The pilots who broke a speed-with-load record with a Junkers bomber with Jumo 211's having the gilled nose radiators illustrated.
A multi-purpose type which can function as a two- or three-seater fighter is the Potez 63.
A triple-engined bomber which has proven itself in actual warfare is the Italian Savoia Marchetti SM79. The version illustrated has Alfa Romeo engines built under Bristol licence.
The Supermarine Spitfire is believed to be the fastest fighter in large-scale production in the world. It does 362 m.p.h. with a Rolls-Royce Merlin II.
The North American Harvard as used by the R.A.F.
A standard type of Japanese bomber
Henschel Hs 123 (Germany)
The Ju.87 dive-bomber is one of the new German Service machines using the Junkers Jumo 211 inverted vee-twelve liquid-cooled engine.
DIVE BOMBERS OF THE LUFTWAFFE: Junkers Ju.87 two-seater dive bombers (Jumo 211 engine) of the German Air Force. These machines have a special flap for reducing the diving speed and permitting a close approach to the target. Bomb displacement gear - for guiding the bomb clear of the airscrew - is visible behind the radiator housing.
A standard dive bomber of the German Air Force is the Junkers Ju. 87 with Jumo 211 engine. Under the wing are flaps to reduce the diving speed.
ROYAL VISIT: Their Majesties the King and Queen began their visit to Birmingham last week by inspecting the Austin shadow factory at Longbridge. Accompanied by Mr. Neville Chamberlain and Lord Austin, they saw Fairey Battles in production.
A fine example of the single-engined bomber: The Fairey Battle with Rolls-Royce Merlin II engine. Hundreds are in service.
A well-established type in service with the Italian Air Force is the Fiat BR20, a commodious machine with two Fiat radials giving 1,000 h.p. each at altitude.
An adaptation of the Lockheed 12 has been produced for advanced twin-engine training.
F/O. A. J. Pegg, Bristol test pitot, takes one of the new "long-nosed" Blenheims past the vertical in parting company with another Bristol machine bearing "Flight's" chief photographer. Generally classed as a bomber, the Blenheim is potentially a very formidable fighter or long-range strategical reconnaissance machine with a nominal top speed of 295 m.p.h. and a range slightly under 2,000 miles. This picture was secured at 7,000 ft. where the two fully supercharged 840 h.p. Mercury VIIls were beginning to feel at home.
Outstanding among the world’s highspeed bombers is the latest version of the Bristol Blenheim which does 295 m.p.h. and has a range of 1,900 miles.
The “long-nosed ” version of the Bristol Blenheim has much to recommend it as a long-distance strategical reconnaissance type.
One of the best Continental bombers in production to-day is the Polish P.Z.L. Los with two Bristol Pegasus engines. The low aspect ratio of the wing is a notable feature.
Английский аэроплан "Бристоль", состоявший на вооружении болгарской армии в 1913 году.
The Bristol-Prier school monoplane. In the pilot’s cockpit is Mr. (now Group Capt.) Harry Busteed.
The Boulton Paul Defiant two-seater multi-gun turret fighter which has been adopted as a standard type by the R.A.F. The engine is a Rolls-Royce Merlin.
The Consolidated model 28, generally similar to the PBY series of the American Navy.
Westland Lysanders in service with the R.A.F. (with Mercury or Perseus engine) awaiting delivery to a unit. The Lysander was designed from the beginning as a specialised Army co-operation machine.
A close-up of one of the sleek He.111s now in service in large numbers with the German Air Force. This machine must be one of the most formidable of its class in the world.
The Heinkel He 111K with two Daimler Benz DB 600 engines is believed to equip a large proportion of Germany’s bombing force.
I.16 (Russia)
Miles Magisters before delivery from their manufacturer's Reading Aerodrome.
The German Arado Ar. 96.
A Bristol F.2b Mk IV C4740 of the Cambridge University Air Squadron.
The aeroplane which made the name "Bristol" famous. The Bristol Fighter, F.2.B., which acquired the affectionate title “Brisfit” during the war. The engine was a Rolls-Royce Falcon of 275 h.p.
The Bristol “family” of 1920. From left to right the types are the Tourer, the Scout type F, the Babe, the monoplane, and the “Brisfit.” Behind them all is the huge Pullman passenger-carrier.
FLOAT RETRACTION is a feature of new military flying boat - the Glenn Martin patrol bomber. The American machine, which has a span of 118ft., is believed to have two of the new Wright two-row Cyclones of something like 1,500 h.p. each.
The first Bristol aeroplane - the “Box Kite,” with 50 h.p. Gnome rotary engine, constructed by the British and Colonial Aeroplane Co., which eventually became the present Bristol Aeroplane and Motor Co. They were very similar to the Henry Farman, and large numbers were built and used for training purposes.
Early aviation in India; a Bristol “Box Kite” was demonstrated in 1911 by Henri Jullerot.
Early streamlining: a “Box Kite” with a cowling over the pilot’s legs.
The torpedo on a German Arado Ar. 95, a particularly versatile biplane, with B.M.W. radial engine.
Ikarus Orkan (Yugoslavia)
Curtiss XP-40 (America)
A popular attack type on the export market, the Vultee V-12 can alternatively carry a heavy load of “demolition” bombs. It is here seen with a 1,100-lb. projectile in a faired rack.
Avia 35 (Czechoslovakia).
PROM THE AERIAL DERBY: L. L. Carter crosses the finishing line as first man home and winner of the Derby Handicap.
A Bristol monoplane with Lucifer engine was a low-power version of the military monoplane.
The De Havilland Don (D.H. Gipsyking engine) as employed for communication work and for certain types ol training in the R.A.F.
Although employed by the R.A.F. on target-towing duties, the Hawker Henley is one of the world’s finest single-engined bombers.
Adopted as a standard type by the French Air Force, the Amiot 340 is one of the best looking of modern twin-engined bombers. It has two Gnome Rhone N 14 engines.
A nose view of the German Dornier Do.17 showing the installation of its Daimler Benz DB 600 engines, which confer a very good performance.
Armourers installing the R.A.F. model of the Browning gun on a Gloster Gladiator
Fitted with nine rifle-calibre machine guns, the twin-hulled Fokker G.I is a formidable machine for ground strafing.
How two Madsen shell-guns and two rifle-bore machine guns of the same manufacture are installed in the nose of the Fokker G. I.
The Koolhoven FK 58 (Hispano Suiza 14AA of 1,100 h.p.) has been ordered in quantity by France.
In small-scale production for the French Air Force, the Bloch 151 is normally fitted with a Gnome Rhone 14N0, though a Twin Wasp is being tried experimentally. With a Gnome Rhone 14N the Bloch 151 does well over 300 m.p.h.
A fine example of the light fighter - the 450 h.p. Renault-engined Caudron Cyclone.
GEODETICS ON THE GRAND SCALE: Flt. Lt. J. Summers, chief test pilot to the Vickers-Armstrong group, shows off some of the finer points of the Wellington long-range bomber near Weybridge. Wellingtons are coming through at a highly creditable rate and are taking up the brightly burning torch of geodesy from the Wellesley. The engines are Bristol Pegasus.
ENGLISH as the THAMES. A Vickers Wellington bomber - Pegasus-powered - on test near its home aerodrome; those who know their Thames will see exactly where. The Wellington is built on the exclusive geodetic system and ranks as one of the world’s most formidable bombers.
A Junkers Jumo 205 Diesel in a Ju.86K.
Junkers Ju.86K (Germany)
Breda 88 (Italy)
Bombs about to be loaded into an American Douglas B-18 bomber. It will be seen that the bomb doors are already open to recede the projectiles.
Bloch 174 (France)
The Breguet 690 which has been adopted by France as a standard attack type. It is said to do more than 290 m.p.h. and to have a range of over 1,000 miles.
Loire-Nieuport 40 single-seater dive-bomber (France)
Japanese light bomber
A Fieseler Storch demonstrates how its slots and flaps enable it to work from confined spaces.
Breda 65 (Italy)
Italy’s Meridionali Ro.37-bis is a reconnaissance type usually fitted with a Piaggio engine. There are sliding observation windows in the sides of the fuselage.
The Douglas O-46-A (Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp Junior)
The North American O-47 Three-seat Observation Monoplane (Wright "Cyclone" engine).
America's present standard observation (army co-operation) type is the Cyclone-engined North American O-47. There are windows in the bottom of the fuselage.
Spraying a thin solution of whitewash to simulate a gas attack, Douglas (Northrop) machines of the U.S. Army Air Corps demonstrate one of the functions of an attack squadron.
So low do attack machines fly that they must drop their fragmentation bombs by parachute to avoid the explosions. The machines shown are of the standard Douglas (Northrop) type.
IMPERIAL DEFENCE: A Short Sunderland (four Bristol Pegasus XXII) refuelling at Keamari, near Karachi, on its way out to Singapore. This photograph, like certain of those used in connection with our Empire Air Forces Number last week, is published through the courtesy of Shell Aviation News.
ESCORT: One of the Sunderlands which, with a formation of Ansons, escorted the steamer Cote d'Azur when she brought President Lebrun to England last week. The French escort of destroyers is seen turning back after handing-over to the Royal Navy in mid-Channel.
The magnificent Short Sunderland (four Bristol Pegasus XXII) now equipping certain R.A.F. units.
Another German torpedo-carrier is the Dornier Do. 22 parasol monoplane, seen fitted with an Hispano-Suiza engine.
A German observation machine
Heinkel He-115 (Germany)
Italian and American technique in the design of two-seater catapult floatplanes is illustrated by the Meridionali Ro 37 (shown) and the Curtiss SOC-I.
THE LATEST NOORDUYN: A 1939 model Norseman which has recently been delivered to Hudson Bay Air Transport. This machine has full blind-flying equipment and Marconi two-way radio. The skis have M. and C. shock absorbing pedestals, and special Noorduyn skis which are shod and edged with Bakelite
Another interesting American prototype, the Consolidated XPB2Y-1 with four Pratt and Whitney Twin Wasps.
Italian and American technique in the design of two-seater catapult floatplanes is illustrated by the Meridionali Ro 37 and the Curtiss SOC-I (shown).
The Sikorsky amphibian is a type used by the U.S. Army and Navy for general transport duties.
Latecoere 298 (France)
Loire-Nieuport 210 seaplane fighter (France)
ON THE RIGHT LINES: A Blackburn Skua I two-seater fleet fighter dive bomber, with Bristol Perseus sleeve-valve engine, landing on H.M.S. Courageous during training exercises in the North Sea.
The Blackburn Skua (Bristol Perseus) which can be used as a two-seater fighter;
PROBLEM PICTURE - actually, a Fairey Swordfish coming in to land on the flying deck of the carrier Courageous, as seen from the quarterdeck.
The handling party rushes out as a Swordfish is pulled to a standstill, having caught the first of the four arrester wires. The machine is immediately dragged back for another take-off.
The take-off of a Fairey Swordfish T.S.R. biplane as seen from the bows of Courageous. Actually this view was secured from the level of the old lower flying deck which is no longer used.
GLADIATOR GOES TO SEA: A pleasant cloudscape impression of the Gloster Sea Gladiator (Bristol Mercury IX - 840 h.p. at 14,000ft.). These machines are now going into service with the Fleet Air Arm.
SEA WARRIOR: Another view of the Gloster Sea Gladiator which reveals two of its special features. One is the bulge between the undercarriage legs which conceals a dinghy and the other is the deck-landing arrester hook.
A Vildebeest torpedo bomber makes a dive-bombing attack.
The Douglas TBD-1 (centre) is a two-seater torpedo-carrier in service with the U.S. Navy. The projectile is stowed internally.
THE PRODUCTION TYPE BOMBAY: An exclusive view of the first Bristol Bombay bomber-transport built by Short and Harland at Belfast. It will be noted that the nose has been revised and that the Pegasus engines now drive Rotol airscrews
One of the first views of the production-type Bristol Bombay as standardised by the R.A.F. for bomber-transport duties. It is built in the Short and Harland factory at Belfast.
The successful Focke-Wulf Weihe
The De Havilland Tiger Moth's influence on foreign design is exemplified by the Belgian Stampe-et-Vertongen S.V. 4-B, which has the same power plant - the Gipsy Major of 130 h.p.
The Bristol 138A high altitude record-breaking monoplane powered with a special Bristol Pegasus engine.
The De Havilland Tiger Moth is a well-established type on which thousands of pilots have been trained and which is still in large-scale quantity production.
The view illustrates the type of British wireless-controlled target aircraft - the De Havilland Queen Bee. The Queen Bee is being salvaged after a practice shoot by naval anti-aircraft guns. H.M.S. Argus, an obsolescent aircraft carrier, has been fitted out as a “mother ship” for these aircraft.
FULL-LOAD TEST. Mr. Geoffrey de Havilland, Junr., takes off the D.H.95 at an all-up weight of 17,000 lb. The remarkable point about this picture is that the run only started from the Hatfield tarmac, seen in the not-very-far distance.
The Hawker Demon (Turret) two-seater fighter which will remain our standard machine in this class until the introduction of Defiants.
With its aerodynamically shaped crankcase and one-piece cylinder head the Praga D. flat-four engine is extremely clean.
The Praga D. flat-four engine is shown installed in the latest version of the Praga E.114.
The French Hanriot H-220 two-seater fighter is claimed to have a speed well in excess of 300 m.p.h. It is in production.
The French Amiot 150 is a heavy torpedo-bomber, reconnaissance float plane.
Lignel 46 (France)
The German Bucker Jungmeister (160 h.p. Siemens) is one of the world’s finest aerobatic machines.
The Italian Nardi FN 305
A REFINED KOOLHOVEN: The high-wing monoplane is notoriously bad for purposes of wheel retraction, but Mr. Koolhoven, in an effort to produce a three-seater tourer with good vision and a high performance, has resorted in the FK54, to the arrangement illustrated here, the wheels of course being tucked into the fuselage. With a Gipsy Major Series II the top speed is 155 m.p.h.
The Brewster XSBA-I (Wright Cyclone).
The Curtiss SBC-3 which is similar to the export model Helldiver 77.
Hall XPTBH-1 (U.S.A.)
The Kellett Autogiro, experimented with by the U.S. Army for reconnaissance work.
Kellett YG-1a Autogiros of the type shown are used by the U.S. Army Air Corps.
To meet the requirements of the U.S. Army Air Corps a special version of the Lockheed 14 has been developed as a military transport. The hump on the fuselage is a characteristic feature.
NOCTURNE. The camera records, with the aid of flashlight, details of a North American “basic trainer” of the U.S. Army Air Corps. This photograph, taken at 10 o’clock at night near Randolph Field, Texas, is claimed to be almost unique. The machines were flying at 3,000ft.
The Douglas BT-I (Twin Wasp Junior);
The Seversky amphibian fighter
Stearman trainers of the US Army Air Corps
Vought V-143 (America)
The installation of a Browning gun in the wing of an American Waco.
The E. & R.C. 310 is more conventional in appearance than in fact. It has an interconnected control system and is reputed to be stall-proof. The maximum speed is too m.p.h. with a 55 h.p. engine.
Despite the useful cabin width and the fact that it is a braced high-wing machine, this frontal view shows that the Cub Coupe has comparatively clean lines. The photographer escaped with his life.
Avia B.158 (Czechoslovakia)
Breguet 730 (France)
The version of the famous Bristol Scout, type F with fourteen-cylinder Cosmos Mercury radial. This machine did 140 m.p.h. and climbed to 10,000ft. in 8 minutes
The “Braemar” was a bomber of 18,000 lb. gross weight.
The large triplane shown here was known as the “Tramp.” It had four Puma engines in the fuselage.
The large triplane shown here was known as the “Tramp.” It had four Puma engines in the fuselage.
The Bristol Pullman triplane had accommodation for fourteen passengers in great comfort.
The Bristol seaplane was a development of the Bristol Fighter. This particular version had a Siddeley Puma.
The Tourer was one of the first commercial aeroplanes used after the war. It was developed from the “Brisfit.” The engine was a Siddeley Puma.
The swinging engine mounting used in this and other Bristol machines of the same period.
In 1926 a Bristol Bloodhound with sealed Jupiter engine carried out an endurance test of 250 hours without overhaul.
The Coanda monoplane.
THE D.C.5 FLIES: The prototype Douglas D.C.5 taking off on an early test flight from Los Angeles municipal airport. The first series of these medium-sized transport machines have been ordered by K.L.M.
TAKE-OFF AND PULL-UP TESTS AT LYMPNE: 3, Uwins "hoiking" the Bristol "Brownie" over the posts in the take-off test.
The Bristol Brownie which took part in the Lympne light plane competitions. It was fitted with a Bristol Cherub flat-twin engine of 34 h.p.
An impressive close-up of one of the U.S. Army Corps Boeing B-17 bombers (two-speed supercharged Wright Cyclones) about to touch down. This machine is considerably smaller than the XB-15.
North America NA-50 (America)
MINOR TO MAJOR: The new Luton Major two-seater flying at its home aerodrome at Denham. With a Walter Mikron engine, the machine has a top speed of about 105 m.p.h. and a landing speed of 30 m.p.h. From the club point of view one of the machine’s advantages is that the wings fold. The test flying has been largely carried out by Sq. Ldr. E. R. Mole, of gliding fame
BOMBER FROM BELFAST: A fine photographic impression of the prototype Hereford bomber (two Napier Dagger engines) which is now in production at the Short and Harland works at Belfast.
Short and Harlands, at Belfast, are testing the prototype of the Hereford bomber with Napier Dagger twenty-four-cylinder engines. The production type, now nearly ready, is similar, but the fuselage is rounded off and generally smoothed down, making the Hereford similar (except for the engines) to the production type Handley Page Hampden.
Mr. H. L. Piper, who has done most of the test flying on this interesting cousin of the Hampden.
FLOAT RETRACTION is a feature of new military flying boat - the French Latecoere 611. The French boat is fitted with four Gnome Rhone 14 Ns of over 1,000 h.p. each.
France’s new Latecoere with Gnome-Rhone 14 No engines and retractable outboard floats.
A mock-up of the Payen Flechair shows the extraordinary features of this twin-engined fighter
S.A.B.C.A. S.74. (Belgium)
The American Armament Corporation has developed a 37 mm. shell-gun which has great destructive power. This Seversky wing demonstrates the effect of one of the shells. From left to right are the wing intact (showing the aiming mark); the point of entry; and the exit.
The Bullet, type 32. This machine was fitted with the first Jupiter engine built by the Bristol company. It was raced in the King's Cup and Aerial Derby.
The Lucifer Trainer of 1923. It was sold to several countries.
The Bristol Bullfinch was convertible from monoplane into biplane and from single-seater into two-seater.
The Bristol Berkeley was a two-seater bomber with Rolls-Royce Condor engine.
The Boarhound with Jupiter engine. It will be observed that the “Brisfit” placing of pilot and gunner close together was retained.
Fitted with four guns and powered with a Mercury engine the Bristol 131 single-seater fighter was one of the most formidable machines of its day.
A highly developed two-seater fighter prototype is the Hawker Hotspur, which carries a battery of machine guns in a power-driven turret.
A Bristol biplane designed by Mr. E. C. Gordon England for the Military Trials of 1912 (note the tricycle undercarriage)
Dewoitine D.770 (France)
VARIABLE LIFT: Two views of the Helmy monoplane. Above the fuselage lifting section is shown free of the fuselage proper, while, below, the machine is shown in norm trim.
Mr. F. Helmy, the designer of the machine
A French avion de travaille - the Hanriot N.C.510 - which may be used for day and night reconnaissance or advanced training. The observer’s position is beneath the fuselage.
The Czech Letov S.231, a bomber corresponding to the Blenheim formula. It has the same power plant - two Bristol Mercury VIIIs.
The M.R.1 was the first all-metal machine produced by the Bristol Company.
"Slottery and flappery" is an important feature of the Parnall’s specification. The inner portions of the flaps can be depressed to 45 deg. and the outer portions, which function as ailerons, can be lowered about 15 deg. The other appendages are the numerous inspection doors, shown open.
Mr. B. B. Henderson, the designer, with Mr. J. A. C. Warren, test pilot - whose headgear tempts us to pin a quip on his name.
The Headmaster’s Study: Believing that both instruction and performance will benefit, Mr. Henderson has designed this coupe enclosure for the instructor’s cockpit. The blind-flying hood is folded neatly down inside the front cockpit.
Details of the undercarriage and its attachment to the front spar. The spat is divided transversely.
Parnall 382 (Gipsy Six Series II)
C.A.O.200 (France)
McGregor (Canada)
A new French prototype is this Marcel Bloch bomber with four small-diameter Gnome Rhone M14s
NC.110 B5 (France)
The Czech Letov S.50 is a handy reconnaissance type obviously designed for a good deal of knocking about.
Projected Dewoitine D.750 deck-landing reconnaissance monoplane (France)
Dewoitine D.700 (France)