Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation
Boeing Model 727 (USA)
On 5 December 1960 Boeing announced its intention to produce a short/medium-range jet transport designated Boeing 727. A major innovation (compared with this company’s earlier designs) was the choice of a rear-engined
layout. The upper fuselage section is identical with that of the 707/720 and many parts and systems are interchangeable between the three types.
The first production version was the Model 727-100 powered by three 62.28 kN (14,000 lb st) Pratt & Whitney JT8D-7 turbofans, with accommodation for up to 131 passengers. It was followed by the 727-100C convertible cargo-passenger; 727-100QC convertible cargo-passenger (using palletised passenger seats and galleys - and advanced cargo loading techniques - to complete conversion from all-passenger to all-cargo configuration in less than half an hour); and 727-100 Business Jet versions. The current production versions are the lengthened 727-200, accommodating 163-189 passengers; Advanced 727-200 with increased fuel capacity, ‘Superjet-look’ interior and an optional large ‘Carry-all’ compartment; and 727-200C convertible version for 137 passengers plus cargo in a mixed configuration.
By August 1978 a total of 1,562 Model 727s had been sold, of which 1,366 had been delivered. The 727 is the only commercial transport aircraft to have exceeded 1,000 sales.
Data (727-200): Engines three 64.5 kN (14,500 lb st) Pratt & Whitney JT8D-9A turbofans as standard Wing span 32.92 m (108 ft 0 in) Length 46.69 m (153 ft 2 in) Max T-O weight 95,027 kg (209,500 lb) Max cruising speed 964 km/h (599 mph) Range 2,685 - 3,966 km (1,670 - 2,464 miles)