Семейство Fairey III
Появившийся еще в 1917 году самолет Fairey IIIF даже в 1941 году находился в эксплуатации, что говорит об удачности его конструкции. В конце 1917 года гидросамолет Fairey N.10 был подвергнут переделке - в результате появился самолет сухопутного базирования
Fairey IIIA. Авиация британского флота разместила заказ на 50 двухместных бомбардировщиков корабельного базирования Fairey IIIA, которые должны были прийти на смену самолетам Sopwith 1 1/2-Strutter. Первый серийный Fairey IIIA поднялся в воздух в Нортхольте в июне 1918 года, однако конец Первой мировой войны не дал самолету продемонстрировать свой потенциал, а в 1919 году машина была объявлена устаревшей.
Другой вариант, Fairey IIIB, имел такой же фюзеляж и горизонтальное хвостовое оперение, но отличался крылом и килем большей площади. В малосерийное производство он все же поступил и даже некоторое время использовался для поиска мин и минных банок. Было собрано 25 самолетов, первый из них совершил полет в августе 1918 года. Как и Fairey IIIA, самолет Fairey IIIB оснащался двигателем Sunbeam Maori мощностью 260 л. с. (194 кВт). Известно, что на заводе для серийных Fairey IIIB было выделено 60 серийных номеров, но не менее 30 машин на стапеле были переоборудованы в модификацию Fairey IIIC, который был в целом аналогичен Fairey IIIB, но имел бипланную коробку неравного размаха - по типу Fairey IIIA. Значительное улучшение летных характеристик новой машины было обусловлено использованием двигателя Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII мощностью 375 л. с. (280 кВт). Первая серийная поставка была осуществлена в ноябре 1918 года - самолеты получила 229-я эскадрилья, дислоцировавшаяся в Грейт-Ярмуте, графство Норфолк, а другие машины ушли в 267-ю эскадрилью на Мальту. Однако единственный случай боевого применения самолета был зафиксирован в районе действия вторгнувшегося на север Советской России экспедиционного корпуса - в 1919 году машины были переброшены туда на борту авиатранспорта "Пегасус". Двигатель Eagle оказался весьма надежным, такой же надежной была и эксплуатация Fairey IIIC, но всего было собрано только 35 таких самолетов - с 1921 года они стали поступать на вооружение британских ВВС и заменили ранее выпущенные машины. Несколько Fairey IIIC пережили военное лихолетье и впоследствии использовались в гражданской авиации: одна машина, оснащенная сдвижными фонарями и топливными баками увеличенной емкости, была отправлена на Ньюфаундленд в марте 1920 года - ее предполагалось использовать в трансатлантическом перелете, который, впрочем, не состоялся. Длительное время он использовался фирмой "Fairey" в качестве демонстратора двухместного гидросамолета, но после аварии в Канаде был возвращен на завод для ремонта и последующей перепродажи.
Fairey IIID, ставший дальнейшим усовершенствованием модификации Fairey IIIC, обрел ряд существенных усовершенствований. В своем сухопутном варианте он был первым самолетом, оснащенным шасси с масляно-воздушным амортизатором. Fairey IIID поднялся в воздух в августе 1920 года. Министерство авиации в соответствии со Спецификацией 38/22 разместило заказ на данный самолет, всего же британские ВВС закупили 207 самолетов, из которых 56 имели двигатели Rolls-Royce Eagle, а остальные оснащались различными вариантами Napier Lion мощностью 450 л. с. (336 кВт). Большинство Fairey IIID эксплуатировалось как поплавковые гидросамолеты в британских ВМС - с базированием на приморских аэродромах или применялись с катапульт с борта боевых кораблей. Первыми в 1924 году самолеты Fairey IIID получили 441-е и 444-е звенья. 30 сентября 1925 года один из данных гидросамолетов, принадлежащих морской авиации британского флота, впервые совершил взлет с борта корабля с катапульты в открытом море.
В авиации британских ВМС Fairey IIID заменили собой Parnall Panther и Supermarine Seagull, они состояли на вооружении девяти подразделений и базировались начиная от авиабазы Льючарс в шотландской области Файф до базы на Дальнем Востоке. Самолеты Fairey IIID на флотской службе были обычно трехместными, но было построено и небольшое количество двухместных учебно-тренировочных, а также несколько двухместных вариантов для буксировки мишеней. Важный след в истории Королевских ВВС Великобритании оставил сухопутный вариант Fairey IIID - в 1926 году четыре такие машины перелетели из Гелиополиса в Кейптаун и вернулись в Великобританию через Грецию, Италию и Францию, причем без каких-либо механических поломок. Самолеты преодолели расстояние в 22371 км, а в Абукире были переделаны в гидросамолеты, после чего вылетели домой - в направлении Ли-он-Солент.
В ВВС единственной эскадрильей, получившей Fairey IIID, стала 202-я эскадрилья, сформированная на базе 481-го авиаотряда (звена) авиации Королевских ВМС Великобритании. На Fairey IIID были получены и экспортные заказы. Один из них - от Австралии на шесть самолетов, оснащенных двигателями Eagle, первый передан в Хэмбле заказчику 12 августа 1921 года, а третий австралийский Fairey IIID совершил в 1924 году перелет по периметру побережья Австралии, преодолев расстояние 13 789 км и завоевав Кубок Британии. Одиннадцать Fairey IIID были поставлены португальскому правительству, первые четыре машины имели двигатели Eagle, а остальные - двигатели Napier Lion. Два самолета были потеряны во время попыток дальних перелетов, но третий завершил путешествие из Лиссабона в Рио-де-Жанейро. Два самолета Fairey IIID были проданы в Швецию, а четыре заказала авиация голландских ВМС - для эксплуатации в Голландской Вест-Индии. В 1924 году гражданский вариант Fairey IIID с двигателем Rolls-Royce Eagle IX был модифицирован для применения в качестве санитарного самолета в Британской Гвиане, а другой гражданский самолет использовался в 1927 году в качестве замены четырехместного DH.50J на авиамаршруте между Хартумом и Кисуму - через месяц он попал в аварию, его ремонт был признан нецелесообразным.
Flight, September 1920
THE AIR MINISTRY SEAPLANE (AMPHIBIAN) COMPETITION
The Fairey III Amphibian Seaplane. 450 h.p. Napier "Lion."
The machine entered by the Fairey Aviation Co. is similar in general lay-out to the well-known Fairey, Series III, except that the pilot sits aft of the centre section instead of between the planes. The passengers, who are placed side by side, occupy a cockpit aft of that of the pilot. A low wind-screen runs across the deck in front of their cockpit, otherwise they are free to look over the side and enjoy the view. There is no partition between the two bulkheads, the only division between them being the deck fairing.
The fuselage is a rectangular girder of ash members, covered with fabric except the front portion, which is an aluminium cowl around the Napier engine. The radiators are placed on the sides of the fuselage, and each has mounted on the sides of the body in front of it a hinged shutter, which for maximum cowling lies flat against the side of the body, while for minimum cooling it swings outwards, thus deflecting rather than blanketing the air. A starting handle for the engine projects on the starboard side, and in addition a mechanical starter is fitted, the hand starter being used only in case of breakdowns of the other starter.
Control is by means of a wheel mounted on a rocking column, and a pedal for the rudder. The camber gear for operating the hinged trailing portion of the wings is in the form of a wheel mounted in the pilot's cockpit. The whole of the trailing edge, including the ailerons, is operated by this wheel, but the ailerons still retain their differential motion. An indicator is fitted which shows the pilot the exact angle that the camber flaps form with the chord line. The retractable land undercarriage which forms part of the amphibian gear is operated by a wheel in the pilot's cockpit.
The main planes of the Fairey are of the usual Fairey type, having the whole trailing edge hinged so as to form a variable camber. This particular method of cambering the wings is the subject of a Fairey patent. The wings are designed to be folded both for housing and, if desired, when the machine is on the sea. Normally the long main floats extend sufficiently far aft to keep the tail off the water, but when the wings are folded the weight of the wings causes the tail to drop, and the tail float with which the machine is fitted then comes into action. As the wings are braced by external drag cables it becomes necessary to provide some means for quickly casting off these cables when the wings are to be folded, and the manner of doing this is indicated in the accompanying sketches, which show the release devices. The inter-plane struts are in the form of steel tubes enclosed in streamline fairings, and the manner of securing the struts to the spars, as well as the attachment of the lift and anti-lift wires, is shown in one of our sketches.
The two main floats of the Fairey are of the plain, rectangular section, single-stepped type, with the portion aft of the step extending a considerable distance aft so as to support the tail without the aid of the tail float. When, however, the wings are folded the tail float takes the load, as already mentioned. The main floats are sprung from the cross tubes of the undercarriage by rubber shock-absorbers. When on the sea, the machine has each float sprung both forward and aft. A third shock-absorber is fitted for the land undercarriage, so that when the machine is running over the ground, each side is sprung at three points, providing a form of progressive springing which should make the machine very comfortable to handle ashore.
The amphibian gear consists of two wheels mounted on a structure of steel tubes. This structure hinges on the front float cross-tube, and its rear horizontal member has its ends resting in slots in the top of the floats. A locking arrangement is provided by means of which the rear tube is secured to a set of shock-absorbers inside the floats. The hooks of this arrangement are operated through cables from the pilot's cockpit, and its details will be clear from the accompanying sketches. The whole land undercarriage forms a rigid unit, its members travelling up and down with the wheels around the pivot formed by the front transverse float tube.
Flight, August 1921
THE FAIREY TYPE IIID SEAPLANE
360 H.P. Rolls-Royce "Eagle" Engine
IT is a curious fact that in the development of aircraft one comes across, now and then, a type which has survived through a much greater number of years than the vast majority of its contemporaries. This applies, for instance, to such machines as the Avro 504, which, originally designed in 1913, has undergone various slight modifications, but is still very popular in a form not greatly different from that of the 1913 machine. Another instance is the Bristol Fighter, which, although designed a good many years ago, is still considered good enough for the Air Ministry to place a large order with the Bristol Company for machines of this type. Again, take the machine at present under review – the Fairey IIID. The original machine, the type III, which was known in the R.N.A.S. as the N.10, was, we believe, first produced in 1917, and had a 260 h.p. Sunbeam engine. A modification of her, the IIIA, was fitted with land undercarriage, and was used as a ship 'plane and for general purposes. She was, also, we believe, fitted with air bags and hydrovanes and used for experimental purposes for alighting on the sea.
Later on the wing area was increased, the same fuselage being used, and floats were again fitted, and the machine, still with the 260 h.p. Sunbeam engine, was used as a sea bomber. Finally, came the type IIIC which had a 375 h.p. Rolls-Royce "Eagle" engine, smaller wings and, consequently greater speed than the bomber. This machine was used for reconnaissance work, and became very popular. Modifications of it were built from time to time. Thus the machine which was to have been flown across the Atlantic by Mr. Sydney Pickles was of the IIIC type, but had larger wings so as to be able to carry the extra fuel. Yet another modification was the machine entered for the Schneider Race at Bournemouth in 1919. In this machine the wing area had been reduced to increase the speed, and had the day been a stormy one the Fairey would have been a hard nut to crack for some of the lighter and less seaworthy racers. As it happened the day was absolutely calm, and fog prevented the race from being run.
The type IIID, which is the one shown in the accompanying illustrations, is a modification of the IIIC, but it is substantially the same machine except for minor alterations. The engine is a Rolls-Royce "Eagle" VIII, mounted in the nose and driving a tractor air screw. The engine is carried on two longitudinal tubular bearers, which rest in turn on three pressed-steel channel-section frames. These frames are of quite thin metal, but by being liberally flanged around all the lightening holes they have been found strong enough when the engine is in place. One of our photographs shows the front portion of the fuselage and these bearers. It may be noticed that the whole front portion of the fuselage, up to a point just behind the engine, is a separate unit, with straight longerons. By undoing a few bolts the entire engine unit can be removed en bloc from the machine. The manner in which this is accomplished is illustrated in one of our sketches. The sketches show the joint in the lower longeron. The joint in the top longeron is similar, except that there is, of course, no fork for wing attachments. The joint between the two parts of the longeron is made of a spool, machined out of the solid steel, and having holes for the many different members which meet at this point. Into the hollow centre of this spool is fitted the forked support for the lower front spar, as indicated in the sketch. The ends of the longerons are provided with light sheet-steel shoes, and fish plates, shaped as shown, are bolted through the longeron and through the holes in the spool. About twelve different members meet at this point, and it would be difficult to conceive of a neater way of joining all these. Yet in a later type, which is now being built, and is, in fact, similar to the machine shown at the last Olympia Aero Show, an even neater joint is provided. This is mainly the result of making the main framework of this part of the fuselage of steel tubing, but as the machine is an experimental one, we may not refer to this point in detail. The upper and lower joints are connected by a slightly sloping steel tube, which is, however, afterwards protected , by a wood fairing so as to afford means of attaching the covering.
The Controls, Etc.
THE standard part of the controls is in the form of a wheel for elevator and ailerons and a foot bar for the rudder. In all Fairey machines, however, wing flap gear is incorporated, and this necessitates some additional control organs. Briefly speaking, the Fairey camber gear consists in pulling down or raising the entire trailing portion of the wings, from the rear spar to the trailing edge, at the same time retaining the differential movement of the ailerons. The manner of accomplishing this is indicated in one of our diagrams. The trailing edge of the planes is hinged throughout the entire length, and the wiring so arranged that the trailing edge is pulled down against the action of rubber cords. A reference to the diagram will make the principle clear. Mounted on a left and right hand worm in the fuselage are two internally threaded fittings which are caused, by rotation of the worm, to travel inwards or outwards. To these fittings are attached the inner ends of the flap cables, which run over pulleys on the lower front spar and from these back to the lower plane flap cranks. Thus when the worm is so rotated that the fittings travel inwards, the cables are pulled inwards as well, pulling down the lower plane flaps. From these, cables run to the trailing edges of the upper flaps and to the upper cranks, pulling down the top flaps with the lower ones. From the upper flap cranks cables run over pulleys on the top front spar, and back to rubber cords attached at their other end to the top rear spar. It will be seen that these rubber cords take the place of return cables, pulling up the flaps when the positive cables are paid out. The ailerons are pulled down with the rest of the trailing edge by means of cables passing from the pulleys on the worm fittings to the aileron cranks on the lower plane. The lateral travel of these pulleys does not affect, or to a very small extent only, the length of the diagonal cable operating the aileron. It will be seen that although the ailerons are pulled down or up with the flap, their differential action is not interfered with, so long as the flaps are not down to the limit of their travel. The worm in the fuselage is operated by means of a wheel on the starboard side of the pilot's cockpit. In addition to the camber wheel, there is another and smaller wheel operating the setting of the tail plane so as to maintain the trim of the machine. In our diagram this wheel has been omitted for the sake of clearness.
The Fairey Patent camber gear is extremely simple, and in practice it has been found to give very good results, materially lowering the landing speed of the machine. We have no data as to the actual lift coefficient attained with this gear, but an approximate estimate indicates a maximum lift coefficient of close upon 0-9 absolute. Consequently a fairly high wing loading can be employed without raising the alighting speed to a prohibitive figure.
The following is a brief specification of the machine: Span 46 ft. 1 1/4 in. Chord 5 ft. 6 ins. Gap 5 ft. 7 ins. Overall length 36 ft. 1 in. Area of main planes, 500 sq. ft. Weight fully loaded 5,050 lbs. Petrol capacity 105 gallons. Oil capacity 8 gallons. Useful load 1,060 lbs. Performance: Top speed 96 knots. Climb 5,000 ft. in 6 mins. 40 secs. Ceiling 17,000 ft.
Flight, January 1922
THE NEW FAIREY LONG-DISTANCE SEAPLANE
Rolls-Royce "Eagle" Engine
IN our last issue we recorded briefly that a new Fairey seaplane had succeeded in carrying a useful load of over 3,000 lbs. with one Rolls-Royce engine. Taking the power of the "Eagle'' as 375 h.p., the useful load carried was over 8 lbs./h.p., which is an extraordinarily good figure, and one which, incidentally, promises well for the future of commercial aviation. In war type of machines the useful load was frequently so small as to leave no margin, but as we get away from the war type and learn more about the commercial type, the increase in useful load per horse-power expended tends to show that it is only a matter of development to reach a point where a very considerable margin of useful load exists, which can be used for carrying passengers, goods, etc. Although the Fairey seaplane is not a commercial type, in the ordinary sense of the word, it will be useful to regard it in this light, specially as nothing may be said about the purpose for which the machine is actually intended.
The machine is well shown in the accompanying photographs. In its general lines it resembles the famous "C.III's," although naturally its proportions are quite different. The wings, it will be seen, are of very much, larger span than those of the “C.III," measuring in fact 62 ft. from tip to tip. The overall length is 36 ft. 6 ins., as compared with just over 36 ft. for the "C.IIID." Thus the length has scarcely been increased at all, the fuselage being practically that of the standard "IIID." The floats are somewhat larger, to support the extra load, but otherwise the machine is, in the main, a standard fuselage fitted with large wings. The Fairey Patent camber gear is, of course, incorporated, and this probably accounts in a great measure for the fact that the machine gets off well with such a heavy load.
It has already been mentioned that we are not at liberty to state the exact purpose for which the machine has been built, but it is not without interest to note that the machine was sold under a firm guarantee to carry out the stipulated performance within four months from the date of the order, so that it had to be designed, built and tested within that period. That the machine not only reached, but actually slightly surpassed, the calculated performance will not come as a surprise to those who know the Fairey designing staff, but it is a fine achievement nevertheless. The top speed developed was 95 rn.p.h., with a power loading of over 19 lbs./h.p. and a wing loading of over 10 lbs./sq. ft. Naturally the climb, with such loadings, was not spectacular, but it reached 350 ft./min. in the earlier stages, which is certainly better than one would expect, again probably due to the camber gear. The landing speed was 42 knots, which would appear to give a very high lift coefficient, although some of the lift at large angles is, of course, due to other parts than the wings. As stated last week, the weight of the machine empty was 4,150 lbs. and the useful load 3,100 lbs., bringing the total loaded weight up to 7,250 lbs. Probably this is the greatest weight ever lifted by a single Rolls-Royce "Eagle."
It is interesting to speculate on the possibilities of a similar machine, intended for commercial work and fitted with a wheel undercarriage. The saving in weight would be very considerable. We have no figures relating to the weight of the floats, but let us assume that the land undercarriage would be 300 lbs. lighter than the floats. The useful load would then become 3,400 lbs., which could be divided into any desired proportion of fuel and paying load. If we assume four hours' fuel, the remaining available load would be approximately 2,500 lbs. After deducting the weight of crew, with their paraphernalia, there would still be close on one ton available load left, which is surely approximating to a record for a machine fitted with an engine of 375 h.p. only. And even at that, the maximum speed is 95 m.p.h. with full load. This would appear to be sufficient for work on most "airways," although running the engine "all out" normally, would not tend to give it a long life. By slightly reducing the useful load, however, the engine could be "nursed" once the machine was off the ground, and its life correspondingly increased. Such a machine should prove extremely useful, for instance as a goods' carrier. This would mean enlarging the fuselage somewhat, but this need not entail any very great increase in structure weight, nor in resistance.
Altogether the achievement is one of which the Fairey Aviation Company may well be proud, and when, in the near future, we come to use specialised types instead of "general utility" machines, the firm should be in a position to supply extremely economical machines somewhat of this type.
Flight, July 1923
Gothenburg International Aero Exhibition 1923
Fairey Aviation Company, Ltd., Hayes, Middlesex
THE Fairey exhibit at Gothenburg is a Series IIID Seaplane. While they are prevented from showing their latest types of aircraft, it should be pointed out that the Series III is still in production as a Service type - an order for some of these machines being in hand at the present moment. In case our readers should think this is an old type of machine we might add that the IIID is the fastest type of the Series III - which has, modified from time to time, given such excellent service since the first of the type was designed in 1917 - incorporating all modern modifications and constructional improvements.
That this machine is up to modern requirements is borne out when we state that by the latest test the Series IIID, fitted with a 450 h.p. Napier "Lion," has a top speed of 116 m.p.h. at 12,000 ft., a ceiling of 18,000 ft. with full load, a rate of climb of 1,300 ft. per min. at sea level, and 600 ft. per min. at 10,000 ft., carrying a total useful load of 1,650 lbs.
This machine can be converted from a seaplane to a land machine, or deck type, and the Fairey Oleo-pneumatic chassis employed for this purpose is also shown.
The Fairey Series III is a tractor fuselage biplane of some 46 ft. wing span, and when used as a seaplane is fitted with twin floats of the latest Fairey design, which are constructed after boat-building practice.
The principal feature of this machine - as with all other Fairey types - is in the patent variable camber gear. This is an extremely simple and effective device, consisting of an arrangement, worked by cables from the pilot's cockpit, for pulling down the entire trailing edge of the wings and thereby increasing the camber and consequently the lift. The whole trailing portion of the wing, from the rear spar to the trailing edge, is hinged, the outer portions, at the tips, being separate from the rest, so that the differential aileron movement is retained at the same time. In other words, the ailerons function as usual with the flap at any position. The effect of this arrangement, which has proved very satisfactory in practice, is to allow of a considerably higher wing loading without any increase in the landing speed.
Apart from the flap gear the wing construction more or less follows standard practice. The wings are made to fold back, vertical pins in the rear spar fitting forming the pivots. The fuselage is of the usual rectangular girder construction, with ash longerons and struts in front and spruce members aft. The longerons are straight, and do not taper, with the result that the fittings are identical throughout the greater part of the fuselage.
The tail is of the trimming type, with divided elevators. The rudder, of ample proportions, is balanced, and a large vertical fin is mounted in front.
The pilot's cockpit is located forward between the planes, and immediately behind him, well back of the planes, is the gunner's compartment, which is large and roomy.
Fairey IIID S1103 (c/n F841) of the Cape Flight, led by Wg Cdr H W Pulford obe dfc. Cape Flight aircraft (S1102 to S1108) assembled at Northolt, London, November 1925 for a long-distance formation 'flag-waving' flight, March to June 1926. It flew in a landplane configuration Cairo-Cape-Cairo then converted to floatplane at Aboukir, Egypt, for return flight to Lee-on-Solent, Hampshire. Having completed the 13,900 mile (22,370km) flight, it then donned undercarriage again to appear at the RAF Pageant, Hendon, London, early July 1936. S1103 ended its days with the School of Naval Co-operation at Lee-on-Solent in 1929.
The Fairey IIID in the Lisbon Maritime Museum
6 июня 1918г.: первый из удачного семейства морских легких бомбардировщиков Fairey III - Fairey IIIA - поднялся в воздух в Нортхолте.
The Fairey Series IIID, converted to a land machine by the substitution of long-travel oleo undercarriage for floats. A 450 h.p. Napier "Lion" is fitted to this machine. Aeroplane has variable camber wings.
A New Fairey 3D: Produced originally as a seaplane, in which form it was used by Wing-Commander Coble for his round-Australia flight, the Fairey 3D is also used as a land machine, in which guise it is shown in our photograph. A special Fairey oleo undercarriage is fitted. The engine is a Napier "Lion."
The RAF’s first long-distance formation flight, and the first to South Africa, was made by these four Fairey IIIDs, serialled (front to rear) S1103 (c/n F841), S1102 (F840), S1105 (F843), and S1104 (F842). Formed as the Cape Flight at Northolt in November 1925, the aircraft completed a successful Cairo-Cape-Cairo-England trip between March 1 and June 21, 1926, led by Wg Cdr C. W. H. Pulford, OBE, AFC. Flying as landplanes for the 11,000 mile Cairo-Cape-Cairo trip, and as seaplanes for the return flight to Lee-on-Solent, the four aircraft suffered only minor troubles, and their original Napier Lion VA engines were used throughout the journey.
THE R.A.F. CAIRO - CAPE - CAIRO FLIGHT: This photograph shows the four Fairey machines with Napier "Lion" engines being refuelled with "Shell" at Johannesburg.
AT THE R.A.F. DISPLAY: During the afternoon the four Fairey IIID biplanes, piloted by Wing-Corn. Pulford and his companions, recently back from their Cairo-Cape-Cairo flight flew over the aerodrome and saluted the Royal Enclosure.
"Фэйри" IIIC. На этих машинах воевали английские морские летчики в северной России.
Май 1919 года: впервые свежие газеты "Ивнинг Ньюс" стали доставляться ежедневно гидросамолетом Fairey IIIC, взлетавшим с Темзы и приводнявшимся у побережья Кента.
THE 1919 SCHNEIDER CUP CONTEST: Another British entry, the Fairey seaplane (Napier "Lion"), piloted by Lieut.-Col. Vincent Nicholl.
AT BOURNEMOUTH: THIS VIEW SHOWS THE ONE OF FOUR COMPETITORS IN THE 1919 CONTEST STARTING OFF THE PIER. VINCENT NICHOLL ON THE FAIREY
THE FLIGHT AROUND AUSTRALIA: The photographs above show the Fairey III-D seaplane, with Rolls-Royce "Eagle IX" engine, on which Wing-Commander S. J. Goble, D.S.O., O.B.E., D.S.C., and Flying Officer L. E. MacIntyre, of the Royal Australian Air Force, have just succeeded in completing their 9,000 miles flight around Australia. The performance is one worthy of ranking among the foremost flights ever made, and reflects the greatest credit not only on the gallant officers who made it, but also on the machine and engine. The photographs show the machine at Point Cook, near Melbourne.
THE FAIREY TYPE IIID SEAPLANE: Our photograph shows the "A.N.A.2," the second machine to be finished for the Australian Naval Air Service. Except for minor alterations this machine is similar to the standard type IIID described herewith.
CHRISTENING THE FAIREY IIID-ROLLS: At the moment of the breaking of the bottle of champagne on the propeller boss, by Mrs. A. M. Hughes, wife of the Australian Premier.
ON THE SLIPWAY: The Fairey "A.N.A.1" shortly before the launching.
THE FAIREY "A.N.A.1": The machine being launched from its slipway.
The Fairey-Napier III.D at Work: The photograph herewith depicts one of the Fairey III.D seaplanes fitted with a 450 h.p. Napier "Lion," of the R.A.F., carrying out duties at Malta. This type of machine is used with very satisfactory results in all parts of the world. Recently one of these machines was stationed at Hong Kong for five months, during which time there was not a single engine failure or forced landing. On another occasion in the Dardanelles area one of these seaplanes carried out a continuous flight of 500 3/4 miles in 6 3/4 hours, with a load of over 2 1/4 tons, when the petrol consumption was only 15 1/4 gals, per hour. It was for this type of machine that the Dutch Government placed a large order with the Fairey Aviation Co., as previously reported in "Flight."
THE FAIREY "A.N.A.1": Three views of the machine in flight, carrying as passengers General Seely and General Sir Sefton Brancker.
SECOND IN THE KING'S CUP RACE: 3, Capt. Norman Macmillan crossing the finishing line on his Fairey III.D (Napier "Lion"). 4, Capt. Macmillan, complete with pipe
Seen flying over Malta in 1928-29 is the last Fairey IIID built for the FAA, S1108. This three-seat spotter reconnaissance seaplane was powered by the 450 h.p. Napier Lion engine.
Первоначально обозначенный "IIIC (усовершенствованный)", Fairey IIID выпускался в вариантах Mk I и Mk II.
Aircraft used by No. 202 Squadron in earlier days included this Fairey IIIDs off Malta in the 1920s.
A flight of four Fairey IIIDs put up by 202 Squadron RAF at Malta circa 1929-30. The four aircraft are N9630, S1078, S1105 and N9568. The aircraft in the foreground later became G-EBKE and in 1924 was modified for Real Daylight Balata Estates in British Guiana for ambulance duties. The IIID was the mainstay of the FAA during the second half of the Twenties, until the type was succeeded by the Fairey IIIF. The IIID was a reliable spotter-reconnaissance land/seaplane and could be flown off carriers, from shore stations and was even catapulted from warships.
Fairey IIID (Napier "Lion"). This Fairey seaplane type has long been used for work with the Fleet, and it also has a considerable record of fine flights. One in particular that is familiar being the R.A.F. flight from Cairo to the Cape, the return to Cairo and then on to England. The IIID is adaptable to both seaplane and land 'plane service. It may, perhaps, be regarded as one of the standard seaplane types for its specific purpose, i.e., fleet reconnaissance work. It is used by No. 440 Flight (H.M.S. Hermes), No. 441 (H.M.S. Eagle), No. 442 (Leuchars), No.443 (H.M.S. Furious), No. 444 (H.M.S. Vindictive), and No. 481 (Malta).
Top: Fairey IIID N9568 of 202 Sqn RAF at Malta circa 1929-30. Bottom: Fairey IIID N9753 of 202 Sqn RAF at Malta circa 1929-30.
The liner SS Berengaria passes the Calshot slipway as a handling party prepare to beach Fairey IIID seaplane N9495, from the first production batch of 50 aircraft to Specification 38/22. The powerplant was the 365 h.p. Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII, although the 450 h.p. Napier Lion was also fitted in later batches. First flown in August 1920, the IIID was a highly successful aircraft, 227 examples being produced before production ceased in 1926.
FAIREY SEAPLANES FOR HOLLAND: As previously reported in "Flight," the Fairey Aviation Co., Ltd., of Hayes, recently delivered to the Dutch Government a batch of Series III seaplanes (Napier "Lion" engines). The above photograph shows the machines anchored at Hamble, from which place they were flown to Holland by Dutch pilots.
Wearing the race number '3' Fairey IIID Mk.II N9777 was entered into the 1924 King's Cup air race and, flown by Capt Norman Macmillan, came second in the seaplane section. Delivered to the MAEE at Felixstowe in August 1924, it was 'prepped' for the race, which was staged at the seaplane base from the 12th of that month. After that it was refurbished by Fairey, ready for despatch to Malta.
AN INCIDENT IN THE KINGS CUP RACE. Two views of the Fairey III-D seaplane (450 h.p. Napier "Lion" engine) at Stranraer, on the occasion of the last King's Cup Race, August 12. Above, bringing the seaplane ashore. Below, the crowd watching the refueling operations - note the "Shells" on the shore.
Fairey IIID used on the Cairo - Cape Town - Cairo flight.
HOME FROM THE CAPE: Commander Pulford's squadron arrived at Lee-on-Solent on June 21 after having successfully flown from Cairo to the Cape and back, continuing on to England. The total distance covered is approximately 14,000 miles. In 1, are seen three of the four Fairey machines arriving over Lee-on-Solent, while in 2, one of the machines is seen touching "home waters," 3 shows three of the machines taxying up to the beach, while in 4, willing hands are beaching Commander Pulford's machine.
Former King's Cup air racer IIID Mk.II N9777 had arrived at Kalafrana, Malta, by January 1929 and joined 202 Squadron. It is illustrated on the slipway with stablemates N9630, N9636 and N9773. N9777 was involved in a landing accident in the bay on February 5, 1930, and was written off.
CAPE FLIERS AT NAPLES: This photograph shows the four Napier-engined Fairey III.D seaplanes re-fuelling with "Shell" at Naples on their flight from Cairo to Lee-on-Solent recently, this being the concluding stage of the Cairo-Cape-Cairo-England flight.
Fairey IIID A10-3 at Israelite Bay, WA. The isolated landing site was one of many surveyed by the crew.
Fairey IIID G-EBKE at Hamble a few months earlier.
THE FAIREY AMBULANCE SEAPLANE: Views of the Fairey III-D seaplane (Rolls-Royce "Eagle IX" engine), which has been specially fitted out as an ambulance for service in British Guiana. On the top, the "patient" is shown being hoisted up on the stretcher by means of a portable winch. In the bottom, the "patient" is safely stowed inside the fuselage, and the hinged fuselage-top is being closed down.
Fairey IIID G-EBKE, subject of Charles Baker’s article, was one of two British civil examples and was built to the order of Real Daylight Balata Estates Ltd for ambulance duties in British Guiana. This IIID began life as N9630 (c/n F.439), and was modified for civil use at Ramble in 1924. In order to carry a stretcher case and attendant the rear fuselage decking was hinged for access. Portholes were added and the aircraft equipped with radio.
THE FAIREY AMBULANCE SEAPLANE: Views of the Fairey III-D seaplane (Rolls-Royce "Eagle IX" engine), which has been specially fitted out as an ambulance for service in British Guiana. General view of the machine ready for flight.
These Flight photographs were taken at Ramble during the latter part of 1924. G-ABKE was powered by a 360 h.p. Rolls-Royce Eagle IX.
WITH THE MEDITERRANEAN FLEET AT GENOA: The two photographs were taken on the occasion of the visit of the Mediterranean Squadron of the British Fleet to Genoa, and they depict one of the Fairey seaplanes, attached to the Fleet, taking in a supply of "Shell" Aviation Spirit.
FLYING IN AFRICA: One of snapshots brought back to England by Mrs. Eliott-Lynn. 1, Loading mails into the Kisumu-Khartoum machine (Fairey IIID).
FLYING IN AFRICA: One of snapshots brought back to England by Mrs. Eliott-Lynn. 4, The Fairey IIID being hoisted on to the dock at Kisumu.
AIR CONFERENCE VISIT TO WADDON: The Fairey Amphibian taxying in
THE FAIREY III AMPHIBIAN: Three-quarter front view
THE AIR MINISTRY COMPETITION: Three-quarter rear view of the Fairey III Amphibian float seaplane, 450 h.p. Napier "Lion" engine
THE FAIREY III AMPHIBIAN: View of tail, tail float and skid
Fairey IIID Mk.I N9451 was issued to the Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment at the Isle of Grain, Kent, in January 1921 for performance trials on its Eagle VIII and, later, Lion II engines. It moved to Lee-on-Solent, Hampshire, in late 1921 and carried out deck-landing trials on HMS 'Argus'. In July 1922 it was transferred to the Aeroplane & Armament Experimental Establishment at Martlesham Heath, Suffolk, and then to the Development Flight at Gosport, Hampshire. It was back with MAEE, but by then at Felixstowe, Suffolk, by October 1924. Despatched to Malta, it joined 481 Flight at Kalafrana, serving mid-1925 until mid-1926.
BRITAIN AT I.L.U.G.: This set of photographs, kindly supplied by the S.B.A.C., shows some of the British exhibits at the Gothenburg International Aero Exhibition, which has just closed. The Fairey III D, with Napier "Lion."
The Fairey III-D Amphibian Seaplane: We show here a "close-up" of this machine - which was described in "Flight" for October 16 last - showing the Rolls-Royce "Eagle IX" engine, Fairey-Reed metal tractor screw, and the float gear. This machine has been sent to British Guiana.
The Fairey Series IIID seaplane. The machine shown here is fitted with a 360 h.p. Rolls-Royce "Eagle IX."
A Portuguese Navy Fairey IIID powered by a 360 h.p. Rolls-Royce Eagle IX.
Fairey IIID Santa Cruz (13 March 1922).
13 марта 1922г.. Португальские летчики Г. Коутинхо и С. Кабраль вылетели из Лиссабона на Fairey IIIC в первый полет над Южной Атлантикой. 16 июня они прибыли в Бразилию, но уже на третьем самолете IIID "Santa Cruz" (на снимке), две другие машины потерпели аварии на маршруте.
The Fairey IIID (Rolls-Royce "Eagle") in which Coutinho and Cabral made the first South Atlantic crossing in 1922. Behind it is another historical machine, a Schreck flying boat acquired by the Portuguese Naval Aviation Service in 1917.
The Fairey long-distance Seaplane: Three-quarter rear view.
THE FAIREY LONG-DISTANCE SEAPLANE USED IN THE TRANSATLANTIC ATTEMPT: Under the lower plane may be seen large petrol tanks. These have now been removed, and tanks fitted in the floats Instead. Otherwise the machine remains as shown in the photograph.
The Fairey long-distance Seaplane: View of the machine taxying in after a flight.
The Lisbon-Rio Flight: The Fairey seaplane "Lusitania," Rolls-Royce "Eagle 8" engine, taxying.
The Fairey Type IIID Seaplane: Front portion of the fuselage, showing Rolls-Royce "Eagle" engine.
THE FAIREY TYPE IIID SEAPLANE: View of the engine plates.
The large petrol tanks of the Fairey IIID Seaplane.
The Fairey IIID Seaplane: Photograph of an aileron, showing triangulated construction.
The Fairey IIID Seaplane: Photograph of the tubular framework carrying lower spar attachments and worm-operating gear for flap control.
Fairey IIID G-EBKE, with broken undercarriage, tied up to the bank of the Potaro.
Left, the IIID supported by river boats immediately after the removal of the chassis. Right, the float chassis detached, leaving the aircraft resting on two bateaus. Note the packing under the mainplane struts, now its sole support.
The IIID supported by a third boat under the centre.
Another view of the IIID with the third boat in position under the fuselage.
Все, что осталось от гидроплана "Фэйри" IIIC лейтенантов Блампиеда и Харви после вынужденной посадки на лес.
Entitled “Fairey Flight”, Michael Turner’s superb formation of Fairey IIIDs of 202 Squadron over Malta.
The Fairey seaplane: Details of the amphibian gear
ON THE FAIREY AMPHIBIAN: Two single-acting water rudders are fitted on the outer corners of the float sterns. A rubber cord pulls the rudder inwards
The tail skid of the Fairey Amphibian is built up of wood laminations
SOME FAIREY QUICK-RELEASE DEVICES: These are used on the external drag cables to facilitate casting off when folding the wings
A Fairey inter-plane strut fitting
The worm gear operating the wing flaps on the Fairey seaplanes.
Diagrammatic sketch of Fairey camber gear.
SOME CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF THE FAIREY TYPE IIID SEAPLANE: (1) The locking device which keeps the wings in place when folded. This fitting is mounted on the lower longeron of the fuselage. (2 and 3) The metal shoes on the ends of the longerons, where they are attached to the steel spool. (4) The spool joint in the top longeron, at the point where the engine unit joins the main fuselage. (5) The very ingenious steel spool at a point where about 14 members meet. (6) The steel spool without the fuselage members. (7) A typical fuselage fitting. (8) Fitting in place.
SOME WING DETAILS OF THE FAIREY TYPE HID SEAPLANE: (1) Details of the aileron crank, showing how welded joints are not relied upon to transmit stresses. (2) An aileron crank lever in place. (3) Section of a compression strut. The two halves are sprung together, the resulting strut being extremely strong. (4) An interplane strut fitting. The struts are steel tubes with wood fairings. (5) Attachment of built-up compression strut to wing spars. The strut end is located laterally by small wood wedges driven down in corners of U-bolt. (6) Attachment of nose rib to front spar. (7 and 8) Attachment of tubular trailing edge to wing ribs. (9 and 10) Details of the construction of the triangulated ailerons.
Fairey Seaplane Type 3D 360 H.P. R.R.Eagle VIII