Flight 1939-07
Flight
A Merlin installed in an Armstrong Whitworth Whitley IV bomber. This aircraft is a standard type in the R.A.F.
Fiat C.R.32 single-seater fighter (Italy).
A DORNIER DEVELOPMENT: The Dornier Do. 215 which has been developed from the Do.17 and is said to be faster.
DORNIER DO 23. Shown here with air-cooled radials, this large military flying boat is believed to be used with liquid-cooled engines. The guns are mounted in turrets and defensive armament is installed in the extreme tail.
Fiat G.50 single-seater fighter (Italy).
A British quartet impressively grouped: the Speed Spitfire, Hurricane, Oxford and Wellington.
Flt. Lt. Reynell’s aerobatic display on a Hawker Hurricane was one of the high-spots of the meeting.
GOOD COMMUNICATIONS: Two very ordinary Junkers Ju. 52s - but interesting because they are two of the Eurasia Aviation Corporation’s five, and are on the aerodrome at Sianfu, China. The company also used one Junkers W.33 and two W.34s. Until a few months ago the Eurasia operating base was at Chungking, but with the advancing war their base has now been transferred to Kunming, which was previously known as Yunnanfu. The most recent extension of the Eurasian network has been to Kami, near the U.S.S.R. border
Three Morane 406 fighters of the French Air Force make a low fly-past.
The MS 406 with the Bronzavia exhaust collectors fitted to early production aircraft.
Savoia Marchetti S.79 bomber (Italy).
"Спитфайры" в полете. 1939г.
“MONOPLACES DE CHASSE CRACHE FEU”: Spitfire eight-gun fighters ot the squadron which in company with formations of Hurricanes, Blenheims, Hampdens and Wellingtons represented Great Britain in the great parade of aerial and terrestrial might staged in Paris last week.
"Спитфайры", только что вышедшие из сборочного цеха
Supermarine Spitfire eight-gun fighter monoplanes with Rolls-Royce Merlin engines. The Spitfire, in service in large numbers with the R.A.F., is officially credited with a maximum speed of 367 m.p.h.
A general view of the Show, with the Junkers Ju.87, exhibited for the first time, in the foreground.
Formation by nine Fairey Battles of the Belgian Air Force.
Trying out the synchronising gear on a Hart at the stop-butts. It may be that the days of firing through the arc of the airscrew are numbered, but pupils still have to learn to correct stoppages.
THIS WEEK’S GREAT ANNIVERSARY: On Tuesday a banquet was held in London to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the first flight across the English Channel, made by Louis Bleriot in 1909. Bleriot - who died three years ago - is seen in this picture, and the historic arrival at Dover is also shown.
WELCOME STRANGER: The American Consolidated 28-5 flying boat which has been acquired by the Air Ministry for experimental work and which was delivered by air last week. It is said to have a range, with a small military load, of over 4,000 miles. The stabilising floats retract outward and upward to form wing-tips.
FOR FELIXSTOWE TESTS: The Consolidated Model 28-5 flying-boat which will shortly be delivered to Felixstowe from San Diego via Botwood, Newfoundland. Botwood will be the only stop, though the total distance will be 5,750 miles. The engines are Twin Wasps and the machine bears the British Service registration P.9630.
Heinkel He 111K bomber (Germany).
The Fokker G.I multi-purpose monoplane makes its final fly-past at Haren, with the terminal building (and F.W. Condor) in the distance and the nose of a Junkers Ju. 86 in the foreground.
A well-tried British trainer - the Miles Magister
The Second Gosport Reunion at Brooklands: Standing in front of the Avro 504 are Col. Smith-Barry and Capt. Balfour. Between them is Col. George Philippi, and standing on the skid of the Avro is Wing Cdr. Hammersley, now chief instructor of the London University Air Squadron. On the extreme left is Group Captain Robb, Commandant of the C.F.S.
Learning to keep formation. Airspeed Oxfords are used to train pilots in flying twin-engined bombers.
A British quartet impressively grouped: the Speed Spitfire, Hurricane, Oxford and Wellington.
Before and after the passage of a warm front. In the better weather conditions of the late afternoon, the A. W. Eddystone prepares to return to Croydon.
The mock-up is one of the most realistic and complete we have ever seen.
Finally comes a comparatively modern Merlin installation in the Hawker Henley.
Cant Z 506 B (Italy). A twin-float seaplane used for reconnaissance, patrol, bombing and torpedo dropping.
A set-piece by 27 Hispano-engined Fairey Foxes to signify the occasion - the twenty-fifth birthday of the Belgian Air Force.
Before and after the passage of a warm front. In the picture the Air Council D.H.86, bringing Sir Kingsley Wood, arrives in one of the many downpours. The machines behind the 86 are the Gladiators.
Another Belgian display with British equipment - Belgian Air Force Gladiators.
The Rolls-Royce experimental section at Hucknall used the Hawker Fury for experiments with cooling systems.
The Fokker G.I multi-purpose monoplane makes its final fly-past at Haren, with the terminal building (and F.W. Condor) in the distance and the nose of a Junkers Ju. 86 in the foreground.
FOKKER DEVELOPMENTS: The reconnaissance version of the G.I (two Mercuries), showing the observation compartment.
TWO MORE FROM BRUSSELS: The Bloch 151C1 bicanon fighter
A British quartet impressively grouped: the Speed Spitfire, Hurricane, Oxford and Wellington.
“Escadrille de 9 avions Vickers-Wellington - vol en echelon refuse vers la droite.”
TAKING-UP FORMATION: Especially during the air exercises last week-end, quite large formations of Wellingtons have been in evidence. Even a quartet of these impressive aeroplanes makes an inspiring spectacle
Wellington I L4288 leads three other 9 Sqn Wellingtons over the English countryside for the benefit of Charles E. Brown’s camera in 1939. L4288 crashed near Honington on October 30 of that year after a mid-air collision. Note the single front gun with its cover fitted.
The Wellington I, on the Air Ministry stand, is the largest aircraft in the Show
The use of jacks and trunnion mountings facilitates moving the wings about and turning them over while the fabric is being attached.
Panels of inner wing portion in their jigs.
Manoeuvrability is an outstanding quality of the Wellington.
Top panel of rear fuselage portion in its jig.
One of the complete side panels of a fuselage, ready to be put in the jig for attachment to the top and bottom panels. Below is seen a fuselage nearing completion in its assembly jig.
«Веллингтоны» Mk. I из 149-й эскадрильи над Парижем в ходе визита в День взятия Бастилии. 14 июля 1939 г.
"SECRETS TRAVEL FAST IN PARIS" - Napoleon. Wellingtons over Paris during the recent "flag-showing" visit of British bomber squadrons to France. Those acquainted with the French capital will recognise the Invalides in this impressive photograph. The picture was secured from another Wellington in the formation, and the “dish-pan” cowling of one of the Pegasus XVIII engines can be seen.
A main spar fuselage frame. This serves as one of the key foundations for the whole fuselage assembly. On the right is the double frame which carries the tailplane and tail wheel. This is assembled as a complete unit.
Fuselage top panel temporarily supported in jig in readiness for attachment to fuselage sides. In the background can be seen one of the tailplane frames
This aerial photograph gives a good idea of the Wellington's external appearance. It also shows the excellent provision for admitting daylight.
The Wellington, with its extremely long range, has comprehensive tankage arrangements. The tanks (riveted by the De Bergue system) taper in conformity with the wing.
A fuselage with its primary structure complete and the wing centre-section attached.
Inner main plane spar with wing root ribs. The spar booms are joined on the centre line of the fuselage.
After removal from the jig the fuselage is placed on trestles to have the equipment installed. The two pictures show two stages in this process
A port outer wing portion in the covering shop - the two-position centre-section attachments can be seen.
A striking study showing the formation of the geodetic structure and the interior as seen from the rear catwalk. On the left is the hot-air pipe which runs practically the whole length of the fuselage.
The rear section of the fuselage, looking toward the tail turret, with the chute for the reconnaissance flares protuding on the left amidships.
A certain number of the Wellingtons delivered to the R.A.F. are fitted with dual control, as shown here. The visual indicator for the undercarriage occupies the central position on the main instrument panel.
(Left) Details of the construction of a fuselage main frame: The side panels are attached by slightly channeled plates riveted to the geodesics and bolted to the fuselage frame. The lugs for spar attachment are bolted through to stress-distributing forgings on the inside.
(Right) The main spar passes through the fuselage but is not attached to it. The front and rear spars are joined to the fuselage frames by cardan joints, as shown in this sketch.
The main wing spar has tubular booms and channel-section braces The joint between inner spar portion and the wing rib adjacent to the fuselage is made on the neutral axis and not at the flanges.
The fuel tanks are carried in the wings of the Wellington. They are built in sections, connected by Silentbloc joints. The wooden rails facilitate sliding the tanks into the wing. Connections between tanks are made by flexible tubes.
In the Wellington the wing fabric is attached to the geodesics by bolts and wires.
Details of spar construction: The spar has double tube booms in the inner portion and single tube in the outer.
The elevator tube runs on rollers carried on “horseshoes” on the tailplane spar, instead of the more orthodox hinge arrangement.
Landing-flare chutes (with automatically opening doors) are installed in the wing roots. Parachute reconnaissance flares, are released through a chute in the side of the fuselage.
The inner main spar passes through the engine nacelle, and supports it, and the spar of the outer wing portion is bolted to it inside the nacelle covering
The four sketches show (top left) how the attachment points of the top and side fuselage panels are staggered; (top right) how the main stringers are bolted to the geodesics, but intermediate stringers are merely located by cords - the fabric is attached to the main stringers only; (bottom left) how, where the geodesics cross, they are secured by “butterflies”; and how the geodesics are attached to the longerons.
Serrated plate joints are used where the double-tube booms of the spar join the single-tube booms of the outer wing portion
Two oleo-pneumatic struts form the basis of each undercarriage structure.
Breda 88 fighter-bomber (Italy).
Caproni Ca 135 bomber (Italy).
ECHOS FROM EVERE: The shapely monoplane is one of the three Breguet 690s of l’Armee de l’Air which shot up the aerodrome with such shattering effect.
Three more new French types that aroused plenty of interest - the LeO 45 bombers.
Breda 65 ground-attack machine (Italy).
Observers studying courses, with a Shark waiting in the background.
A flight of Skuas over Lee-on-the-Solent. In the foreground are Sharks.
FIRST IN SERVICE: A Saro Lerwick flyingboat is already being operated from the R.A.F. Station, Calshot. Each wing-tip float is mounted on two struts, which, while being flexible for shock-absorbing purposes, are claimed to be equal in strength to the normally braced type.
SIR KINGSLEY WOOD inspecting one of the Lerwicks at the Saunders-Roe works. The Lerwick has two Bristol Hercules engines driving de Havilland constant-speed airscrews and has the following measurements: length 63ft., span 81ft. and height 20ft.
A rating pilot, taking the seaplane course, prepares for an instructional flight in a Walrus.
TWO MORE FROM BRUSSELS: The Fokker T8.W torpedo-bomber seaplane; the torpedo is carried internally.
Low clouds prevented the Fleet Air Arm Skuas from dive-bombing, but the pilots managed to carry out the close-range converging attack in their programme. The mobile building which can just be seen on the aerodrome is the aircraft carrier "island" used for the dummy deck-landing demonstration.
A flight of Skuas over Lee-on-the-Solent. In the foreground are Sharks.
The Fairey P.4 has the new Merlin RM2M with Rotol airscrew
Central Scotland Airport’s building layout, with the terminal between the two large hangars - a picture taken shortly before the opening ceremony, while the guests and visitors were indoors.
The complete installation of the Merlin III in the new Belgian Renard R.38 fighter is of Rolls-Royce design. Belgium is but one of the countries which has standardised on Rolls-Royce engines over a period of years.
Exhibited in semi-mock-up form at the last Brussels Show, the Renard R.37 fighter (Gnome-Rhone 14N) now appears like this. A Merlin can be installed
Before and after the passage of a warm front. In the picture the Air Council D.H.86, bringing Sir Kingsley Wood, arrives in one of the many downpours. The machines behind the 86 are the Gladiators.
British power: De Havilland Gipsy Twelve (with the Moth Minor in the background)
The prototype D.H. Flamingo, which is now fitted out for passenger carrying, has been taken over by Jersey Airways as a preliminary to further orders. It is shown here flying over the coast of Jersey near St. Helier.
FLAMINGO VISITS GUERNSEY; A courtesy call during a demonstration trip with Jersey Airways’ new type.
The Flamingo outside the impressive Jersey terminal building.
At Hendon last Monday. A general view of some of the aeroplanes on view, with the nose of the Fairey "Hendon" in the foreground.
The unusual installation of the Kestrels in the Fairey Hendon bomber featured radiators in front of the “trousers” and a peculiar exhaust system, forerunner of the “ramshorn” type.
A front view of the production Cygnet showing the good ground range of vision through the moulded screen and the increased depth of the cabin.
A three-quarter view of the Cygnet with one door slid back on its runners. The tricycle undercarriage is now fully cantilever. A Cirrus Major engine is fitted to the first production machine which is shown here.
In this view of the production Cygnet the way in which the deeper cabin fairs into the monocoque fuselage is clearly shown, with one of the two split flaps.
This simplified cut-away drawing of the G.A. Cygnet shows the basic structure at and around the centresection. The wings, tailplane and rear fuselage are stressed-skin. The mounting of the forward undercarriage leg on the strengthened bulkhead is interesting.
When not in use, the seat cushions tip up so that there is no need to put muddy feet on them when entering the machine. Both seats have a sliding adjustment.
The cabin layout, showing the wide entry on each side with the new sliding doors. These can be left in any position while flying - making the machine, if preferred, into an “open-air” type in hot weather.
A V.D.M. spinner on the Miles Master
Mr. H. W. C. Skinner, chief test pilot, does a "straight and level" above the clouds on a production Master.
Undercarriage and landing light installation. The wheels turn 90° during retraction.
Miles Masters (Rolls-Royce Kestrel XXX) on the production line at Reading.
The complete wing of a Master showing the formation of the centre gulled portion.
There is no doubt that, in the Master, Service trainees will have "a real aeroplane." The top speed of over 260 m.p.h. can be credited on examining this view.
Semi-monocoque fuselages in train for Masters.
Showing how, for landing, the instructor can raise himself to obtain a good view. The raising of the windscreen is automatic.
The “business quarters” of the Master, our latest Service trainer. A key to the instruments, which are numbered in the drawing, appears on the right.
A typical control run on the Master, showing the application of the neat rubber-tyred ball races.
Inspiring aerial impression by John Yoxall, Flight’s chief photographer. The aircraft is Capt. Edgar Percival’s Mew Gull.
ELECTRIC: Last week, meteorologically speaking, was one of cold, warm and lukewarm fronts, tendencies to local thunder, and other such odd mixtures which keep C.A.G. aspirants on the ground and raise sailplane pilots to new altitude records. Capt. Percival in his Mew Gull, and Flight's chief photographer, went in search of pictorial possibilities. Here is one of them.
Hanriot over the hydrangeas: the NC 600 twin-engined fighter.
ECHOS FROM EVERE: German Bucker Jungmeister aerobatic trainers of the unit which demonstrated at Evere.
THE NEW STRATOLINER: As already recorded, the second Boeing 307 has recently been carrying out full-scale pressure-cabin experiments. The machine concerned, the 307S., is remarkable for the extra fin area provided. Mr. Howard Hughes is shortly to take delivery of a special long range version of the 307, with tankage for 4,200 British gallons.
INAUGURAL TERMINATION: “Observers” and official passengers transferring from the Yankee Clipper to one of Imperial's Power boats after arrival at Hythe at the conclusion of the first regular mail service across the North Atlantic.
The 1939 model no longer has the characteristic Stinson cowling.
VISITING OUT EAST: Thirty R.A.F. officers, led by A.V.-M. G.R.M. Reid, recently flew over from Aden to Djibouti, the port of French Somaliland, to watch the July 14 parade of the French Garrison. The rather antique aircraft in the background are Potez cabin machines.
A British quartet impressively grouped: the Speed Spitfire, Hurricane, Oxford and Wellington.
"Хайспид Спитфайр" на авиационной выставке в Брюсселе за несколько недель до начала войны. Обратите внимание на трехлопастный металлический винт
Beautifully faired and strikingly finished - the Speed Spitfire (specially boosted Merlin). Note the faired roots of the D.H. airscrew blades
The special Supermarine Spitfire (Rolls-Royce Merlin) used by the R.A.F. for high-speed research. Only a limited amount of information is available on this aircraft, but it is believed that since this picture was taken the cooling system has been improved.
The Speed Spitfire was actually built from the 48th production airframe, Spitfire K9834. Mutt Summers made N.17's maiden flight, from Eastleigh, on November 11, 1938.
REVOLUTION AND POSSIBLE EVOLUTION: One “sideshow” at the Brussels Show. A (slightly !) developed version of the Florinne helicopter, which at one time held the world’s record for such craft.
Mr. Philip Wills (with special altitude-rated hat) in the somewhat confined quarters of the Minimoa.
To say that this picture is reminiscent of 1918 - or perhaps of an American war film - casts no very serious reflection on the design of the French Morane 225s, seen taxi-ing out over the dusty aerodrome. They performed brilliantly.
FOKKER DEVELOPMENTS: The tandem-engined Fokker D.23 single-seater fighter is now doing its initial test flights. The prototype has Walter Sagittas, but the much more powerful Rolls-Royce Merlins or Daimler-Benz 601s may later be fitted.
TWO IN ONE: Twin-engine reliability with a single-engine layout is offered by the new Vega monoplane, which has the Unitwin engine, consisting of two in-line Menascos lying side by side and clutched to a single constant-speed airscrew. Take-off power of 590 h.p. is available at the shaft.
R.C.G. Slazenger, in the Cambridge Club's Kirby Kite, rose 7,200ft. in a storm cloud.
THE G-BOAT takes the air - a Flight photograph at Rochester last Friday.
FLEDGED: The short G-class boat Golden Hind touching down on the Medway last Friday after her first flight - an entirely successful one of 16 minutes. Mr. J. Lankester Parker, with Flt. Lt. E. Moreton as assistant pilot and Mr. George Cotton (chief engineer) as a passenger, made the test.
The size of Golden Hind is such as to dwarf the four big Bristol Hercules engines. The wing-tip floats are set proportionately farther out towards the tips than on earlier types.
The rear step of the “G” class boats is similar to that which has been found so successful on the Sunderland military boats. When this picture was taken the beaching trolley had not been dropped.
Interior view of the Rotax-Harley retractable searchlight in the nose. Teleflex controls give the beam elevating and traversing movement.
Some of the 2,160 sq. ft. of wing area is shown in this view, which suggests that while the boat is at moorings the passengers - trained to walk in the right places - might get plenty of exercise by promenading.
Exterior view of the Rotax-Harley retractable searchlight in the nose. Teleflex controls give the beam elevating and traversing movement. The view, incidentally, gives a good idea of the bottom plating.
View inside the hull of a “G” boat, showing not only the spaciousness but the general type of construction.
“Unlock controls before taking off” says the label on the uncomfortable-looking device poking into the pilot’s back. Until they are unlocked the device remains in this aggressive position.
The Z-section stringers are stabilised, midway between main frames, by shallow channel-section strips, as shown in this photograph.
As will be seen in this photograph taken in the partially finished Golden Hind, the control and instrument layout of the “G” class boat is very similar to that of the Empire type. One really noticeable difference is the fact that only the essential engine instruments are to be found on the right-hand side of the dashboard, the others being mounted in the engineer's own instrument panel at the rear of the navigation compartment.
THE SHORT "G" CLASS FLYING BOAT. Details of the Internal Construction and Layout of a 32-ton Aircraft
SHORT "G” CLASS FLYING BOAT. Four Bristol Hercules IV C engines.
A model of the projected French NC 110, which will have four Hispanos in tandem pairs driving concentric airscrews.
The Reid and Sigrist Trainer; Sqn. Ldr. Reid will, perhaps, be recognised standing nearby
Historical, to scale, and a flyer - Mr. G. W. Day won the Flight Trophy for scale models at the N.H.M.F.C. meeting with this 1911 Caudron.
The new Viking, showing wing section (Gottingen 535) - E. J. Furlong (pilot) on far side of nose.
Instrument panel of the Viking. The thin white upright object is the variometer, or climb-and-fall indicator