Xian. Другие самолеты
Последней разработкой Xian является стратегический военно-транспортный самолет Y-20, способный поднимать полезную нагрузку в 66 т. Оснащенный четырьмя ТРДД, прототип совершил первый полет в январе 2013 года.
Y-20, возможно, получит собственное имя "Kunpeng" в честь мифической китайской птицы, способной пролететь тысячи километров. С помощью Y-20 Китай приобретет возможность в короткий срок перебрасывать войска в район Индийского океана и даже в Африку.
The second prototype Xi’an Y-20 transport aircraft completed its maiden flight on December 16, 2013. Like the first, it is powered by Russian D-30 series engines, as used on the Ilyushin Il-76, while the domestic WS-20 is being developed for production Y-20s. The first Y-20 flew on January 26, 2013.
The Y-20 reached another milestone in early 2016, when AVIC/XAC reported that all tasks concerning its development phase have been successfully accomplished. Following the first prototype side number 781 (c/n 01) in January 2013, the second airframe (02) acted as a static test aircraft and 03 (783) followed in December 2013. According to reports aircraft 04 was finished in February 2014, but this is still unconfirmed and is likely to be another test aircraft. During that time, a pulse assembly line has been completed at XAC and is ready for production. The fifth Y-20 785 (c/n 05) was reported as first ready for its maiden flight in July 2015, but was only recently spotted at Qionglai North. The type is currently undergoing operational evaluation with the PLAAF by the 4th Transport Division and is expected to enter service in 2017. Since its appearance at the Zhuhai Airshow in November 2014, the Y-20 has been seen at airports all over China, including high-altitude tests at Inagi Aden and Daocheng Airport.
Y-20 serial number 783, pictured flying at Airshow China in 2014, was the second example to fly.
Su-35S ‘08’, with China’s new Y-20 transport parked behind.
The third prototype Xian Y-20 after its first flight.
One of the first Y-20s delivered to the PLAAF. Reports suggest the four aircraft in service are the final prototype and three LRIP aircraft.
Urumqi Air ARJ21-700 B-001Z with a People's Liberation Army Air Force Y-20 heavy transport in the background.
The Y-20 gives Chinese armed forces long sought-after strategic reach
The Y-20’s cargo compartment has a rear loading ramp for a maximum payload of 121,000lb; it was made large enough to accommodate two ZVD-04 infantry fighting vehicles or one Type 99 main battle tank
Marking the type's first operational overseas mission, PLAAF Y-20A - serial 20044, delivered medical supplies and aid to Pakistan on April 24, 2020.
Russian D-30KP-2 engines power the Y-20s flying so far. Later production versions will use a new indigenous high-bypass turbofan, the WS-20 Huanghe.
Reports say during the design process the Y-20’s maximum take-off weight was increased to 230,000kg (507,063 lb) and its maximum payload to 60,000kg (132,277 lb).
The first operational Y-20 unit is the 12th Regiment of the 4th Transport Division at Chengdu-Qionglai.
Modernisation of China's forces also includes the Y-20 transport, with reports the WS-20 is ready to be tested on the Y-20A this year.
26 января 2013г. на заводском аэродроме китайского авиастроительного предприятия Xian Aircraft Industrial Corporation (XAC) в Яньлани (провинция Шэньси) состоялся первый полет опытного образца тяжелого военно-транспортного самолета Y-20. Машина оснащена российскими двигателями Д-30КП, а на серийных самолетах планируется устанавливать более мощные китайские двигатели, находящиеся сегодня в разработке. По размерности Y-20 занимает промежуточное положение между Ил-76 и C-17. Его взлетная масса должна превышать 200 т., Серийные поставки самолета планируется начать после 2017 г.
Equipped with a glass cockpit and a fly-by-wire flight control system, the Y-20 is operated by a crew of four