Air International 1981-12
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??? - Lancaster: Best of the Heavies /Warbirds/
Photograph by Arthur Gibson, depict the sole airworthy Lancaster maintained by the RAF Battle of Britain Memorial Flight. This pre-1980 illustration shows PA474 (at one time a PR Mk 1 operating with No 82 Squadron) finished to represent R5508, the aircraft in which Sqn Ldr J B Nettleton won a posthumous VC on 17 August 1942 in an attack on Augsburg. More recently, it has been repainted as AJ:G of No 617 Squadron, as used by Wg Cdr G Gibson for the raid on the Ruhr dams in 1943.
Photograph by Arthur Gibson, depict the sole airworthy Lancaster maintained by the RAF Battle of Britain Memorial Flight. This pre-1980 illustration shows PA474 (at one time a PR Mk 1 operating with No 82 Squadron) finished to represent R5508, the aircraft in which Sqn Ldr J B Nettleton won a posthumous VC on 17 August 1942 in an attack on Augsburg. More recently, it has been repainted as AJ:G of No 617 Squadron, as used by Wg Cdr G Gibson for the raid on the Ruhr dams in 1943.
The first prototype with the definitive tail unit.
The second production aircraft, with deepened bomb-bay, at the RAE Farnborough in 1942 with an arrester hook under the fuselage for airfield arrested landing trials.
Второй опытный "Ланкастер"
The second prototype Lancaster with deepened bomb-bay for 8,000-lb (3632-kg) bomb.
Lancaster I R5556 in service with No 44 Squadron in April 1942, showing the ventral FN64 turret still fitted; the dorsal turret also has the taboo ring fitted - a feature absent from the example serving with No 83 Squadron.
Typical in-service example of the Lancaster I. This was serving with No 1661 Conversion Unit in 1942.
Typical in-service example of the Lancaster I. The early-production example was built by Metropolitan-Vickers and was serving with No 83 Squadron when photographed, after earlier use with No 207 Squadron;
The second prototype Lancaster showing the full armament including the ventral turret
The taboo ring fitted to the dorsal turret - a feature absent from the example serving with No 83 Squadron.
Каждую ночь RAF разрушали военную промышленность Германии. Lancaster на снимке сбрасывает одну 1814-кг и зажигательные бомбы. Некоторые самолеты несли специальное оборудование: две антенны на этом самолете принадлежат системе РЭБ ABC (Airborne Cigar - передатчик помех в сигарообразном контейнере).
A Lancaster I of No 101 Squadron carrying "Airborne Cigar” apparatus, as shown by the two long dorsal aerials, to jam enemy R/T transmissions, dropping incendiaries and a single 4,000-lb (1816-kg) bomb over Duisburg in October 1944.
A Lancaster B Mk I (Special) carrying the Grand Slam bomb, the heaviest weapon dropped during World War II.
C for Charlie of No 617 Squadron, one of the 23 Lancaster IIIs modified to carry the Wallis dam-busting mine (not fitted in this photo).
A Mk II with standard bomb-bay serving with No 61 Squadron.
The prototype Lancaster II after it had been fitted with a taboo ring for the dorsal turret, a ventral turret and deepened bomb-bay.
An early Lancaster I converted by Rolls-Royce to have Merlin 28 engines and consequently the prototype of the Mk III, which apart from the engines was identical to the Mk I.
One of the seven Lancaster VIs produced in 1944 by fitting Merlin 85s in Lancaster III airframes.
The RAF's last active Lancaster, a GR Mk 3 of the School of Maritime Reconnaissance, St Mawgan, making a farewell flight on 15 October 1956.
C for Charlie of No 170 Squadron, one of the relatively few Lancasters fitted with the Rose-Rice turret.
The "Piccadilly Princess", an AWA-built Lancaster I flown by No 424 (Tiger) Squadron, RCAF, in 1945.
A Canadian-built Lancaster X in its standard form, with the Martin dorsal turret
KB700, the first Canadian production aircraft, with the British-style Frazer Nash dorsal turret. Aircraft have the deepened bomb-bay.
A Lancaster PR Mk 1 in service post-war with No 82 Squadron.
Avro Lancaster Mk III
Depicted in the side-views, top to bottom, are (1) the first prototype in its original guise and (2) with definitive tail unit; (3) the second prototype with extended bomb-bay (dotted line); (4) early-production Mk I; (5) Mk I with saddle tank for prospective Far Eastern operations; (6) the B Mk I (Special) with Grand Slam bomb; (7) production standard Mk II; (8) Mk HI with 12,000-lb (5450-kg) bomb-bay modification; (9) Mk III with Wallis dam-busting mine; (10) Mk VI; (11) Mk VII and (12) early Mk X.
The three-view line drawing below shows the standard Lancaster III, with an additional side-view showing the deepened bomb-bay for the 8,000-lb (3 632-kg) bomb. The scrap view upper right shows the later FN 79 dorsal turret; scrap views lower left show the FN 82 rear turret; the FN 121 with AGL radar and the Rose-Rice turret (bottom).