Airbus A319 / ACJ
Варианты:
Airbus - A319 / ACJ - 1995 - International
Страна: International
Год: 1995


Ближне- и среднемагистральный транспортный самолет средней вместимости
Airbus Industrie A319
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Airbus Industrie A319

Технический и коммерческий успех самолетов A320 подвигнул консорциум "Airbus" на разработку укороченной и удлиненной версий, соответственно меньшей и большей пассажировместимости относительно базовой модели. Вторым в семействе появился укороченный A319. Продвижение данной модели на рынок началось в мае 1992 года, но официально полномасштабное проектирование началось лишь в июне 1993 года. Главным отличием A319 от A320 стал фюзеляж, укороченный на семь секции шпангоутов. A319 имеет два салона двух классов и рассчитан на перевозку 124 пассажиров. Самолет сертифицирован для полетов с экипажем из трех человек.
  Сборка первого A319-100 началась в марте 1996 года, первый полет был выполнен в сентябре 1996 года, после чего начались летные испытания и полеты по программе сертификации самолета. Первой эксплуатацию самолетов A319 начала в мае 1996 года авиакомпания "Swissair". В отличие от самолетов Airbus более ранних моделей, которые собирались во Франции, сборка A319 была налажена в Германии на заводе фирмы, ныне известной как "Daimler-Benz Aerospace Airbus".
  Базовый вариант A319 имеет максимальную взлетную массу 64000 кг, но в варианте с дополнительными топливными баками максимальная взлетная масса увеличена до 68000, 70000 и 75 500 кг соответственно. С 1999 года заказчикам поставляется самолет бизнес-класса A319CJ. Семь дополнительных топливных баков позволяют A319CJ перевозить десятерых пассажиров в условиях повышенной комфортности на расстояние до 11 600 км. К сентябрю 1997 года консорциум "Airbus" получил заказы на постройку 148 самолетов A319.


ТАКТИКО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ

  Airbus Industrie A319

  Тип: ближне- и среднемагистральный транспортный самолет средней вместимости
  Силовая установка: два двухконтурных турбореактивных двигателя CFM International CFM56-5A4 или IAE V2522-A5 тягой по 97,86 кН; альтернативный вариант - два двигателя CFM International CFM56-5A5 или IAE V2524-AS тягой по 105,53 кН Характеристики: максимальная крейсерская скорость на высоте 11 885 м 903 км/ч; экономичная крейсерская скорость на высоте 11885 м 827 км/ч; дальность полета с максимальной полезной нагрузкой и навигационным запасом топлива 3518 км
  Массы: пустого снаряженного 40160 кг; максимальная взлетная 64000 кг
  Размеры: размах крыла 33,91 м, длина 33,80 м; высота 11,80 м; площадь крыла 122,40 м2
25 августа 1995г.: взлетел A319 - новейший представитель семейства реактивных лайнеров Airbus.
Первый A319 стал 546-м построенным самолетом в семействе A319/A320/A321. Первые два A319 остались в "Airbus", именно они использовались для 650-часовой программы летных испытаний. Самолет был сертифицирован с двигателями CFM56-5A/-5B и IAE V2500-A5, а чуть позже - с IAE V2524.
The A319 is the third member of the Airbus 'standard-body' family, and like its sisters will feature the widest fuselage cross-section of current single aisle aircraft.
Airberlin operates seven A319s, including D-ABFO (msn 3728), pictured at Hamburg.
Swiss-registered Airbus A319 HB-IOX (msn 3604) is one of eight in service with airberlin.
Компания "Air Canada" стала одной из первых, получивших A319. Первый самолет, A319-114 с двигателями CFM56-5A5, был передан ей 12 декабря 1996 года. Он имел двухклассную компоновку - 16 мест представительского класса (Executive Class) и 106 мест эконом-класса.
Air Canada is the North American launch customer for the A319, having ordered up to 35 aircraft to replace its large DC-9-30 fleet from 1996, and supplement the 34 A320s currently operated.
A busy line-up of aircraft from carriers including Mauritania Airlines, Air Cote d’Ivoire and Asky Airlines at Bamako, Mali in November 2018
VT-SCH (msn 3288) is one of 22 A319-100s used by Air India for short- and medium-haul services, together with 19 A320s and 20 A321's.
Airbus Industrie A319
Air Mauritius operates two Airbus A319-112s, including 3B-NBH (msn 1936) seen here, for short-haul services. The carrier intends to place an order for new single-aisles within the next year.
Air Serbia Airbus A319-131 YU-APC approaching Runway 26 at Stockholm-Arlanda on November 8, 2013 after flying from Belgrade.
Much of Alitalia's route network is short and medium haul, served by a fleet af A320 Family aircraft, pictured here, and E-Jets.
After returning its last Airbus A300-600R in 2009, American operated an all-Boeing fleet until the first A319 arrived in July 2013.
The America West's 12th A319-132 N812AW, c/n 1178, landing at Prestwick on 1/3/00 while on delivery from the Airbus factory at Finkenwerder to the airline's base at Pheonix, Arizona. America West operates its A319s with 12 first class and 112 economy class seats
America West Airlines' first A319 (of 22) was delivered on 8 October 1998 (1999)
Авиакомпания "Austrian Airlines" эксплуатирует не только самолеты A319, но и более крупные A320 и A321. Экипажи могут выполнять полеты на любом из этих трех типов.
Airbus A319-131 G-EUPJ (msn 1232) now wears the famous BEA scheme with the red square.
The retrojets have been painted by International Aerospace Coatings.
Although no Airbus type ever saw service with BEA, the airline becoming absorbed into British Airways (BA) in April 1974, one example of the manufacturer’s wares has been seen in BEA colours, with the painting of A319 G-EUPJ in the “red square” scheme in March 2019, as part of BA’s superb centenary “retrojet” celebrations.
All four British Airways retrojets pictured together at London Heathrow: Airbus A319-131 G-EUPJ (msn 1232) in British European Airways livery and three Boeing 747- 436s: G-BYGC (c/n 25823) in BOAC colours, G-CIVB (c/n 25811) in Negus livery and G-CIVB (c/n 27090) wearing Landor, lined up alongside A319-211 G-EUPU (msn 1384) in BA's current Chatham Dock livery.
British Airways showed off their first Airbus A319 D-AVYK, c/n 1082, the prospective G-EUPA, at Birmingham 22-23/9/99. The airline has thirty-nine of the type on order
British Airways is one of only a handful of European flag carriers to transition to a full commercial basis, although some of the changes made in recent years have not always gone down well with the airline’s employees. Recent cost-cutting measures led to the airline announcing better than expected results for the fourth quarter on May 20, 2002, reducing its pre-tax loss to £200 million for the full year to March 31, 2002, well ahead of market expectations. The company's 'Future Size and Shape' review, announced in February 2002, will be realised over the next two years and is aimed at driving costs down to protect the airline over the long term. Airbus A319-131 G-EUPA is one of 33 currently in service out of a total of 39 on order.
Pre-delivery shot of British Airways first Airbus A319-131 G-EUPA (c/n 1082, ex D-AVYK), which entered revenue service on October 7, 1999.
Following the merger of SN Brussels Airlines and Virgin Express last year, the amalgamated company announced on November 7, 2006 that the carrier will in future operate under the Brussels Airlines brand. Operations under the new name will commence on March 25, 2007, whilst until then flights will continue to be operated under the separate brand names of SN Brussels Airlines and Virgin Express. A new corporate colour scheme is also being adopted for the airline's aircraft, as seen here on SNBA's newly repainted A319-112 OO-SSG. Initial fleet for the merged airlines will be three Airbus A330-300s (with a fourth due to be added), three A319-100s, ten Boeing 737-300s/400s and 32 Avro RJ85s/RJ100s/BAe 146-200s.
Brussels Airlines A319 OO-SSG (msn 1160) on final approach to Brussels International Airport: one of 18 in the carrier’s fleet.
New Chinese carrier East Star Airline took delivery of this new production A319-112, B-6229 (c/n 2762, ex D-AVWJ), on May 12, 2006 at Toulouse on lease from GE Commercial Aviation Service (GECAS). The aircraft entered revenue service on May 22 operating a flight from Wuhan to Shenren. East Star is acquiring ten A320 family aircraft direct from Airbus and a further ten on lease from GECAS.
easyJet is one of the largest low-cost airlines in the world and is continuing an aggressive growth strategy. The carrier is expanding its fleet by adding Airbus A319s which have been specially modified with an extra over wing emergency exit to allow these aircraft to carry 156 passengers, instead of the previously allowed maximum of 149.
British Airways was historically one of easyJet's main rivals. The low-cost carrier frequently returned fire at BA in an attempt to carve out its place in the market
EasyJet has recently set up a Vienna-based subsidiary unit called easyJet Europe to protect its EU traffic rights after Brexit.
Low-cost carrier easyJet has introduced the first major change to its colours since the 1990s, with Airbus A319-111 G-EZDE (msn 3426) first to receive the carrier's revised livery. The new colours will feature on all new deliveries from April 2015. In-service jets will receive the colours in scheduled re-paints. Twenty-nine aircraft will have the scheme by the end of the year and half of the fleet by 2017.
Airbus A319-111 G-EZIO (msn 2512, ex D-AVWP) of easyJet was rolled out at Southend on November 18, 2012 after being painted with the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) titles on its rear fuselage. The budget airline partnered with UNICEF during the summer and winter seasons of 2012 to collect donations from passengers on behalf of the organisation.
EasyJet started flights from Southend in 2012 and has steadily grown its network from the Essex airport.
easyJet now has a fleet totalling more than 300 examples, which is around 50 more than its former rival BA
Немецкая компания "Eurowings" эксплуатирует пять A319-112 для чартерных и обычных перевозок на внутриевропейских маршрутах. Лайнеры имеют одноклассную компоновку на 142 места.
Airbus A319-119 D-ASTX (msn 3202), pictured at Manchester, is one of the first aircraft to transfer to Eurowings under the Lufthansa Group’s restructuring of Air Berlin. Thirty-three A320 family jets will move to Eurowings and three to Austrian Airlines.
Airbus A319-113s 5N-FNE and 5N-FND (fore) at Dublin International Airport on June 14, 2013, prior to delivery to First Nation Airways of Nigeria 15 days later.
Seen sporting two more eye-catching tail markings are Frontier Airlines Airbus A319s N901FR and N904FR, pictured at Denver recently. A change to the scheme is the large bold lettering which replaces a hand-written style of titling.
Airbus A319-119 D-ASTB (msn 4691, ex D-AVYO) of Gambia Bird at Lungi International Airport in Freetown, Sierra Leone, in late January 2014. The airliner was previously operated by Germania before being transferred to Gambia Bird in December 2012 and is one of two in service with the Gambian carrier. Gambia Bird was formed in 2012 with its main hub at Banjul-Yundum International Airport.
Germanwings has launched a new brand and livery combining its existing blackberry colour with Lufthansa's yellow and the 'double checked' logo on the tail.
A Germanwings A319 taking off from Heathrow in December 2013.
Germanwings is set for a rapid increase in its operations over the next two years.
Airbus A319-132 D-AGWT (msn 5043, ex D-AVYL) is the first example to be painted in Germanwings' new colours. The airliner is seen arriving at Cologne in Germany on December 19, 2012, from Shannon in Ireland, where the new scheme was applied.
Former Air Canada Airbus A319-112 C-GKOC (c/n 1886) has been returned to its lessor and was rolled out at Toronto-Pearson International Airport on July 15, 2006 in the colours of Hainan Airlines prior to delivery on lease to the Chinese carrier.
Indian Airlines Airbus A319-112 VT-SCF (c/n 2907 ex D-AVWT), the first directly purchased example for the carrier, was handed-over in Toulouse on October 17, 2006 and arrived at New Delhi/Indira Gandhi International Airport on October 19 following completion of its delivery flight. The aircraft is one of 43 Airbus aircraft (20 A319s, four A320s and 19 A321s) that were ordered by the airline in February 2006. A further six will be delivered in 2007, more than ten in 2008 and the remainder by 2010.
A new Chinese private carrier headquartered in Shanghai, Juneyao Airlines, took delivery of its first aircraft, new production Airbus A319-112 B6232 (c/n 2879, ex D-AVXN), on September 13, 2006 at Shanghai/Hongqiao International Airport. The aircraft, seen here at Hamburg/Finkenwerder on September 7 prior to delivery, is leased from GE Commercial Aviation Services (GECAS) and configured in an 128-passenger, two-class layout, including eight business class seats. In March 2006 the airline signed lease contracts with GECAS for two A319s and six A320s, whilst by January 2007 the carrier will receive two more A320s to serve on several domestic trunk routes connecting Shanghai, Changsha, Sanya, Taiyuan and Zhengzhou.
Private South American carrier Linea Aerea Nacional de Chile (LAN Chile) was elected the eighth oneworld airline and offered alliance services from June 2000, alongside the ninth member, Irish flag-carrier Aer Lingus.
"LAN Airlines"/"LANexpress". "LAN Airlines" (до июня 2004 года - "LAN Chile") - одна из немногих авиакомпаний, эксплуатирующих A318. В этой авиакомпании также летают 20 из 26 заказанных A319 (на снимке) и 18 из 27 A320. Марка LAN объединяет группу авиалиний с разнообразным авиапарком, но в конце 2008 года вся группа и ее филиалы получили самолеты серии A320. "LAN Airlines" получила 15 машин A318, десять A319, шесть A320, "LAN Argentina" - девять A320, "LANexpress" (ранее "Ladeco Airlines") - три A320 и "LAN Peru" - десять A319. Компания "LAN Airlines" стала первым заказчиком лайнеров A318 с двигателями PW6000, а ее A320 и A319 оснащены двигателями V2500.
THERE HAS been further airline industry change in Europe after the International Airlines Group (IAG) agreed to buy the assets of the Austrian carrier NIKI from the Air Berlin Group's administrators. The deal, which is subject to European Commission (EC) competition approval, will see IAG pay €20 million for assets, including up to 15 A320 Family aircraft and slots at Vienna, Dusseldorf, Munich, Palma and Zurich, and provide liquidity to NIKI of up to €16.5 million.
N301NB, the first of fifty Airbus A319-113S ordered by Northwest Airlines, was delivered to the airline by way of Prestwick and Goose Bay on 6/8/99. It was followed by N302NB on 10/8/99 and N303NB on 1/9/99. The final delivery will be in 2003
Qatar Airways’ pair of Airbus A319s have an all-Business Class seat configuration called Business One and are exclusively used on the Doha-Heathrow route.
Rossiya A319-111 VQ-BCP (msn 3998) is pictured departing London Southend for St Petersburg after repainting into the Russian carrier's distinctive new livery. Aeroflot is transferring its A319 fleet to its subsidiary to operate charter flights.
Airbus A319-111 VP-BDY (msn 2442, ex G-EZID) is one of two currently operated by RusLine of Moscow. The airliner has been leased by the carrier from RBS Aviation Capital since April 2012, and is seen at Dubai International Airport on November 30, 2012.
Scandinavian Airlines, the flag carrier for Norway, Denmark and Sweden, is to receive financial assistance from the governments of all three nations. Denmark and Sweden have each pledged $300m, while the carrier is set to benefit from a quarter of Norway's 6bn krone ($582m) industry-wide rescue package.
Airbus A319-131 D-AVXK (c/n 2850) 'Christian Valdemar Viking', which is due to become OY-KBO, is the first A319 for Scandinavian Airlines System and is seen here during pre-delivery test-flying at Hamburg/Finkenwerder on July 26, 2006. The aircraft is painted in a retro SAS colour scheme and was due for delivery to the airline in August.
Дальность полета A319 почти сравнима с более крупным A320, но пассажировместимость меньше, что делает его идеальным самолетом для линий с небольшим пассажиропотоком. A319 по удельному расходу топлива на 27% лучше, чем DC-9, и пользуется популярностью в авиакомпаниях, решивших заменить DC-9.
TAM Airlines A319 PT-TMA (msn 4000), one of 28 in service, seen departing Rio de Janeiro - Santos Dumont Airport, Brazil.
Создание A319 принесло успех "Airbus". K июню 2009 года было заказано 1528 самолетов данной модели, причем ряд заказчиков к тому времени уже эксплуатировали A320, что позволило добиться большей унификации их авиапарка.
State-owned TAP has enhanced representation in western Europe, but crucially offers connections to South America.
A320 оказал существенное влияние на развитие внутренних авиаперевозок в США - большое количество авиакомпаний, в том числе и "United Airlines", приобрели значительное количество A319.
Компания "US Airways" стала вторым по величине после "easyJet" оператором самолетов серии A320. В ней эксплуатируются три варианта машины: к августу 2009 года заказано 75 единиц A319, получено 66; заказано 75 единиц A320, получено 24; заказано 65 единиц A321, получено 44. Однако все эти машины - лишь часть парка компании, так как она также является главным арендодателем самолетов серии A320. В аренду сданы 27 A319, 45 A320 и один A321. 0дин из самолетов A320 компании "US Airways" 15 января 2009 года потерпел серьезную аварию - рейс 1549 произвел посадку на реку Гудзон после попадания птиц в оба двигателя. Все 148 пассажиров и экипаж остались живы.
First Airbus A319 for US Airways flew on 22 September 1998 (1999)
A319 N822AW (msn 1410) is painted in the colours of the Nevada state flag as a logo jet. US Airways continued the logo jet policy originally started by American West Airlines after the two carriers merged in 2005.
US Airways unveiled Airbus A319-112 N709UW on October 5, 2006 in this new paint scheme featuring the logo and colours of the Philadelphia Eagles football team. Philadelphia-based US Airways is the official airline of the Eagles.
During a delivery ceremony at the manufacturer's Hamburg/Finkenwerder factory on May 30, 2006, Mexican low-cost carrier Volaris took delivery of its first two directly ordered A319s, including A319-132 N501VL (c/n 2771, ex O-AVWP, to be XA-VOA) seen here. Volaris placed an order for 16 A319s, with options on a further 40 A320 family aircraft in January and already has four leased A319s in service.
Paris-based Aero Services Corporate Airbus A319CJ F-GSVU arrives at Orlando Executive Airport on October 15, 2006 for display in the NBAA static park as part of the major Airbus presence at the convention.
Airbus Corporate Jetliner (ACJ). Решив вступить в конкуренцию с "Boeing" и ее бизнес-джетом BBJ (Boeing Business Jet), в 1996 году "Airbus" объявила о запуске программы A319CJ (Corporate Jet). Самолет был создан к 1999 году и рассчитан на перевозку 8-50 пассажиров на дальность около 11 670 км, что соответствует беспосадочному перелету из Франкфурта в Лос-Анджелес или из Лос-Анджелеса в Токио. Высокая стандартизация с базовым A319 позволяет авиакомпаниям в сжатые сроки переоборудовать бизнес-джет в обычный авиалайнер - в итоге в линейке A319 появился A319LR с большой дальностью полета. 13 июня 1999 года ACJ совершил беспосадочный перелет из Тулузы в Буэнос-Айрес, преодолев за 14 ч 50 мин расстояние в 12140 км, а 16 августа 1999 года самолет получил сертификат типа от европейского агентства JAA (Объединенные авиационные администрации, сегодня их функции выполняет Европейское агентство по авиационной безопасности, EASA). Доведение базового A319 до ACJ осуществляется за счет дополнительной установки до шести топливных баков, что позволяет увеличить дальность полета до 11 667 км. Первый A319CJ был поставлен Кувейту (1999 год), после чего компания "Airbus" разработала модели бизнес-джетов A320 Prestige и A318 Elite.
Lufthansa Technik at Hamburg has completed the six-month interior outfitting and customisation of the first Airbus A319-112 Corporate Jetliner for the Italian Air Force, MM62173 (c/n 1002, ex D-AJWF), seen here outside the Hamburg facility. The aircraft was formally delivered to the customer at the VIP Centre at Hamburg in a ceremony on February 15, 2000 and officially entered service following a further official presentation to a delegation led by the Italian Prime Minister, Dr Massimo D’Alema, in Rome on March 7. The Italian aircraft is the third ACJ to be delivered, two others having already joined major corporations. A second example, MM62174 (c/n 1157 ex D-AVWE), will join the Italian Air Force later this year, both examples being operated by 31° Stormo's 306° Gruppo, replacing the two VIP DC-9-32s currently in service.
Airbus A319-115CJ Corporate Jet TC-ANA (msn 1002, ex TC-TCB) recently transported the Turkish Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, to Budapest, for a meeting with his Hungarian counterpart, Viktor Orban. The aircraft is seen at Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport on February 5, 2013. It entered service with the Turkish Government in February 2005.
One of up to three Airbus A319-115s that have entered service with the PLAAF.
Slovak interior ministry Airbus A319-115XCJ OM-BYA (msn 1485) on take-off from Larnaca International Airport, Cyprus on August 30, 2018 bound for Ukraine and Serbia.
Airbus A319-115XCJ OM-BYA (msn 2550) operated by the Slovak interior ministry at Larnaca International Airport, Cyprus on August 30, 2018 transported Slovak peacekeepers from Bratislava-lvanka.
Airbus A319-115X Corporate Jet 2801 (c/n 2801, ex D-AVWU), the first of two ordered in March for the Czech Republic Air Force, was formally unveiled in a ceremony at Hamburg on July 21, 2006. The aircraft is scheduled for delivery in December this year, once interior outfitting has been completed by Lufthansa Technik at its facilities in Hamburg. The second aircraft will be delivered in September 2007.
Hungarian Air Force Airbus A319-112 605 at Larnaca.
Magyar Legiero (Hungarian Air Force) Airbus A319 605 (msn 3865) seen at RAF Waddington, Lincolnshire during a crew training mission from its home station on August 24, 2018. The aircraft is one of two former commercial frames operated by the Magyar Legierd's Airlift Squadron Teve' based at the 59th Air Base, Kecskemet. Both aircraft were delivered to the Magyar Legiero in January 2018.
A319 15+03 Open Skies on the apron at Koln-Bonn Wahn.
The Open Skies Airbus ACJ319 was modified to incorporate apertures on the underside of the fuselage for cameras