Vickers Type 120 Vendace
В соответствии с требованиями 5A/24, подготовленными Министерством авиации Великобритании к учебно-тренировочному поплавковому гидросамолету, компания «Vickers» построила один самолет Type 120 Vendace Mk I. Весь запас топлива в самолете размещался в двух
баках обтекаемой формы, находившихся над центропланом верхнего крыла. В варианте сухопутного базирования Vendace I имел размах крыльев 13,59 м, максимальную массу 1576 кг и максимальную скорость 188 км/ч.
Vendace I прошел официальные испытания и в сухопутном варианте, и как гидросамолет с поплавковым шасси. Самолет был сохранен в качестве экспериментального, серийное производство не осуществлялось. В 1928 году один самолет, обозначенный Type 133 Vendace Mk II и оснащенный двигателем ADC Nimbus мощностью 300 л. с., был построен по инициативе компании и продан в Южную Америку.
Последним представителем семейства стал учебный Type 155 Vendace Mk III, оснащенный V-образным двигателем Hispano-Suiza мощностью 300 л. с. и построенный в количестве трех экземпляров для боливийского правительства. Vendace Mk III имел размах крыльев 13,59 м и в варианте с колесным шасси развивал на высоте 3960 м максимальную скорость 192 км/ч.
Flight, March 1926
THE VICKERS "VENDACE”
An Efficient Land or Sea Training Biplane
ONE of the latest products of the famous House of Vickers is a medium-sized tractor biplane, known as the "Vendace" and intended for training purposes, either as a land machine or a seaplane. It has only just been completed and probably by the time these lines appear in print it will have made its first trial flights at Brooklands - hence, we are unable this week to publish photographs of the complete machine, but the accompanying general arrangement drawings and detail sketches will, we hope, suffice for the time being to give a general idea of its features.
The "Vendace" it should be mentioned is in every way a thoroughly straightforward job following orthodox Vickers' practice, and no attempt has been made to produce anything of a startling or novel character - the one aim of its designers being to turn out a serviceable and efficient machine for the purpose for which it is intended. That their object will be achieved is, we think, apparent merely from a glance over the general arrangement drawings, for it must be admitted that the general lines of the "Vendace" are at once pleasing, clean and business-like.
There are, however, one or two features in the design of the "Vendace" which call for special mention. One of these is an effective method of adjusting the height of the seats (to suit out-sizes of occupants) during flight, another, the neat housing and mounting of the power plant, and also the fact that to change the machine from a land 'plane into a seaplane it is only necessary to remove the wheels and substitute floats on the same chassis with only two additional struts. We will refer again to these points later on in our description.
As previously stated the "Vendace" is a tractor fuselage biplane, and the wings are of equal span and chord, of moderately thick wing-section. Both upper and lower planes are set at a dihedral angle and are given a sweep-back of about 3°. They comprise three main sections - upper and lower centre panels and the corresponding outer extensions. The centre panels are only slightly wider than the fuselage, and carry the main wing extensions by means of the standard Vickers' hinge-fittings so that both right and left-hand wing cellule can fold back alongside the fuselage - the pivot point being on the rear spar. This process of folding, as on all Vickers' machines employing this feature, is very simply and quickly carried out - merely by unscrewing the two upper and the two lower bolts on the front spar attachments to the centre panels. The lower centre section, by the way, is carried by four bolts on extension brackets below the bottom longerons of the fuselage, and can easily and quickly be removed from the fuselage.
The wing construction follows usual Vickers' practice, viz.: spruce and ply-box section main spars, and built up spruce ribs. Compression members are spruce segmented tubes and the internal wing bracing is by swaged steel tie-rods. Each outer wing cellule has a single pair of streamline steel tube interplane struts, and one front strut at the hinging line; the centre sections are braced by streamline steel struts, sloping out from the top longerons of the fuselage up to the top, and down to the bottom, centre section spars respectively. Thus the external wing bracing is to all intents and purposes of the single bay type ; bracing between struts is carried out by streamline steel tie-rods.
The control surfaces are of similar construction to that employed for the main planes; in the case of the fin and rudder mild steel and Duralumin tube, with built-up spruce ribs, are employed. Ailerons are fitted to both top and bottom planes, they are of the balanced type, i.e., they are pivoted on their front spars from projections on the rear wing spar, so that the portion of the aileron from spar to leading edge forms the balance, the main planes being cut away from rear spar to trailing edge to receive the complete ailerons.
Elevators and rudder are balanced, while the tin is adjusted to counteract the slipstream effect from the airscrew, and the horizontal stabilizer is adjustable as to incidence during flight, being operated by a wheel on the right-hand side of the pilot's cockpit. Dual controls of the stick and rudder bar type are provided, and the aileron controls are so arranged that the folding back of the wings will not upset their adjustment. An oleo tail skid is provided.
The fuselage is of the orthodox Vickers tubular-cum-wire bracing rectangular girder construction, the longerons and struts being of mild steel tube and the bracing of swaged steel tie-rods. From the sternpost to the engine section there are nine bays, then comes an extension of the fuselage forming a simple but effective engine mounting employing the same materials. The engine, a Rolls-Royce "Falcon III," is most "get-at-able," and its removal is quite a simple process. A deep semi-circular radiator is slung beneath the engine bearers, at the forward ends; an extremely neat metal cowling completely encloses the engine and radiator, an opening being formed for the latter where an efficient shutter arrangement is provided. A rubber packing piece is placed between the radiator edges and the metal cowling so that all air passes directly through the radiator.
Fabric is employed for the covering of the fuselage and a very neat turtle-deck fairing is provided for the top and bottom. This fairing consists of built-up wood girder arches mounted across the longerons at each bulkhead which carry longitudinal stringers.
The two cockpits are placed fairly close together and are provided with plywood fairings. As previously stated the seats can be adjusted during flight, a feature, we think, that possesses considerable advantages, not only in a training machine where a variety of pilots have to be suited, but for general purposes also. For instance, in the case of a long-distance flight, when taking off, landing, or looking for landmarks, the pilot can instantly raise himself well up in the cockpit, then, when he wishes to cruise in comfort he can lower himself down again. The operation of raising and lowering the seat is very simply carried out by means of a parallel-link motion actuated through a special auto-lock device by a lever at the side of the seat. However heavy the pilot may be the friction of the auto-lock is sufficient to retain the seat in any position it may be put. The arrangement is shown in one of the accompanying sketches.
Gravity system petrol supply is employed, petrol being carried in two large tanks mounted in the top centre section. An oil tank, with radiator, is mounted in the floor of the front cockpit. The tanks are of tinned sheet steel and pipe couplings are of the metal to metal type.
The landing chassis is of the axle and V-strut type of comparatively wide track - 8 ft. - with standard Palmer wheels. An improved and very compact Vickers oleo-pneumatic shock absorber is embodied in the front members, of the V, which are of streamline steel tube braced with swaged steel tie-rods. To convert the machine into a seaplane, the wheels are removed and two long Duralumin floats attached to the axle in their place, while an additional strut is fitted extending forward from each top fitting of the forward V strut (a lug being provided for this purpose) down to the floats. These struts are also braced by swaged steel tie-rods. Except for the fitting of the floats, the machine as a seaplane is otherwise identical to the land type.
In conclusion it should be mentioned that all bearings or moving joints throughout the "Vendace" are provided with pressure grease lubricators, a small but none-the-less important feature.
The principal characteristics of the Vickers "Vendace" are :-
Span 45 ft.
Overall length 31 ft. 4 in.
Overall height 12 ft. 9 in.
Overall width (folded) 17 ft.
Chord 6 ft. 6 in.
Area of main planes 534 sq. ft.
Weight light (with water) 2,585 lb.
Useful load 890.
Weight laden 3,475 lb.
Loading per sq. ft. 6-5 lb.
Loading per h.p. (290 at 2,200 r.p.m.) 12 lb.
Speed range 44-117 m.p.h.
Climb to 5,000 ft. 5 mins.
Service ceiling 20,500 ft.
As seaplane -
Overall length 35 ft. 2 in.
Overall height 14 ft. 1 in.
Weight light 2,960 lb.
Weight laden 3,850 lb.
Loading per sq. ft. 7-2 lbs.
Loading per h.p. 13-3 lb.
Speed range 45-5 - 111 m.p.h.
Climb to 5,000 ft. 6,5 mins.
Service ceiling 17,000 ft.
Vendace оснащался двигателем Rolls-Royce Falcon III мощностью 275 л. с. и конструктивно представлял собой вполне традиционный биплан со складывающимися крыльями одинакового размаха и двумя открытыми кабинами.
The Vickers "Vendace" (Rolls-Royce "Falcon") Designed to the same specification as the Blackburn "Sprat," the Vickers "Vendace" is a two-seater training machine capable of being used either as a seaplane or as a land aeroplane. It. was designed by Mr. Rex Pierson, chief designer to Vickers, Limited, among whose famous machines is numbered the "Vimy" on which Sir John Alcock flew across the Atlantic, in 1919. Being intended for training purposes the "Vendace" has a fairly large wing area, with the result that the stalling speed is extremely low. The wing strutting arrangement is somewhat unusual, there being but one strut (on the front spar) in the inner bay.
The Vickers "Vendace" has been flying quite a lot at Brooklands recently. This view shows it flying overhead.
The Vickers "Vendace" ("Hispano F.8"). (As acquired by a South American Government for Advanced Training).
VICKERS MACHINES FOR SOUTH AMERICA: Three views of the "Vendace" advanced training machine, in flight. Fitted with a 330-h .p. Hispano 8F engine, this is the first machine of a batch which Vickers are supplying to a South American Government.
This Vickers "Vendace" two-seater - flying low over Brooklands - is of course doped with Cellon. Vickers (Aviation) Limited, like most of the great aeronautical firms in this country and abroad, standardise Cellon Dope for all machines.
The Vickers "Vendace" (A.D.C. "Nimbus"). (As acquired by the Aircraft Operating Co., Ltd., for Duty in South American Air Surveys.)
THE VICKERS "VENDACE" TRAINING BIPLANE: Some constructional details. 1. This sketch shows the lower rear wing-hinge fitting - the wing being folded half-way back - and the crank, mounted on the hinge bolt, through which the ailerons are actuated, thereby enabling the wings to be folded back without upsetting the aileron adjustment. Note the neat metal fairings on the plane edges. 2. The forward end of one of the engine bearers, showing the front engine bracket and the suspension of radiator. 3. The adjustable seat, shown in normal position, and 4, in raised position. Adjustment is effected by means of the hand lever through an Auto-Lock (friction) device. 5. The Oleo tail-skid with 6, a diagram of the complete unit.
Vickers "Vendace" Rolls-Royce "Falcon" III Engine