Caproni Ca.101
Caproni - Ca.101 - 1930 - Италия
Страна: Италия
Год: 1930

Tree-engined colonial military transport monoplane
Caproni Ca 101 и Са 102
Flight, July 1932

Caproni Ca 101 и Са 102

Caproni Ca 101, увеличенный в размере Ca 97, появился в 1927 году и вначале строился как гражданский транспортный самолет с тремя звездообразными двигателями Armstrong Siddeley Lynx мощностью по 200 л. с. (149 кВт), построенными по лицензии на заводе фирмы "Alfa Romeo". Позднее Са 101 выпускался как бомбардировщик с тремя звездообразными моторами Piaggio Stella VII мощностью 370 л. с. (276 кВт), им вооружили подразделения ночных бомбардировщиков итальянских ВВС. Самолет принимал участие в кампании, последовавшей после вторжения Италии в Эфиопию 3 октября 1935 года. Итальянская колониальная администрация Восточной Африки использовала Са 101 для решения широкого круга задач, в том числе для ведения разведки и эвакуации раненых. На некоторых самолетах устанавливались звездообразные моторы Walter Castor или Alfa Romeo D2 соответственно мощностью 240 л. с. или 270 л. с. (179 или 201 кВт).


   Са 102: аналогичен Са 101, но с двумя звездообразными моторами Bristol Jupiter мощностью 500 л.с. (373 кВт). На Са 102quater устанавливались две тандемные пары двигателей

Flight, July 1932


   A THREE-ENGINED monoplane has been produced recently by the Caproni Company for use on the Lybian colonial air lines operated by the company "Nord-Africa Aviazione S.A.," which has its base at Bengasi. The machine in question belongs to the Caproni 101 class, but differs from the standard type in the power plant and other minor modifications arising from the special requirements of the Lybian service.
   The operation of an air service in a country like the Lybian Desert naturally calls for certain requirements in the design of the machine. For instance, there is the problem of forced landings in the desert, where suitable ground is not always available and help would be difficult to obtain - either for repairs or aid for the crew in the event of a crash. Ample reserve of power has, therefore, been provided to meet this, the machine being equipped with three engines, and is capable of flying with either the central engine only in action or the two wing engines. In the event of a forced landing, however, the "Nord-Africa" has been provided with an extra wide-track undercarriage.
   Another item to be considered is that of sand storms, and here it is essential that the machine should be capable of climbing rapidly to higher altitudes in order to escape them.
   Finally, the transport of passengers in this part of the world calls for a special arrangement of the cabin, inasmuch as it is desirable to have separate sections for European and native passengers - and so a "second-class cabin" is provided.
   The "Nord-Africa" is a semi-cantilever high-wing monoplane fitted with a 400-h.p. Romeo "Jupiter" in the nose and two 210-h.p. Romeo "Lynx" engines on the wings. The latter are located in nacelles mounted on a system of wing and fuselage struts below the wings. The central engine is separated from the pilot's cockpit by a fireproof wall.
   The wings - of wood and steel construction, fabric covered - have a semi-thick section and a slight dihedral angle; balanced ailerons are fitted. The bracing struts extend from the lower fuselage longerons to the engine nacelles, and thence to the wing spars; struts also run from the engine nacelles up to the top fuselage longerons.
   In the front of the fuselage, at the leading edge of the wings, is the pilot's cockpit, with sliding windows. Dual control of the wheel and pedal type is provided, the engine control levers and brake lever being located centrally between the two seats. Below the left-hand seat is the "Garelli" compressor starter, while near the right-hand seat is the wheel for adjusting (during flight) the incidence of the tail plane. Back cushion-type Salvator parachutes are fitted, while a trap-door in the floor not only affords additional visibility downwards, but also provides a means of escape, if necessary, by parachute.
   Immediately behind the pilot's cockpit is the first-class cabin, with six seats, three aside, next to large sliding windows. In the forward left-hand corner is the wireless transmitting and receiving installation - a Marconi longwave type. At the rear of the cabin is the second-class cabin, with a two-seat sofa, on the right of which is the lavatory. Behind this again is the luggage and mail compartment. A windmill-operated Marelli dynamo-accumulator plant provides the electric current for lighting, etc.
   The principal characteristics of the Caproni 101 "Nord-Africa" are :- Span, 61 ft. 7 in.; O.A. length, 44 ft. 4 in.; wing area, 391.8 sq. ft.; weight, empty, 6,615 lb.; useful load, 4,410 lb.; total weight, 11,025 lb.; speed, maximum, 130.5 m.p.h.; cruising, 118 m.p.h.; landing, 56 m.p.h.; climb, to 3,218 ft., 5 min. 30 sec.; 12,870 ft., 43 min.; ceiling, 16,090 ft.; range, 500 miles.
Изображенный Са 101 в начале 1941 года базировался в Папа (Венгрия) и летал в составе З./И Bombazo Osztaly (2-я группа 3-го бомбардировочного полка) Королевских ВВС Венгрии.
This view of Nord Africa Aviazione’s Ca 101 I-ABCB shows the layout, Jupiter nose engine and outboard Lynx.
Ca 101 I-ABCQ.
Ca 101 I-AAZA with three 240 h.p. Walter Castor engines.
Caproni Ca.101bis I-ABCB (c/n 3252) was one of six operated by Nord Africa Aviazione (NAA) along the North African coast between Benghazi and Tripoli in Libya. The tri motors entered service with the airline in mid-December 1931, but I-ABCB is listed as having been destroyed in March 1934. The Ca.101 bis was a slightly enlarged variant with more powerful engines for colonial service.
Ca 101 I-ABCB with NAA’s bird crest on the fin.
The Caproni C.101 Bomber Monoplane (three 370 h.p. Piaggio "Stella VII" engines).
Piaggio Stella-powered Ca 101 I-ABMA, with mainwheel spats and cowled engines, appears to have been a photographic aeroplane but has been reported as the bomber prototype.
Транспортный самолет Ca-101 (фото 1941г.)
Caproni Ca 101.
OVER ETHIOPIA: Apart from the unpleasant fate which is alleged to await Italian pilots who make forced landings in Abyssinian territory, the terrain suggests that the forced landing itself may be sanguinary enough. The machine - one of the "Disparata" squadron - is a Caproni 101.
AT MILAN AERO SHOW: The Caproni stand, with the "Ca.101," 12-seater three-engined monoplane and the "100 T" light biplane;
Aircrew and passengers pose for a photograph beside one of NAA’s six Ca.101s in North Africa. Only 18 civil Ca.101s were built.
The pilots' cockpit of the Caproni 101 "Nord-Africa.'' The engine control levers and brake lever are seen between the seats.
Two interior views of the cabin of the Caproni "Nord-Africa." On the left, looking aft, showing at the extreme rear the 2nd Class compartment. On the right, looking forward, showing the wireless installation in forward left-hand corner.
KEITH WOODCOCK'S paint­ing shows Nord Africa Aviazione’s Caproni Ca 101 Stella Marina.
Caproni 101 Type "Nord-Africa" One 400 h.p. Bristol "Jupiter", Two 210 h.p. Armstrong Siddeley "Lynx"