Moswey 2 / 3
Страна: Швейцария
Год: 1936

M.Simons The World's Vintage Sailplanes 1908-45
M.Hardy. Gliders & Sailplanes of the world

M.Simons The World's Vintage Sailplanes 1908-45


  Georg Mueller and his brother built a primary glider in 1930 and made a reputation afterward by building the Spyr designs of August Hug. Their workshop was located in Wald-Zurich. In 1935 Georg brought out his own small, high-performance sailplane, the Moswey 2. It was a pretty design with many clever features and meticulous workmanship. The cantilever wing was straight-tapered in plan but had the ‘gull’ form of dihedral. The structure was normal with its mainspar and plywood-covered torsion-resistant leading edge, and fabric covering behind the spar. Like most Swiss gliders, the fabric was sewn to the ribs although in other countries this was not thought necessary.
  Each fuselage cross-frame was basically hexagonal in outline but the segments of the hexagon were curved outward. Construction was easier than for the fully streamlined form with numerous laminated wooden hoops, but the aerodynamic form was almost as good. Aft of the wing the hexagonal shape gradually transformed to a near-diamond at the tail. The cockpit was quite large, with some extra shoulder room provided by the opening of the wing roots. The inner bays of the wing leading edge were used for storage space. The canopy was fully enclosed. The rudder pedals were adjustable in flight by means of a screwed rod with a crank handle. The tail unit was of the fixed fin and tailplane type with hinged rudder and elevator. The ailerons had an extreme differential gearing of 10:1, the downward movement being only three degrees, the upward, 30. Spoilers were fitted on the upper surface of the wing.
  The Moswey was aerobatic, with a load factor of 12, and its small size and quick response to controls made it very popular for mountain soaring and air displays.
  The Moswey 2A was developed in 1939. It had an increased wing span of 15.5 metres with a higher aspect ratio and better performance, though at some cost in handling qualities.
  In 1942 the Moswey 3 flew and was put into series production. It was very similar in appearance to the Moswey 2, but incorporated many structural refinements. It had a slightly different span, and airbrakes. The ailerons were slotted to improve their effectiveness and the tailplane aerofoil was redesigned. All the cockpit controls were mounted on a central beam running longitudinally down the centre, under the pilot's seat and into the nose. The entire unit with rudder pedals, control column, spoiler-operating lever, tow release, undercarriage (a drop-off dolly) release, instrument panel and oxygen gear, could be assembled in the factory before being mounted in the fuselage. The fuselage shell and main cross-frames were assembled on a jig consisting of a tube of large diameter running down the long axis. Control rods, rather than cables, were used throughout.
  Rigging was so quick and easy that some regarded it as superior to any other system known. A hook-shaped extension of the main metal carry-through member in the fuselage, allowed each wing to be presented, slipped onto its hook, and automatically it was aligned ready for the main tapered pins to be inserted and tightened.
  The wing root junction was more carefully faired than on the Moswey 2, and a two-piece plastic moulding, cemented down the central spine where the two half-shells joined, formed the canopy.
  The Moswey 3 quickly became popular and 14 were built. In the years immediately after World War 2, most of the Swiss records were broken by Moswey pilots. At the first postwar International Championships, at Samedan, a Moswey 3 flown by Sigbert Maurer set the first world record for speed around a 100 km triangle, and Alwin Kuhn placed third over all in the Championships. Two years afterward Moswey 3s were still contending in the World Championships and Kuhn achieved eighth place in a sailplane whose basic design went back to 1935.

  Technical data:
  Moswey 3: Span. 14.00 m. Wing area. 13.1 sq m. Aspect ratio, 15.0. Empty weight, 130 kg. Flying Weight, 233 kg. Wing loading, 17.8 kg sqm. Aerofoil, Goettingen 535. Best glide, 1 : 25. Maximum permitted speed, 210 km/h.

M.Hardy. Gliders & Sailplanes of the world

Hegetschweiler Moswey

  Before the war and during the 1940s the best-known sailplanes to emerge from Switzerland were the Moswey range of training and competition single-seaters designed by Georg Muller and produced by the Hegetschweiler firm. The Moswey 1 trainer of 1930 was a braced high wing glider of 43ft 6in span, and this was followed in 1935 by the Moswey II, which had cantilever shoulder-mounted gull wings of 45ft 3in span. This was of conventional plywood and fabric construction, and in 1937 the Moswey II was among the types participating in the first International Competition to be held at the Wasserkuppe in Germany. The Moswey IIA had the wing span increased to 49ft 10in and the Moswey III, which first flew in October 1943, had the span reduced again to 45ft 11 in for aerobatic training. In 1948 a Mk lll piloted by Alwin Kuhn took third place in the World Championships at Samedan in Switzerland, and that same year one flown by Siegbert Maurer made the first sailplane crossing of the Alps from north to south. After the war a Moswey III set the first world record for speed over a 100km triangle, and this variant captured most of the Swiss national records of early postwar years. In 1950 the Mk III was succeeded by the Moswey IV, which had a span increased to 47ft 3in, a roomier cockpit and an enlarged one-piece Plexiglas canopy which gives excellent visibility. There are air brakes in the wing upper and lower surfaces, and landing gear consists of a nose skid and a monowheel plus a tail bumper fairing. Ten of the 14 Moswey Ills built were still on the Swiss register at the beginning of 1964, plus one Moswey II, three Mk IIAs and a Mk IVA.

Data: Moswey III
Span: 45 ft 11 in
Length: 19 ft 8 in
Height: 4 ft 7 in
Wing area: 141 sq ft
Aspect ratio: 15.0
Empty weight: 353 lb
Max weight: 551 Ib
Max speed: 130 mph
Min sinking speed: 2.1 ft/sec at 37.5 mph
Best glide ratio: 27.5:1 at 43.5 mph
The Moswey 2, predecessor of the Moswey 3. The main differences between the two types were internal but the tailplane aerofoil was changed and some improvements were made to the wing root fairing.
A Moswey 3 in perfect condition, seen in 1980. The neat cockpit canopy, moulded in two clamshell-like halves and cemented together along the centre line, gives excellent visibility from the cockpit. The fuselage cross-section is essentially hexagonal at the front, changing to almost a diamond at the tail, but each segment is curved slightly outwards. Such a form is better aerodynamically than a plain hexagon but is easier to build than a fully rounded shape.
A Moswey 3 at Sutton Bank in 1980. The wheeled dolly has just been dropped and is rolling on the ground beneath the sailplane.
A truly international picture. The Minimoa in the background is of German origin, the Moswey 3 is Swiss, the pilots and location are American. The photograph was taken over the famous soaring site at Harris Hill, Elmira, NY.
The Moswey 2 equipped and painted with its international contest number 8 on a red and white diamond, ready for the Wasserkuppe Internationals of 1937. Below the name, Moswey II, on the nose, appear the words, Georg Muller, Wald Zurich.
A Moswey 3 at a high Alpine bungee launching site. The pilot, Alwin Kuhn, was preparing for the first soaring flight to circumnavigate the Matterhorn, a task which he accomplished.
Dr Georgii, leader of the RRG in the early years, is shown here inspecting a Moswey 3 during a visit to Switzerland.
The Moswey 4.
A Moswey 3 in standard bright yellow overall finish. On most Swiss sailplanes, the fabric was stitched to the wing and tail ribs by a special process which aligned every stitch front to rear, in line, rather than across the ribs.
Hegetschweiler Moswey II.
The cockpit canopy of the Moswey 2 before the development of moulded types, was built up from eight curved strips of Plexiglass, riveted together. A large hinged window was provided on the port side only. The pilot here was Max Vieser.
The Moswey 3 had space for a 'g' metre, two variometers, compass, ASI, clock, altimeter, ammeter/voltmeter, pitch indicator, oxygen pressure gauge and gyro turn indicator.
Moswey 3