Hispano HA-1109/HA-1112 Buchon
Варианты:
Hispano - HA-1109/HA-1112 Buchon - 1945 - Испания
Страна: Испания
Год: 1945


Messerschmitt Bf 109
Фотографии

Messerschmitt Bf 109

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  Испанская "Hispano" строила по лицензии Bf 109 для ВВС Испании с 1942 года. В марте 1945 года выполнил первый полет Ha-1109-J1L, представлявший собой комбинацию исходного планера с мотором Hispano-Suiza. В серию пошел самолет HA-1109-K1L с французским мотором Hispano-Suiza HS12Z-89 мощностью 1300 л. с. На HA-1109-M1L стоял британский мотор Rolls-Royce Merlin 500-45 мощностью 1400 л. с. HA-1112 отличался от HA-1109-M1L только составом вооружения. Выпускались также двухместные учебно-тренировочные варианты - HA-1110-K1L с мотором Hispano-Suiza и HA-1110-M1L с мотором Merlin.
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HA-1112-M1L Buchon (C.4K). Первые C.4K поступили в 71-ю истребительно-бомбардировочную эскадрилью 7-й авиагруппы в Табладе, а затем - в 72-ю эскадрилью, входившую в состав 7-го авиакрыла. Впоследствии 72-ю эскадрилью расформировали, а 71-я в середине 1965 года была переформирована в 471-ю эскадрилью (7-я группа стала 47-м авиакрылом). Еще одним эксплуатантом этих самолетов стала 364-я эскадрилья в Гандо, Канарские острова.
"Бучон", оснащенный подвесным баком в стандартной для 1950-х гг. темно-синей окраске. На этой машине летал в Северо-Западной Африке майор Комес из 7-й "алы" испанских ВВС.

HA-1112M-1L, "загримированный" под "Мессершмитт" Bf.109E для съемок фильма "Битва за Британию". На истребителе установлена бутафорская мачта антенны, а также макеты пушек MGFF и пулеметов MG-17.

Messerschmitt Bf 109J/Hispano HA-1112-M1L NX700E был восстановлен до состояния летной годности и как большинство других экспонатов использовался на съемках многочисленных кинофильмов.
No, not quite a genuine Messerschmitt Bf 109, but the Chino Air Museum’s Hispano Buchon N700E. Although still powered by a Rolls-Royce Merlin, it has had its spinner and cowling contours modified to remove the characteristic Buchon pot-belly and make it look a little more like a Bf 109G.
Spanish-built Messerschmitt Bf.109, known as the Hispano HA-1112-M1L.
Robert Lamplough's HA-1112-M1L painted to represent Hans-Joachim Marseille’s Bf 109G "Yellow 14". Regrettably, this aircraft suffered some damage as a result of a ground loop at Biggin Hill in May 1982, but it is hoped that it will be flying once more next year.
Walter Eichhorn in Hans Ditters’ Hispano Buchon D-FEHD. Since last season the aircraft has changed its colour scheme - the new one has been applied for its appearances as a Messerschmitt Bf 109E in the filming of Piece of cake.
Bf 109J (HA-1109-J1L) с двигателем "Испано-Сюиза"
В 1942 году Испания договорилась с Германией о поставке 200 самолетов Bf 109G-2, из которых 175 должны были строиться на заводе "Hispano". Поскольку двигателей DB 605 для них не было, испанцы вначале использовали моторы Hispano-Suiza 12Z 89 - такие машины получили обозначение HA-1109-J1L (первый полет - 2 марта 1945 года). После того, как закончились и эти двигатели, завод стал выпускать истребители HA-1109-K1L с двигателями 12Z 17 (на фото), из которых 24 самолета поступили в испанские ВВС под обозначением C.4J. В последующем были созданы опытные модификации HA-1109-K2L и -K3L.
HA-1109M.1L - прототип "Бучона" (Голубя)
HA-1112M-1L "Бучон" из состава 7-й "алы" (эскадры) испанских ВВС.

An HA-1112-K1L which failed to attain first-line squadron use with the Ejercito del Aire
Me HA-1109-M1L BUCHON. In 1943 the Spaniards obtained a licence from Germany to build the Me 109G. In spite of the war-time needs of Germany, a number of incomplete airframes arrived eventually, without engines. After various moderately successful experiments with Hispano engines and foreign airscrews, it was decided, ten years after the arrival of the first machines, to fit Merlin engines to the modified Me 109G airframes then in production at Seville. This production is now ceasing with the advent of American Sabres (it is intended to re-equip the fighter squadrons with the F-86F).
Salient features: Deep fuselage with blunt nose, flat-topped and broken by cockpit step. Full chin radiator, and underside of rear fuselage upswept. Single, triangular rounded fin and rudder with fixed tailwheel. Equi-tapered tailplane with small cut·out and rounded tips mounted low on fin. Low wings, noticeable dihedral with fairly sharp taper, more on trailing that leading edge. Rounded tips. Shallow wing-root bath radiators under wing.
В начале 1960-х гг. "Бучоны" получили новую окраску.

Whose side are you on? Nearest the camera are three of the Hispano HA-1112 Buchons - essentially Merlin-powered Messerschmitt Bf 109s built under licence in Spain - used for filming, alongside a pair of Spitfires. The Buchons carry RAF camouflage and markings (note the underwing roundel on the nearest) as these three were used to make up the numbers during the memorable Polish Hurricane squadron training sequence.
Hispano HA-1112M1L Buchon D-FEHD, owned by Hans Ditters, based south of Frankfurt and painted as a Messerschmitt Bf 109, came to RAF Manston's Open Day on July 12, 1987. It was flown by Lufthansa pilot Walter Eichhorn who, despite discovering a badly bent propeller blade (the lower one in the picture), presumably caused during taxying, was able to continue with his display, a mock dogfight with Nick Grace's two- seat Spitfire ML407/G-LFIX. The bent blade was subsequently repaired by Dowty at Staverton.
The Spanish Buchon, G-BOML, operated by the OFMC and part of this year’s Breitling Fighter Collection, in which Mark Hannah was fatally injured.
‘Buchon’ C4K-144 became G-AWHP for the film ‘Battle of Britain’ and then moved to the USA where it was operated by the Confederate Air Force as NX8575 until suffering an accident in December 1987.
Nick Grace’s newly-restored Hispano Buchon at Duxford on May 10, 1988, sporting its civil registration in temporary black tape over Bf 109 colours. Behind G-BOML is Doug Arnold’s Spitfire IX, NH238.
One of the Hispano HA-1112s, finished to resemble a Messerschmitt Bf 109.
Painted as “Red 4” for the filming, Buchon C4K-105/G-AWHH is seen here on the ramp at Bovingdon in October 1968. After more than four decades in the USA, G-AWHH returned to the UK in 2017 and is once again airworthy.
An anonymous ‘Battle of Britain’ HA-1112M-1L at Jersey Airport, 1968.
The late Charles Church's Hispano HA-1112 Buchon G-HUNN at North Weald in November 1991 shortly before it was crated and shipped to new owners in the USA
The Hispano HA-1112 belonging to Bill Harrison of the Confederate Air Force, the day before it was written off in a landing accident.
As this season’s first major UK airshow, the Fighter Meet attracted a splendid selection of newcomers to the British warbird scene - as well as plenty of old favourites. One of the new arrivals is Aces High’s camera-ship B-25 Mitchell, N1042B/44-30823, seen in this picture in a formation flypast with Hans Ditters’ Hispano Buchon D-FEHD and Ray Hanna’s Spitfire IX MH434. All three have been filming Piece of cake - the B-25 in particular being no stranger to film work, as it was operated for many years by Tallmantz Aviation in the USA.
HA-1109-K1L был вооружен двумя 20-мм пушками и реактивными снарядами - новая машина стала обозначаться HA-1112-K1L. Вскоре после того, как HA-1112-K1L поступил на вооружение, стало ясно, что его боевой потенциал весьма невысок. Единственным реальным вариантом осталось переоснащение его на двигатель Rolls-Royce Merlin - в 1953 году была заказана партия моторов Merlin 500-45, а первый модернизированный самолет, обозначенный как HA-1109-M1L, поднялся в воздух 30 декабря 1954 года. Но самолет все же не был достаточно скоростным для истребителя - его использовали больше в качестве штурмовика. Серийные самолеты обозначались HA-1112-M1L, а в ВВС они получили обозначение C.4K (на фото), хотя неофициально их называли Buchon.
"Бучоны" в полете
Ракетные установки и пушка "Испано" HS-404 на штурмовике HA-1112K-1L.

Двухместный вариант HA-1112K.4L
Были выпущены также две спарки HA-1110-K1L. Оба учебных самолета переоснастили на новые двигатели, после чего они стали обозначаться HA-1112-M4L (фото).
Учебная "спарка" HA-1112M-4L.

C.4K 7/52 of Ala 7 de Cazabombardeo (Seville-Copero) after a failure of the port main undercarriage leg. This view shows to advantage the unusual paired rocket rails, the oil-cooler intake well forward on the nose, the starboard cannon installation, wheel wells and sideways-hinging canopy.
C.4K 7/7 of Ala 7 de Cazabombardeo with starboard undercarriage failure. Evident here is the large wing fence immediately outboard of the cannon.
Ground crew examine C.4K 7/10, again of Ala 7 de Cazabombardeo, prior to lifting it for removal from its unhappy resting-place after a starboard undercarriage failure. Details shown here include rocket rails, aileron mass-balances, flaps and slats and what appears to be a camera housing on the underside of the rear fuselage.
Two views of another of Ala 7’s C.4Ks, 7/37, this time apparently after swerving off the runway into a pile of oil drums (note oil on wing in top picture). The designation C.4K-44 appears on the fin, and the diving Pelican emblem of the unit is painted beneath the exhaust stubs.
It is not known how the tail surfaces of this C.4K of 36 Ala Mixta (Las Palmas-Gando) came to be in such a state, but it seems probable that another machine taxied into it. Only the leading edge of the port elevator remains, and the fin is torn open, exposing some of the internal structure.
A close-up of C.4K “138”, possibly after a nose-over on landing. As well as providing a good close-up of the oil cooler intake, this picture includes a number of CASA C-2111s (Merlin-engined Licence-built Heinkel He 111s) in the left background.
Confederate Air Force HA1112 N9939 after a mishap at Harlingen in October 1976.
Me HA-1109-M1L BUCHON. Data: Manufacturer La Hispano Aviacion S.A. Seville. Power: one Rolls-Royce 500-45 Merlin of 1,600 h.p. Accommodation: singleseater. Dimensions: span 32 ft. 6 1/2 in.; length 29 ft. 6 1/4 in.; heights 8 ft. 6 1/2 in. Weights: maximum 6,382 lb.; empty 5,461 lb. Performance: maximum sped 413 m.p.h.; cruising speed 376 mp.h.; initial rate of climb 2,350 ft. /min.; service ceiling 33,500 ft. ; endurance 1 1/2 hours.
A general arrangement drawing of the HA-1112-M1L, the definitive Spanish production development of the Bf 109G.
HA-1112K.1L
HA-1112M.4L