Air Enthusiast 1997-03
A.Pelletier - Paper Darts to Deltas
One of the two Breguet XIV replicas in flight. This one was configured as a mail plane of the famous ‘Lignes Aeriennes Latecoere’.
Payen designed and built an Airspeed Horsa replica for the making of the movie ‘The Longest Day’.
Payen greatly modified a Noorduyn UC-64 Norseman to make it look like a Latecoere Late-17.
Roland Payen built a replica of a Bleriot-Voisin biplane for a television series. This fragile aircraft is seen at La Ferte Alois in August 1973.
The Payen Pa 49 ‘Katy’ as it appeared at Bretigny in 1976.
The Payen Pa.49 as it first appeared with its centreline undercarriage. The compact size left no room for a comfortable cockpit.
The Pa.49 Delta Jet on landing, after the undercarriage had been modified with a longer ground clearance. Note the size of the canopy, giving just enough room for the pilot’s head.
The Pa.49 Katy fitted with the belly fuel tank designed for the Italian demonstration tour which never took place. Note the ‘Flechair’ split rudder in open position and the absence of a canopy.
The Pa.49 on landing showing the first tricycle landing gear with short ground clearance.
Wind tunnel scale model of the Pa.49 with the ‘Flechair’ split rudder in open position.
The Payen Pa.49 installed in the full-size wind tunnel at Chalais-Meudon.
Payen Pa.49B ‘Katy’ (1953). One 265lbst(1.18kN) Turbomeca Palas. Span 16ft 10in (5.16m); length 16ft 9in (5.10m); height 7ft 5 1/2in (2.30m); wing area 123.8ff (11.50m2); empty weight 1,009lb (457kg); maximum take-off weight 1,428lb (647kg); cruising speed 200kts (370km/h); landing speed 54kts (100km/h); ceiling 26,245ft (8,000m).
Payen Pa.149 (1971). Two 330lb (1.47kN) Turbomeca Palas. Span 20ft 7 1/2in (6.3m); length 18ft 8in (5.7m); height 7ft 7in (2.35m); wing area 157ft2 (14.46m2); empty weight 1,035lb (474kg); maximum take-off weight 1,915lb (874kg); maximum speed 248kts (460km/h); cruising speed 189kts (350km/h); endurance two hours.
Payen Pa.71 Midget (1964). One 100hp (74.6kW) Continental O-200. Span 16ft 10in (5.15m); length 15ft 8in (4.75m); height 4ft 5in (1.35m); wing area 96ft2 (8.9m2); empty weight 505lb (230kg); maximum take-off weight 800lb (363kg); maximum speed 162kts (300km/h); endurance three hours.
The mock-up of the Pa.112 two-engine fighter was a derivative of the Pa.100. Underneath is the Pa.22 still under construction.
Payen Pa.22 - экспериментальный самолет, созданный для отработки концепции гоночного самолета Pa.112, разрабатывавшегося в конце 1930-х годов. На его базе предлагался вариант легкого истребителя.
The Pa.22/2 ‘Flechair’ wearing ‘Luftwaffe’ markings as ‘BI+XB’ in front of the Payen workshops.
Payen-Melot Pa.22/1R (1935). One Melot ram-jet. Span 15ft 9in (4.8m); length 24ft 6 1/2in (7.485m); height 7ft 7in (2.35m); wing area 107.6ft2 (10m2).
Payen Pa.22S ‘Flechair Special’ (1942). Projected Pa.22 variant featuring retractable foreplanes.
Payen Pa.22 ‘Flechair’ (1935). One 180hp (134kW) Regnier R6. Span 15ft 9in (4.8m); length 24ft 6 1/2in (7.485m); height 7ft 7in (2.35m); wing area 107.6ft2 (10m2); empty weight 1,236lb (560kg); maximum take-off weight 2,108lb (955kg); maximum speed 275kts (510km/h); landing speed 65kts (120km/h); range 648 nm (1,200km).
Rear view of the Pa.101 with the tail hoisted into the air. “Which way is your ‘humbug’ flying?”, said Andre Herbemont when he saw the Payen racer for the first time.
The sleek lines of the Payen racer were spoiled when the radial was installed. The aircraft is shown before the cowling was fitted. At that time, the wing was equipped with all-moving wingtips instead of ailerons.
Pa.100 scale model showing the aircraft in its initial configuration, ie fitted with an in-line engine.
The Pa.61F ‘Arbalete’ under construction at La Ferte Alais in May 1970. The aircraft has been readied for painting.
A view of Payen’s workshop with three aircraft under construction, from left to right, the Pa.60 ‘Arbalete’, the Pa.Z10 ‘Guepard’ which was 80% built, and the ‘Aeracar’ flying car.
The Pa.61F ‘Arbalete’ in its final configuration sporting the test registration F-WSQA.
Nicolas Roland Payen in 1976 besides the mock-up of the Pa.61 ‘Arbalete’.
Sauvage-Payen SP.240 (1931). One 95hp (70.9kW) Salmson 7Ac. Cruising speed 108kts (200km/h); range 810mn (1,500km). Accommodation for one pilot and one stretcher.
Sauvage-Payen SP.190 (1932). One 400hp (298kW) Hispano-Suiza 8Fb or Gnome & Rhone 7Kdr Titan Major. Cruising speed 124kts (230km/h); range 810nm (1,500km). Accommodation for one pilot, one radio operator, one nurse, and six stretchers.
This rear view of the Aubrun-Payen AP-10 shows the shape of the wing. Elevators are hinged on the wing trailing edge. This aircraft, which spanned 16ft 3in (4.95m) and weighed 750lb (340kg), was test registered F-W040.
Payen P.350CD 'Coupe Deutsch de la Meurthe' (1938). One 150hp (112kW) Renault 4Pdi. Span 10ft 8 1/2in (3.3m), length 22ft 6 1/2in (6.87m), height 4ft 3 1/2in (1.35m), empty weight 640lb (290kg), loaded weight 1,060lb (480kg), maximum speed at sea level 270kts (500km/h), landing speed 46kt (85km/h).
Payen P.200 (1938).
Payen P.321AC1 Air Cruiser (1935). Four-engine (two Payen ‘Twins’), three-seat heavy fighter.
Payen P.310CB2 (1937). Two-seat fighter-bomber.
Payen P.360TP ‘Transport Public Transatlantique’ (1941). Span 31ft 6in (9.6m); length 36ft 1in (11.0m); height 10ft 6in (3.2m). Payen studied a variant of this aircraft fitted with liquid-cooled inline engines.
Payen P.340TP (1937).
The sole Payen Pa.47 ‘Plein Air’ No.01 (F-WFKY) was registered to the ‘Societe Aero Routiere de la Loire’. This conventional touring monoplane spanned 30ft 9in (9.4m). Its length was 20ft 9in (6.35m) and its height 7ft 3in (2.2m).
Close-up of the twin-boom cargo plane wind tunnel model showing the double curvature flaps and the leading edge slots. This model was made out of a piano owing to the lack of good wood during the war.
Payen Pa.65 ‘Aeracar’ (1958). One 180hp (134kW) Lycoming.
Sketch showing the Pa.61 ‘Novae’ flying saucer project.
Scale model of the Pa.59 'Aldebaran'. This VTOL fighter spanned 17ft (5.2m) and weighed 2,454lb (1,112kg). It was intended to fly at 540kts (1,000km/h).
Scale model of the Pa.57 ‘Aton’ two-seater trainer. Powered by two 883lb (3.9kN) Marbore jet engines, it could fly at 485kts (900km/h).
The ‘Visair’ 1 microlight was Payen’s last aircraft to take to the air. It did not find a market and remained the only one of its kind.