Flight 1933-10
CHEERIO!: Mrs. Patterson (in the cockpit of her "Hawk") receiving congratulations on gaining the "punctuality prize" at the Ladies' Meeting at Reading aerodrome last Saturday.
CLOSED IN: The latest and next edition of that popular light aeroplane, the Miles "Hawk," will have a cabin top, as seen in this sketch. The undercarriage will be of the single strut type - not so far seen in recent years in this country - and a tail wheel will be fitted. The first one (with a "Gipsy III" engine), which is being built for Mr. S. Cliff, should have a high cruising speed.
BY EXPERTS: Mr. Fred Holmes' Avros ("Mongoose" engines) do some very polished formation flying.
Harald Penrose in the cockpit of a Westland Wessex in the mid-'thirties. The Wessex was one of the diverse types tested by Penrose
Even when enclosed flight decks were accepted, however, there was a reluctance to abandon the open cockpit completely. In the Westland Wessex, for example, the windscreen could be opened to improve forward vision in fog or rain, and the entire cockpit roof opened upwards for emergency escape.
This view shows that there is no difficulty in flying the "Wessex" with one of the engines stopped. Actually we made a circuit of Heston Airport like this, climbing at quite a fast rate after the photograph had been taken.
Michel Detroyat's Morane-Saulnier parasol monoplane
READY FOR MARTLESHAM: The first production model of the Handley Page "Heyford" bombers (Rolls-Royce "Kestrel" engines) was completed last week, and after constructor's trials was flown to Martlesham for official trials. Our photographer did not stand in a pit dug in the aerodrome when he took the head-on view. The pilot was Sqd. Ldr. T. H. England.
FOR THE BYRD ANTARCTIC EXPEDITION: The Curtiss-Wright "Condor," in which Admiral Richard E. Byrd will fly over the South Pole, flying over New York City. It is powered by two 700 h.p. Wright "Cyclone" engines, has a top speed of 170 miles an hour and a landing speed of 45 miles per hour.
BYRD'S ANTARCTIC EXPEDITION: Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd tells his plans for the Second Expedition into the Antarctic wastes to an audience that gathered at the Boston Airport on September 29 for the christening of one of the Curtiss "Condors" he is taking with him. This plane, the William Horlick, has been named after one of the sponsors of the Expedition.
IN SQUADRON FORMATION: Fairey "Gordons" of No. 207 (Bomber) Squadron.
CHANGING FORMATION: No. 207 Squadron changing from Squadron Formation to Echelon of Flights.
READY FOR THE DAY'S WORK: Fairey "Gordons" ("Panther" engines) lined up on the aerodrome at Bircham Newton.
PILOTS OF No. 207 (BOMBER) SQUADRON: From left to right, P Sgt. Mitchell, P/Sgt. Lawton, P O. Terdrey, F O. Bax, Fit. Lt. Ware, Sqd. Ldr. Vachell, Fit. Lt. Crummy, P/Sgt. Gould, and P/Sgt. Goodwin.
WITH AIR SERVICE TRAINING: A R.A.F. Reserve pilot alighting on Southampton Water at Hamble in a Saro "Cloud" amphibian.
THE "TIGER MOTH" FIGHTER: The disc which was attached to the propeller for tests; the dispersion of the shots can be seen.
THE "TIGER MOTH" FIGHTER: The cockpit, showing the Aldis telescopic sight; the cocking handle is on the right and the trigger just behind the stick.
THE "TIGER MOTH" FIGHTER: The gun mounting on the ejector side of the gun. The top chute is for the spent belt, and the larger chute for the used cartridges; the muzzle of the gun can be seen in front between the "V" strut.
MISS SOUTHERN CROSS: The Percival "Gull" ("Gipsy Major") used by Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith for his record flight to Australia.
KINGSFORD-SMITH'S AUSTRALIAN FLIGHT: Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith and his Percival "Gull" ("Gipsy Major"), Miss Southern Cross, in which he is making a flight to Australia.
It is difficult to imagine anything cleaner aerodynamically, than the Emerald when viewed from ahead.
AIR-FRANCE AND I.A.T.A.: The French delegates to the International Air Traffic Association arrived at Croydon on September 26 in the new Dewoitine D.332. Left to right: MM. Oger Bajac, Chief Pilot, Air-France; Doret, Chief Pilot, Dewoitine; Briend, General Secretary, Air-France; Wooley Dodd, Manager, European Division, Imperial Airways; Allegre, Managing Director, Air-France; Burello, Second Pilot; Queyret, Wireless Operator; Crampel, Mechanic; Gavay, Bank of Indo-China; and Mr. G. MacKinnon, Arrow Aircraft Insurance Association.
This shows the clean way in which the wing engines have been streamlined into the wing and undercarriage fairing. This latter forms an excellent shield to prevent the glare of the landing flares disturbing the pilot.
The passengers have large windows in the cabin of the Emerald.
When necessary the Emerald can climb very steeply.
FLAPPED: Mr. A. S. Gibbons, who has for some considerable time been a staunch adherent to the "Klemm," has now forsaken his "Pobjoy"engined machine for this new model with a "Gipsy III," which he has purchased from Herr Fretz, of "Swissair." As will be seen in our photograph, it has large flaps on the trailing edge of the wing which, in effect, materially increase the camber, so that slow landings and quick take-offs can be made. He tells us that he can cruise at about 125 m.p.h. and that his landing speed is very slow. Herr Fretz had this machine built for last year's Rund Flug.
Mr. Lindsay Everard's D.H. "Dragon."
AFTER THE WEDDING: Lord and Lady Furness leaving Stag Lane for a flight in their D.H. "Dragon" (two "Gipsy Majors"), piloted by Mr. T. Campbell Black.
THE GOLD SEEKERS: The two D.H. "Dragons" which, as referred to above, will be used by the Western Mining Corporation for survey work in Western Australia.
THE ALTERNATIVE AIRPORT: Weather conditions were too bad on Sunday for this Imperial Airways machine to land at Croydon, and so it made Heston its port of call.
FOR LUFT HANSA NIGHT SERVICE: The Junkers Ju.52.3m. (G 31 ???) which Deutsche Luft Hansa have put into operation on the night service between Berlin and Croydon during the winter.
"HOLEY": This happened on the ground in India, a country where they apparently get real hail storms.
RAMMED BUT REPAIRABLE: This crash occurred last week under convenient circumstances for our photographer to get this unique view. Luckily there were no lives lost. Close attention to the photograph will show that it is rather unusual in fact...
TRUE TO LIFE: Scale models (pieced together after the crash) of a Comper "Swift" and a D.H. "Puss Moth."
THE "GOLDEN CLIPPER" AT CROYDON: The Wibault Penhoet of Air-France about to leave for Paris. Owing to a confusion in the rate of exchange in the "Gold Standard" it was stated in our issue of September 21 last that the "Golden Clipper" was a Loire et Olivier - of course, the latter class are "Golden Rays." Just a little Golden Slipper on our part!
391 M.P.H.: The Macchi seaplane (Fiat engine) on which the Italian pilot Cassinelli established a new world's speed record over a 100-km. closed circuit by averaging 629.37 km. per hr. (391 m.p.h.).
THE LINDBERGHS IN ENGLAND: Col. and Mrs. Lindbergh flew from Norway to England on October 4. They are here seen after their arrival at Woolston, Southampton, about to go ashore - with the assistance of Maj. Brackley.
ANOTHER ENGLAND-AUSTRALIA FLIGHT: C. T. P. Ulm (second from left) and his companions, Allan, Edwards and Taylor, and the Avro X in which they are flying to Australia - hoping to better Kingsford-Smith's time.
The Faith in Australia and her crew, including Mr. Edwards (white sweater), wireless operator, who did not accompany Mr. Ulm!
ON TASMANIAN SERVICE: The Avro "Ten" operated by Hart Aircraft Co., Ltd., on their Melbourne - Launceston service flying over Melbourne. The Hart Aircraft Company, whose offices and hangars are located at Essendon Aerodrome, Melbourne, operate as well as the Melbourne - Launceston service, a general aircraft engineering service, a taxi service throughout the Commonwealth of Australia and a school of aviation. Their flying equipment consists of the Avro "Ten" (three-engined monoplane), a Desoutter ("Gipsy Mark III"engine), a "Hawk Moth" with a geared "Lynx" engine, and two "Gipsy Moths."
SOME BRITISH VISITORS AT BUC: Mr. Gordon Selfridge Jnr. and Miss Von Treschow and their "Leopard Moth."
FOR TRAINING: A row of Blackburn B2 Trainers used at the Blackburn School at Brough for training R.A.F. Reserve pilots. The machines are fitted variously with "Hermes" and "Gipsy" engines.
WARMING UP: The central Rolls-Royce "Buzzard" engine is mounted on trestle struts, while the outboard engines are supported by the sloping interplane struts.
THE AERIAL BATTLE CRUISER: The people in the background give a good idea of the size of the Blackburn "Perth."
2,760 B.H.P. The Rolls-Royce "Buzzard" II MS. engines of the Blackburn "Perth."
THE "CRUISER STERN": Note the gunner's tail defence position. The rudders are provided with servo flaps.
AERIAL ARTILLERY: The Blackburn "Perth" flying boat is equipped with a 37-mm. gun firing shells weighing about 1 1/2 lb.
PRINCE NICHOLAS IN ITALY: During his recent stay in Italy, Prince Nicholas of Roumania visited several aircraft factories. He is shown here in the front cockpit of a Breda 39 after flying this machine, accompanied by Ing. A. Colombo (rear cockpit). Standing on the left is Count Sagramoso, Managing Director of the Breda Company.
RAMMED BUT REPAIRABLE: This crash occurred last week under convenient circumstances for our photographer to get this unique view. Luckily there were no lives lost. Close attention to the photograph will show that it is rather unusual in fact...
TRUE TO LIFE: Scale models (pieced together after the crash) of a Comper "Swift" and a D.H. "Puss Moth."
THE "GIANT" AIR LINER: The H. P. "Clive" (two Bristol "Jupiters"), which attracted the crowd by virtue of its size, being refuelled from the specially designed National Benzole tank wagon.
ORGANISATION: A unique view of Sir Alan flying a "Moth," taken from the cabin window of the "Clive" during the formation flight which was arranged over London on Saturday, October 7, to celebrate the successful conclusion of the National Aviation Day Display Crusade.
Guy Hansez (Belgium) and his "Fox Moth"
EN ROUTE FOR RANGOON: The Athena, of Indian Trans-Continental Airways, about to leave Calcutta, under monsoon skies, for Rangoon with the first Croydon air mails.
THOROUGH flight testing to weed out any possible "snags" before going into production is the policy adopted by Short Brothers in connection with the little civil monoplane with two Pobjoy "R" engines. The above views were secured at Gravesend Aerodrome by our Chief Photographer recently when Mr. Lankester Parker was carrying out some tests. A deck fairing hap been added to the previously flat top of the fuselage behind the wing, but so far it has not been possible, owing to unfavourable weather conditions, to determine the effect of this fairing on performance, stability and trim. The tests are being continued.
ACCESSIBILITY: The nose of the new Short monoplane (two Pobjoy engines) is hinged so as to allow ready inspection and adjustment of the controls, instruments, etc. The machine is at present being thoroughly tested by Mr. Lankester Parker before deciding on production. That the machine is efficient is shown by the fact that, carrying three occupants for each Pobjoy engine, the top speed is in the neighbourhood of 115 m.p.h.
THE FARMAN 390: A Cabin Machine for Pilot and Three Passengers
A view (left) of the Hanworth cowling on one of the N.F.S. Desoutters ("Gipsy II"). This new clean design was made by the N.F.S. repair shops at Hanworth Park. On the right is shown another alteration to the N.F.S. Desoutter - the fitting of sliding windows to the passengers' cabin. These can be kept open in flight without undue draught entering the cabin.
THE FOKKER F.XX : The slender fuselage has been made possible by adding the wing root depth to the cabin for headroom. The Wright "Cyclone" engines are enclosed in N.A.C.A. cowlings.
LOW FRONTAL AREA: The trailing edge flaps can be seen partly lowered.
IN THE OFFICE: The dual controls and instrument board.
IN THE OFFICE: The wireless compartment. The large wheel operates the undercarriage retracting gear.
THE CABIN, LOOKING AFT: There is comfortable seating accommodation for 12 passengers.
Fokker F.XX 3 (640 hp.) Wright "Cyclone" Engines
SOME BRITISH VISITORS AT BUC: Mr. Graham Mackinnon (right) with his pilot, George Reynolds (left) and Monospar.
CLEANED UP: The Potez 50 used by Lemoine. In the actual altitude flight the N.A.C.A. cowling was not fitted.
A POLISH-BRITISH COMBINATION: The P.Z.L.5 biplane, built by the Polish National Aircraft Factory of Warsaw, is fitted with a "Cirrus III" engine.
AMPHIBIOUS: The Saro "Windhover" amphibian (three "Gipsy II") leaving Melbourne en route for Launceston via King Island.
A SHORT VISIT TO SCOTLAND: The Short six-engined flying-boat which paid a visit to Kirkwall Bay on September 21.
ON TEST AT BROCKWORTH AERODROME: The Breda monoplane on which the Antoni variable camber wing has been mounted.
IN THE TWO EXTREME POSITIONS: On the left, the wing is shown flat, while on the right it is shown in maximum camber position.
THE STABILISERS: Near the wing roots the trailing edge is reflexed and flexible, and serves to give longitudinal stability.
Mr. Ugo Antoni, the designer of the variable camber wing.
THE ANTONI VARIABLE CAMBER SYSTEM: The upper and lower diagrams indicate the action of the wing, while the numbered sketches show the structural details at various points.
AT HATFIELD: In the foreground Mr. A. Irwin is getting into a "Moth" of the R.A.F. Reserve Flying Club, and on the left can be seen the nose of another "Moth" belonging to the Stage and Screen Aero Club.
ORGANISATION: A unique view of Sir Alan flying a "Moth," taken from the cabin window of the "Clive" during the formation flight which was arranged over London on Saturday, October 7, to celebrate the successful conclusion of the National Aviation Day Display Crusade.
The Wien glider of M. Henry Lumiere, President of the Aero Club of Rhone and South West.
EFFICIENT DESIGN: The "Scud II" sailplane designed by Mr. L. E. Baynes and built by E. D. Abbott ac Co., Ltd., of Farnham, won all the first prizes at the B.G.A. meeting at Thirsk on October 7 and 8, one of the best performances being the 15-mile flight of Mr. p. Wills, which won the Lord Wakefield Trophy for distance.
AERIAL ADVERTISING IN HOLLAND: A D.H. "Moth" ("Gipsy III") , with Dutch registration mark, used for advertising "Mercedes" cigarettes - which was written on the lower plane and also trailed out behind on a banner. Several flights have been made over Holland.
FESTOONED: This undercarriage belongs to the "Moth" shown above, used by the Mercedes Cigarette Co., and was seen at the Heerlen Meeting in Holland. It has to carry four lights - two for landing, two for illuminating the lower plane - and two generators!
The first machine constructed by Mr. Erasmus in South Africa.
The second effort of Mr. Erasmus
Mr. J. C. Erasmus, whose small machines are described on this page.
THE SUPERMARINE "SCAPA": This is the name given to the production model. The prototype was known as the Supermarine "Southampton IV." The engines are Rolls-Royce "Kestrels"