Curtiss CS
Curtiss - CS - 1923 - США
Страна: США
Год: 1923

Трехместный торпедоносец/бомбардировщик
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Martin SC-1/SC-2
Flight, April 1924

Martin SC-1/SC-2

Первым торпедоносцем, разработанным и построенным компанией "Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company", стал трехместный биплан с альтернативным, колесным или поплавковым, шасси. Силовая установка включала мотор Wright T-2 мощностью 525 л.с (CS-1) или Wright T-3 мощностью 585 л.с. (CS-2). После поставки шести машин варианта CS-1 и двух варианта CS-2 ВМС США заказали компании "Curtiss" еще 35 самолетов в варианте, близком к CS-1, но под обозначением SC-1. А компания "Martin" получила заказ на выпуск 40 самолетов, эквивалентных CS-2, под обозначением SC-2; в ВМС они также обозначались T2M.


  Martin SC-1 (с колесным шасси)

  Тип: трехместный торпедоносец/бомбардировщик
  Силовая установка: один 12-цилиндровый V-образный мотор жидкостного охлаждения Wright T-2 Typhoon мощностью 525 л. с. (391 кВт)
  Летные характеристики: макс. скорость 163 км/ч; практический потолок 2423 м; дальность 1996 км
  Масса: пустого неизвестна; максимальная взлетная 3769 кг
  Размеры: размах крыла 17,22 м; длина 11,73 м; высота 4,62 м; площадь крыла 79,53 м2
  Вооружение: один 7,62-мм пулемет для обороны задней полусферы, одна торпеда массой 734 кг

Flight, April 1924


  WE show in the accompanying illustration a new type of machine constructed for the U.S. Navy Air Service by the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Co. The C.S. "Three-Purpose" 'plane, as it is called, combines the functions usually performed by three distinct types - bombing, torpedo launching, and long-range scouting.
  It is claimed for this machine that it is the lightest 'plane for its horse-power yet constructed, and that it is able to fly with more than its own weight as a load. It has been usual to construct individual types to meet the different functions that this machine can fill, so that the C.S. marks an important departure from past practice in the design of machines used for operations with the fleet.
  The C.S. 'plane is fitted with a 650 h.p. Wright T.2 engine, and can be rapidly converted from a seaplane into a landplane, or vice versa. It is mainly constructed of steel and duralumin, an exception being in the wings, which are of wood and fabric construction. The wings are designed so as to fold back, thereby enabling the machine to be stored in the smallest possible space.
  Provision is made for launching the C.S. into the air from a catapult mounted on the deck of a battleship, whilst it will also operate from the flying deck of an aircraft carrier. Fully loaded for a long flight, the C.S. carries 15 barrels of petrol and one barrel of lubricating oil, giving a range of about 2,200 miles non-stop. Its landing speed is 55 m.p.h., and the maximum speed, as a landplane, is 105 m.p.h. The weight of the machine is about 4,000 lb.
  From our illustration of this machine it will be noticed that the top plane is of smaller span than the lower, which measures 56 ft., and the single pair of interplane struts each side slope inwards. The wide spacing of the landing chassis (wheels or floats), giving ample room for the mounting of the torpedo or bombs, is also shown.
  The C.S. is fully equipped with "all modern improvements," having a radio set for both sending and receiving, two machine guns, lights in the cockpits, and navigation lights for night flying.
  The first of these machines was recently tested at the naval air station at Anacostia, D.C., and gave very satisfactory results.
На первых Martin SC-1 и SC-2 стояло по одному радиатору большой площади. На фотографии как раз такой самолет.
THE U.S. NAVY C.S. "THREE-PURPOSE" BIPLANE: A convertible land or seaplane (650 h.p.,Wright T.2 engine), suitable for bombing, torpedo-launching, and long-range scouting.
Martin SC-2 отличался складным крылом. За недостаточную мощность мотора самолет получил прозвище "Sea Cow" (морская корова).