Air Pictorial 1955-06
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The journal of a roving spotter
S.E.210 CARAVELLE. The prototype twin-jet Caravelle will probably have flown by the time these words are read. This machine represents a serious attempt by the French to gain a foothold in the medium haul class. The design has a number of radical features. not least of which is the mounting of the jet units at the rear of the fuselage which, it is claimed, increases safety factor, leaves a clean wing extrados, and reduces noise in cabin. It will be noted that the Caravelle has the complete nose section of a Comet. A second prototype Caravelle is on order by the French Government.
Salient features: Fuselage of the Caravelle bears a marked resemblance to the Comet - due mainly to the shape of the nose. The windows, however, are unusual, being pear-shaped . The main door is on the port side forward. Wings are thin with moderate sweep back and square-cut tips; spanwise air flow fences are fitted about two-thirds of the way along. The streamlined engine nacelles are mounted on small pods protruding from the rear sides of the fuselage . Fin and rudder assembly is slightly swept with curved top, and long dorsal fillet. The tailplane is set about a third of the way up the fin . Main undercarriage legs retract inwards and the nosewheel backwards.
S.E.210 CARAVELLE. Data : Manufacturer: SNCA de Sud-Est, Toulouse-Blagnac. Power: two Avon RA-26 turbojets of 10,000-lb. thrust each. Accommodation: maximum 70 passengers. Dimensions : span 112 ft. 6 in . ; length 103 ft. 4 in.; height 29 ft. 4 in. Weight: empty 41,800 lb . maximum all-up weight 88.000 lb . Performance : cruising speed 480 m.p.h. between 32.500 ft. and 39,300 ft. Maximum range: 2.435 miles. with 7,260-lb. payload.
A Spitfire 16, now sits sedately on the edge of a main road at Worthing, Sussex.
The Meteor 4 once used by Air Chief Marshal Sir James Robbs as his personal aircraft.
This Vickers Vimy was on the strength of No. 4 F.T.S. at Abu Sueir, Egypt, in 1930. The usual Rolls-Royce Eagles had been replaced by Armstrong-Siddeley Jaguars. This photograph of the Jaguar-Vimy comes from the scrapbook of Air Vice-Marshal the Earl of Bandon, Assistant Chief of Air Staff (Training). He was then Visiting No. 2 F.T.S. while on the staff of the Central Flying School.
HANDLEY PAGE H.P.R.5. First flown on 15th March 1955, the Leonides Major-powered Marathon 2 was converted at the Handley Page (Reading) works at Woodley . It will act as a general flying test-bed for the Leonides Major, but in particular for the installation of the engine in the Handley Page Herald transport now nearing completion at Woodley. The Marathon itself is serialled VX231 and was originally G-AHXU, with two Armstrong Siddeley Mambas in place of the four Gipsy Queen inlines.
Salient features : Apart from its triple fins, the Leonides Major Marathon bears some resemblance to the Hunting Percival Prince, with a high wing, and twin underslung radials. The fuselage is deep and flat-bottomed with rounded nose, stepped cockpit. and square cabin windows. The underside of the fuselage has marked upsweep towards the tail. The wing is equitapered with square-cut tips and the engines are housed in circular section nacelles. There are prominent underwing bulges on the trailing edge outboard of the nacelles. The tall unit is reminiscent of the York with triple oval fins. Main undercarriage legs retract forwards into the nacelles, and the nosewheel also folds forwards.
HANDLEY PAGE H.P.R.5. Data: Manufacturer: Handley Page (Reading) Ltd., Woodley, Nr. Reading, Berks. Power: two BSC-h.p. Leonides Major radials. Dimensions: span 65 ft . ; length 52 ft. 1 in . ; height 14 ft. 1 in. Weights and Performance: No data available.
PAYEN Pa-49 KATY. The designer of the Katy, M. Payen, has specialised in delta-wing aircraft for many years. and, following two pre-war machines, he completed in 1954 the Pa-49 Katy, which first flew on 22nd January of that year. The Katy has been successfully test-flown at research centres since then, and it is expected that a retractable undercarriage will be fitted. A large two-seater development of the Katy, the Pa-56, is now under construction.
Salient features : A diminutive machine, the Katy is not a delta in the true sense as the wings are tapered on the trailing edge. The fuselage is unusual, as it appears to sprout from the wing centre-section . The nose is very slim and the transparent hood is faired into the rear fuselage which in turn becomes the fin with curved-edge rudder. Lower part of the rear fin/fuselage is bulged to accommodate the turbojet and efflux. Wings are square-tipped and have full span elevons on the trailing edge. Intakes for the engine are situated in the wing roots. The undercarriage is of the fixed tricycle type.
PAYEN Pa-49 KATY. Data: Manufacturer: Designed and built by M. Payen. Power: one Turbomeca Palas of 330 lb. thrust. Accommodation: single-seat. Dimensions: span 16 ft. 11 in.; length 16 ft. 8 in.; height 7 ft . 2 in. Weights: empty 1,005 lb.; all-up weight 1,430 lb. Performance: maximum speed 310 m.p.h.; cruising 217 m.p.h.; landing speed 67 m.p.h.; initial rate of climb 1,150 ft. /min.; ceiling 27,880 ft.
HOLLEVILLE RH-1 BAMBI. A new addition to the growing fleet of two-seat French light aircraft is the Bambi, designed and built by Roger Holleville. As with a number of similar types, the Bambi can be built by clubs or groups from plans or kits, and in this form the Bambi uses synthetic resins and sandwich construction. It will probably be built in series by the designer.
Salient features: A cantilever low-wing monoplane, the Bambi has a covered, stepped cockpit, and an engine cowling typical of flat-four installations. The rear fuselage is deep, and is faired into the oval-shaped fin and rudder assembly which has maximum curvature on the trailing edge. Wings are of high aspect ratio and of elliptical planform; there is moderate dihedral from the roots. Main undercarriage legs are swept forward.
HOLLEVILLE RH-1 BAMBI. Data: Manufacturer: Roger Holleville, Aubervilliers. Power: one Continental E-65 of 65 h.p . Accommodation: two-seat side-by-side. Dimensions: span 27 ft . 6 in.; length 22 ft.; weight empty 637 lb.; all-up weight 1,100 lb. Performance : maximum speed 124 m.p.h.; cruising 105 m.p.h.; minimum speed 34 m.p.h.; duration 4 1/2 hours.