Fokker D.XIII
Страна: Нидерланды
Год: 1924

Одноместный истребитель
Fokker D.XIII
Flight, December 1924
The Paris Aero Show 1924

Fokker D.XIII

Вслед за неудачным одноместным истребителем D.XII был создан истребитель D.XIII, совершивший первый полет 12 сентября 1924 года. Создававшийся под требования возрождавшихся ВВС Германии, D.XIII являлся дальнейшим развитием истребителя D.XI, но уже с двигателем Napier Lion. Прототип отличался красивым внешним видом и, как оказалось, превосходными летными характеристиками.
  Один из первых самолетов в серии из 50 D.XIII 16 июля 1925 года установил ряд мировых рекордов в скорости и грузоподъемности. Серийные самолеты окольными путями поставлялись в секретный учебный центр, организованный немцами в Липецке. Когда в 1933 году немцы покидали его, то оставшиеся 30 самолетов были переданы СССР.


  Fokker D.XIII

  Тип: одноместный истребитель
  Силовая установка: один W-образный ПД Napier Lion XI мощностью 570 л. с. (425 кВт)
  Летные характеристики: макс. скорость 270 км/ч на оптимальной высоте; крейсерская скорость 220 км/ч на оптимальной высоте; время набора высоты 1000 м - 1 мин 42 с; потолок 8000 м; дальность полета 600 км
  Масса: пустого 1220 кг; максимальная взлетная 1650 кг
  Размеры: размах крыла 11,00 м; длина 7,90 м; высота 2,90 м; площадь крыльев 21,47 Mj
  Вооружение: два 7,92-мм пулемета LMG 08/15 в носовой части фюзеляжа

Flight, December 1924

The Paris Aero Show 1924


  Two machines are exhibited on the stand of the N.V. Nederlandsche Vliegtuigenfabriek (Fokker), one being one of the original Fokker monoplanes of 1912 or thereabouts. This machine is fitted with a Renault engine. By way of showing the progress made since those early days it would be difficult to imagine anything better than the placing side by side of this veteran and the latest Fokker single-seater fighter, the Fokker D.XIII with Napier "Lion" engine.
  The D.XIII is a development of the D.XII exhibited at Gothenburg last summer, and is of characteristically Fokker lines. The upper wing is large, of high aspect ratio and entirely constructed of wood, even to the wing covering, while the lower plane is of quite small dimensions, and serves mainly to steady the top plane against torsional loads, as, with the V struts running to the lower plane, any tendency to twist is resisted by the lower plane in drag. The top plane is carried on N-struts from the fuselage, and is braced laterally by a single outboard strut on each side. The lower plane, which, like the upper, is in one piece, slips into an opening in the sides of the fuselage and is secured in place by four bolts, as shown in one of our sketches. The fuselage is the usual Fokker welded-steel tube structure with wire bracing.
  The Napier "Lion" engine is neatly cowled in, the small overall size of the engine making this possible, and side radiators of a special type, capable of being withdrawn into the fuselage, leaving the nose free, enable a spinner to be used over the propeller boss. As the biplane wings are of the cantilever type, the V struts being, as already stated, for transmitting torsion mainly, the machine is very clean, and its excellent performance bears out the impression of efficiency. The particular Napier engine used, by the way, has a compression ratio of 5-8 to 1, and the performance figures given below apply to the machine thus equipped.
  The main dimensions of the Fokker D.XIII are: Length, o.a., 7.9 m. (25 ft. 11 ins.); height, 2.9 ms. (9 ft. 6 in.); span 11 m. (36.ft.); wing area, 21.47 sq. m. (231 sq. ft.); the weight empty is 1,180 kgs. (2,590 lbs.). The total useful load, composed of pilot, fuel for 2 1/2 hours, guns, ammunition, etc., is 430 kgs. (950 lbs.), and the total loaded weight is 1,610 kgs. (3,540 lbs.), giving a wing loading of 75 kgs./sq. m. (15.4 lbs./sq. ft.) and a power loading of 7.9 lbs./h.p. The top speed at ground level is 280 km./h. (175 m.p.h.). The machine climbs to 5,000 m. (16,400 ft.) in 12 minutes, and has a service ceiling of 8,000 m. (26,300 f t ). Its absolute ceiling is 9,500 m. (31,200 ft.). These figures are, we understand, those obtained on actual test flights, and not estimated figures, and if correct they are testimony not only to the power developed by the Napier "Lion" but also to the skill of the famous Dutch designer.
The latest Fokker: This one-and-a-half 'plane is fitted with a Napier "Lion" engine, and has reached an altitude of 8,500 metres with a load of 1,000 lbs. Mijnheer Fokker claims that it is not essentially different in principle from the 1915 machine.
A FOKKER RECORD-BREAKER: The Fokker D.XIII has recently established four new world's records. Carrying a useful load of 500 kgs. (1,100 lbs.) the machine attained an average speed of 165-7 m.p.h., while with the same load and over a distance of 200 km., the average speed was 164-7 m.p.h. These speeds are stated also to be world's records for a machine carrying 250 kg. (550 lbs.) useful load. The pilot was Engineer Grase (inset), the Fokker chief test pilot. Great Britain's share in the records was provided by the Napier "Lion" engine, and it is interesting to note that both machine and engine were standard productions in every way.
На момент создания это был один из самых быстрых истребителей в мире, и D.XIII разрабатывался для германских ВВС в рамках настолько секретной программы, что в США или Великобритании ее назвали бы "черной".
Самолет И.У.Павлова "Фоккер Д.XIII" с надписью "За В.К.П.(б)"
DUTCH MILESTONES AT THE PARIS SHOW: Alongside with the latest Fokker D XIII biplane - which is fitted with a Napier "Lion" engine - is exhibited the little wire-braced monoplane built and flown by Mr. Fokker in 1911. As will be seen above, Mr. Fokker believed in tubular metal construction even in those days.
PEACETIME PRODUCTION: A view inside the Fokker works at Amsterdam, showing a batch of Fokker D.XIII single-seater chasers. These machines, a specimen of which will be exhibited at the Paris Aero Show, are fitted with Napier "Lion" engines.
SOME FOKKER DETAILS: 1. View of the centre portion of the lower plane, showing fittings for attaching it to the fuselage. 2. One of the retractable radiators which are a feature of this machine.