WACO C / S Series
Страна: США
Год: 1931


Four or five-seat cabin biplane
Описание:
Waco. Бипланы
Flight, July 1933
AN AMERICAN FOUR-SEATER
Фотографии

Waco. Бипланы

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  В 1930 году были введены трехбуквенные обозначения самолетов, в которых первая буква указывала на тип двигателя, вторая - на тип планера, а третья - на серию. В некоторых случаях добавлялись дополнительные буквы или цифры для более точного обозначения модели самолета.
  В 1931 году «Waco» вышла на рынок самолетов с закрытыми кабинами, выпустив Model QDC, - четырехместный самолет с двигателем Continental мощностью 165 л. с. Решение компании оправдало себя, хотя компания продолжила и выпуск самолетов с открытыми кабинами.
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  В апреле 1934 года был сертифицирован кабинный биплан Model YKC, который вскоре стал самым успешным коммерческим проектом компании. Самолет оснащался новым двигателем Jacobs L-4 (225 л. с.), позже на основе его был спроектирован вариант Model ZKS-6 с двигателем Jacobs L-5 (285 л.с.), выпускавшийся до 1937 года.
  В 1935 году появились новые серии четырех-/пятиместных самолетов Custom Cabin, отличавшихся увеличенными размерами и более удобными кабинами. Самым популярным был Model YOC, который сначала оснащался двигателем Jacobs L-4 (225 л. с.), но более поздний Model YOC-1 получил двигатель Jacobs L-5 (285 л. с.). Model YQC-6 был еще одним четырех-/пятиместным бипланом из семейства Custom Cabin и мог оснащаться одним из семи различных двигателей на выбор, самым мощным из которых был Jacobs L-6 (330 л.с.). Несколько машин были проданы в Канаду, в основном это были самолеты Model ZQC-6 с двигателями Jacobs мощностью 285 л. с. На некоторых самолетах были сделаны дополнительные двери, они использовались в качестве грузовых(максимальная грузоподъемность составляла 363 кг). Среди других моделей семейства - Model YQC-6, поставлявшийся в Индию с двигателем Jacobs мощностью 225 л. с. К концу 1936 года в постоянной эксплуатации находились более 1140 самолетов компании «Waco», некоторым из них было уже более 10 лет.
  В 1937 году появились самолеты Model YKS-7 и ZKS-7, оснащавшиеся, соответственно, двигателями Jacobs мощностью 225 л. с. и 285 л.с. Первая модель оказалась наиболее успешной и выпускалась до 1941 года.
  Два типа самолетов заказала Бразилия. Первый Model CPF 1935 года разработки использовался в качестве учебно-тренировочного. Самолет Model EGC-7 1937 года выпуска, оснащавшийся двигателем Wright R-760-E2 мощностью 320 л.с., был заказан Сухопутными войсками Бразилии (в 1938-1939 годах туда отправили 30 самолетов).
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Flight, July 1933

AN AMERICAN FOUR-SEATER

  A "WACO" (210-h.p. Continental) four-seat cabin aeroplane has recently been imported from America by Lady Hay Drummond Hay. It was seen at the Household Brigade Flying Club Meeting last Wednesday, June 7. We were fortunate enough to be permitted to try out this machine for ourselves recently, and were thus able to see how the American aviation industry in endeavouring to meet the demand there undoubtedly is in our Dominions and Colonies for a class of machine which might be termed the flying motor-car. This "Waco" is as well finished as the average motor-car, the fabric having been given something over twenty coats of dope and carefully rubbed down between each until it has attained a high and glass-like polish. This certainly makes it look very beautiful from the outside, but it would seem doubtful whether the added weight entailed justifies the inevitable loss of pay load. Inside, the cabin was finished comparable to the outside. The seats were comfortable and were upholstered and the luggage locker was easy to get at. The general fittings throughout were in keeping with the high-class motor-car analogy. From an aerodynamical point of view the machine appeared to handle well with three up. Piloted by Capt. Baker, the take-off appeared to be good, although the landing speed, as one would expect, seemed to be very little below 60. It was very difficult to judge this accurately as the day was bumpy and the machine was only flown for a short while. During the demonstration we did not have an opportunity of flying the machine ourselves other than trying the controls in the air, but it was evident that she handled very well indeed. Our general criticism would be the lack of forward view. The engine fitted is a 7-cylinder 210-h.p. "Continental" cowled-in with the N.A.C.A. type cowling ring. The result was that when taxying one had a large nose stuck up in front of the machine, around which it was by no means easy to see. Likewise when approaching an aerodrome it was necessary to slew the machine from side to side in order to make certain that there was nobody immediately below the machine. Apart from this point the view sideways and backwards was good. The rear portion of the cabin was covered with transparent Cellon as was the roof above the pilot, with the result that one could not only look backwards, but also see the aerodrome when making a turn in to land. We thought the engine somewhat rough and noisy and a consumption of 12 gallons an hour will undoubtedly seem to English ideas a high price to pay for the performance and comfort given. We were only able to fly a short stretch straight and level, during which the cruising speed appeared to be between 105 and 110, but we are assured by Lady Hay Drummond Hay that it is a good deal more than this. We also understand from her that the price of this model works out at about ?1,750 in this country, excluding carriage. Summing up, one might say that by adding a high horsepower and sacrificing both landing speed and consumption, the Waco Company has produced a very comfortable four-seater machine well up to motor-car standards of comfort, which is undoubtedly handleable and pleasant to fly, but in which we feel that the noise and forward view might be made somewhat better than they are.
This side view of the "Waco" shows the interplane strut with a wide fairing on it so arranged that it can be rotated to form an airbrake when landing.
The "Waco" has large side windows which can be opened. The clean design of its undercarriage should be noted.
WACO MODEL UIC (1933). S.A.C. N. Dunmow, at present serving with the R.A.F. in Cyprus, has sent lo "Attic" this unusual photo of the only British-registered Waco Model UIC about to be off-loaded from a German vessel al Bremen in 1933. Owned by Lady Hay Drummond-Hay, this Heston-based Waco eventually went to Australia as VH-UAX.
IN NEW ZEALAND: The Wellington Aero Club's Waco cabin machine and Gipsy Moth on the tarmac at Rongotai aerodrome.
Компания «Waco» выпускала множество модификаций 4-5-местных кабинных бипланов, которые в самой компании имели общее название «Standard Cabin». На фотографии - вариант UKC-5.
WACO CJC
Waco EGC-8, VH-AAF (c/n. 5051), was delivered new to Australia in 1938, and today this large five-seat biplane (Wright Whirlwind R760E-2), in green, black and gold colour scheme, still flies at Bankstown, owned by G. B. S. Falkiner.
Also at Archerfield was Cliff Douglas' recently-rebuilt Waco EGC-8, VH-CGF, in an attractive midnight blue and white paint scheme.
The Waco Model C Series Four/Five-seat Cabin Biplane.
The Wako Model S Series Four/five-seat Cabin Biplane.
One of the eight Lockheed 12As operated by the Brazilian Army Aviation Service. Photograph of it (c/n 1235) taken on 18 November 1939 at Afonsos airfield, Rio, against an interesting background of (left to right) a Vought V.65B Corsair, a Bellanca 31-42 Pacemaker, a Waco EGC-7 and two Vultee V-11GB2s.
PRIVATE AMPHIBIAN: After one has learnt to hold off, while landing, at about twice the height of a normal undercarriage, this Edo amphibian gear - shown fitted to a Waco - should have definite advantages. The tail of each float is hinged and sprung to take tail-down landing stresses and the whole gear weighs 175 lb more than the standard float arrangement.
Newly-painted is a rebuilt Waco ZQC-6 (c/n. 4643; CF-BDW) at Hamilton.
The American private-owner type equipped with Edo floats: a Waco - with the amphibious type.
Miss Bessie Owen, a visitor from the U.S. (not direct by air), in the cabin of her Waco.