Fairchild C-31 / Model 95
Страна: США
Год: 1934

Единственный экземпляр
Транспортный самолет
Fairchild XC-31
Flight, March 1935

Fairchild XC-31

В 1934 году компания "Fairchild" построила прототип многоцелевого транспортного самолета Fairchild XC-31, на который приобретенная ею ранее фирма "Kreider-Reisner" получила контракт от авиакорпуса Армии США. Подкосный высокоплан XC-31 со звездообразным мотором Wright R-1820 Cyclone имел конструкцию из легких сплавов с полотняной обшивкой, обычным хвостовым оперением, шасси с хвостовой опорой и убираемыми основными стойками. Пилот сидел в закрытой кабине перед крылом. За ней был объемный грузовой отсек с широкими дверями. По результатам эксплуатационных испытаний дальнейших заказов не последовало.


  Fairchild XC-31

  Тип: транспортный самолет
  Силовая установка: поршневой звездообразный девятицилиндровый мотор Wright R-1820-25 Cyclone мощностью 750 л. с. (559 кВт)
  Летные характеристики: макс. скорость 261 км/ч; крейсерская скорость 230 км/ч; дальность полета 1239 км
  Масса: пустого самолета 3822 кг; взлетная 6713 кг
  Размеры: размах крыла 22,86 м; длина 16,76 м; высота 4,83 м; площадь крыла 74,51 м2

Flight, March 1935

The American Fairchild C-31: Useful Load of 5,678 lb. Carried 750 miles at 140 m.p.h.: Single 750 h.p. "Cyclone"

  AERODYNAMICALLY and structurally, there is little in the Fairchild C-31 freight-carrying monoplane that is startling, except perhaps the undercarriage, the wheels of which retract into the bottom of the fuselage; but what can be done by the judicious application to a well-designed aeroplane of such devices as variable-pitch airscrews, flaps and retractable undercarriage is exemplified in the performance figures which are given below. A sample machine has been supplied to the U.S. Army Air Corps.
  In order to provide maximum cargo space, a fuselage of approximately square section was adopted. This is made of welded chrome molybdenum steel tubes, with tie-rod bracing in most of the upper, lower and cross panels. Gusset plates, tie-rod lugs, and fittings are welded to the fuselage structure, which is covered with fabric.
  Embodied in the "hold" is a cargo chute which permits delivery by parachute of supplies in containers, and a large door (5ft. 10in. by 4ft. 11in.), the threshold of which, when the machine is on the ground, registers with the tail of a lorry. There is almost 775 cu. ft. of unobstructed cargo space, special fastenings being provided on the floor and walls for lashing every kind of load. For military use, six stretchers and a number of chairs for wounded may be carried, or fifteen chairs may be installed, or folding benches built into the wall may be lowered to accommodate fourteen soldiers.
  The fin is metal framed and bolted to the fuselage, and the rudder and elevators are of aluminium alloy with metal nose pieces and fabric covering. Trim is effected by adjustable trailing-edge tabs.
  Except for steel tube and wire bracing and fabric covering the wings are of duralumin. They embody solid web-type spars with extruded flanges. The leading edge, of sheet metal, reinforced by longitudinal stringers and nose ribs, is riveted to the front spar flanges, top and bottom.
  The duralumin-framed Frise ailerons operate differentially, 40 deg. "up" and 15 deg. "down." Zap tyre flaps are fitted. They are supported, with the ailerons, on the rear spar, and may be operated manually or by an electric motor. The lift struts, which run from the wing to a small wing "stub," are of streamline aluminium alloy tubing with strip alloy steel attachment fittings bolted into place.
  Another interesting feature of the U.S. Army version is the "dishpan" within the N.A.C.A. type cowling of the 750 h.p. Wright "Cyclone" engine, which, incidentally, is of the new R-1820-25 type, and which drives a Hamilton three-bladed controllable pitch airscrew. Data are as follows:-
  Dimensions. - Span, 75 ft, (22,86 m); length, 55 ft. 5 in. (16,9 m); height. 15 ft. 10 in. (4,8 m).
  Weights. - Weight empty, 7,322 lb. (3321,08 Kg); disposable load, 5,678 lb. (2575.58 Kg); gross weight, 13,000 lb. (5897 Kg.)
  Performance. - Maximum speed, 107 m.p.h. (269 Km/hr), cruising speed, 140 m.p.h. (225 Km/hr); landing speed (full load) 52 m.p.h. (83.7 Km/hr); cruising range (full load) 750 miles (1207 Km).
XC-31 был проектом фирмы "Kreider-Reisner", унаследованным фирмой "Fairchild". Из-за относительно малой мощности ранней модели мотора Wright Cyclone этой довольно крупной машине явно не хватало энерговооруженности.
The cockpit of the C-31. Dual controls are not fitted.
The capacious "hold" of the C-31. Note the folding wall seats in the "hold," for troop-carrying purposes.