Aeroplane Monthly 1992-01
J.Fozard - Camm's engine legacy
The late-lamented Hawker Hurricane LF363, operated by the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight, is the subject of RICHARD WINSLADE'S colour plate. On September 11, 1991 the aircraft was badly damaged following an engine failure and inflight fire.
The original Hurricane Structure mounted two Vickers guns in the fuselage.
Rare photograph of a Rolls-Royce PV-12 engine, seen here trial-mounted in the structure of the prototype Hurricane, K5083, late in 1934. Note the gun mounted alongside the cockpit.
More Hurricanes were produced than any other Hawker type - 10,030 alone being constructed by Hawker at Kingston.
Camm’s Hart was one of the RAF’s most adaptable biplanes. Powered by the Rolls-Royce Kestrel IB or the Kestrel X, it served until 1939 as a day-bomber.
Camm's masterpiece, the Hawker Fury I. The type remained in first-line service from 1931 until 1939.
A Rolls-Royce Kestrel V engine assists Hawker Hind K4636 in its downward path over Brooklands in September 1935.
"Харди" из 6-й эскадрильи английских ВВС в полете над Палестиной
Hardy - "воздушный полицейский". Hart/Audax был выбран в 1933 году для замены Westland Wapiti в качестве самолета для решения "воздушных полицейских" задач в Ираке. В качестве прототипа был выбран серийный вариант самолета Hart, на который установили 91 кг нового оборудования, включая аварийный комплект для выживания в жаркой и пустынной местности, контейнеры с водой, специальный крюк для подбора пакетов с донесениями и новый радиатор. Самолет, получивший обозначение Hardy, был облетан в сентябре 1934 года, после чего было выпущено 47 машин, попавших в Ирак и Палестину (30-я и 6-я эскадрильи), где они эксплуатировались до 1939 года. С началом войны все оставшиеся в строю Hardy передали в 237-ю (родезийскую) эскадрилью, воевавшую с итальянцами в Сомалиленде и Эритрее в 1940 году.
The Hawker Hardy was another Hart variant and was used as a two-seat general purpose aircraft in the Near East. Early aircraft were powered by the Rolls-Royce Kestrel IB - K4316 was powered by the Kestrel X.
THE INTERNATIONAL HANDICAP: Contented "Hawkers!" Left to right, Mr. Sidney Camm, designer of the "Cygnet," Mr. Jones, of the Hawker Co., and Flight-Lieut. Bulman, pilot of the "Cygnet."
Hawker Cygnet G-EBMB in 1925 with, left to right, Sydney Camm, H. K. Jones, then commercial manager and overseas salesman, and P. W. S. “George” Bulman, chief pilot from 1925 to World War Two.
The FAA's counterpart of the RAF's Fury was the Hawker Nimrod, powered by the Rolls-Royce Kestrel IIS. Seen here is Nimrod II K3658.
The Hawker PV-3 was a private-venture aircraft designed to Specification F.7/30, which called for a single-seat day interceptor and night fighter with an armament of four Vickers guns and a maximum speed of 250 m.p.h. The PV-3 was the epitome of Hawker’s biplane fighter development and was finally flown on trials in 1935 fitted with a 695 h.p. Rolls-Royce Goshawk engine. The F.7/30 requirement was eventually fulfilled by the Gloster S.S.37 which went into production as the Gladiator.