Airbus A321
Варианты:
Airbus - A321 - 1993 - International
Страна: International
Год: 1993


Ближне- и среднемагистральный транспортный самолет средней вместимости
Airbus Industrie A321
Фотографии

Airbus Industrie A321

Длиннофюзеляжный A321 стал первым самолетом, спроектированным на основе A320, который появился на рынке. Самолет A321 был анонсирован в мае 1989 года, официальная презентация модели состоялась в ноябре того же года. По сравнению с A320, фюзеляж A321 длиннее на 6,94 м. Удлинение фюзеляжа сделано за счет вставок перед и за крылом длиной соответственно 4,67 и 2,67 м. В более длинном фюзеляже помещается до 200 пассажиров в конфигурации с салонами одного эконом-класса или 185 пассажиров в варианте с салонами первого и эконом-классов. Другие конструкционные изменения коснулись аварийных люков, расположенных над крылом, доработки топливной системы, усиления конструкции планера и шасси, установки двухщелевых закрылков. В целом же, A321 конструктивно очень близок самолетам A320 и A319. В программе летных испытаний было задействовано четыре самолета, собранных на новом заводе фирмы "Daimler-Benz Aerospace Airbus" (ныне EADS) в Гамбурге. Первый из этих четырех самолетов выполнил первый полет 11 марта 1993 года. На нем установили два двухконтурных турбореактивных двигателя V2530-A5 тягой по 133,45 кН. Второй самолет впервые поднялся в воздух в мае 1993 года с альтернативной силовой установкой из двух ТРДД CFM56-5B. Самолет A321 получил европейский сертификат летной годности в декабре 1993 года для варианта с двигателями V2530-A5 и в феврале 1994 года в варианте с двигателями CFM56-5B. Первый самолет был поставлен авиакомпании "Lufthanza" в январе 1994 года, его эксплуатация началась в марте того же года.
  Базовая модель A321-100 имеет максимальную взлетную массу 83 000 кг с запасом топлива 23 700 л. Базовый вариант дополняет модель A320-200 с увеличенной дальностью полета. Самолет A321 -200 был собран в апреле 1995 года по заказу авиакомпании "Aero Lloyd", предназначен он прежде всего для использования на чартерных рейсах во время курортных сезонов, а также для эксплуатации в Северной Америке. Планер самолета A321-200 усилен, мощность силовой установки повышена - в частности используются двигатели CFM56-5B2 тягой по 137,89 кН; установлен дополнительный топливный бак емкостью 2900 л, что позволило увеличить дальность полета примерно на 760 км; максимальная взлетная масса увеличена до 88995 кг.
  Первый A321-200 был поставлен авиакомпании "Airwold/ILFC" в марте 1997 года. К ноябрю 2008 года "Airbus" получил всего 736 заказов на сборку самолетов A321. Ведутся работы по созданию грузовой модификации A321F в рамках программы "Airbus Freighter Conversion".


ТАКТИКО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ

  Airbus Industrie A321-100

  Тип: ближне- и среднемагистральный транспортный самолет средней вместимости
  Силовая установка: два двухконтурных турбореактивных двигателя CFM56-5B1 или два 1AEV2530-A5 тягой по 133,45 кН
  Характеристики: максимальная крейсерская скорость на высоте 11885 м 903 км/ч; экономическая крейсерская скорость на высоте 11 885 м 840 км/ч; длина разбега (с двигателями CFM56-5B1) 2290 м; дальность полета со 150 пассажирами и навигационным запасом топлива 4259 км
  Массы: пустого снаряженного 47 852 кг; максимальная взлетная 83000 кг
  Размеры: размах крыла 34,09 м; длина 44,51 м; высота 11,80 м; площадь крыла 122,40 м2
Хотя позже лайнер A321-211 был передан "Virgin Atlantic", здесь он изображен в "ливрее" "Virgin Sun".
11 марта 1993г.: первый полет совершил A321 - удлиненный вариант лайнера Airbus A320, спроектированный в качестве конкурента Boeing 757-200.
Фирма "Airbus" представляла A330 лидером рынка, особенно из-за задержек с созданием лайнера Boeing 787. Однако в эпоху высоких цен на топливо A340 - четырехдвигательный собрат A330 - выглядел куда менее привлекательным.
27 февраля 2009г.: компания "Airbus" передала 500-й A321, A321-211 (F-GTAU), заказчику - компании "Air France". Он был передан на заводе в Финкенвердере (Гамбург), где выпускаются все авиалайнеры "Airbus" с одним межкресельным проходом.
Winglets
Aer Lingus Airbus A321 prior to delivery from what is now DaimlerChrysler (1999)
"Аэрофлот" располагает большим парком самолетов семейства A320: 15 машин A319-100, 33 - A320-200 и 16 - A321-200 (на снимке). Российский оператор оценил надежность и эффективность самолета, заказав еще 14 машин A320 и 8 - A321.
The consolidation of Air Canada’s operations in Terminal 3 at Toronto Pearson International Airport has helped the carrier, according to its executives.
The two oldest former Thomas Cook A321s, G-DHJH (cln 1238) and G-NIKO (c/n 1250), are to be converted for freighter use by Elbe Flugzeugwerke in Seletar, Singapore. The jets are expected to join Stansted-based Titan Airways later this year.
GAMCO offers the most extensive total technical service in the Middle East, an example being the work carried out on Airbus A321, TC-ALL, of Turkish operator Alfa.
Airbus A321 in non-standard All Nippon Airways colours (1999)
Austrian Airlines has introduced subtle changes to its colour scheme. The previous light blue has disappeared, new paintwork applied to the engine casings and ‘My Austrian' added to the fuselage. The belly now bears the word ‘Servus’, which is the Austrian slang for ‘hello’. The livery is seen here on A321-200 OE-LEC (msn 581) at Manchester.
Система ограничения критических режимов. Современные гражданские самолеты оснащаются специальными цифровыми системами, задачей которых является не допустить выход ЛА на режимы, угрожающие безопасности полета. В частности ими отслеживается максимально допустимая для воздушного судна перегрузка и выход на критические углы атаки. Европейский концерн "Airbus" впервые применил эту систему на лайнерах семейства A320, эксплуатирующихся с 1988 года (на снимке - A321). Аналогичные системы устанавливаются и на лайнеры компании "Boeing". Подходы "Airbus" и "Boeing", правда, различаются: европейская система жестко ограничивает режимы полета, тогда как на американской машине можно продолжить выполнение маневра, приложив дополнительные усилия к органам управления.
G-MEDF, the first of two A321-231s for British Mediterranean Airways, was ferried from Finkenwerder to Luton on 28/2/02. After completing pre­service checks and modifications it was delivered to Heathrow on 6/3/02
British Midland's Airbus A321-200 G-MIDL carries the names of the present Star Alliance partners.
One of recent first time visitors to Malta was Airbus A321 OO-CPS of Brussels International Airlines, flying an Air Belgium flight
Air Livery at Manchester Airport recently repainted two Gulf Air Airbus A321-231s, which have since rejoined the airline after a period in storage. Both A9C-CE (msn 5321, front) and -CF (msn 5336, rear) were originally delivered to the carrier on December 27, 2012 but returned to Airbus on February 13, 2013 as F-WXAF and F-WXAG respectively for temporary storage at Tarbes-Lourdes-Pyrenees Airport in France. The pair was rolled out of the paint shop on April 1, 2014 and departed Manchester the following day.
Noted departing Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport in Germany on July 1, 2013 was B-9957 (msn 5674, ex D-AVZZ), the first and only A321-211 to date ordered for Juneyao Airlines. It routed from Finkenwerder via Tolmachevo Airport in the Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia, to Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport in the People's Republic of China as DKH9957. The airline currently flies 31 A320-214s.
Laudamotion is a new European low-cost carrier planning to start scheduled operations in April 2018. Established by ex-F1 driver Niki Lauda, the airline has been formed using assets of the former Niki operation acquired from the Air Berlin group's administrators. Laudamotion is planning to expand to 30 aircraft within three years. Ryanair is a 24.9% shareholder, a holding that could rise to as much as 75%, subject to Euro regulatory approval.
Level will add three more Airbus A321-211s in Vienna this year to join the seven examples already operated from there, including OE-LCF (msn 1966) seen arriving at London Gatwick in December 2018.
Первым заказчиком лайнеров A321 была "Lufthansa", начавшая использовать этот самолет на своих европейских маршрутах в марте 1994 года.
Lufthansa’s A321 ‘retrojet’, D-AIDV (msn 5413).
Airberlin has reaffirmed its commitment to NIKI, its Austrian-based subsidiary that operates A320 family aircraft - A321-211 OO- LEW (msn 4611) is seen during pushback at Berlin Tegel.
Scandinavian Airline System is attempting to attract passengers by lowering fares for business passengers without going the whole hog to become a low-cost carrier.
Авиакомпания TACA эксплуатирует четыре самолета A321, кроме того парк самолетов авиакомпании включает девять самолетов A319 и 25 - A320.
По пассажировместимости A321 занимает нишу между самолетами Boeing 737-400 и Boeing 757. Самолет A321 является достойным конкурентом обоим авиалайнерам американского производства.
One of Thomas Cook's latest special schemes is this livery on Thomas Cook Airways' Manchester-based A321-211G-TCDV (msn 1972) promoting one of the company’s leisure hotel brands. Another A321 in the group. Condor's D-ATCD (msn 6639), wears a livery promoting Sentido Hotels.
A321 (изображенный на фотографии самолет принадлежит компании "Vietnam Airlines") отличается удлиненным фюзеляжем и возможностью установки различных двигателей. В данном случае это турбовентиляторные двигатели V2533-AS.
В распоряжении "Розы Ветров" находились два лайнера A321-231
Airbus A321-231 YI-AQU (msn 1878, ex TC-ATO) of Iraqi carrier Zagrosjet seen on approach to Amsterdam-Schiphol during the airline’s second flight to the Netherlands, on July 3, 2014. The Dutch capital was one of two European destinations added to Zagrosjet's expanding network at the end of June, the other being Munich in Germany. A year on from launching operations, the carrier now serves nine destinations via 29 return flights per week from its home base at Erbil in Kurdistan, northern Iraq. It currently operates three aircraft, the other two being A320s.
Airbus A321-231 EI-FDP (msn 1004, ex TC-OAL) was at Dublin Airport in Ireland on February 24, 2014 having arrived back from East Midlands Airport, Leicestershire, where it was painted in the livery of the Belgian Air Force. The airliner was previously operated by Onur Air of Turkey, and on delivery it will become CS-TRJ on the Portuguese register, as it will be operated by HiFly of Lisbon on lease to Belgium. The A321 will replace the A330-321 currently used by Belgium as a long-range transport, which is also leased from HiFly.
Hi Fly has a contract with Belgian Ministry of Defence for the wet lease of A321-200 CS-TRJ (msn 1004). The A321 is the only single aisle aircraft in the Hi Fly fleet.
Sharklets
Air Canada Rouge resumed fare-paying flights in November 2020
Airbus has secured another major contract win for its big-selling A321 after the Cathay Pacific Group signed up for 32 A321neos to replace the 15 A320s and eight A321s operated from Hong Kong by its Cathay Dragon regional arm. More than 3,200 A321s in both classic and new engine options have now been sold.
Delta Air Lines, the world's largest carrier by revenue, has had its credit rating downgraded to junk' status by Standard & Poor's. The carrier is understood to have stored more than 600 airliners due to COVID-19.
Across 11 facilities in the US and Europe, International Aerospace Coatings (IAC) has provided services to customers such as Delta Air Lines.
Airbus A321-231(WL) A6-AEC (right) and A320-232(WL) A6-EIX are respectively the 100th and 101st airliners delivered to Etihad Airways, both arriving in June 2014.
This photo, taken at Tehran Mehrabad Airport on January 19, 2017, shows the first commercial flight using Iran Air’s initial A321 EP-IFA, with the city of Tehran in the background.
Iran Air’s Chief Executive Officer says the arrival of the new aircraft symbolises how the lifting of sanctions can bring results for Iranian citizens.
Airbus formally delivered Iran Air’s first A321 during a handover ceremony in Toulouse on January 11, 2017.
A321 EP-IFA at Iran Air’s facility at Mehrabad Airport following its delivery.
Iran Air is due to receive 98 aircraft from Airbus, among which are 20 Airbus A320 family jets and 24 Airbus A320neos.
Leeds Bradford-based Jet2.com has taken on seven of the defunct leisure airline's Airbus A321s, as well as purchasing landing rights.
JetBlue and American Airlines have partnered to form the largest domestic alliance in recent history
US-based operator JetBlue Airways teamed up with Honeywell to use the latter’s UV Cabin System to clean cabins in less than ten minutes on turnarounds at New York/JFK and Florida's Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood Airport
21 марта 2016г. поднялся в воздух первый собранный в Америке пассажирский самолет Airbus A321. Создание линии финальной сборки в США на авиазаводе в городе Мобил обошлось концерну Airbus в 600 млн. USD и заняло три года. Предприятие будет выпускать от 40 до 50 самолетов A319, A320 и A321 в год, а с 2017 г. на нем начнется сборка авиалайнеров семейства A320neo. Предусмотрено, что при необходимости производство может быть расширено в два раза
JetBlue’s A321 N965JT (msn 6512), pictured departing on its maiden flight from Mobile, Alabama, is the first Airbus aircraft assembled in the United States. The Airbus US Manufacturing Facility in Alabama is set to produce up to 50 A320 Family aircraft per year by 2018.
As of May 2020, the airline fielded a fleet of 130 Airbus A320s, 75 A321-200s and 60 Embraer E190s.
A321 N929JB arriving at Los Angeles in September 2014.
Airbus A321-200, N965JT (c/n 6512), was accepted by the JetBlue on April 25, 2016. The airliner was the first aircraft to be produced at Airbus' Mobile, Alabama final assembly line.
JetBlue is well known for its broad range of tail designs.
The first jetliner produced at Airbus’ US Manufacturing Facility in Mobile, Alabama - an A321 - is scheduled for delivery to US-based JetBlue in the second quarter of 2016.
LAN Chile’s initial Airbus A321-211 (CC-BEA, msn 6364) receiving the water cannon salute on December 5, 2014 after arriving at Santiago Comodoro Arturo Merino Benitez International Airport on its delivery flight. The jet, to be flown on domestic Chilean routes, is the first of 48 A321s that will be operated by the carrier.
Six Airbus A321-200s have joined VietJet Air, including G-TCDM (c/n 7003).
Thomas Cook Airlines' main base was Manchester, where one of its A320 Family aircraft, A321-211 G-TCDN (msn 7048) is pictured taxiing earlier this year.
Thomas Cook Airlines Airbus A321-211 G-TCVB (msn 5606) currently wears a hybrid livery that blends the Thomas Cook branding with the colours of its previous operator, the now-defunct Monarch.
Turkish Airlines’ A321-200 TC-JSJ (msn 5633) wears a special scheme incorporating the colours of the German Bundesliga club Borussia Dortmund. The aircraft, pictured here at Manchester, is operating across Europe on Turkish Airlines' network from its Istanbul hub.
Airbus has handed over its 9,000th aircraft - an A321-200 (VN-A651, msn 5295) for VietJet Air, the first such aircraft for the Vietnamese carrier. The delivery came less than two years after the 8,000th Airbus jet was handed over in August 2013. With the production rate increasing to 600 aircraft per year, the 10,000th delivery is expected in the second half of 2016.
Iceland-based Wow Air A321 TF-MOM (msn 6210) Freyja, named after the Nordic goddess of love, flies over Faxafloi Bay in southwest Iceland.
 
The technologies on the AlbatrossOne demonstrator are set to be scaled up by Airbus for installation on an A321.
Freighter
The initial Airbus A321P2F conversion by the ST Engineering-Airbus-EFW joint venture on its maiden flight.
The first Airbus A321P2F landing following its maiden flight
The world’s first Airbus A321P2F was handed over to Qantas's freight division in October 2020. The 1998-vintage airframe, VH-ULD (c/n 835), was originally delivered factory fresh to British Midland in a 195-seat passenger layout
The world's first Airbus A321P2F (passenger-to-freighter) jet is due to join Qantas Freight imminently. The pioneering 1998-built airframe, VH-ULD (c/n 835) - originally delivered to British Midland - will fly on behalf of Australia Post. According to Qantas Freight, the A321P2F is mooted to add ten tons of capacity, an increase of more than 50% over its Classic 737 freighters
The initial EFW/ST-converted A321P2F, VH-ULD (c/n 835), operated by Qantas for Australia Post
This 2000-built Airbus A321P2F, G-DHJH (c/n 1238), was converted in Singapore ahead of delivery to aircraft leasing and management firm BBAM and subsequently leased to UK-based Titan Airways
Ex-Thomas Cook A321 G-DHJH will be operated by Titan Airways as G-POWY (c/n 1238)
 
Video borescope of an Airbus A321’s V2500 engine.
Video borescope of an Airbus A321's V2500 engine.
Left: At the time of its inauguration, approximately 260 production employees were working on the final assembly line at the Airbus facility in Mobile, Alabama. Right: Following the start of aircraft assembly this summer, the Airbus facility in Mobile will ramp up production to reach a rate of four A320 family jetliners produced each month by 2017.
First Airbus A321 fuselage, c/n 364, entering final assembly at Deutsche Aerospace, Hamburg during June 1992. First flight of this stretched version of the A320 is set for next spring.
The first two A320-family aircraft to be assembled at Mobile in the main hangar.
Aircraft assembly inside the main hangar at the Airbus facility in Mobile, Alabama.
Final assembly operations for A320-family jetliners at the company's new Airbus US Manufacturing Facility commenced in the summer of 2015, following the arrival of major component assemblies (MCAs) from Hamburg, Germany.
Air Inter is one of two airlines so far to have ordered all three derivatives of the A320. Its 210-seat A321s (illustrated) will be joined from July 1996 by at least nine 142-seat A319s.
A321: соперник "Боинга 737-800" на средней дистанции
Airbus A321
Airbus A321-211 (c/n 0970) was rolled-out at Hamburg on January 28, 1999, becoming OO-SUA with Sabena and wearing the airline's new colours.
 
The Mint premium cabin will feature on 11 A321s initially.
The first two rows of seating onboard the airline's Airbus A321s are home to the Mint Suites - the equivalent of a first class offering.
The New York-based firm has unveiled the newest iteration of its Mint premium product to be used on the London link
The Iran Air A321 is configured with 194 seats, each of which have in-flight entertainment screens - a first for Iran Air.
The luxurious interior of A321-231 15+04 awaits its VIP guests.
The interior of the Qantas A321P2F, converted by EFW, a joint venture of Airbus and ST Engineering
The aftermath of the birdstike involving Ural Airlines Flight 178
Хвостовая часть самолета A321 авиакомпании «Когалымавиа»
WOW is the latest European airline to cease operations.
Conversions of A320s and A321s will be carried out by an ST Aerospace, EFW and Airbus partnership.
The first A320/A321 P2F iteration had the cargo door on the rear fuselage.
Airbus A321 cutaway drawing, showing the two different engines initially available. Plugs in the A321 fuselage can be identified by the additional doors fore and aft of the wing. Structure otherwise also represents the A320 and the shortened A319. Engines on the wing are CFM56-5B1. Additional engine is IAE V2530-A5. Airstairs are optional and, where specified, fitted only at the forward door (1993)
A321 stretched development of the Airbus A320 (1995)