Pilatus PC-12
Страна: Швейцария
Год: 1991


Корпоративный и пассажирский самолет вместимостью 6-8 или 9 пассажиров, соответственно
Описание
Фотографии
Pilatus PC-12
  
   PC-12 стал вторым корпоративным самолетом, оснащенным одним турбовинтовым двигателем (первым был Piper Malibu, а третьим стал SOCATA TBM 850). Прототип был облетан 31 мая 1991 года, а вторая машина поднялась в воздух 28 мая 1993 года. Сертификат типа Федеральная авиационная администрация США выдала самолету в июле 1994 года, а первый заказчик получил самолет в сентябре 1994 года. Конструктивно PC-12 представлял собой моноплан с низкорасположенным трапециевидным крылом с Т-образным хвостовым оперением. Планер самолета выполнялся преимущественно из алюминиевых сплавов, а в конструкции подфюзеляжных гребней и форкиля были применены композиционные материалы.
   Первой самолет в эксплуатацию поставила канадская компания "Kelner Airways", получившая первую машину в 1997 году. Кроме поставок гражданским заказчикам, самолет поступил на вооружение в ряде стран мира. Наиболее крупным заказчиком стали ВВС США - они приобрели 36 самолетов, которым было присвоено обозначение U-28. Часть из них привлекаются для обеспечения действий Сил специальных операций.


ТАКТИКО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ

   Pilatus PC-12

   Тип: корпоративный и пассажирский самолет вместимостью 6-8 или 9 пассажиров, соответственно
   Силовая установка: один ТВД Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-67B мощностью 1605 л. с. (1197 кВт)
   Летные характеристики: максимальная скорость 444 км/ч; максимальная дальность полета с резервом топлива по правилам VFR - 4187 км
   Масса: пустого 2600 кг; максимальная взлетная 4500 кг
   Размеры: размах крыла 16,23 м; длина 14,40 м; высота 4,27 м; площадь крыла 25,81 м2
   Полезная нагрузка: 1410 кг (один пилот); в комбинированном варианте 1474 кг
Другой самолет, Pilatus PC-12 (на фото), имеет лишь один двигатель, но может перевозить до девяти пассажиров или же шесть человек при комфортабельной конфигурации салона.
Dexter Air Taxi uses a fleet of PC-12s for flights in Russia.
The Pilatus PC-12 is a workhorse of air ambulance operations worldwide, as with this example seen over Lake Superior
Africa has proved a buoyant market for the PC-12 with some 25 in use, including ZS-BEL, flying with General Airways, and ’NYM of the Red Cross Mercy Air Service Trust.
Pilatus PC-12 of the Australian Royal Flying Doctor Service (1999)
The PC-12’s rugged construction makes the aircraft ideal for Australia's Royal Flying Doctor Service, which operates over 30 examples.
Australia’s Royal Flying Doctor Service was the launch customer for the Pilatus PC-12, receiving its maiden example in 1994
Turboprops, including this Royal Flying Doctor Service PC-12 in Australia, can reach remote locations it would be difficult or impossible to serve with either ground transport or helicopters
Royal Flying Doctor Service PC-12s are often called to isolated locations in the Australian outback
Australia’s Royal Flying Doctor Service collects a patient under cover of darkness
The new Pilatus PC-12 NGX aircraft is powered by the PT6E-67XP engine.
Pilatus PC-12 Авиации Управления авиационных и морских сил
Surf Air is providing executive travel to its members between West Coast US cities.
PC-12/45 ZK-PLT is one of five in Sound Air's fleet.
The Sounds Air fleet at Picton aerodrome, the airline's home base.
A Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A engine off wing during maintenance.
После первых же полетов на PC-12 было решено установить законцовки крыла, винглеты. На фотографии - прототип модификации PC-12/45 High Gross Weight.
Благодаря опыту, полученному по проекту PC-6, взлетно-посадочные характеристики PC-12 оказались просто превосходными.
Pilatus PC-12/45 N131JN (c/n 446) arrives at Cannon Air Force Base, New Mexico, on January 8, 2008 for the 318th Special Operations Squadron (SOS), which is due to formally activate in March as part of the 27th Special Operations Wing (SOW).
Since May 2016, Okavango Air Rescue has relied on a single PC-12 for its operations in Botswana and across southern Africa
The PC-12 can take nine passengers over 1,800 nautical miles from short, unprepared runways.
A Hungarian tender for second hand transport aircraft was released on June 7, 2013. Given the limited funds available, one viable option is the Pilatus PC-12.
PC-12 HB-FVI is used by the Sauber Formula One team to fly drivers around Europe. The aircraft is seen here in 2012, when it was delivered, and is painted to represent the team’s car that year.
Owned by the State of Colorado, and operated by their Department of Public Safety, Pilatus PC-12 N327SF (c/n 511) has been fitted with Sierra Nevada Corporation's Wildland Fire Management System. Using electro-optical and infrared systems with geospatial processing, this multi-mission aircraft goes from the early detection and mapping of wildfires to safety overwatch of communities and firefighters. With the high performance and long range of the PC-12 it also provides command and control of the air attack forces being employed to fight the fire that includes evaluation of the effectiveness of the retardant drops.
Data from the Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6E-67XP turboprop powering the Pilatus PC-12NGX is gathered during flight and downloaded to the engine manufacturer upon landing
Easy access to the cabin for passengers and to the engine for maintenance was an early design goal. The large rear freight door, in particular, has appealed to medical operators.
The Pilatus PC-12 was originally designed for shortfield operations and unpaved runways, despite its popularity among the business aviation community
Five aircraft, including Pilatus PC-12 N265NX, were displayed in the exhibition halls.
N9195A is Surf Air’s fourth PC-12 and one of 15 ordered by the Santa Monica-based company, which also has options on 50 others.
Surf Air Mobility aims to bring more affordable, sustainable and personalised air transport to everyone, beginning with regional travel
Two Pilatus U-28As of the 319th Special Operations Squadron, 1st Special Operations Wing, are deployed to Stuttgart Airport in Germany to support US African Command. U-28A 07-0793 (c/n 793) was noted operating from the airport on August 12.
A pair of Pilatus PC-12s of Argentina’s Gendarmeria Nacional crime-fighting force. The aircraft's speed is crucial for operations in such a vast country.
Part of the Gendarmeria fleet seen in front of their hangar at Campo de Mayo Airfield, where the AW169, the two Turbo Porters, the EC135, two Ecureuils and one PC-12 can be seen. The force currently operates a small but efficient fleet to operate in difficult areas where there is not much infrastructure
Three new Irish Air Corps PC-12NG Spectres on the ramp at Baldonnel, County Dublin, on September 16, 2020 during a welcoming ceremony by Irish Minister for Defence and Minister for Foreign Affairs Simon Coveney.
In its FY2015 budget proposal, the US Air Force plans to transfer 33 MC-12Ws to US Special Operations Command to replace the Pilatus-built U-28A.
USAF/319th SOS Pilatus U-28A 05-0482 departs from Lajes/Terceira Airport in the Azores on July 9, 2006 en route to the US Central Command theatre of operations, with Afghanistan or Iraq its most likely final destination.
This toned-down camouflage laden PC-12 turboprop is not used to fly business executives around and about. This is a U-28A operated by Air Force Special Operations Command. Two U-28As were present at Nellis during Class 19A WSINT flying missions from the super base to desert strips in the Nevada Test and Training Range.
Two squadrons operate the U-28A, for utility and ISR missions.
Finland's Ilmavoimat deployed one C295M and a single PC-12 to Rovaniemi for the duration of Arctic Challenge. Assigned to the TukiLLv based at Tampere-Pirkkala, both aircraft flew daily missions.
A forward area refuelling point airman assigned to the 27th Special Operations Mission Sustainment Team 1 provides perimeter security near a U-28 Draco during operational readiness exercises in 2021
The crew of this Ilmavoimat PC-12/47E PI-06 refuel the aircraft at Rovaniemi.
The most recent entry into IAC service is the Pilatus PC-12 Spectre. Three PC-12s are utilised by Ireland for ISR operations. The PC-12 could potentially be the first-ever IAC aircraft to deploy overseas, with talks ongoing regarding a UN deployment later this year
The lAC's Learjet 45 sits in the hangar awaiting its next tasking, with two Pilatus PC-12s in the background
Pilatus marked its 75th anniversary by painting a new demonstrator PC-12NG HB-FWA (c/n 1515) in a striking scheme designed by a 105-year-old Swiss artist, Hans Erni, depicting Pegasus, the mythical winged horse.
European Business Aviation Convention and Exhibition 2019 visitors gather around Pilatus PC-12/47E, registration HB-FXR (c/n 1862).
Industry professionals tour the vast outdoor static display at the Farnborough International Airshow.
A 1,32m x 1,35m rear fuselage cargo door is opened hydraulically and closed electrically.
Eagle special missions version of the PC-12, as originally converted from the second prototype (1998)
With the proven reliability of its PT6A turboprop, the Eagle provides a safe and economical platform for a wide variety of missions including maritime surveillance.
Seen in company with a PC-9, this plan view of the Eagle shows its single-engine, slender fuselage and high aspect ratio wing configuration.
Second Pilatus Eagle (HB-FOG) pictured in late 1997, after installation of new-style winglets and a fin-tip extension (1998)
Eagle ventral pannier with covers removed, revealing internal sensors. The WF-160DS turret weighs 43 kg (95 lb) and offers elevations of +50 to –190º for FLIR and +10 to –190º for TV sensors (1997)
Close-up of the Eagle’s surveillance pod with the fairing removed to expose the Texas Instruments radar. The white cupola at the front of the pod houses a Northrop Grumman Electro-Optical WF-160DS dual sensor surveillance system.
A double trailing link main under­carriage and low-pressure tyres make the aircraft suited to unprepared landing strips.
In its original form (no winglets or ventral strokes), the prototype PC-12, HB-FOA, is preserved outside the company’s headquarters building.
Destined for the Canadian Mounties, C-GMPW was due for delivery in August 1999.
VH-FMW, c/n 123, of Australia’s RFDS at Adelaide.
Prototype multi-mission Eagle, for which an unannounced order is awaiting signature.
Two Eagles on the flight line at Stans, with the PC-12’s stablemates a pair of PC-9s and a PC-6 Turbo-Porter. Note that the nearest Eagle (HB-FOG) is fitted with a surveillance pod and the farthest one (HB-FOB) has winglets, but no pod.
One of the modifications made to the Eagle to comply with the exacting requirements of FAR 23 is the fitment of winglets as seen here on the second PC-12, HB-FOB, now converted as an Eagle demonstrator. Another modification will be the extension of the fin.
For the power output - 1,605 shp - the PT6 is remarkably small and weighs just over 500 lb. It is bolted to the titanium firewall at four points; this is the 183rd PC-12 under assembly at Stans.
Flight deck of the Pilatus PC-12 1 Digital clock and stopwatch 2 VOR/LOC glide slope indicator 3 Marker beacon receiver and lights 4 Double-needle RMI 5 Standby attitude indicator 6 Mach and airspeed indicator 7 Flap position indicator 8 Electronic ADI 9 Master caution light 10 Master warning light 11 Encoding altimeter (captain's side only) 12 Altitude and vertical speed preselector 13 Engine instrument system panel 14 GPS unit 15 Autopilot mode controller 16 Audio control console and intercom 17 Digital ADF 18 Com/nav transceiver 1 19 Com/nav transceiver 2 20 Transponder 21 Vertical profile colour weather radar control panel 22 Electronic HSI 23 Vertical speed indicator 24 ECS control panel 25 Triple trim and cabin temperature indicator, and interrupt and emergency switches panel 26 Power and flap control panel 27 Interior lighting control panel 28 HF transceiver 29 Multifunction display with control panel 30 Central advisory and warning system (CAWS) display panel 31 External lights, de-icing and landing gear control panel 32 Engine start, fuel pumps and cockpit cooling switches panel 33 HSI control panel 34 Cabin pressurisation panel (1999)
Each pilot has a primary flight display and there are two multi-function displays, one each for systems and situational awareness
Launched in 2019, the Pilatus PC-12 NGX is equipped with the in-house developed Advanced Cockpit Environment (ACE) avionics system, which features four 10in LCD displays
Each screen can be sub-divided into 1/6th, 1/3rd or 2/3rd sections to present different data, such as engine parameters or navigation information, in the same display.
The spacious cabin is 5.16m long, 1,52m wide and 1.45m tall.
Operator workstations in the Eagle's cabin (1996)
Northrop Grumman (formerly Westinghouse) has developed the Sensor Management System for the Eagle, featuring consoles and display systems which provide multi-sensor fusion information.
PC-12 fuselage structure showing cabin and cargo doors (1996)
The PC-12 fuselage is a semi-monocoque design using conventional aluminium alloy, all corrosion proofed and fatigue-tested to the equivalent of six lifetimes. This is based on 20,000 flying hours and 27,000 landings, assuming a typical average flight length of 45 minutes.
PC-12/45 typical cabin layouts (1999)
PC-12/45 cabin cross-section in medical evacuation fit (1999)
Pilatus PC-12 pressurised light utility and business transport (1995)
Three view drawing of the PC-12 Eagle.
Pilatus PC-12 Eagle special missions aircraft (1999)