De Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou
Варианты:
De Havilland Canada - DHC-4 Caribou - 1958 - Канада
Страна: Канада
Год: 1958


Тактический транспортный самолет короткого взлета и посадки с экипажем из двух человек
Описание
Фотографии
de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou

  В 1956 году было принято решение строить самолет DHC-4 Caribou, совмещающий грузоподъемность транспортника Douglas DC-3 с взлетно-посадочными качествами Beaver и Otter. Канадская армия заказала два таких самолета. Армия США - пять.
  В июле 1958 года впервые взлетел прототип с высокорасположенным крылом, имеющим характерный центроплан с положительным поперечным "V". Заднюю дверь спроектировали в виде трапа для загрузки предметов массой до 3048 кг. Машина могла перевозить до 32 солдат. Самолет Caribou служил в канадских ВВС под индексом CC-108, а в Армии США - как AC-1 (с 1962 года - код CV-2A). По итогам испытаний первых пяти самолетов Армия США приняла Caribou на вооружение и заказала 159 таких машин. Самолеты второй партии обозначили CV-2B. После боев на границе между Китаем и Индией в начале 1963 года Армия США передала ВВС Индии два самолета Caribou. В январе 1967 года 134 Caribou, служившие в Армии США, передали ВВС США как транспортные машины C-7A и C-7B.
  Caribou имели не только военный, но и коммерческий успех по всему миру. Многие из них летали в гражданских авиакомпаниях. Когда канадские ВВС заменили свои Caribou на самолеты DHC-5 Buffalo, списанные машины были проданы ряду стран, включая Колумбию, Оман и Танзанию. Многие из канадских самолетов также использовались силами ООН в международных операциях.
  Максимальная взлетная масса DHC-4 составляла 11 793 кг. Начиная с 24-го экземпляра начала выпускаться модель DHC-4A, отличавшаяся увеличенной массой. Серийный выпуск завершился в 1973 году после сборки 307 самолетов.


ТАКТИКО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ

  de Havilland Canada DHC-4A Caribou

  Тип: тактический транспортный самолет короткого взлета и посадки с экипажем из двух человек
  Силовая установка: два звездообразных поршневых мотора Pratt & Whitney R-2000-7M2 Twin Wasp мощностью по 1450 л. с. (1081 кВт)
  Летные характеристики: максимальная скорость 348 км/ч на высоте 1980 м; крейсерская скорость 293 км/ч на высоте 2285 м; начальная скороподъемность 413 м/мин; практический потолок 7560 м; дальность полета 389 км с максимальной полезной нагрузкой
  Масса: пустого самолета 8283 кг; максимальная взлетная 12 927 кг
  Размеры: размах крыла 29,15 м; длина 22,12 м; высота 9,68 м; площадь крыла 84,72 м2
  Полезная нагрузка: до 32 солдат или 26 парашютистов, либо 22 лежачих и четыре сидячих раненых плюс четыре санитара, либо 3964 кг груза
DHC C-7A Caribou 62-4155 ‘KE’ of the 459th Tactical Airlift Squadron, 483rd Tactical Airlift Wing, Cam Ranh Bay, Vietnam, 1970.
DHC-4 "Карибу".
Spanish Air Force T9-8 ‘37-08’ of Ala 37, Villanubia, 1990. This example became N86NC with NewCal for turbine conversion.
ВВС Индии стали одним из зарубежных заказчиков Caribou и эксплуатировали их в 1963-1987 годах.
DHC-4A Caribou 9001 (c/n 242) of the Tanzanian People’s Defence Force Air Wing, 1966. JWTZ - Jeshi la Wananchi la Tanzani. This aircraft was disposed of in 1979, becoming N1017G.
DHC-4 Caribou of No 5 Squadron;
Малазийские DHC-4A отличались от остальных версий наличием в носовом обтекателе метео-РЛС Collins WP-103.
DHC-4A Caribou FM1402 of the Royal Malaysian Air Force, 1975.
The ninth Caribou, CF-LVA, used for the first of three extensive sales tours (the others were conducted by CF-LAN and CF-OYE) October 1959 to May 1960. The nose carries the flags of the countries visited.
Canada
The Caribou prototype was transferred to the RCAF, becoming Caribou I 5303 and upgraded to Mk.IA status in 1964. It was sold in Tanzania, becoming JW9011 in 1971. Its current status is unknown, but it is still on the US civil register as N1016N with .John Woods Inc.
The prototype, 5303, in RCAF United Nations colours, staging through Gatwick on its way to another African assignment.
USA
Американские и австралийские Caribou участвовали в войне во Вьетнаме. В дальнейшем американские самолеты передали авиации Национальной гвардии и Резерва ВВС (на снимке).
Ценность легкого транспортного самолета "Карибу" заключалась в уникальных взлетно-посадочных характеристиках, позволявших этой машине работать с весьма коротких ВПП.
Caribous served in Vietnam with distinction, initially with the Army as CV-2s and later with the USAF as C-7s. C-7B 62-4155 at Ta Bong in February 1970 wearing the tail code of the 459th TAS.
Few US Caribou have been preserved: C-7B (formerly CV-2B) 62-4193 at the National Museum of the USAF, Dayton, Ohio.
AC-47 ВВС США на стоянке одной из авиабаз Южного Вьетнама. Слева виден легкий транспортный самолет DHC-4 «Карибу», 1966 г.
A characteristically anonymous Air America de Havilland DHC-4 Caribou taxies in at Lima Site 20, Sam Thong, on January 9, 1966. Among many Air America aircraft at Sam Thong that day was Prestwick Pioneer XL665, on loan from No 209 Sqn, based at Singapore, for use by the British Embassy.
Dornier Do 28B-1 N9180X (c/n 3060) parked beside DHC-4 Caribou “392” at Sam Thong. Operated by Bird & Sons, in whose distinctive red-and-cream colour scheme it is seen here, N9180X later went missing en route from L 54 (Luang Prabang) to L 25 (Ban Houei Sai) on April 6, 1967, with six aboard.
Звено T-28D на авиабазе Тан Шон Нят. На заднем плане слева виден американский DHC-4 "Карибу", справа стоит C-123. Начало 1960-х гг.
Australia
A4-152 flying in 1992 in a Vietnam-like colour scheme and proudly showing off the ‘Wallaby Airlines’ logo of 35 Squadron on the fin.
RAAF A4-236 wearing two-tone green and black camouflage and a large badge on the fin and rudder celebrating 30 years of Caribou operation in 1994.
Unique camouflage on Royal Australian Air Force Caribou A4-208 of 38 Squadron. The type has given the RAAF over 30 years of loyal service and the search is now on for a replacement.
Caribou оставались в эксплуатации австралийских ВВС до ноября 2009 года, когда был списан последний самолет (№A4-140). Австралийцам так и не удалось найти равноценную замену для работы с коротких ВПП.
Австралийские DHC-4 «Карибу» в Южном Вьетнаме. Фото середины 1960-х гг.
Rumble in the jungle - an RAAF DHC-4 Caribou prepares to take off from the remote Kokoda airstrip in the Oro Province of Papua New Guinea. The rugged and dependable Caribou served with the RAAF for more than four decades.
RAAF DHC-4A Caribou A4-228 in the original colour scheme. Australia has received excellent loyalty from the Caribou and is now close to a replacement decision.
Австралийские DHC-4 «Карибу» в Южном Вьетнаме. Фото середины 1960-х гг.
Civil
Operation Blessing DHC-4 Caribou at Shannon, en-route for Zaire on August 27, 1994
As well as the turbine conversion programme, NewCal Aviation refurbished Caribou for specialised roles. This example was used as a maritime pollution control demonstrator, seen at Hal Safi, late 1991.
Tanzanian Air Force Caribou JW9002 was disposed of in 1979, becoming N1017H hopefully for refurbishment with the NewCal programme.
A view of the NewCal ramp at Hal Safi, Malta, in 1991. On the left are two former Spanish C-7As (N666NC, T9-26 and N888NC, T9-17), while to the left is a former Tanzanian example being broken up for spares.
Conversion
The prototype NCA Turbine Caribou, N400NC. It was lost on August 27, 1992.
 
The prototype, CF-KTR-X, during its maiden flight from Downsview, July 30, 1958 - note the absence of undercarriage doors and the nose-mounted probe. Crew for that first flight were George Neal, Dave Fairbanks and H Brinkman.
Прототип Caribou, CF-KTK, был облетан 30 июля 1958 года. Компания получила богатый опыт проектирования многоцелевого самолета, способного работать с очень коротких ВПП, который и применила при создании своего первого двухмоторного самолета.
Receiving attention at Downsview - the prototype with the nose probe now removed. Note also the Caribou logo on the nose and the ease of access to the Twin Wasps. In the background, top to bottom, are: the fuselage of a RCAF 682 or 692 in Rescue colours; the Otter prototype wearing the ‘hybrid’ RCAF serial ‘3667-X’; an Otter in primer; an L-20 Beaver in US Army colours; three primered Otters.
The second Caribou, CF-LAN, in use with Nordair on the pioneering the Resolution Island airlift, February 1961. Previously only the Otter (left) could use this DEW-Line supply strip.
The Caribou prototype first flew in November last year and completed initial test flying without a hitch.
Seen here with the Civil Air Transport logo on the rear fuselage, de Havilland Canada DHC-4A c/n 52 was given the Taiwanese registration B-853, later shortened to just “853” in Air America service. Used as a commissary aircraft, it operated from Don Muang in Thailand in 1965 and was a regular visitor to Lima sites in Laos from 1966.
The rear doors of the Caribou were fully openable in flight for air drops or low-level parachute extraction of cargo pallets.
DHC-4A C-GVYZ, c/n 97, of Kelowna Flightcraft Air Charter of Canada. This is the former C-1 of the Kuwait Air Force.
Typical gull-wing appearance of the Caribou is obvious in this head-on shot.
Canada
DHC-4 Caribou CC-108, serial 5321, c/n 10, of the Canadian Armed Forces. This aircraft went to the Tanzanian Air Force in 1971 as 9011.
RCAF Caribou served far and wide with the United Nations, flying out of a variety of inhospitable (and decidedly un-Canadian) environments.
USA
Superb view of one of the five US Army evaluation YAC-1s.
A de Havilland DHC-4 Caribou has been experimentally fitted with skis and is under evaluation by the United States Army. If the skis are successful a small production order may be placed.
All five of the YAC-1s were used for an extensive flight test programme with the Army, including operations with skis from snow and ice.
Close-up of YAC-1 57-3082 (the 7th DHC-4, CF-LKG-X) with ski undercarriage. Note the ‘US Army, Aviation Board, Test Aircraft’ notation under the cockpit.
Fine study of the first YAC-1, 57-3079. The fifth DHC-4 built, it still carrying its Canadian civil test registration, CF-LKF-X.
YAC-1 Caribou CF-LKF-X became the second 53-3079 and spent all of its career flying with the Army, serving as the 'Golden Knights' parachute team jump ship from 1974.
Испытания системы воздушной передачи топлива для "Мохаука"
Caribou “392” at Thakhek West on April 18, 1966. The aircraft was serving as a stand-in on the milk run as the regular C-47 had hit a buffalo and was undergoing repair.
Arrival on Skyline Ridge - Air America Caribou “393” rolls to a stop up the runway at LS 20. Landing the bigger aircraft at the primitive strip required a high level of skill from the Air America pilots, the wheels having to touch down on the very edge of the ridge’s lip.
Caribou “393” was one of several C-7As bailed from the US Army, with which it was serialled 61-2393. Here it thunders down the runway at Sam Thong in January 1966. Sam Thong was typical of the primitive strips from which Air America aircraft operated, offering little margin for error and a requirement for superb airmanship.
A pair of AC-1s ready for delivery from Downsview - their serial numbers having been ‘washed out’ on the print. Note the Caribou engine test-rig underneath the tail of the AC-1 at left and the unpainted Beaver under the tail of the example at right.
DHC-4 Caribou CV-7 of the USAF. Serial is AF60-5430, c/n 20. Note the serrated dividing line between the camouflage and the white underside of the fuselage.
CV-2A showing the ease of loading to/from trucks. Note the anti-tip leg under the Caribou’s rear fuselage (removed before flight) and the ‘fiscal’ on the truck’s cab door.
The Caribou undertook a wide range of ‘soft surface’ trials and proved itself to be a rugged workhorse, long before it was all put to the test in Vietnam.
The first YAC-1 (57-3079) had a long career, eventually serving with the Army Parachute Demonstration Team, the Golden Knights. It is preserved at the US Army Transportation Museum at Fort Eustis, Virginia.
DHC-4 "Карибу". В армии США эти машины имели индекс C-7. Они обладали хорошими взлетно-посадочными свойствами и немалой полезной нагрузкой.
Australia
DHC-4A Caribou A4-204, c/n 204, of the Royal Australian Air Force.
Идет погрузка в транспортный самолет DHC-4 "Карибу"
Совместный полет над побережьем Южного Вьетнама вооруженного UH-1B/C из 9-й аэ и DHC-4 «Карибу» из 35-й аз. RAAF, октябрь 1966 г.
Malaysia
Royal Malaysian Air Force de Havilland DHC-4 Caribou.
DHC-4A Caribou FM1113, c/n 296, of the Malaysian Air Force.
Zambia
DHC-4A Caribou (two 1,450 hp Pratt & Whitney R-2000-7M2 engines) in the insignia of the Zambia Air Force
Zambian Air Force Caribou 304. Briefly civil registered as 9J-NAC, it became N999NC in 1984 and went to the Liberian military in 1989.
Zambian National Defence Forces de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou.
India
India is another nation to have got considerable 'mileage' out of its Caribou fleet. BM770 (c/no 121) illustrated, is thought still extant.
Транспортники DHC-4 "Карибу" индийцы использовали и как бомбардировщики
Other
Eight D.H.C.4 Caribous and twelve D.H.C.3 Otters have been ordered by the Ghana Air Force. This picture show the first Caribou, G400, at Downsview awaiting the top of its fin
de Havilland Canada DHC-4A Caribou twin-engined transport aircraft in the insignia of the Kuwait Air Force
One of the two surviving SOAF DHC-4 Caribous, the third having been lost in an accident during a landing on a short strip.
Approaching the end of their career in Spanish service are elderly DHC-4A Caribou transports of Escuadron 372 at Villanubla.
Tanzanian People’s Defence Force Air Wing de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou.
Abu Dhabi Army DHC-4A 304 with spares wheels and fuel cells among its cargo. This machine was acquired by NewCal, becoming N84897, and was used for spares at Malta.
В конце вьетнамской войны, в 1975 году, северовьетнамские войска захватили несколько южновьетнамских Caribou - они находились в эксплуатации до конца 1970-х годов.
Conversion
NewCal Aviation N400NC, formerly Kenyan Air Force 204, staging through Ipswich in 1989. It became the Turbine Caribou prototype.
 
Early DHC-4 cockpit layout.
DHC-4 interior, looking forward.
The interior of Caribou “392” en route to Vientiane in April 1966.
Катастрофа американского военно-транспортного DHC-4 «Карибу» на полевом аэродроме Пха Пхан. Граница Лаоса и Южного Вьетнама. 3 августа 1967 г.
A USAF Caribou plunges to earth, having been hit by a US artillery shell in a tragic accident 45 miles north of Due Pho on August 3, 1967.
Вынужденная посадка DHC-4 «Карибу» из 35-й аэ ВВС Австралии. Аэродром Ба То. Южный Вьетнам, август 1966 г.
An early model of the DHC-4 in US white/red colour scheme but featuring turbine engines.
Artist’s impression of the DHC-4 in US Army colours from a company brochure dated 1957. The twin fins are obvious, but note also the wingtip tanks.
The twin fin and rudder of the D.H.C-4 Caribou has been dropped in favour of a single fin, and the result must be one of the largest vertical surfaces ever seen on an aircraft of this size. All production models will have this new feature. Span 96 ft. 0 in.; length 68 ft. 10 in.; height 36 ft. 0 in.
de Havilland DHC-4A Caribou I utility transport
De Havilland Canada DHC-4A Caribou. Lower side-view; NCA Turbine Caribou.
Sister aircraft DHC-4 Caribou A4-228 and A4-231, from the second Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) order, were ferried to Australia from Canada via the Pacific, arriving at RAAF Base Richmond, New South Wales, on June 26, 1965. Caribou A4-228 served with No 38 Sqn RAAF except for a period with No 35 Sqn in the mid-1990s. During its service career A4-228 assisted flood-relief operations in Australia in 1967 and 1974, undertook absolute ceiling single-engine performance trials in June 1973, performed mapping duties in West Irian (West New Guinea) in 1976 and was damaged during STOL training in April 1993. It went on to be flown by the winning team during the joint RAAF/RNZAF operation Exercise Shorthaul in 1999 and in March 2007 became the first RAAF Caribou to exceed 20,000 flying hours. After 44 years of RAAF service, A4-228 was finally retired on May 13, 2009.