Vultee V-11 / БШ-1 / ПС-43
Варианты:
Vultee - V-11 / БШ-1 / ПС-43 - 1935 - США
Страна: США
Год: 1935


Трехместный штурмовик
Описание:
Vultee V-11 и V-12
Flight, October 1935
A MILITARY VULTEE
Flight, January 1936
SOME NEW AMERICANS
Фотографии

Vultee V-11 и V-12

Прототип штурмовика Vultee V-11 выполнил первый полет в 1935 году, но вскоре разбился. Самолет спроектирован на основе V-1A с новым горизонтальным оперением и фюзеляжем эллиптического сечения. Экипаж из двух человек разместили тандемом в закрытой длинным прозрачным фонарем кабине.
  Вслед за V-11 вскоре построили прототип V-11G, главным отличием которого являлся мотор SGR-1820-G2 Cyclone мощностью 1000 л.с. (746 кВт). Потенциальным заказчикам предложили и трехместный прототип V-11GB. Китай заказал 30 V-11G, которые принимали участие в боях с японцами.
  СССР закупил один самолет V-11GB с расчетом наладить выпуск самолетов по лицензии под обозначением БШ. Всего построили 31 самолет. Летные данные БШ сильно упали из-за установки советского мотора М-62 мощностью 920 л,с. и брони. Штурмовики переделали в почтовые ПС-43, эти самолеты использовались для перевозки грузов на протяжении всей Великой Отечественной войны.
  Турция заказала 40 самолетов V-11GB, ими в 1937 году вооружили 2-й полк турецких ВВС. Наконец 18 V-11GB и восемь машин в варианте торпедоносца-бомбардировщика с поплавковым шасси закупила Бразилия.
  Под впечатлением экспортных поставок авиационный корпус Армии США закупил для оценочных испытаний семь V-11GB под обозначением YA-19. Затем самолеты доработали под испытания двигателей. На XA-19A испытывался экспериментальный мотор Avco Lycoming O-1230-1 мощностью 1275 л.с., а на XA-19B - Pratt & Whitney R-2800-1 Double Wasp мощностью 1800 л. с.
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ТАКТИКО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ

  Vultee V-11GB

  Тип: трехместный штурмовик
  Силовая установка: один мотор воздушного охлаждения Wright SGR-1820-G2 Cyclone мощностью 1000 л. с. (746 кВт)
  Летные характеристики: макс. скорость 369 км/ч; практический потолок 7010 м; дальность 1971 км
  Масса: пустого снаряженного 2801 кг; максимальная взлетная 5188 кг
  Размеры: размах крыла 15,24 м; длина 11,42 м; высота 3,05 м; площадь крыла 35,67 м2
  Вооружение: шесть 7,62-мм пулеметов, до 272 кг бомб во внутреннем отсеке

Flight, October 1935

A MILITARY VULTEE
Attack-Bomber Type: 2,700 Miles at 192 m.p.h. with 1,100 lb, Bomb

  PERHAPS the most universally admired single-engined transport monoplane produced in the United States in recent years is the Vultee V-1A monoplane, a flying trial of which was described in Flight of October 3 this year. The Airplane Development Corporation (a division of the Cord Corporation), whose works are at Glendale, California, and who produced this machine, have now built far the export market (mainly, it is believed, with an eye on the Orient) a single-engined attack-bomber monoplane which might be regarded as a military development of the V-1A.
  The Vultee method of construction was described in detail in Flight of March 23, 1934: for the purposes of this description the new machine will be dealt with from the military standpoint.
  It is classed by the manufacturers as an attack-bomber type, which means that it is suited to "contract patrol," or ground strafing work, in addition to long-range bombing. Standard U.S. Army load factors for attack machines have been used in the design of the structure. Basically the machine is an all-metal low-wing cantilever monoplane of metal-stressed skin construction, fitted with a Wright Cyclone radial engine, an inwardly retracting undercarriage, flaps and C.P. airscrew. The empennage of the new military machine is of a type favoured in Germany, with the tailplane and elevator placed high on the fuselage and forward of the rudder.
  One striking feature of the design is the long cockpit enclosure for the pilot and observer. The pilot, who releases the bombs, is seated just aft of the leading edge of the wing, and the observer, who also has a set of controls, is roughly over the trailing edge. Protection for the pilot in the event of nosing-over has been provided by a tripod immediately behind the pilot's head, capable of sustaining six times the gross weight of the machine.
  Even as a bomber the machine carries four 0.30 in. calibre Browning-type MG-40 machine guns installed within the inboard leading-edge section of the outer wing panels, two guns being located in each wing. Stainless steel ammunition boxes of 600 rounds capacity and ejection chutes are provided for each gun. The guns are manually charged and electrically fired by a pistol trigger grip on the control column. Another 0.30 in. calibre Browning gun is provided for the observer.
  Bombs are carried both internally and externally. Racks are provided in the fuselage and wing for twenty 30lb. bombs the internal racks being sufficiently deep to permit the carriage of either chemical or fragmentation types. Stainless steel guide chutes are provided to position each bomb separately, and to guide it until it has left the machine. Doors are located at the bottom of these chutes, which are inclined 10 degrees aft of vertical.
  Ten 120 lb. bombs are carried under the centre wing panel in two groups of five, one behind the other, the forward group being located so that the tails of the projectiles clear the internal bombs. The centre shackle provided for this group is mounted forward of the other four, so that when a 1.100 lb. is carried its tail has a ground clearance of not less than 10 in. On the outer shackles 285 lb. or 625 lb. bombs may be carried.
  Either a Wright Cyclone SR-1820-F52 (820 h.p. for take-off and 775 h.p. at 5,800ft.) or a Cyclone F-53 (750 h.p. at 11,000ft.) is fitted. The airscrew is a Hamilton Standard C.P. type with a 10 deg. pitch range.

Flight, January 1936

SOME NEW AMERICANS
Contrasted Types, but all Fast: The Vultee V-11: Consolidated P-30: Grumman F2F-1: Rasmussen IIa Racer

  VULTEE F-11. - A fairly comprehensive description of the new Vultee attack-bomber monoplane - now, incidentally, known as the V-11 - was published in Flight of October 31, 1935. Since that date the manufacturers have been subjecting the machine to thorough tests and have lately issued a new set of performance figures. The maximum speed is given as 230 m.p.h. with the Wright Cyclone SR-1820-F53 engine, and the range, as a bomber carrying full fuel load, is 2,200 miles, which is 500 miles less than the original figure - presumably an estimated one.
  The V-11, some details of which are revealed on the previous page, is being offered for export, and, so far as is known, has not been adopted by the U.S. Government. It has, nevertheless, a performance superior to that of any comparable machine in use in the U.S. Army Air Corps.
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Vultee V-11G ВВС Китая. Втрая половина 1930-х гг.
Vultee V-11G ВВС Бразилии, 1940г.
"Валти" V-11G (самолет-эталон N 32) на испытаниях в СССР, 1937г.
Vultee V-11G на Государственных испытаниях в СССР, 1937г.
Головной серийный экземпляр БШ-1 на испытаниях в НИИ ВВС, 1939г.
Серийный БШ-1. Госиспытания, январь 1939г.
Почтово-пассажирский ПС-43 на службе "Аэрофлота", 1941г.
ПС-43 на испытаниях в НИИ ГВФ в 1939г.
Like its civil predecessor, the new Vultee has an inwardly retracting undercarriage. This view shows the "German" tail unit to advantage.
Опытный экземпляр самолета Валти V-11
The long "conservatory" is the most striking feature of the machine.
The prototype of the V-11-G attack bomber (NR14980).
V-11GB был близок к варианту V-11G, но отличался наличием нижней люковой оборонительной пулеметной установки.
LOW-FLYER: The latest version of the Vultee attack-bomber, which is suitable for ground strafing. Note the empennage and lower gun. Orders have been placed by China, Russia and European and South American Governments.
The Vultee V-11-GB Three-seat Attack-Bomber Monoplane (900 h.p. Wright "Cyclone" engine).
Прибывший из США самолет Валти V-11G (N 32) на Государственных испытаниях
Головной серийный экземпляр БШ-1 на испытаниях. Обратите внимание на мачту антенны и лобовые жалюзи капота, отсутствовавшие у американского прототипа этой машины, а также на то, что стволы крыльевых пулеметов заменены обтекаемыми макетами.
Головной экземпляр БШ-1 на испытаниях в НИИ ВВС, вид 3/4 сзади.
Головной экземпляр БШ-1: испытания в зимних условиях на неубирающемся лыжном шасси, 1939г.
БШ-1 на службе "Аэрофлота". Вооружение и лобовые жалюзи капота на данном самолете не установлены.
One of the Soviet-built examples of the V-11-GB in Aeroflot service as a PS-43 mailplane. This type was operated over the Moscow-Kiev-Tashkent route.
Рейсовый ПС-43 (БШ-1) в полете.
Хвостовое оперение V-11G
A Wright Cyclone of 750 h.p. is fitted to the new Vultee V-11 attack bomber. In this view the cowling has been removed and the exhaust system and several other items are visible.
Мотор Райт GR-1820-G2 на V-11G
Раскапотированная силовая установка БШ-1
Раскапотированный мотор М-62ИР с винтом ВИШ-2ПА на БШ-1
Кассета КД-1-8 с бомбами ЗАБ-10ТГ
A sturdy inwardly-retracting undercarriage is not the least interesting feature. Shock absorption is obtained by means of oleo legs, rubber taxying pads and air wheels.
Details of the wing structure and the operating mechanism for one-half of the undercarriage. Retraction is effected either manually or electrically by a system of torque shafts and bevel gears driving a worm and gear quadrant mechanism attached to the upper end of each undercarriage strut.
The tail cone and fin structure is a unit removable from the fuselage
Легкие бомбардировщика Валти V-11 и Нортроп 2E китайских ВВС
V-11GB на вооружении ВВС Бразилии
A V-11-GB attack bomber of the Brazilian Army Air Service.
До поступления специальных самолетов бразильцы использовали для борьбы с подводными лодками легкие бомбардировщики "Валти" V11GB (на фото), многоцелевые "Корсары" и FW 58
One of the eight Lockheed 12As operated by the Brazilian Army Aviation Service. Photograph of it (c/n 1235) taken on 18 November 1939 at Afonsos airfield, Rio, against an interesting background of (left to right) a Vought V.65B Corsair, a Bellanca 31-42 Pacemaker, a Waco EGC-7 and two Vultee V-11GB2s.
One of the eight examples of this aircraft fitted with twin Edo floats and delivered to Brazil for operation as torpedo-bomber.
One of the YA-19s delivered to the US Army Air Corps for evaluation.
The Vultee YA-19 in service with the HQ Squadron, 17th Attack Group, at March Field in September 1939.
VULTEE XA-19A. Out of the five Vultee YA-19 (Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp R-1830-17 radials) three-seat attack bombers delivered to the U.S.A.A.F. in 1939, three underwent engine changes to become the XA-19A (Lycoming); XA-19B (P. & W. Double Wasp R-2800-I) and XA-19C (P. & W. Twin Wasp R-1830-51). The most interesting conversion was that of the XA-19A which served as a flying test bed for the special twelve-cylinder, liquid-cooled Lycoming XO-1230-1 - the highest-rated horizontally-opposed in-line of World War II, with 1,200 h.p. for take-off. To compensate for the increased side area and fuselage length (increased by 5 in. to 38 ft. 3 in.) the characteristic Gerald Vultee fin was altered to give more area. Despite the improved frontal area streamlining, the experimental Lycoming XA-19A improved the maximum speed by only 2 m.p.h. - to 232 m.p.h. Span was 50 ft. The A-19 was developed from the Vultee Model V-11GB.
The seventh YA-19 after conversion to XA-19A with Lycoming O-1230 engine.
The XA-19A subsequently became the XA-19C, as shown here, with Pratt & Whitney R-1830 engine replacing the Lycoming.
The second YA-19 was assigned to Pratt & Whitney as a test-bed for the R-2800 engine, becoming the XA-19B.
VULTEE F.T.B. (P. & W.). - Something of a "mystery ship" is NX-14980 which has the tail assembly of the well-known three-seat Vultee V-11-GB - mainly built as an export attack-bomber - but little else to identify it. The fixed undercarriage is even more functional than that of the Folland F.T.B. The enclosed single-seat cockpit is almost hidden by the wing. The engine is a Pratt & Whitney 2-row radial. Note the ventral D/F loop and aerial mast.
Приборная доска V-11G
Ручка управления и приборное оборудование кабины пилота БШ-1.
This sketch of the roomy pilot's cockpit of the Vultee attack-bomber shows that, despite the profusion of "gadgets," an orderly layout has been attained.
The gunner occupies the rear portion of the long cockpit enclosure. This view shows the mounting for his Browning gun.
Китайский Вэлти V-11, рухнувший на город
Бомбардировщик "Валти" V-11-G из состава ВВС Китая, совершивший вынужденную посадку. Предположительно лето 1938 г.
ПС-43, разбитый в результате столкновения с МиГ-3 28 февраля 1941г. Сзади виден ТБ-3, протараненный тем же МиГ-3. Центральный аэродром, Москва
БШ-1 (Vultee V-11GB)