Short S.25 Sunderland, гражданские конверсии и Sandringham
Более эстетически привлекательным стал вариант Sandringham, у которого носовая и хвостовая турели были закрыты обтекателями. Первый такой самолет появился
в ноябре 1945 года, он оснащался двигателями Pegasus. Более поздние экземпляры имели уже двигатели Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp R-1830-92 мощностью 1200 л. с. и вмещали на двух палубах 45 пассажиров.
По стандарту Sandringham переоборудовали около 30 самолетов различных вариантов. Они использовались не только в британской авиакомпании BOAC, но и в Аргентине, Австралии, Новой Зеландии, Норвегии, Уругвае и др. Последний переоборудованный в гражданский транспортный вариант самолет был снят с эксплуатации компанией "Ansett Flying Boat Services" в 1974 году.
Edward Hulton's Short Sunderland/Sandringham G-BJHS over the Solent on August 3, 1989.
Soon to leave UK skies, perhaps for ever, Short Sunderland flying-boat G-BJHS is seen here over the Solent on August 3, 1989, while briefly wearing the sponsorship colours of Ryanair. As reported in last December’s Grapevine, the aircraft’s new owner Kermit Weeks will be taking it to Florida this spring.
Image taken during G-BJHS' stay in the UK when owned by Edward Hulton.
On September 18, 1991, six days before it was put up for auction (and failed to sell) in London, Edward Hulton’s Short Sunderland G-BJHS made a publicity flight for Sotheby’s over the Solent. The magnificent white flying-boat - the sole airworthy example - was photographed by FRANCOIS PRINS from a Royal Navy Gazelle helicopter, based at RNAY Fleetlands and piloted by Lt-Cdr Kevin Ratcliffe. Piloting the Sunderland was Mike Searle, with Ken Emmott as captain and Geoff Masterton as flight engineer.
The crew of Sunderland G-BJHS give the viewers on top of Calshot Castle a final bird’s-eye view on July 20, 1993.
Crowds line the beach at Calshot to wave goodbye to last airworthy Sunderland G-BJHS on July 20, 1993, as pilots Kermit Weeks and Ken Emmott bring the flying-boat in for a final low pass before departing for Eire, Iceland and North America.
A last look: Short Sunderland G-BJHS over the Needles at the western tip of the Isle of Wight, during a final tour of the South of England on July 17, 1993 before it departed for Eire, Iceland and North America on July 20.
We carry two features on the Short flying-boats that survive in the USA. Sunderland MR.5 G-BJHS enjoyed a period of 'heritage' flying in the UK in the 1980s and 1990s
Sunderland G-BJHS at Calshot Spit, where it is being prepared for its flight to its new home in Florida. Parked next to it is Tony Allen’s DHC Beaver floatplane G-DHCB.
As VH-BRF, the Polk City Sunderland flew with Ansett Flying Boat Services from 1963 to 1974.
Sunderland MR.5 VH-BRF is shown taking off from Lake Eucumbere in New South Wales on November 29, 1970. John Sheraton of Lydney, Glos, notes that he and his wife flew on this machine to Lord Howe Island the following March.
John Sheraton of Lydney, Glos, notes that he and his wife flew to Lord Howe Island the March 1971. They flew back to Sydney in Ansett Sandringham VH-BRC, painted in the old colour scheme. It is pictured on the lagoon at Lord Howe, which John notes is an idyllic spot if ever there was one.
Компания "Reseau Aerien Interinsulaire" эксплуатировала этот Sandringham Mk 7, принадлежавший ранее BOAC, на маршрутах между островами Таити, Общества и Туамоту в Тихом океане.
Sunderland 3 OQZF/ML788 was converted to become Sandringham 1 G-AGKX Himalaya.
BOAC's Sunderland III G-AGKX unpainted, carrying RAF markings, a Speedbird on the bows and Transport Command code OQZF.
ML788 - единственный Sandringham Mk 1. Хорошо видны опознавательные знаки британских ВВС, военные номера и эмблема компании BOAC под кабиной.
Originally a Short S.25 Sunderland, G-AGKX was operated by BOAC during the latter half of the war bearing the marks ML788/OQZF until converted to a Sandringham I in 1945. Named Himalaya, it soldiered on with BOAC until purchased by Aquila Airways. This company flew the aircraft for four years until it was withdrawn from use in March 1953. It is seen at Hamble on July 25, 1953, a week before being reduced to produce.
Plymouth class Sandringham 5 G-AHZB Portland for BOAC, seen during take-off from Belfast Lough.
BOAC’s Sandringham 5 G-AHZC Pembroke taking off from Southampton Water in 1947.
BOAC’s Sandringham 5 G-AHZD Portmarnock poised to alight in October 1949.
An evocative view of BOAC's Short Sandringham 5 G-AHZD Portmarnock, taken in October 1949.
The first Sandringham 2 for Compania Argentina de Aeronavegacion Dodero of Buenos Aires, G-AGPZ Argentina, on Belfast Lough, November 1945.
Dodero was the first customer for the Sandringham. G-AGPZ, later LV-AAO, was the first Short & Harland conversion. Here it is taking off from Belfast Lough.
The Short Sandringham II Commercial Flying-Boat (four 1,200 h.p. Pratt & Whitney Twin-Wasp engines).
The Bermuda-class Sandringham 7 G-AKCO after being prepared for Capt Sir Gordon Taylor's Pacific cruises.
DNL - Norwegian Air Lines' Short Sandringham LN-IAU "Bamse Braker"at Hommelvik, Trondheim, 16th May 1949, while on an Oslo-Tromso service
Sister ship LN-IAV Kvitbjorn makes an impressive sight during a take-off run.
Sandringham LN-IAW Bukken Bruse, the second for Norwegian Airlines DNL Oslo, on test in May 1947.
DNL’s Sandringham 6 Bukken Bruse. The ASV radar may be seen beneath the starboard wingtip.
Sandringham Mk 4 ZK-AMB Tasman takes off.
TEAL's Sandringham 4 Tasman.
TEAL’s Sandringham 4 Australia.
"Tasman Empire Airways Ltd" заказала четыре прошедших ремонт и модификацию Sandringham Mk 4 для замены парка летающих лодок семейства "Empire". В 1946 году был поставлен второй самолет - изображенный здесь ZK-AMD Australia.
Over Belfast, after conversion for TEAL as Auckland, 1947
The Qantas Sandringham 4 VH-EBX had been TEAL's ZK-AMB.
Ansett's Sandringham VH-BRC "Beachcomber" on the lagoon at Lord Howe Island, 10th November 1959. This aircraft is now operated by Antilles Air Boats as VP-LVE
With Ansett as Beachcomber, 1968
Antilles Air Boats' Sandringham 4, VP-LVE "Southern Cross", formerly JM715, ZK-AMH, VH-BRC and N158C, photographed at Poole Harbour 23/8/76. It arrived at Foynes, near Shannon, 8/7/76 and gave pleasure flights at Studland Bay, near Poole, 24-29/8/76
Another former Ansett machine, Excalibur VIII operated only one service with Antilles Air Boats, on January 15, 1975, and was little used otherwise owing to certification problems. Seen here at Rose Bay in 1974 with temporary registration N156J, the flying-boat now resides at Kermit Weeks’s Fantasy of Flight Museum.
As N158C, moored in Pago Pago Harbour, American Samoa, November 29, 1974
Southern Cross on beaching gear. Rose Bay, November 1974
Short Sandringham c/n 2018, formerly ZK-AMH (1947-49) with TEAL and VH-BRC with Ansett Flying Boat Services (1952-74), was acquired by Blair's Antilles Air Boats in September 1974. It is seen here at Rose Bay, Sydney, with temporary American registration N156C, before its departure for the Virgin Islands that November.
Short S.25 Sandringham 4 VP-LVE Southern Cross arrived at Foynes, Ireland, on July 8, 1976, for a prolonged stay in the UK.
Registered VH-BRC, but renamed Southern Cross, 1974
On July 8, 1976, Antilles Air Boats' Short Sandringham VP-LVE alighted in the Shannon Estuary at Foynes, Co Clare, after a flight from the Virgin Islands. It will return early in September.
Sunderland G-BJHS performing a low pass along Gatwick Airport's runway in the hands of Ken Emmott. The former BOAC Hythe pilot reports that he subsequently received a mock bill for £21,650, comprising £20,000 to cover repairing the groove in the runway, £1,500 for medical attention to those watching, and £150 for laundering spectators’ trousers.
Sunderland G-BJHS on a local flight from its Calshot base on September 18, 1991. It failed to sell at Sotheby's six days later, although bidding reached £320,000.
G-BJHS with the Ryanair logo painted out in white emulsion at Hythe on August 25, 1989.
Short Sunderland V Excalibur VIII emerges from the Solent on December 13, 1982. The boat will remain at Calshot until April this year. The beaching was carried out by men from the REME at Marchwood, led by Warrant Officer Ray Bevan.
View alt from the astro dome of "Barnse Braker" as it neared Tromso, having come through the mountain gap on the left
Пассажиры Sandringham компании TEAL на причале гидроаэродрома на острове Вануа-Леву, втором по величине острове Фиджи. В сентябре 1951 года Sandringham все еще обслуживали острова Кука и Таити.
Сохранившийся в летном состоянии пассажирский "Сандринхэм" и его комфортабельный верхний салон. Современные снимки
BOAC Sandringhams and a Solent ready for scrapping at Hamworthy, Poole in the Fifties.
An unidentified Sandringham I seen at Hamble on July 25, 1953.
Short Sandringham N158J Excalibur, which last served with Antilles Air Boats, is now being refurbished at Isla Grande Airport, San Juan, prior to its return to the British Isles, and, reportedly, the British Register!
Owned by Antilles Air Boats and based in the Virgin Islands, the boat was flown in by Capt Charles Blair, accompanied by his wife, Maureen O’Hara. The Sandringham arrived over Studland Bay, Dorset, on July 23, 1976, but owing to difficult seas it was unable to land there and put down at nearby Poole Harbour for the night.
The flight deck of a Short Sandringham.
The following day it positioned at Studland, where it commenced a programme of passenger flights. Trips were offered to the public at ?15 per head, and flights overflew the old seaplane bases at Calshot and Cowes. One visitor to the flight deck was former flying boat captain Bill Craig, who last flew boats 30 years ago (photo). The pleasure flights were arranged by M. M. Aviation in support of the Air Training Corps and aircraft preservation interests.
Part of a Sandringham’s passenger accommodation - almost certainly the upper deck of a Dodero 'boat.
Passenger accommodation in a Sandringham for Tasman Empire Airways Ltd.
Passenger accommodation in a Sandringham for Tasman Empire Airways Ltd.
После войны самолеты Hythe, Sandringham и Solent вновь стали предоставлять пассажирам комфортабельный сервис, как и на довоенных летающих лодках семейства "Empire".
During the night of July 26, 1976 vandals removed an inspection panel from the starboard tip float. Choppy seas filled the float, causing the boat to list badly to starboard (photo), and it had to be towed to the calmer, shallower waters of Poole where the float was pumped dry and flying resumed. Unfortunately all of Friday’s flights had to be cancelled.
KEITH WOODCOCK'S painting shows DNL’s Short Sandringham 6 LN-IAU Bamse Brakar.
The Short Sandringham Flying-boat.
The Short Sandringham Flying-boat.