RAF S.E.5
Страна: Великобритания
Год: 1916


Одноместный истребитель
Описание
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Ч/б фото (88)
Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5 и S.E.5a

  Свое место в истории авиации S.E.5 занял благодаря таким асам британского Содружества, как Альберт Белл, Уильям Бишоп, Джеймс Маккадден и Эдвард Мэннок. Однозначно, S.E.5 является самым удачным самолетом "Royal Aircraft Factory".
  Одноместный равнокрылый истребитель-биплан спроектирован коллективом под руководством Х.П. Фолланда. Конструкторы стремились сделать самолет предельно простым в пилотировании, чтобы на нем могли воевать летчики с минимальной подготовкой и не требовалось бы доучивать молодых пилотов в строевых эскадрильях.
  Простоту пилотирования в немалой степени обеспечил мотор стационарного типа, так как большая масса тела вращения применявшихся ротативных двигателей создавала значительный разворачивающий момент, справиться с которым могли только опытные летчики. Конструкторы предпочли устойчивость частичной потере маневренности, поэтому S.E.5 обладал худшей маневренностью, чем близкий ему Sopwith Camel.
  Штатно на S.E.5 ставился новый V-образный мотор Hispano-Suiza мощностью 150 л. с. Впервые S.E.5 появились во Франции весной 1917 года. Совершенствование мотора Hispano-Suiza привело к появлению варианта мощностью 200 л. с., самолеты с такими двигателями обозначались S.E.5a. Первые S.E.5a появились на фронте летом 1917 года и постепенно полностью вытеснили S.E.5.
  Поначалу силовая установка S.E.5a не отличалась надежностью, но, тем не менее, самолет являлся великолепным истребителем.
  На заключительной стадии войны S.E.5a интенсивно использовали и для нанесения ударов по наземным целям легкими бомбами. Всего построено 5205 самолетов S.E.5 и S.E.5a, включая небольшое количество двухместных учебно-тренировочных машин.
  Самолеты S.E.5 и S.E.5a помимо Западной Европы применялись в Месопотамии, Египте, Палестине и в греческих Салониках, а также в системе ПВО Великобритании. Но как истребитель ПВО самолет был не очень удачным, поскольку температура воды в системе охлаждения двигателя при его длительной работе на больших оборотах выходила за пределы рабочего диапазона.
  S.E.5a имелись и в составе Американских экспедиционных сил, планировался выпуск фирмой "Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company" 1000 таких самолетов для Армии США, но контракт аннулировали в связи с окончанием Первой мировой войны. "Curtiss" изготовила всего один самолет, однако в 1922-1923 годах было собрано из британских комплектующих 56 истребителей для авиационной службы Армии США, еще одну партию S.E.5a собрала в США компания "Eberhart Steel Products".
  

ТАКТИКО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ

  Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5a

  Тип: одноместный истребитель
  Силовая установка: один мотор Hispano-Suiza V-8 мощностью 200 л. с. (149 кВт)
  Летные характеристики: максимальная скорость 222 км/ч; практический потолок 6705 м; продолжительность полета 3 ч
  Масса: пустого 635 кг; максимальная взлетная 887 кг
  Размеры: размах крыла 8,12 м; длина 6,38 м; высота 2,90 м; площадь крыла 22,67 м'
  Вооружение: один синхронный 7,7-мм пулемет Vickers и один пулемет Lewis над центропланом верхнего крыла, до четырех 25-кг бомб
The first S.E.5, A4561, at Farnborough in its original form, without armament, on November 23, 1916. Maj Frank W. Goodden is in the cockpit.
A4561 after installation of a Vickers gun and the fitting of an overwing gravity tank. Note the extended windscreen and revised exhaust manifolds
The first of a famous breed: A4561, the first prototype S.E.5, at Farnborough on November 23, 1916, in its initial form. Its first flight was made by Frank Goodden on November 22 that year.
The second prototype, A4562, at Farnborough, fully armed and fitted with a large windscreen and overwing gravity tank.
A close-up of A4562, the second prototype, with Goodden in the cockpit, protected by the large windscreen. The slipstream-driven petrol pump under the fuselage is well shown.
The third prototype, A4563, at Farnborough shortly after completion, with overwing gravity tank. The repair to the port upper wing leading edge, necessitated by the removal of the original tank, is visible.
A side view of A4563, showing the higher thrust line of the geared 200 h.p. Hispano-Suiza. Also visible are the transparent panels in the top decking just forward of the rear centre-section struts.
The first production S.E.5, A4845, is seen at Martlesham Heath in March 1917, the month it was approved by the RAF’s V.A. Department. It has a wind-driven pump under the fuselage, and the pilot's high position is indicated by the high location of the Aldis sight in the voluminous production-type windscreen.
Capt Albert Ball, DSO, MC, of 56 Squadron, in the cockpit of his much modified S.E.5 at London Colney. The new centre-section with internal gravity tanks, small windscreen and lower pilot’s position are apparent.
Another modified S.E.5 for 56 Squadron was A4853. The gravity tank was retained, but a small windscreen and head fairing were fitted.
A8904 of the second production batch at Farnborough on May 1, 1917. Note blunt wing tips owing to shortened rear spars and shutters over top half of radiator.
Самолет с номером A8907 - S.E.5 из 56-й эскадрильи. На этом истребителе летал кавалер креста Виктории Альберт Белл. На ранних S.E.5 над центропланом верхнего крыла монтировался топливный бак, топливо из которого подавалось самотеком.
Подвижные пулеметы, подобно установленному на раннем S.E.5, были далеки от идеала. Появившиеся позже неподвижные пулеметы стали основным оружием истребителей.
Sgt Vousden poses with K. K. Muspratt’s S.E.5, A8913, during the fortnight in Bekesboume, Kent, July 1917.
At Farnborough on July 8, 1950, with false serial B4563
S.E.5a F938 marked as B4563 in 1950.
This No. 60 Squadron S.E.5A, B4865, is seen in Holland where it forced-landed and was interned in W.W.I. Note squadron's white disc marking on sides and top of fuselage
The aircraft was among the many visitors to the PFA Rally at Cranfield early in July 1987; SE.5A G-BLXT is actually a US-Built Eberhardt SE.5E. It has been rebuilt to SE.5A standard and painted to represent James McCudden's 'B4863'.
Capt L. W. Jarvis of "C” Flight poses in C5430 "V”. The rear fuselage band was the squadron marking at the time the picture was taken. Well portrayed is the overwing Lewis gun mounting.
SE.5A E5658 serving with No.29 Squadron. Beyond is one of its old adversaries - Fokker D.VII OAW, which appears to be 8438/18.
In the RAF Museum, restored as F938
Истребитель SE.5a из 85-й эскадрильи, которая после обучения и боевого слаживания в мае 1918 года под командованием майора Эвери Бишопа была отправлена во Францию. Позже в том же году командиром эскадрильи стал майор Эдуард Маннок. В последние месяцы войны SE.5a считался, пожалуй, лучшим боевым самолетом своего класса, находившимся во фронтовых частях и с равным успехом применявшимся для штурмовки наземных целей и борьбы с самолетами противника.
S.E.5a F8953 Creiff No 2 was allocated to 85 Sqn, and was regularly flown by 2nd Lt S. C. Elliott.
One of single-seater fighters which beat the "Albatros" and Fokker Triplane was the S.E.5A with 240 h.p. Wolseley "Viper."
Английский истребитель RAF SE-5 ("Эсифайф") из состава 1-й ОИЭ. Всего в Советской России было восемь таких машин, захваченных в качестве трофеев у интервентов и белогвардейцев.
Красвоенлет Н.И.Васильченко у своего "Эсифайфа" N C6377, который ранее числился в составе 2-го авиаотряда Добровольческой армии
"FACTORY DESIGNED": THE S.E. 5A WAS AN EARLY SINGLE-SEATER FIGHTER, AND WAS FLOWN BY (AMONG OTHERS) MAJOR MANNOCK, V.C.
Capt D.Grinell-Milne in Shweinhund;R.A.Caldwell in front of H693, 1919; W. E. Clarkson in E5808, January 26, 1919;American Johnny Speaks with H677, 1919; E. H. Smy "Schmy-ee” with F854, 1919; Lt L. N. Franklin of "C” Flight in C5303, late 1917
Истребители SE.5A из 85-й эскадрильи выстроены в ряд (Сен-Омер, июнь 1918 года). На переднем плане - аэроплан Уильяма Бишопа с кодом C1904. Именно на нем в пятидневных боях Бишоп сбил последние 13 из 72 сбитых им аэропланов.
Июнь 1918 года.Строй SE.5a из 85-й эскадрильи в Сен-Оме. Установленный на верхнем крыле пулемет Lewis дополнял синхронный Vickers, стоявший в фюзеляже перед кабиной.
A line-up of 56 Squadron’s S.E.5s at London Colney on April 7, 1917. Lt Lewis’s S.E.5, A4853, is nearest.
«PEG» - самолет SE.5a из состава американской 94-й истребительной эскадрильи «Hat in the Ring» из 1-й истребительной группы, дислоцировавшейся в Селфридж-Филд в 1919-1922 годах.
В Палестине истребители S.E.5a использовались на заключительной стадии войны. Два истребителя сфотографированы в январе 1918 года. На переднем плане истребитель постройки компании "Martinsyde" (серийный номер - B139). Оба самолета стояли на вооружении 111-й эскадрильи, истребители оснащены бомбодержателями, на B139 подвешены бомбы небольшого калибра.
G. J. C. Maxwell runs out his S.E.5 at Estree Blanche in October 1917. The "ack-emma” beneath the nose is pulling a tail-skid dolly.
The strangely decorated S.E.5.
Another S.E.5., this time from a New Zealand reader, Gordon Slatter.
THE AERIAL DERBY. Photographs of the starters. 7. S.E.5A. (Two of these machines were starters; but as they were identical we only publish photograph of one)
AIRCRAFT IN THE KING'S CUP: S.E.5A (120-h.p. "Airdisco" and 200-h.p. "Viper").
THIS shows the start for the first (and only) Oxford v. Cambridge Air Race, held at Hendon on July 16, 1921. It was a thrilling event for the competitors, from the two Universities, all flew S.E.5a's and started together.
THE OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE AIR RACE: At top, the S.E.5A machines lined up before the start. In the centre photograph the machines are seen getting away, and below the Home Secretary, Mr. Shortt, is presenting the Cups to The winning Cambridge Team, Messrs. H. A. Francis, R. K. Muir, and W. S. Philcox.
BRITAIN'S FIRST POST-WAR PRIVATE OWNER: Dr. Whitehead Reid, of Canterbury, registered both his machines as long ago as 1922 - the Avro-Renault on March 31, and the S.E. 5 on October 20. As he was, and still is, totally unconnected with the aircraft industry, he can justly claim to be our first private owner. The photograph shows the method employed for taxying the S.E.5 out "under its own power." Inset, Dr. Whitehead Reid in the cockpit of his S.E.5.
THE GROSVENOR CHALLENGE CUP: Dr. E. D. Whitehead Reid, who flew his own mount, seen on the left, a Renault-engined (80 h.p.) S.E.5a.
THE RACE FOR THE KING'S CUP: Ten of the faster machines, arranged in the order of starting: 8, S.E.5A;
MANY S.E.5As appeared on the British civil register in the 1920s. The famous comedian Will Hay owned one - G-EBTO (Airdisco) which like G-EBTK had a four-blade airscrew. Normal power was a 200-h.p. Wolsey Viper. The smaller frontal area of the 90/120-h.p. Airdisco offset the lower power conversion at Brooklands, 1927
At Hendon in 1936, in the hangars where it is now preserved
As a Savage skywriter, Mansion, August 2, 1924
THE "KILL-JOY" TROPHY: Two of the S.E.5A's taking off together.
SHERBURN AIR PAGEANT: (6) Mrs. Eliott-Lynn winning the Wattle Handicap
Although it has not flown for over twenty-five years, the former skywriting S.E.SA, G-EBIA, still exists, and is being rebuilt for flying by the R.A.E. Farnborough.
SHERBURN AIR PAGEANT: (4) Flying Officer Scroggs again winning in the Open Handicap;
SHERBURN AIR PAGEANT: (3) Flying Officer Scroggs winning the Private Owners' Handicap on S.E.5a "QM"
ENTERTAINER: Tait-Cox on one of the Sky-writing S.E.5's, showing the shape of his loops by means of a smoke trail.
AT THE BOURNEMOUTH MEETING: 3, Flying Officer A. H. Wheeler banks his S.E.5A around the aerodrome turning point in the Holiday Final Race.
GOOD FRIDAY AT BOURNEMOUTH: 2, Dudley Watt on his S.E.5A cuts under Jones on the ANEC II while rounding the turning point.
Cornering in the Lympne Open Handicap. Below the Sopwith "Swallow" piloted by Mr. Watts, and above Dr. Whitehead Reid in an S.E.5.
HOOTON AIR PAGEANT: (3) Mrs. Eliott-Lynn (left) on her S.E. 5a beating Capt. Sparks on S.E.5 "TO" by 2 secs, in the High Power Handicap.
AN EXTRA TURN AT THE KING'S CUP RACE: An S.E.5 (Savage Sky-Writing) and a Bristol "Bloodhound" put up some smart banking during the impromptu race at Hendon last Saturday.
NECK AND NECK: Hamersley on the Avro "Lynx" and Watt on his S.E.5A approaching the finishing line in the High-Power Handicap. Watt won by a few feet.
Hot on the heels of the Fury, S.E.5a B4863/G-BLXT, made its first full flight on December 12 at Booker, watched by owner Patrick Lindsay. It had already hopped briefly on November 18.
Farnborough’s S.E.5a, F904, is the only genuine, airworthy example of its type in the world. It is seen here before its Hispano-Suiza was replaced by a Viper.
Wg Cdr Bywater demonstrated S.E.5a F904 during the first of the Shuttleworth Collection’s displays for 1977, on April 10 and 11, its first public appearance since being re-engined with a direct drive Wolseley Viper engine.
S.E.5a F904.
After nearly five years grounded, owing to crankshaft failure in July 1972, S.E.5a F904 flew again at Farnborough on January 19, 1977, piloted by Wg Cdr David Bywater. A 200 h.p. Wolseley Viper now replaces the Hispano Suiza previously fitted.
PROM THE AERIAL DERBY: Flight-Lieut. Longton crossing the line on one of the A.D.C. S.E.5a's.
AT THE R.A.F. PAGEANT: Flight-Lieut. Noakes, A.F.C., M.M., on "S.E.5b," during his remarkable series of exhibition flights, described by "Contact" as "an exhibition of circus-flying on an 'S.E.5B.' Loops, rolls, spinning nose-dives - all the contents of the aerial bag of tricks were displayed at a height of 1,000 ft., to the accompaniment of gasps from the packed enclosures.''
HOUSEHOLD BRIGADE FLYING CLUB "AT HOME": Mr. D. A. N. Watt on his D.W.1.
THE FIRST CROYDON AVIATION MEETING: Two S.E.5.'s come round on their first lap in the second race.
THE R.A.F. PAGEANT: Exhibition Flying on two S.E.5a's, looping, etc. (Note the left-hand machine is just commencing to loop and the right-hand 'plane is on its back at the top of a loop.)
An Aerial Combat at the R.A.F. Pageant: On the right the "Enemy" Bomber (a D.H.10 piloted by Squad.-Ldr. Roderic M. Hill, M.C., A.F.C.) arrives, and on left the two fighting S.E.5's attacking. Note the S.E.5 on the right hand turning on its back to meet the Bomber.
THE FOURTH R.A.F. "PAGEANT," 1923: Five S.E.5a's gave a wonderful display of simultaneous stunting, such as looping in V-formation, as shown above on the left, and zooming in close formation.
The trusty old Virginias' only (and probably last) Hendon Display item - parachute escapes by the "crews" of bombers attacked and set on fire by Gauntlets of No. 111 (F) Squadron; note the war-time S.E.5a on the ground.
The old and the new: Gloster Gauntlets over two equally famous fighters from another epoch - the Bristol Fighter and the S.E.5s.
SHERBURN AIR PAGEANT: (7) shows the line-up for the Wattle Handicap
GOOD FRIDAY AT BOURNEMOUTH: 5, The line-up for the Poole Handicap.
SOME OF THE LARGER MACHINES AT LYMPNE: From left to right, the Avro-Lynx, Bristol "Lucifer," Bristol "Bloodhound," S.E.5, Sopwith "Gnu," A.D.C.l, and a sky-writing S.E.5.
Four-fifth scale S.E.5A G-BDWJ on its trailer at Sywell 2/7/77;
Mr. Kenneth Hunter's S.E.5a, which he renovated himself. The photograph reveals the small garage space in which the old single-seater fighter can be kept with the wings taken down. It won the first race of its career at the Hampshire Pageant, when Mr. Youell carried off the Morris Cup and ?100.
An unknown pilot, probably Argentinian, stands beside the S.E.5a as it has its engine run up while in service with the Aviacion Naval, the Argentinian naval arm, in the late 1920s.
SOME PRIVATE OWNERS AT BOURNEMOUTH: 3, Flying Officer A. H. Wheeler, who raced his S.E.5A (G-EBQM) at the meeting.
Эдвард Мэннок в кабине S.E.5a
A close-up of Ball in A4850. The Vickers gun was absent at this stage, having been replaced by a downwards-firing Lewis gun.
7 мая 1917г.: капитан А. Болл перед своим последним вылетом во Францию. Он погиб на SE.5a, войдя в облако во время преследования немецкого самолета над Пенсом.
Capt Albert Ball, VC, DSO, MC, seated in S.E.5 A4850 on the morning of April 7, 1917.
J. T. B. McCudden in his S.E.5A. When killed in a flying accident, McCudden had 57 confirmed victories to his credit.
R. T. C. Hoidge in an S.E.5 at London Colney. The "wrap-around” transparency was quickly removed and replaced by a simple windscreen.
2nd Lt Rhys Davids, DSO, MC, at Bekesbourne in June 1917.
G. J. C. Maxwell at Estree Blanche. Note bulged cockpit sides.