Schneider SG-38     Германия, 1938
Elliotts of Newbury EoN AP/7 Primary     Великобритания, 1948
Slingsby T.38 Grasshopper     Великобритания, 1952
Schneider - SG-38 - 1938 - Германия
Страна: Германия
Год: 1938

M.Hardy. Gliders & Sailplanes of the world

M.Hardy. Gliders & Sailplanes of the world

EoN Primary

  The EoN Primary, or Elliotts AP/7 Primary EoN as it is known in full, is a more modern but essentially very similar version of the well-tried Dagling/Slingsby T3 Primary and SG 38 formula of the 1930s for a simple single-seater basic training glider. The prototype made its first flight in February 1948, and the first production model flew in April that year; the type was used not only by clubs but by the Air Training Corps and Combined Cadet Force under the service name of Eton TX Mk 1 to replace the Daglings previously used for Cadet instruction. It could also be supplied with a static training stand which acted as a simple flight simulator in which the glider was balanced on a pivot and wind forces assisted the trainee pilot to get the feel of the controls. Production of the EoN Primary ended in 1958 after 80 had been built, but a number of these were still at Elliotts' works at Newbury ready for final assembly in the spring of 1965, not long before Elliotts ceased all glider production. The constant chord wooden wing is wire-braced and has a high lift section of 12% thickness/chord ratio; it has a plywood leading edge and fabric covering, with fabric-covered wooden ailerons. Plywood leading edge spoilers are featured for use during ground-slides only. The fuselage is a flat wooden open girder-type structure supported by a horizontal beam with the landing skid underneath, with sprung compression legs; the pilot has a single open seat with minimum controls. Unlike the Dagling and Slingsby Primary, the EoN design did not have the option of a nacelle to provide some protection for the pilot. The tail unit is of fabric-covered wooden construction and strut- and wire-braced, effective fin area being provided by filling in part of the open rear fuselage in front of the rudder.

Span: 34 ft 0 in
Length: 20 ft 6 in
Height: 8 ft 0 in
Wing area: 180 sqft
Aspect ratio: 6.0
Empty weight: 250 lb
Max weight: 490 lb
Max speed: 73 mph
Max aero-tow speed: 54 mph
Stalling speed: 27 mph

Slingsby T 38 Grasshopper UK

  This single-seater primary glider was produced for ATC and Combined Cadet Force use in initial ground training and low level hops. The open framework fuselage with a seat for the pilot was a simplified version of that of the Schulgleiter SG 38, one of the leading German prewar primary trainers, and this was fitted with the wings and modified tail unit of the Cadet TX Mk 1, the wing being wire-braced and without flaps or air brakes. Most Cadet TX Mk 1s were converted to Tutor standard as the T8 Cadet TX Mk 2 by fitting them with the Tutor's longer span wings, and the spare wings of the TX Mk 1s were used to produce the Grasshopper TX Mk1. Production began in 1952 and altogether 115 Grasshoppers were built.

Span: 39 ft 0 in
Length: 21 ft 1 1/2 in
Wing area: 174 sq ft
Aspect ratio: 8.73
Empty weight: 293 lb
Max weight: 550 lb
Max speed: 80 mph
A French example flown at Brienne in 1978.
Elliotts Primary EON single-seat training glider
EoN Primary.
An Eton about to be test flown. Note the skid shock absorbers.
The SG-38 entered service with the NSFK in 1938, replacing the Zoegling.
A restored SG-38, D-8146, on winch launch.
Slingsby T38 Grasshopper