Flight 1936-12
Flight
One of outstanding military types of 1936: The Bristol Blenheim
One of outstanding military types of 1936: The Handley Page Hampden.
Two canons are mounted in fairings below the fuselage of the new Potez 63 three-seater, twin-engined fighter.
One of outstanding military types of 1936: The Supermarine Spitfire
APPROACH TO A PROBLEM - 1: This view of the Fairey Battle medium bomber (1,065 h.p. Rolls-Royce Merlin) affords an interesting comparison with the Armstrong Whitworth machine intended for similar duties. Note the revised cockpit enclosure and undercarriage and the D.H. v.p. airscrew.
General arrangement of the 250 m.p.h. Lockheed Super Electra.
"... AND SUCH GREAT NAMES." The Westland Army Co-operation monoplane, now named the Lysander.
Demonstrative of the field of fire obtainable from a well-arranged multi-seater, this drawing shows the arcs covered by the guns of the French Amiot 144.
OUR KING AS PILOT: A photograph taken at Croydon soon after the War of a 504K Avro, at the controls of which was Prince Albert. Incidentally, London's airport was known in those days as "The Government Aerodrome, Waddon."
Showing the installation of a drum-fed machine gun and 20mm. canon in the French Loire 46 fighter.
APPOSITE: Christmas greetings from Air Service Training Ltd. at Hamble. The message is formed by white-overalled humanity "on the hands down," and the "A.S.T." consists of the ten different aircraft types which form the organisation's fleet: Avro V, 626, Avian, Tutors and Cadets; two-seater Siskin; A.W. Atlas; two Cutty Sarks; and D.H. Leopard Moth and Hornet Moth.
CLOUD-WALKING: An Overstrand of No. 101 (Bomber) Squadron inspects the silver lining.
An excellent view of the nose portion of the Fokker G.I twin-engined attack machine, showing the installation of the canons and machine guns.
JUNKERS FOR THE NORTH: A batch of Junkers Ju.86 bombers have been ordered by the Swedish Government. The first machine was recently demonstrated at Bromma, near Stockholm, by Captain Soederberg. It is likely that the production machines will be fitted with Swedish-built Pegasus engines, or Mercuries as they are called in Sweden, for some baffling reason.
A little fancy flying: No. 56 F.S. shows that it can fly in line astern
In battle formation: Six Gauntlets up on patrol, searching the skies for the raiding bombers.
Dive bombing: From echelon on the right, the leader cartwheels down for an attack on a ground target.
No. 56 Squadron to-day: At the alarm the pilots run to their machines and clamber into their seats.
Not exactly the velvet gloves, for one can see the Gloster Gauntlets though one cannot see the Bristol Mercury engines inside the cowlings. All pilots love the Gauntlet, and will be sorry when the day comes for reequipment.
The red and white diced pattern is the distinguishing mark of No. 56 (Fighter) Squadron, still as efficient a body as it was in the days of Ball and McCudden.
A pilot is shown wearing his R/T and oxygen apparatus.
PROTOTYPE II. The Fairey light reconnaissance seaplane intended for operation from warships. A Napier Rapier VI moderately supercharged engine is fitted.
This Power boat had fell designs on the defences of our East Coast, but the Anson spotted her and reported her position to H.Q. at Manston.
Coastal reconnaissance aircraft normally wish to see and not to hide themselves, but sometimes they practise navigation above the cloud banks
Some of the Avro Ansons (two Siddeley Cheetahs IX) of No. 48 (Genera! Reconnaissance) Squadron at Manston.
THE SAME ONLY DIFFERENT: Anyone could be excused for saying of the above view "It's an ordinary Vickers Vildebeest as used by the R.A.F." But that is not true. Note, for instance, that a long-chord cowling is fitted; this is not standard on the present Pegasus-engined type. Actually the machine has a Bristol Perseus sleeve-valve engine and is of a type adopted as Service equipment by the Air Ministry.
FIRST IN SERVICE: This view shows to advantage the installation of a moderately supercharged Bristol Perseus sleeve-valve engine in a Vickers Vildebeest torpedo-bomber. This combination has been adopted by the Air Ministry and marks the entry of sleeve-valve engines into the Service
CHRISTMAS RUSH: A tarmac impression at Croydon on December 24. Beneath the port wing of the Swissair Douglas can be seen an Air France Wibault, an H.P. 42, Scylla and Syrinx, while behind the Douglas is a Railway Air Services' D.H.86.
APPOSITE: Christmas greetings from Air Service Training Ltd. at Hamble. The message is formed by white-overalled humanity "on the hands down," and the "A.S.T." consists of the ten different aircraft types which form the organisation's fleet: Avro V, 626, Avian, Tutors and Cadets; two-seater Siskin; A.W. Atlas; two Cutty Sarks; and D.H. Leopard Moth and Hornet Moth.
Such clean and pleasing lines as these of the Chilton monoplane are seldom found in the "ultra-light category."
CHRISTMAS RUSH: A tarmac impression at Croydon on December 24. Beneath the port wing of the Swissair Douglas can be seen an Air France Wibault, an H.P. 42, Scylla and Syrinx, while behind the Douglas is a Railway Air Services' D.H.86.
SOCIABILITY AND SAFETY: This unusual flying picture of the D.H. Hornet Moth reflects credit on the pilots both of the D.H. 87B (the official designation of the Hornet) and of the machine which carried Flight's photographer. Incidentally, its price has just been reduced to ?775 - a figure which is distinctly reasonable for a side-by-side cabin machine of this type. With a normal range of 600 miles and possessing excellent "small field" capabilities on full load, the Hornet, though not exceptionally fast (it cruises at 105 m.p.h. or a little less), is a really useful private owner's aeroplane. Its eood take-off gives it possibilities as a floatplane and at least one machine has been successfully flying in this guise over in Canada.
KEEPING ITS END UP: A small parachute is sometimes carried in the tail of a machine as a precautionary measure during spinning tests. This view shows such an installation on a Heston Phoenix.
The Luton Minor (34 h.p. British Anzani)
The Empire boat (four 758/815 h.p. Pegasus X Cs).
The long-range Short boat, Caledonia, moored off Hythe, Southampton. After the necessary fuel consumption and other tests have been carried out this boat will be flown to Foynes for a series of experimental crossings to Botwood, Newfoundland.
BERMUDA RIGGED. The hull of Cavalier, the Short Empire flying boat which will operate in conjunction with a machine of Pan-American Airways on the Bermuda - New York service, being hoisted, in what is said to be the world's largest packing case, aboard the S.S. Loch Katrine. The case follows the lines of the hull remarkably closely; if the bottom corners were "gouged" out the resemblance would be even more striking.
ANOTHER INVADER: The agency for this machine, the American Porterfield 70, has been obtained by Surrey Flying Services. With a 70 h.p. Le Blond engine this tandem-seater cabin monoplane cruises at 105 m.p.h. and will cost ?625 over here.
APPOSITE: Christmas greetings from Air Service Training Ltd. at Hamble. The message is formed by white-overalled humanity "on the hands down," and the "A.S.T." consists of the ten different aircraft types which form the organisation's fleet: Avro V, 626, Avian, Tutors and Cadets; two-seater Siskin; A.W. Atlas; two Cutty Sarks; and D.H. Leopard Moth and Hornet Moth.
CHRISTMAS RUSH: A tarmac impression at Croydon on December 24. Beneath the port wing of the Swissair Douglas can be seen an Air France Wibault, an H.P. 42, Scylla and Syrinx, while behind the Douglas is a Railway Air Services' D.H.86.
CHRISTMAS RUSH: A tarmac impression at Croydon on December 24. Beneath the port wing of the Swissair Douglas can be seen an Air France Wibault, an H.P. 42, Scylla and Syrinx, while behind the Douglas is a Railway Air Services' D.H.86.
The new Mureaux 190 light single-seater fighter mounts a Salmson inverted vee-twelve engine arranged to accommodate a canon firing through its airscrew boss, which is raised accordingly.
The only really large commercial aeroplane in the Show, the Farman 224 carries 40 passengers and a crew of four. In the foreground is the Mureaux 190 C.1 fighter.
The Farman 224 monoplane - developed from the Centaur used over the South Atlantic. It is probable that one of these machines will be the first to make Air France's contribution to the experimental work.
The Mureax 190 fighter, says Maj. Bulman, puts a good case for the in-line engine (a 450 h.p. 12 cyl. Salmson, with canon).
APPOSITE: Christmas greetings from Air Service Training Ltd. at Hamble. The message is formed by white-overalled humanity "on the hands down," and the "A.S.T." consists of the ten different aircraft types which form the organisation's fleet: Avro V, 626, Avian, Tutors and Cadets; two-seater Siskin; A.W. Atlas; two Cutty Sarks; and D.H. Leopard Moth and Hornet Moth.
APPOSITE: Christmas greetings from Air Service Training Ltd. at Hamble. The message is formed by white-overalled humanity "on the hands down," and the "A.S.T." consists of the ten different aircraft types which form the organisation's fleet: Avro V, 626, Avian, Tutors and Cadets; two-seater Siskin; A.W. Atlas; two Cutty Sarks; and D.H. Leopard Moth and Hornet Moth.
APPOSITE: Christmas greetings from Air Service Training Ltd. at Hamble. The message is formed by white-overalled humanity "on the hands down," and the "A.S.T." consists of the ten different aircraft types which form the organisation's fleet: Avro V, 626, Avian, Tutors and Cadets; two-seater Siskin; A.W. Atlas; two Cutty Sarks; and D.H. Leopard Moth and Hornet Moth.
FAR EASTERN TERMINUS: The Manila-Hongkong section of Pan-American Airways' Pacific service was covered for the first time at the end of October with Mr. Juan Trippe and nineteen passengers. In due course, Imperial Airways' Penang - Hongkong and Atlantic services will be used to carry passengers as well as mail and the Anglo-American girdle will be complete. Here is the Martin Philippine Clipper arriving at Hongkong.
The Calcutta (three 525 h.p. geared Bristol Jupiters)
The Dart Kitten (25 h.p. Ava)
THE SEA-DOUGLAS: The new Douglas DF flying-boat has, since a photograph was originally reproduced in Flight, been put through its paces and appears to have performed well. The machine is, of course, of all-metal construction and an interesting departure from normal Douglas practice is the use of skin corrugations in the wing covering, which, incidentally, is fabric aft of the rear spar. The recess into which the wing-float partially retracts can be seen in this view.
The only really large commercial aeroplane in the Show, the Farman 224 carries 40 passengers and a crew of four. In the foreground is the Mureaux 190 C.1 fighter.
The Farman 224 monoplane - developed from the Centaur used over the South Atlantic. It is probable that one of these machines will be the first to make Air France's contribution to the experimental work.
HEAT BLISTERS: The defensive armament of this Boeing YB-17 bomber, the first of thirteen for the U.S. Army Air Corps, is carried in a novel nose turret and four streamlined blister-like emplacements whence, so it is said, "the heat can be turned on" in practically all directions. The YB-17 is the largest landplane ever built in the U.S.A. and represents a class which has not so far featured in our own expansion programme. Four of the new Wright Cyclone "G" engines are fitted and a retractable undercarriage and tail wheel, flaps, v.p. airscrews, homing equipment, two-way R/T and an automatic pilot are specified.
APPOSITE: Christmas greetings from Air Service Training Ltd. at Hamble. The message is formed by white-overalled humanity "on the hands down," and the "A.S.T." consists of the ten different aircraft types which form the organisation's fleet: Avro V, 626, Avian, Tutors and Cadets; two-seater Siskin; A.W. Atlas; two Cutty Sarks; and D.H. Leopard Moth and Hornet Moth.
The End: "... one of the hardest things I ever had to do was to leave the aircraft stranded, through no fault of its own, standing up like a monument in the clear atmosphere until the sea eventually claimed it."
The pilot, Mr. Wood, about to "abandon ship" on the coral reef.
The Beginning: The Monospar Croydon (two 400 h.p. Pratt and Whitney Wasp Juniors) at Hanworth shortly before the start of the journey. Standing in front are the original crew, Lord Sempill (second from left) and Messrs. Gilroy, Wood and Davies.
The tapering line of cabin windows is one of the features which give ths Peregrine such an attractive external appearance.
INHERITED CLEANLINESS. The Miles Peregrine light transport monoplane bears, from many angles, a marked resemblance to the Falcon. With two Gipsy Six IIs the maximum speed with a 2,200 lb. disposable load is 180 m.p.h. Menasco Buccaneer B.6S engines, supercharged to 4,500 ft give an improvement of 14 m.p.h.
A commendable feature of the Peregrine's cockpit layout is the central pillar housing the mere important controls and indicators.
A flush exterior is preserved on the Peregrine by a special design of concealed door handle illustrated by these sketches.
The first Miles retractable undercarriage is incorporated in the Peregrine. On the left are details of the safety locking device, while the remaining sketches show the wheels in "down" and "up" positions.
The fine proportions of the Peregrine, despite its roomy cabin, are brought out in these G.A. drawings.
PROTOTYPE I. The new Armstrong Whitworth P. 27/32 medium bomber with Siddeley Tiger VIII fourteen-cylinder engine. The turret is of Armstrong Whitworth design.
APPROACH TO A PROBLEM II: Built to Air Ministry specification P.27/32 this new Armstrong Whitworth monoplane has a Tiger VIII fourteen-cylinder radial with two-speed supercharger driving a D.H. variable-pitch airscrew.
ULTRA-LIGHT LUXURY: A totally enclosed and exhaust-heated cockpit has been designed for a special Kronfeld Drone recently produced to the order of a private owner, Mr. R. Dimock. It will be noticed that this machine also has a rubber-sprung split-axle undercarriage and the latest exhaust system. Mr. Dimock will not be likely to lose his hat again, (as once happened, with catastrophic results) while flying this machine.
UNDERGRADUATION: Mr Kronfeld taxies his new "flying" ground trainer at Hanworth while the latest type of Carden-engined Drone De Luxe flies overhead. The standard De Luxe model costs L325, while the ground trainer is priced at L195. The Country Flying Club, of Leicester, charge 9s. an hour for instruction on the normal ground trainer which they have been using successfully for the past month or two.
The Kent (four 555 h.p. geared Jupiters)
The Kent (four 555 h.p. geared Jupiters)
APPOSITE: Christmas greetings from Air Service Training Ltd. at Hamble. The message is formed by white-overalled humanity "on the hands down," and the "A.S.T." consists of the ten different aircraft types which form the organisation's fleet: Avro V, 626, Avian, Tutors and Cadets; two-seater Siskin; A.W. Atlas; two Cutty Sarks; and D.H. Leopard Moth and Hornet Moth.
Two of the Marcel Blochs used by Regie Air Afrique on their African service. The photograph was taken at Elizabethville while the machines were being refuelled, one to continue towards Europe and the other towards Madagascar.
CHRISTMAS RUSH: A tarmac impression at Croydon on December 24. Beneath the port wing of the Swissair Douglas can be seen an Air France Wibault, an H.P. 42, Scylla and Syrinx, while behind the Douglas is a Railway Air Services' D.H.86.
The new Hordern-Richmond "Autoplane" over Goodwood House, residence of the Duke of Richmond and Gordon.
The Dart Flittermouse (25 h.p. Scott)
It is likely that the rear fuselage portion of the Cygnet will be simplified in production. This view shows the component for the prototype
The two main Flight sketches show the salient internal and external features and the remainder indicate structural methods.
The basic construction of the monocoque fuselage is founded on built-up frames and "Z" section stringers..
C-W Cygnet Minor Cirrus Minor Engine
C-W Swan Two Villiers-Hay Maya Engines