Air International 2016-07
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Next Generation Trainers
Aircraft 01 was the first pre-series production Yak-130, flown in 2004. It was displayed at MAKS 2015 with an export configuration including wingtip-mounted Talisman-NT electronic countermeasures pods, a ventral gun pod, bombs and rockets.
Belarus is using its Yak-130s for light attack duties, as well as lead-in fighter training. The type can carry up to 3,000kg of weapons including R-73 air-to-air missiles, air-to-surface missiles, guided and free fall bombs, rockets, gun pods and fuel tanks six underwing pylons, two wingtip rails and a centreline under-fuselage fitting.
The Belarussian Yak-130 passed a milestone on February 4 this year when it launched R-73 air-to-air missiles for the first time.
The Byelorussian Air and Air Defence Force was the second export customer to receive the Yak-130 advanced jet trainer. The first four aircraft were handed over in April 2015. A further four are expected to be delivered in the second half of this year.
Following the joint partnership with Aermacchi in the 1990s, the Yak-130's cockpit changed to include liquid crystal displays. The aircraft is equipped with KSU-130 quadruple digital fly-by-wire flight control system.
The Yak-130's digital fly-by-wire cockpit is designed to prepare student pilots for frontline types.
Still in its yellow zinc-chromate primer, the second JL-10, sporting the CFTE serial 435, Is the second and final development airframe for the PLAAF version. The first serial JL-10 will reportedly be handed over soon.
Pilots have excellent all-around visibility from the cockpit. The latest iteration of the improved cockpit, with three large colour multifunction displays replacing the previous two, is also visible.
Raytheon and Leonardo-Finmeccanica's solution to T-X is the T-100, a US-assembled version of the Alenia Aermacchi M-346. Modifications for T-X would include the addition of a refuelling receptacle, a relocated dorsal airbrake and an enlarged cockpit.
Two T-346A Masters from 212° Gruppo based at Lecce Air Base. The unit’s parent wing, 610 Stormo, currently has five aircraft assigned.
The Lockheed Martin T-50A during its first flight on June 20, 2016. The aircraft is the company's proposal for the T-X programme.
Two of the 49 T-50s that serve the Republic of Korea Air Force in the training role. The RoKAF also has nine T-50Bs and 22 TA-50s, while the FA-50 fighter is re-equipping two squadrons.
The fighter-like appearance of the T-50 Golden Eagle reflects the type's capabilities in downloading advanced flying training for frontline types.
A prototype of the T-50A, which is an upgrade of the T-50 Golden Eagle trainer, is being proposed for T-X by Lockheed Martin and Korea Aerospace Industries.
The prototype T-50A was rolled out at Sacheon in December 2015. It is being tested in Korea currently; it is planned that test work will shift to the US in 2017.
Some of the 22 TA-50s that equip the 115th Training Squadron taxiing at their home station Yecheon Air Base. This lead-in fighter training variant has an advanced pulse Doppler multimode fire control radar and the ability to carry weapons.
RoKAF T-50s have two 127 x 127 mm (5 x 5in) colour multi-function displays, a BAE Systems head-up display. Rockwell Collins VIR-130A VOR/ILS, Honeywell H-764G embedded GPS ring laser gyro inertial navigation system, Bendix tactical air navigation system; a Honeywell HG-9550 radar altimeter, Raytheon AEC-232 UHF/VHF radio and a BAE Systems APX-118 IFF transponder.
As of November 2015 only six out of 12 limited series production (LSP) HJT-136s had been built by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, the first being S3851 which leads this formation.
The second HJT-36. S3474, made its first flight in 2004. This aircraft suffered a belly landing in February 2009, one of several incidents that slowed the type's development and testing progress.
The T-X project is seeking to find a replacement for the more than 400 T-38s in the US Air Force inventory, a type that has been in service since the 1950s.
Civilian crew chiefs with the 394th Combat Training Squadron perform final pre-flight checks on a T-38 Talon prior to launch at Whiteman Air Force Base.
The Commander of the Frecce Tricolori tested the M-345 demonstrator in July 2014, at Venegono. The aircraft wore a possible livery for the Italian national aerobatic team.
The M-345 demonstrator with the new livery of the Frecce Tricolori, taken in flight.