Klemm. Легкие самолеты
Следующим этапным проектом стал двухместный низкоплан Kl 35, прототип которого Kl 35a поднялся в воздух в 1935 году с мотором Hirth HM 60R мощностью 80 л.с. На втором прототипе Kl 35b установили мотор Hirth HM 504A-2 в 105 л.с.; аналогичные
двигатели стояли на первом серийном Kl 35B. Kl 35BW оснащался поплавковым шасси и мог собираться в "домашних" условиях. Kl 35 разных модификаций экспортировались в Чехословакию, Венгрию, Румынию. В Швеции такие самолеты строили по лицензии и использовали в ВВС.
В 1938 году появился улучшенный Kl 35D, предназначенный для первоначального обучения военных летчиков. Самолет строился массово.
Самолет Kl 106 со 100-сильным двигателем Hirth HM 500 был разработан на основе Kl 35D.
Flight, October 1935
A NEW GERMAN TWO-SEATER
The Klemm Kl.35: An Open-cockpit Touring Aeroplane With Full Aerobatic Factors
SHOWN to the general public for the first time at the Milan Aero Show, the Klemm Kl.35 departs both in its general form and in the details of its structure from the machines which have made the name Klemm famous. It does, however, remain true to Dr. Klemm's original ideal of a low-wing cantilever monoplane, a type which he has done much to popularise, and which has now, more than ten years afterwards, come to be a very common type.
Changes in general design immediately noticeable are the downswept wing roots find the cantilever undercarriage. The reason for the former is probably that of obtaining "open" angles at the junction of the wing roots and the fuselage, thereby reducing the amount of interference without the use of large "fillets." Another advantage of the arrangement is that the ground angle of the machine is increased without increasing the length of the undercarriage legs. Thus it has become possible to adopt a cantilever type of leg of reasonably low weight. The leg, by the way, is designed for sinking speeds of as high as 9.2 ft./sec.
Structurally the Klemm Kl.35 is chiefly noteworthy for the fact that the fuselage is a steel tube girder of oval cross-section with fabric covering.
The two cockpits are arranged in tandem in the usual way, but it is claimed that the view is considerably improved by dropping the wing as previously described.
Large-span ailerons are fitted, but trailing-edge flaps are, apparently, not used. The only concession to Dame Fashion is to be found in the "tabs" on the elevator trailing edge, which take the place of a trimming tailplane. All flying controls are carried on ball bearings.
A Hirth H.M. 60 R engine of 70-80 h.p. is fitted in the prototype machine, but we are informed that the production model may have an engine of about 100 b.h.p.
The main data relating to the first model are as follows: wing area, 163 sq. ft.; weight empty, 870 lb.; disposable load, 605 lb.; loaded weight, 1,475 lb.; wing loading, 9 lb./sq.ft.; max. speed, 118 m.p.h.; cruising speed, 108 m.p.h.; landing speed, 45 m.p.h.; range, 500 miles; climb to 3,300 ft., 6.5 min.
A batch of production machines is to be laid down shortly at the Boblingen (Wurttemberg) works of Leichtflugzeugbau Klemm G.m.b.H. so that the machine should be on the market in a few months.
The matt olive fuselage and orange wings make the aircraft very visible in the air. The red signalling light on the top decking and the glider towing hook can be clearly seen.
The DH 82a Tiger Moth was restored first, followed by the Klemm. Both aircraft are finished in their original Swedish Air Force training colours.
‘180’ at Flabob airfield, California, March 1994.
The Klemm Kl.35B Two-seat Light Cabin Monoplane (100 h.p. Hirth H.M.504 engine).
The Klemm Kl.35B Two-seat Light Monoplane with open cockpits.
Kl 35D стал развитием Kl 35, отличался усиленным шасси (допускалась замена колес на поплавки или лыжи). Кроме того была предусмотрена возможность установки двигателя Hirth HM 60R меньшей мощности.
Downswept wing roots are the most noticeable innovation in the latest German Klemm.
THE LATEST KLEMM: The clean "frontage" of the new German Klemm Kl.35 (70-80 h.p. Hirth H.M. 60R. engine) is apparent in this view.
FAR EASTERN TERMINAL: A Klemm 35 being refuelled at Singapore's new land-sea airport. Major Haerle, the pilot, was on his way from Berlin to Batavia.
The two leading machines, the Klemm in the foreground and the V.E.F. on the left. Two of the four Gauntlets at the meeting may be distinguished in the background.
A Klemm and a Junkers Ju. 52 (the latter used to transport officials and mechanics), with Mr. W. Welton's B.A. Eagle behind, before the massive hangar at Orly.
A Klemm Kl 106 trainer makes a visit to an Air Force technical airfield. The large aircraft in the background in a British Short "Stirling" bomber that was forced down over Germany during a British raid.
The Klemm is painted in the RLM Grey that was common to most trainers, but the yellow band around the fuselage, normally symbolizing an aircraft operating on the Russian Front, is somewhat of a mystery.
Klemm KI 106, bearing the markings of 7 Staffel, Fighter Group 54, a white wooden shoe with wings. The aircraft features standard green splinter camouflage on the flying surfaces, but the fuselage has a green mottle sprayed over the RLM Grey base color.
This photograph shows a Klemm Kl 35 C/N 1816, alias Sk 15A Serial No 5014, shortly after becoming SE-BHS at Satenas in 1948.
A Swedish-built Kl 35D formerly operated by the Swedish Flygvapen.
Lars de Jounge and the newly-restored Klemm KI 35D at Corona Airport, Los Angeles, California.
At this year’s Watsonville Fly-in the Klemm was made to feel more at home by the use of artificial snow (white plastic sheeting) and the replacement of the tyres with the original snow skis. As the temperature was in the 80s, a mannequin was dressed in Swedish Air Force winter flying gear. Note the pilot’s skis strapped to the side of the fuselage.
The KI 35D is fully aerobatic with the oil system allowing two minutes of inverted flight.
Самолеты Клемм Kl-35b авиации литовского «Шаулиса» («Союза Стрелков»), 1939 г.
A Klemm Kl 35D trainer of the Slovak Air Force
Hirth-Klemm KL-35D-160 “Superklemm” belonging to Mr Josef Hossl
The Final of the handicap race: the winning Klemm 35 (Tolxis) and the Focke Wulf 44 (von Braun) turning away from each other after they had crossed the line.
The Klemm 35, which, flown by Herr Clausen, won the race, rounding the aerodrome turn. He is about to overtake Mr. Du Port's Moth Major.
SUNSHADE SPECIAL. Built for the personal use of sports and glider pilot Wolf Hirth of Nabern/Teck, this Klemm Kl 35 Spezial (D-EDEX) is a single-seat cabin development of the open, tandem-seat, pre-war Kl 35D. In place of the standard 105-h.p. HM 504 in-line is a 160-h.p. HM 506. The Klemm Spezial was photographed at the 9th International Exposition, Venice, 16th-20th July.
SEAPLANE RECORD-BREAKER: In the hands of Herr Helmut Kalkstein, this Klemm 35 recently broke five records for seaplanes in the single and two-seater classes. As a single-seater the machine reached a height of 7,000 metres (22,966ft.), flew over a 100-km. course at an average speed of 228.705 km h (142.1 m.p.h.) and over 1,000-km. course at 227.748 km,h (141.51 m.p.h.). As a two-seater it reached a height of 5,600 metres (18,373ft.) and covered the 100-km. course at 227.704 km h (141.48 m.p.h.).
In the foreground of this general view are the Bucker and Klemm exhibits. The Fokker C11W seaplane is in the distance.
Herr Hellman Tolxis and Herr Ritsch, his passenger, who came over in a Klemm 35, are linguistically assisted by the ever-helpful Mr. R. L'E. Malone of Airwork.
Herr Clausen is being congratulated by Mrs. W. E. Davis, who entered the machine which finished third.
View of the rear cockpit. Due to the use of anti-friction bearings there is no requirement for oil temperature or pressure gauges. Note the flare pistol and cartridges on the lower right side.