De Havilland Moth Minor / D.H.94
De Havilland - Moth Minor / D.H.94 - 1937 - Великобритания
Страна: Великобритания
Год: 1937

Двухместный туристический и учебный самолет
Moth Minor / D.H.94
Flight, October 1938
British Sport and Training types

Moth Minor / D.H.94

de Havilland DH.94 Moth Minor

  Еще 24 августа 1931 года фирма провела испытания единственного экземпляра самолета DH.81 Swallow Moth - низкоплана с открытой двухместной кабиной, оснащенного двигателем Gipsy IV мощностью 80 л. с. (60 кВт). Из-за большого количества заказов на другие варианты Moth работы по этому проекту прекратили, чтобы возобновить несколько лет спустя, но с учетом новых технологий, опробованных при создании DH.88 и Albatross. Прототип цельнодеревянного DH.94 Moth Minor впервые взлетел в Хэтфилде 22 июня 1937 года. Было развернуто серийное производство, и до начала Второй мировой войны построили 71 самолет, в том числе четыре в варианте Moth Minor Coupe, с более высокой хвостовой частью фюзеляжа и откидывающейся крышей кабины. В начале 1940 года, когда производство в Хэтфилде было загружено выпуском боевых самолетов, чертежи, комплектующие и построенные планеры Moth Minor были переданы "de Havilland Aircraft Pty Ltd" в Бэнкстауне, Сидней. Там были выпущены более 40 машин для австралийских ВВС.


  de Havilland DH.94 Moth Minor

  Тип: двухместный туристический и учебный самолет
  Силовая установка: один рядный поршневой двигатель de Havilland Gipsy Minor мощностью 90 л. с. (67 кВт)
  Летные характеристики: максимальная скорость на оптимальной высоте 190 км/ч; крейсерская скорость на оптимальной высоте 161 км/ч; начальная скороподъемность 180 м/мин; потолок 5030 м; дальность полета 483 км
  Масса: пустого 446 кг; максимальная взлетная 703 кг
  Размеры: размах крыла 11,15 м; длина 7,44 м; высота 1,93 м; площадь крыла 15,05 м2

Flight, October 1938

British Sport and Training types


  For some two years the development of a successor to the famous Moth series has been the special interest of Captain Geoffrey de Havilland, and the announcement of the Civil Air Guard scheme has merely served to speed up the work on the prototypes. The D.H.94, or Moth Minor, is a two seater open or closed training and touring low-wing monoplane in which constructional, simplicity, robustness and exceptionally good flying qualities have been aimed at.
  In production form it will be fully aerobatic, and for varied reasons, not the least important of which is the provision of a good take-off and climb, the makers have not attempted to obtain economy at the expense of necessary power. The engine will be the new 90 h.p. Gipsy Minor, which may be considered as a smaller and simplified version of the well-known Major.
  The low-wing type of monoplane was chosen largely because it permits a maximum view and because the structural differences involved in the open and closed types need to be very small. In each form the Moth Minor has been designed to be flown without ballast from either seat, and the pilot or pupil will normally take that, in front. There is a simple, but efficient, form of air brake, and the wings are arranged to fold for housing economy. The structure is straightforward, but no very intimate details have yet been published.
  Provisional Moth Minor Data : - Span, 36ft. 7in.; length, 24ft. 6in.; wing-area, 162 sq. ft.; all-up weight, 1,500 lb.; weight empty, 978 lb.; wing-loading, 9.3 Ib./sq. ft.; power-loading. 16.7 lb./h.p.; maximum speed, 120 m.p.h.; cruising speed, 105 m.p.h.; cruising range, 300 miles; and price, L575.
На снимке изображен G-AFPN - хорошо заметен характерный для Moth Minor большой перфорированный воздушный тормоз под центропланом, позволявший в том числе сократить посадочную дистанцию.
Часть Moth Minor строилась в варианте «купе» с откидным фонарем кабины, другие самолеты были переоборудованы по стандарту Moth Minor Coupe. G-AFNG - представитель последнего типа, его переоборудование было выполнено в 1954 году в Великобритании.
The D.H. "Moth-Minor" Two-seat Light Monoplane (90 h.p. D.H. "Gipsy-Minor" engine).
C.A.G. PROTOTYPE: The open-cockpit version of the new D.H. Moth Minor. Its form will be familiar to regular Hatfield visitors, since this and a cabin version has been in and out of the air for the past year. From its inception the D.H.94 has been the special interest of Capt. Geoffrey de Havilland himself, and, with the Air Guard scheme in action, it will now have its chance.
Following two years of development and test, and created out of the company’s accumulated experience of thousands of Moth aircraft in world-wide use, The de Havilland Aircraft Co., Ltd., announces the Moth Minor, a light aeroplane for training and personal ownership, of robust construction and superior performance, and combining exemplary flying qualities and ease of piloting with a new low level of first and running costs. Deliveries will commence in the Spring of 1939. For sheer reliability the Moth Minor is fitted with a Gipsy engine, the new 90 h.p. GIPSY MINOR
Снимок демонстрирует отличную устойчивость Moth Minor - оба пилота сняли руки с управления.
de Havilland D.H.94 Moth Minor.
The Strathallan Collection includes a fair cross-section of de Havilland types: Moth Minor G-AFPN.
Duncan Simpson in Strathallan's beautiful little Moth Minor, G-AFPN.
A pre-war de Havilland D.H.94 Moth Minor (c/n. 94020) two-seater (90-h.p. Gipsy Minor I), owned by Cercle Aerophile Geneve. Sole Swiss D.H.94.
VH-ACS made its first flight at Hatfield on August 14, 1939. As a result of some confusion with a sister aircraft during wartime repairs, it now carries the erroneous c/n 94072 instead of 94047, its true identity.
The de Havilland Factory and Aerodrome at Rongotai, New Zealand. The aircraft are D.H. Dominies, with a Fox Moth, a Puss Moth, a Moth Minor, and a Tiger Moth in the foreground.
The D.H. "Moth-Minor" Two-seat Light Cabin Monoplane (90 h.p. D.H. "Gipsy-Minor" engine).
CABIN VERSION: The new Moth Minor, which should be in production early next year, in its cabin form. It is a tandem-seater in which the pilot sits ahead, with a really good view forwards and over the leading edge.
The D.H. "Moth-Minor" Two-seat Light Cabin Monoplane (90 h.p. D.H. "Gipsy-Minor" engine).
During 1939 production of the D.H.94 Moth Minor reached eight per week. Only two were used by the Civil Air Guard.
DH94 Moth Minor Coupe G-AFNG on finals at the Woburn grass runway.
One of the star items was this splendid D.H.94 Moth Minor Coupe G-AFNG which arrived from Boscombe Down.
One of the few remaining de Havilland D.H.94B Moth Minor Coupes is G-AFNI (c/ n. 94018) built in 1939. There are several 2-seat D.H.94A Moth Minors still flying, the difference being that the canopy is absent and the rear fuselage is shallower. Power: 90-h.p. D.H. Gipsy Minor inline. Maximum speed: 118 m.p.h.
Intact but suffering from the effects of the British climate, having been stored in a barn since 1970, de Havilland Moth Minor G-AFOJ was acquired and recovered by the Mosquito Aircraft Museum in September 1991. One of only six surviving D.H.94s in the UK, 'OJ was obtained after many years of negotiation; the museum hopes to restore it to airworthiness, and Grapevine will be watching its progress.
Coupe D.H.94 Moth Minor G-AFOJ was owned by the Panshanger-based London Aeroplane Club during the Fifties. Today it may be seen at Salisbury Hall, the home of the Mosquito Aircraft Museum, where it is to be restored to airworthiness.
The Calais-based Moth Minor F-PFYR, which visited Lympne on 26/7/59 for the Bleriot celebrations, has a non-standard French-built coupe top. It was formerly F-BFYR, ex-G-AFNF, c/n. 94010.
The Gipsy Minor as installed in one of the D.H. Moth Minors now flying at Hatfield. This view shows the formation of the front of the air-scoop.