Fairey Flycatcher
Страна: Великобритания
Год: 1922


Одноместный истребитель палубного базирования
Описание
Фотографии
Fairey Flycatcher I

  В 1922 году Министерство авиации выпустило спецификацию 6/22 к морскому одноместному истребителю для замены Nieuport Nightjar корабельного базирования. В спецификации оговаривалась разработка вариантов с колесным и поплавковым шасси, а также амфибии. Силовая установка - двигатель воздушного охлаждения Bristol Jupiter или Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar. Для полномасштабной разработки отобрали два проекта - Fairey Flycatcher (переименован в Flycatcher I после появления Flycatcher II) и Parnall Plover, заказав постройку трех прототипов каждого, фирма "Parnall" позже построила десять серийных Plover, но, хотя этот самолет внешне выглядел привлекательнее угловатого Flycatcher I, в остальном машина уступала биплану "Fairey" и продержалась на службе в ВМС не более года.
  Первый прототип Flycatcher I с 400-сильным мотором Jaguar II выполнил первый полет 28 ноября 1922 года в варианте аэродромного базирования, вскоре самолет переоснастили мотором Jupiter IV, с которым он принял участие в авиашоу британских ВВС в 1923 году. Второй прототип также получил мотор Jaguar II, но отличался от первого поплавковым шасси. Первый полет второй прототип выполнил в мае 1923 года. Третий прототип собрали в варианте амфибии. Подобно большинству самолетов "Fairey", на Flycatcher I для сокращения дистанции взлета и посадки был установлен механизм изменения развала стоек основных опор шасси - для посадки на авианосец самолету не требовались аэрофинишеры. Другим достоинством самолета, как самолета палубного, являлся небольшой размах крыла, за счет чего он помещался на подъемник без складывания плоскостей.
  Первые серийные истребители поступили в 402-е звено авиации ВМС в 1923 году, а вскоре Flycatcher I заменили все самолеты более ранних типов, базировавшиеся на авианосцах и на линкорах (на башнях главного калибра нескольких линкоров имелись платформы для взлета и посадки аэропланов). Всего, с тремя прототипами, построили 196 самолетов. Flycatcher I состоял на вооружении авиации британских ВМС до 1934 года, когда последние самолеты 406-го звена из состава Восточно-индийской эскадрильи заменили на Hawker Osprey.
  Внешне неуклюжий Flycatcher I был любим летчиками, в том числе благодаря прочной деревянно-металлической конструкции и мощному мотору. Даже с поплавковым шасси самолет отличался великолепной маневренностью. На экспорт Flycatcher I не поставлялся. Ни одного такого самолета не сохранилось, но в Британии построили пригодную к полетам полномасштабную реплику, оснащенную другим мотором. Реплика летала до 1996 года, когда ее передали в Музей авиации Королевских ВМС Великобритании.
  Прототип морского истребителя Flycatcher II с мотором Jaguar выполнил первый полет в 1926 году. Позже на нем был установлен Bristol Mercury, но к этому времени Министерство авиации стало отдавать предпочтение истребителям с двигателями жидкостного охлаждения, поэтому работы по Flycatcher II прекратили. Самолет списали в мае 1929 года после отказа двигателя на взлете.


ТАКТИКО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ

  Fairey Flycatcher I (с колесным шасси)

  Тип: одноместный истребитель палубного базирования
  Силовая установка: один звездообразный мотор Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar III или IV мощностью 400 л. с. (298 кВт)
  Летные характеристики: макс. скорость на высоте 1525 м - 216 км/ч; начальная скороподъемность 332 м; время набора высоты 3050 м – за 9 минут 29 секунд; практический потолок 5790 м; дальность 500 км
  Масса: пустого 924 кг; максимальная взлетная 1372 кг
  Размеры: размах крыльев 8,84 м; длина 7,01 м; высота 3,66 м; площадь крыльев 26,76 м2
  Вооружение: два стреляющих вперед 7,7-мм пулемета Vickers по бортам носовой части фюзеляжа, до четырех 9-кг бомб на подвеске под нижним крылом
Flycatcher I с желто-голубыми полосами на фюзеляже и вертикальном оперении принадлежал командиру 405-го звена с авианосца
John Fairey's Fairey Flycatcher reproduction, G-BEYB/S1278, during its appearance at RNAS Yeovilton on August 1.
John Fairey's beautiful Fairey Flycatcher reproduction
The author flying the Flycatcher around Yeovilton on October 22, 1981. Pictures taken by RICHARD WILSON from an 815 Sqn Lynx.
THE FAIREY "FLYCATCHER," 320 H.P. SIDDELEY "JAGUAR": A type of ship's fighting plane.
FAIREY "FLYCATCHER": Single-seater Fleet-Fighter, with Armstrong Siddeley "Jaguar."
The first prototype Flycatcher, N163, was a landplane and was first flown on November 28, 1922 at Hamble.
A NEW MACHINE AT THE R.A.F. PAGEANT: The Fairey "Flycatcher" ship's 'plane, fitted with a 400 h.p. Bristol "Jupiter."
NEWCASTLE AERO CLUB'S FIRST FLYING MEETING: Some "snaps" taken at Cramlington. Fairey "Flycatchers" from 406 Squadron (Fleet Fighter) visited the meeting and gave fine displays
NEWCASTLE AERO CLUB'S FIRST FLYING MEETING: Some "snaps" taken at Cramlington. Fairey "Flycatchers" from 406 Squadron (Fleet Fighter) visited the meeting and gave fine displays
Fairey "Flycatcher" (Armstrong Siddeley "Jaguar" or Bristol "Jupiter"). Nominally a single-seater fighter, the "Flycatcher" is adaptable for many roles. Its "cocked-up" fuselage arises from the necessity for a large ground angle, used in conjunction with the Fairey patented flap gear, which makes for slow landings with heavy loading. It functions as a ship's 'plane for naval co-operation, and is also produced as a twin-float seaplane, a design which makes it amphibian, too, for landing wheels project through the centre of the floats. It is used with Fleet Fighter Flights Nos. 401, 402, 403, 404, 405 and 406, on aircraft carriers and at coastal bases.
THE FLEET ABOVE: A Fairey Flycatcher (Jaguar engine) flying over Malta. Below can be seen the hangars of the seaplane station.
The trio of Fairey Flycatchers flying over the Mediterranean are N9923, N9954 and N9922, all built in 1924. These single-seat carrier-borne fighters were also operated as seaplanes or amphibians. They were powered by a 400 h.p. Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar III or IV and were armed with two synchronised Vickers guns. There was also provision for four underwing mounted 20lb bombs. The Flycatcher became the standard FAA fighter for 10 yr until succeeded by Hawker Nimrods and Ospreys from 1934.
1 апреля 1924г.: в британских ВВС создана авиация флота, отвечающая за все палубные операции и действия гидропланов; воздушное наведение и разведка выполнялись экипажами ВМС, прикомандированными к ВВС, которые осуществляли общее руководство авиацией флота и предоставляли экипажи для выполнения различных летных задач. На снимке Fairey Flycatcher.
A further selection from a cinema film, in this case showing a Flycatcher which landed and then got caught in a gust and slewed toward the ship's side before the landing crew had time to catch it; it was then righted, wheeled forward to the lift and sent down.
These three photographs also form a series, and are arranged to show the process of getting the aircraft down by the lift. These lifts are situated one forward and one aft of the flying deck, and are large enough to take the III F when the wings are half folded. The fighters can, of course, be lowered as they are, owing to their comparatively small span. The top photograph shows the Flycatcher being wheeled on to the lift. It should be noted that the wind-screens are raised both at the side and in the front. These screens are raised when the wind interferes with such work on the flying deck, and are lowered again when flying continues. In the second picture, the lift has gone down a little, and the size of the platform can be seen. The bottom photograph was taken from between decks, and shows the lift about half-way down with a Flycatcher on it coming down. Beneath the lift, and forward of it, are other machines of the flight which have already been housed in the hangar.
THE HORNET'S NEST: AN AERIAL VIEW OF THE AIRCRAFT CARRIER "COURAGEOUS." THE MACHINES RANGED ON THE FLYING DECK INCLUDE FAIREY "FLYCATCHERS" AND IIIF'S. NOTE THAT BOTH LIFTS ARE DOWN, PRESUMABLY TO FETCH MORE AIRCRAFT.
Three Fairey III F's and three Fairey Flycatchers lined up on the top flying deck. Here again one can get a good idea of the size of this deck, and can see that the landing and taking-off space available is considerably larger than many of the landing fields used by some of our joyriding firms who operate without a constant wind speed over their fields such as can be provided here at will.
Our friend "Rupert" in trouble again, this time being retrieved after nearly going "over the end" in Fairey Flycatcher N9662, possibly with No 801 Squadron aboard HMS Courageous in 1930. The Flycatcher was a single-seat fighter powered by the 400 h.p. Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar IV radial engine. Note the camera gun on the starboard lower wing in this picture.
A Flycatcher just emerging from the upper hangar and starting to fly off. The distance required to take off can be gauged from the fact that in the top photograph the aircraft is just reaching the wind screen, while in the lower picture she has already well cleared it. When taking off in this fashion, the engines are, of course, run up in the hangar while the mechanics hold the aircraft back.
THE FAIREY "FLYCATCHER": This machine, variously fitted with "Jupiter" and "Jaguar" engines, is used extensively by the Fleet Air Arm. It has also been produced as a seaplane and as an amphibian.
A Flycatcher taking off from the flying deck, just as it has cleared the forward windscreen, which can now be seen laid prone, and flush with the deck, thus allowing the aircraft to take off over it without damage to their wheels. Another point to notice in this photograph is the steam jet. This jet comes from a steam pipe which opens right in the bows of the ship, and it serves to tell the navigator when the ship is heading directly into wind; this he does by altering course until the steam is going aft over the deck parallel to the landing lines.
A Flycatcher is taking off
Конструктивной особенностью фюзеляжа Flycatcher являлась возможность его быстрой разборки на элементы длиной не более 4,11 м. Авианосец на фотографии - "Игл".
Fairey Flycatcher из 405-го звена над Мальтой.
THE GRANDE FINALE AT THE R.A.F. DISPLAY: (2) Five Fairey "Flycatcher" Fleet Fighters arrive to the support of the "Seagull."
EVENT 14: AIR BATTLE AND SET PIECE: (2) "Flycatchers" oа the Fleet Fighter Squadron (No.405) open the attack with machine guns
HAMPSHIRE AIR PAGEANT: The Avro "Bison" descending after being defeated by the (distant) Fairey "Flycatcher" in the aerial combat.
A "FLYCATCHER" BOMBS THE CAMP.
Bombing an Encampment: A Flycatcher dropping its eggs.
THE R.A.F. PAGEANT: THE Event of the Day. British aircraft appearing on the scene are fired at with the "Slevic's" anti-aircraft guns, which are (on photo) silenced by a formation of Fairey "Flycatcher" fighters until a formation of Blackburn "Dart" torpedo-carriers discharge their torpedoes.
Strafing an Encampment: The Flycatcher zooms after dropping its bombs.
The picture was taken during one of the author’s displays at Old Warden last year.
Fairey Flycatcher S1287.
The picture was taken during one of the author’s displays at Old Warden last year.
The Fairey oleo-pneumatic undercarriage as fitted on the "Fawn," "Flycatcher," etc. The travel of the wheels is exceptionally long, and the machines can be pancaked from a considerable height without damage.
Floats
Another view of the third prototype Flycatcher, showing the flat-bottomed amphibious floats - the wheels protruded below the flat bottoms of the wooden floats.
The Fairey "Flycatcher" at Croydon "review": This machine is a single-seater fighter for cooperation with the Navy. It is an amphibian twin-float seaplane and is fitted with a Siddeley "Jaguar" radial air-cooled engine.
ONE LINE OF MACHINES AT CROYDON "REVIEW": In the foreground the Fairey "Flycatcher."
Another view of N165, taken after the fitting of a pair of metal Fairey vee-bottomed floats. The former wooden floats were susceptible to water soakage, which added considerably to the aircraft’s weight.
Production Flycatcher Is were powered by various marks of Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar engine.
Fairey Flycatcher Mk IC N9673, fitted with metal floats. It was discovered that longitudinal stability and aerobatic characteristics were better than for aircraft fitted with wooden floats.
The third prototype Fairey Flycatcher, N165, was originally fitted with a pair of flat-bottomed amphibious floats.
SALUTING THE DOMINION PREMIERS AT CROYDON: The Fairey "Flycatcher" amphibian
 
The picture of the Flycatcher on its back was taken shortly after the accident at the author’s airstrip on October 4, 1980. The aircraft was repaired and flew again on July 23, 1981.
The picture of the Flycatcher on its back was taken shortly after the accident at the author’s airstrip on October 4, 1980. The aircraft was repaired and flew again on July 23, 1981.
THE FISHING SEASON! An R.A.F. "Flycatcher" after an impromptu "spring clean"
THE BUILT-UP STEEL-PLATE ENGINE MOUNTING OF THE FAIREY "FLYCATCHER": The engine plate is in four sections, the details of the construction and method of joining being shown in the sketches.
SOME INTERESTING DETAILS ON THE FAIREY "FLYCATCHER": 1, the pilot's cockpit is provided with sliding panels working in grooves and locked in any position by the spring catches shown in 2. In 3 are shown the rudder pedals, which are adjustable to suit pilots of different height. 4 shows the tail-skid assembly of the " Flycatcher." Rubber discs, working in compression provide the springing. Details are given in 5, 6, and 7.