Air Enthusiast 2006-05
D.Willis - First Time Around /Prototypes and experimentals/
First prototype Tornado; second prototype Tornado; third prototype Tornado; first prototype Typhoon as at March 1940; first prototype Typhoon, October 1940.
From the front P5219 looked like an enlarged Hurricane, although in fact the aircraft shared little in common with the earlier design.
Первый опытный "Торнадо"
The Tornado prototype P5219 was the first of Hawker's quartet of F.18/37 prototypes to fly, originally having the ventral radiator shown here.
The first prototype Tornado initially flew with the large bath-type radiator mounted under the wing centre section and had a smaller rudder.
The first Tornado I sitting on the grass - probably at Rolls-Royce at Hucknall - as building work goes on behind it.
Repositioning the radiator to under the chin drastically altered the appearance of the Tornado.
P5224 at Boscombe Down, March 1941. Of note is the rear window mounted in the fairing, absent on other Tornados.
This March 1941 portrait of the front quadrant of the second prototype Tornado shows the original shape of the intake mounted above the nose. The wheel cover doors are absent.
The Tornado was virtually a Typhoon powered by a Vulture, which required a double row of exhaust stubs on the nose.
By October 1941 the second prototype was adorned with a 'P for prototype' marking and had the enlarged upper intake.
R7936 was used to test both Rotol and de Havilland contra-rotating propellers. Visible just behind the serial are the metal plates added to prevent separation of the tail section due to fatigue, a modification adopted for the Typhoon fleet.
Another view of R7936 with a contra-prop fitted. Note the access door has been removed.
A 'walk-round' of the Centaurus test-bed Tornado HG641.
First prototype Tornado; second prototype Tornado; third prototype Tornado; first prototype Typhoon as at March 1940; first prototype Typhoon, October 1940.