Miles M.9 Kestrel / Master
Miles - M.9 Kestrel / Master - 1937 - Великобритания
Страна: Великобритания
Год: 1937

Two-seat fighter-trainer monoplane
Miles M.9, M.19, M.24 и M.27 Master

  Из-за быстрого совершенствования монопланов в конце 1930-х годов британским ВВС потребовался учебно-тренировочный самолет с характеристиками, близкими к истребительным. Компания "Miles" разработала учебный низкоплан с мотором Rolls-Royce Kestrel XVI мощностью 745 л. с. Когда Министерство авиации прекратило финансирование работ, фирма продолжила проектирование на собственные средства. Прототип, названный Kestrel, выполнил первый полет 3 июня 1937 года. Вскоре прототип продемонстрировал скорость всего на 15 км/ч меньшую, чем у Hurricane. По управляемости самолет мало отличался от Hurricane и Spitfire. Не имея других вариантов, Министерство авиации было вынуждено заказать 11 июня 1939 года у компании "Miles" учебные самолеты под обозначением M.9 Master. В конструкцию потребовали внести ряд изменений, а также установить 715-сильный мотор Kestrel XXX, из-за чего максимальная скорость в сравнении с прототипом упала на 113 км/ч. Тем не менее Master все равно оставался лучшим в мире учебно-тренировочным самолетом. Первый из 900 построенных M.9A Master Mk I выполнил первый полет 31 марта 1939 года.
M.9A Master Mk I из авиационного училища ВВС Великобритании, 1940 год. В этот период Master был лучшим учебным самолетом в мире.
A "private-venture" machine, the new Miles advanced fighter-trainer is powered with a Kestrel XVI which gives it a top speed of 290 m.p.h.
The Miles R.R. Trainer (Rolls-Royce "Kestrel" engine).
A close-up of the installation of the Rolls-Royce Kestrel XVI and the Kestrel's well-streamlined nose.
An advanced Kestrel XVI installation in the new Miles trainer/general-purpose military monoplane. The coolant is ethylene glycol.
NOT SO PRIVATE: Child of a designer who, until comparatively recently, has concentrated on the production of private-owner types, the new Miles high-speed Service trainer has a number of features which would make it, in 200 h.p. form, an attractive device for the sporting pilot with (very) ample means. Capable of 295 m.p.h., the Miles Kestrel Trainer has great potentialities as a first-line military type. The engine is a Rolls-Royce Kestrel XVI.
The Miles R.R. Two-seat Fighter Training Monoplane (Rolls-Royce "Kestrel XVI" engine).
The Miles-Rolls-Royce advanced trainer-general-purpose-fighter-bomber-reconnaissance monoplane does about 290 m.p.h. with a 690/750 h.p. fully supercharged Kestrel XVI.
The Miles Kestrel Trainer which would make a very good first-line two-seater fighter, having a speed of 295 m.p.h.
The Kestrel as U 5, with deepened radiator but before modification of the canopy.
The Kestrel with the deeper and more bulbous radiator fairing. It originally had a much sleeker but less accessible installation, with which it made its debut at the 1937 RAF Display at Hendon. Powered by a supercharged 745 h.p. Rolls-Royce Kestrel engine, U 5 had a maximum speed of 296 m.p.h. at 14,500ft - only 15 m.p.h. slower than the front-line Hawker Hurricane.
The Kestrel after it became the Master prototype. Comparison with the picture of the Kestrel reveals the Master's deeper aft fuselage, redesigned fin and rudder, taller windscreen and modified rear canopy.
Another view of the Kestrel after modification as the Master prototype. The inverted gull wing allowed short, sturdy undercarriage legs to be used.
In the transition from prototype to production Master, the radiator was moved from the chin installation seen on N3300 here to a new and distinctive position under the mainspar.
Miles M.9A Master I.
Two views of the Master prototype N3300 in flight during 1938-39. The extended rear fuselage and production-standard tail surfaces eliminated the directional hunting encountered during early Martlesham trials.
The Miles Kestrel after modification as the prototype Master, N3300. Initially registered U 5 and flown for the first time on June 3, 1937, the Kestrel reappeared as N3300 in 1938. The strap visible around the rear fuselage in this photograph is part of the anti-spin parachute attachment; a release cable may be seen running forward to the cockpit.
С мотором жидкостного охлаждения и огромным радиатором Master Mk I смотрелся необычно. Большинство самолетов Master эксплуатировалось в Силэнде, Халлавингтоне и Монтроузе.
Line-up of Master Is. The prototype first flew in 1938 but by the time war broke out in September 1939 only a handful were in service. Masters of No 5 EFTS are pictured here.
Closely resembling the Miles M.9 Kestrel, the Master I was powered by a derated Rolls-Royce Kestrel XXX, making it 70 m.p.h. slower than its predecessor. Its handling characteristics made it an ideal fighter trainer.
The Miles M.24 makeshift six-gun fighter developed for emergency use during the Battle of Britain.
Left, the Kestrel’s rear cockpit after the first modification to raise the roof. Right, the Kestrel with the front hood and modified instructor's hood open, showing the operating handle for the hinged aft windscreen.
The Basking Shark is extremely efficient from the streamline point of view, but then the Basking Shark has been developed for efficiency, just as the Miles Kestrel Trainer has been developed, by careful elimination of the unessential.
Miles M.9 Kestrel