Aeroplane Monthly 1979-01
Personal album
Hawker supplied three Spanish Furies, 4-1, 4-2 and 4-3, to Spain as models for a batch to be licence-built by Hispano-Suiza, and they arrived on July 11, 1936, one week before war broke out. All three fell into the hands of the Nationalists, this example, 4-1, being brought down over Santa Olalla by Nationalist ace Joaquin Garcia Morato on September 20, 1936, his seventh victory in the war and his third flying the Fiat C.R.32. Franco’s air force recovered the Fury and restored it to airworthiness, but it did not see combat. Powerplant was a Hispano-Suiza 12XBrs of 700 h.p. It is seen here in company with a C.R.32 and an Aero A-101.
Although some war surplus D.H.9 airframes were sold to the Spanish Government, this example was one of more than 500 built under licence by Hispano-Suiza at Guadaljara from 1925 and fitted with the 300 h.p. Hispano-Suiza 8Fb engine. After being used with success in the African campaign of 1926/7, 25 were still in service at the Civil War's outbreak, when they were used mainly for conversion training. About ten were brought together by the Air Force at the El Copero school in Seville, where they flew until 1938.
Another aircraft captured from the Republican Air Force was this Monospar ST-25, 31-5, powered by a pair of 95 h.p. Pobjoy Niagara III’s. As the red crosses on the wings reveal, it was used as an ambulance, but it is not possible to see if it has the the large starboard hatch of the purpose-built ambulance version, of which several went for export.
Airspeed Envoy 41-1 during the Civil War. The letter “T” forward of the fuselage band and the “E” inboard of the band on the starboard wing suggest that this aircraft was originally G-AERT/ c/n 68, recorded as being "sold abroad" in April 1937. Other pictures of the same aircraft reveal the “G-A” prefix of its British registration on the port wing. Another Envoy which flew for Franco was G-ADBB, whose identity could be clearly discerned beneath its camouflage paint.
A General Aircraft Monospar ST-12 of unknown origin, in use during the war as a communications aircraft with the Nationalist Air Force. This aircraft may well be the ST-12 ferried to the Ministerio Hacienda, Spain, as EC-W43. It was one of six ST-12s exported about 1935, and was powered by two 130 h.p. de Havilland Gipsy Majors.
The Nationalists used militarised D.H.60 Moths of the flying school of the Royal Aero Club of Andalucia as trainers. In addition, a fair number of Moths were captured from the Republican Air Force, including the D.H.60GIII Moth Major seen here, which was serving in Nationalist markings at the school of Alcantarilla in 1939/40. Its 120 h.p. Gipsy III engine was obviously proving troublesome.