Vildebeest / Type 132
Базовый одномоторный торпедоносец и бомбардировщик, цельнометаллический биплан с неубирающимся шасси (на некоторых сериях колеса заключены в каплевидные обтекатели). Спроектирован в КБ фирмы "Виккерс авиэйшн" под руководством Р. Пирсона. Первый полет опытный
образец самолета совершил в апреле 1928 г. Серийное производство начато в сентябре 1932 г. Выпускался заводами "Виккерс" в Уэйбридже и CASA в Кадисе (Испания). Всего построено 209 экз. (в т.ч. 25 в Испании).
Состоял на вооружении в Великобритании с января 1933 г., Испании - с марта 1932 г., Новой Зеландии - с марта 1935 г.
Вооружение 2x7,69, бомбы до 750 кг или одна торпеда (780 кг) наружно.
Выпускались следующие модификации:
- "Уайлдбист" I, мотор "Пегасус" IM3, экипаж - 2 чел.;
- экспортная модификация для Испании (тип 245) с мотором HS 12Lbr на базе "Уайлдбист" I;
- "Уайлдбист" II, мотор "Пегасус" IIM3, измененное хвостовое оперение, экипаж - 2 чел., на поздних сериях ликвидирован подфюзеляжный киль;
- "Уайлдбист" III, трехместный вариант модификации II, для Новой Зеландии выпущена серия со складными крыльями и без торпедной подвески;
- "Уайлдбист" IV, мотор "Персеус" VIII, экипаж - 2 чел.
Самолет снят с производства в ноябре 1937 г.
Первое боевое применение - в гражданской войне в Испании в 1936 г. (на стороне республиканцев). К концу 1941 г. машины модификаций III и IV еще сохранились в эскадрильях, дислоцированных в Малайе и Сингапуре, и приняли участие в боевых действиях против японского флота и армии. После падения Сингапура они продолжали воевать на Яве и Борнео до марта 1942 г., когда были потеряны последние два самолета.
Новозеландские машины патрулировали прибрежные воды в поисках японских подводных лодок с конца 1941 г. до весны 1942 г.
Моторы, количество х мощность:||1x825 л.с.
Взлетная масса, максимальная:||3864 кг
Максимальная скорость:||251 км/ч
Практический потолок:||5180 м
Дальность (с торпедой):||1080 км
Vickers Type 132 Vildebeest/Type 266 Vincent
Vickers Vildebeest был разработан для замены в британских ВВС дневного торпедоносца-бомбардировщика Hawker Horsley и конструктивно представлял собой типичный равнокрылый биплан с неубирающимся шасси с хвостовым колесом и одномоторной силовой установкой. Самолет Type 132 был облетан в апреле 1928 года и оснащался звездообразным двигателем Bristol Jupiter VIII мощностью 460 л.с. (343 кВт). На вариантах Type 192, Type 194 и Type 209 испытывали различные варианты силовой установки, пока конструкторам не удалось устранить проблему их перегрева, установив на Type 214 новый двигатель XFBM компании «Bristol», позже получивший обозначение Pegasus.
Для британских ВВС построили четыре самолета. Первым серийным вариантом стал Type 244 Vildebeest Mk I, оснащенный двигателем Pegasus I. За ним последовал Type 258 Vildebeest Mk II с мотором Pegasus IIM3 мощностью 660 л. с., а затем Type 277 Vildebeest Mk III с переделанной задней кабиной, позволявшей размещаться экипажу из трех человек. Последним серийным вариантом стал Type 286 Vildebeest Mk IV с двигателем Bristol Perseus VIII мощностью 825 л.с. (18 самолетов), что позволило ему стать первым в мире самолетом с двигателем с гильзовым распределением газовой смеси. Самолет Vildebeest Mk I поступил на вооружение британских ВВС в 1933 году - на начало Второй мировой войны в эксплуатации оставалось около 100 самолетов, последние из которых приняли участие в боевых действиях против японских войск в Сингапуре в 1942 году. Всего «Vickers» были построены 183 самолета, из которых 39 были переданы новозеландским ВВС. Еще 26 Type 245, оснащенных 12-цилиндровыми V-образными двигателями Hispano, были собраны по лицензии в Испании.
Министерство авиации в процессе замены устаревших Fairey IIIF и Westland Wapiti остановило свой выбор на модифицированном Vildebeest. Он был разработан на базе Vildebeest Mk III, обозначен Type 266 Vincent и отличался наличием дополнительного топливного бака вместо торпеды, специального оборудования и крюка для зацепки донесений при обеспечении взаимодействия с наземными войсками. Самолет поступил на вооружение в конце 1934 года, а также продавался в протекторат Аден, Египет, Индию, Ирак, Кению и Судан. Всего построили 197 самолетов; на начало Второй мировой войны в строю оставалось около половины. В Ираке Vincent оставались в эксплуатации до 1941 года.
Vickers Vildebeest Mk IV
Тип: двухместный торпедоносец-бомбардировщик
Силовая установка: один звездообразный ПД Bristol Perseus VIII мощностью 825 л. с. (615 кВт)
Летные характеристики: максимальная скорость на высоте 1525 м - 251 км/ч; практический потолок 5180 м; дальность полета с максимальной нагрузкой 1014 км
Масса: пустого 2143 кг; максимальная взлетная 3856 кг
Размеры: размах крыльев 14,94 м; длина 11,48 м; высота 4,47 м; площадь крыльев 67,63 м2
Вооружение: один стреляющий вперед 7,7-мм пулемет Vickers и один 7,7-мм пулемет Lewis в задней кабине, плюс одна 457-мм торпеда или 454 кг бомб
Flight, November 1931
The Vickers "Vildebeest”
A Three-purpose Landplane or Seaplane
MODERN tendency is towards a reduction in the number of aircraft types used by the air forces of any nation. By reducing the number of different types, production costs are lowered, the stock of spares needed is reduced, and the training of pilots and engineers is simplified. In order to make such a policy practicable it is necessary that any given type of aircraft shall be capable, with a few relatively simple modifications, of being used for several purposes.
The Vickers "Vildebeest" is a good modern example of such a multi-purpose aircraft. In addition to three alternative main functions - torpedo dropping, day or night bombing, and reconnaissance - the usefulness of this machine is further increased by the fact that two types of undercarriage are available: a normal two-wheel land undercarriage and a twin-float seaplane undercarriage. The change from one type of undercarriage to the other can be made in a few hours. In addition, further variety is added by the fact that a number of different engines can be fitted.
Among the special features of the "Vildebeest," mention may be made of the following: It carries a disposable load very nearly equal to its own weight, and combines with this large disposable load a very good performance. The pilot's view forward and downward is exceptionally good, which facilitates the judging of height above the surface for torpedo-dropping. Protection against the air stream is provided for the gunner, so that he can use his guns freely. A prone bombing position in the fuselage enables the bombing officer to sight in comfort. There is telephonic communication between him and the pilot, and, if desired, the bomber can operate the rudder bar. The "Vildebeest" can be used either as a two-seater or as a three-seater. In spite of the heavy load carried, the landing speed is low.
The "Vildebeest" is identical in its landplane and floatplane forms, except for the undercarriage, and the following notes may, therefore, be taken to refer to both except where otherwise indicated.
Structurally, the "Vildebeest" is mainly of duralumin construction, except for a few items of mild-steel tubes. The covering of fuselage and wings is fabric. Vickers (Aviation), Ltd., have evolved forms of duralumin construction, in which all rivet heads are visible and easily accessible, and the structure of both fuselage and wings is so designed that repairs can be readily made without disturbing the rest of the structure. For example, the wing structure has been so planned that in case of damage a single rib can be replaced without dismantling the wing. All duralumin surfaces and parts are, needless to say, treated against corrosion by the anodic process, and are further protected by being afterwards sprayed with a cellulose paint.
In the seaplane version of the "Vildebeest" the duralumin floats have a buoyancy 83 per cent, in excess of the total all-up flying weight of the machine. Each float is divided by bulkheads into seven watertight compartments. The floats are lifted with water rudders, so that when the machine is being taxied on the water the pilot has full control even at speeds so low that the air rudder would be ineffective.
The accommodation for crew is in open cockpits, with the pilot in front. An adjustable seat is provided. The machine is bonded for wireless, and also wired for navigation lights.
In the particular machine shown in the photographs, the engine is a geared Hispano-Suiza type Lbr., which develops 595 b.h.p. at 2,000 r.p.m. at sea-level density. Other types of engine can be installed, and the machine has already been flown successfully with Bristol "Jupiters," types IX.F. and X.F.BM.
The two main petrol tanks are housed in the top wing, and give direct gravity feed. Each has a capacity of 62 gallons, or a total of 124 gallons. If the machine is wanted for longer ranges, an extra tank of 60 gallons capacity can be installed, and used in conjunction with the Vickers petrol pump. A Vickers-Potts oil cooler is provided.
Handley Page wing-tip slots are fitted, and the "Vildebeest" is reported to be very easy to fly, and to be controllable at the stall, while it can easily be sideslipped, and is stable in that manoeuvre.
In the table of data the figures refer to the seaplane version. In the tare weight figures are included the following equipment: Instruments, air-pressure engine starter, Handley Page slots, and Stub exhaust pipes.
The armament consists of pilot's and observer's guns, with 500 rounds of ammunition for each, and the bomb load may consist in two bombs of 200 kg. each and four of 12.5 kg., or four bombs of 100 kg. each and four of 12.5 kg., or eight bombs of 50 kg. each, plus four of 12.5 kg.
When used as a torpedoplane the "Vildebeest" is, of course, equipped with the necessary carrier and release gear, Vickers-Armstrongs torpedo sight, and a 45-cm. Whitehead torpedo.
VICKERS "VILDEBEEST" SEAPLANE
Hispano-Suiza 12 Lbr. Engine
ft. in. m.
Length (overall) 40 0 12,20
Wing Span 9 0 14,93
Height (overall) 16 3 4,96
Wing Area 728 sq. ft. (61,9 m2).
Aerofoil Section R.A.F. 15.
lb. kg. lb. kg.
Tare 5,100 2,320 5,100 2,320
Disposable 2,652 1,205 4,000 1,820
Gross 7,752 3,525 9,100 4,140
lb./sq.ft. kg./m2 lb./sq.ft. kg./m2
Wing Loading 10-6 57,8 12-5 6,97
lb./h.p. kg./C.V. lb./h.p. kg./C.V.
Power Loading 13-0 5,92 15-3 6,97
m.p.h. km./h. m.p.h. km./h.
Max. speed 134-5 217 132-5 213
At 1 000 m. 132 212 127-5 205
At 2 000 m. 128 206 120 193
At 3 000 m. 122 196 101 163
Cruising speed at
2,000 m. 111 179 106 171
Landing speed 56 90 61-5 99
Time of Climb (Minutes)
To 3,280 ft. (1 000 m.) 4-5 6-5
To 6,560 ft. (2 000 m.) 10-7 17-0
To 9,840 ft. (3 000 m.) 20-0 43-0
ft./min. m./sec. ft./min. m./sec.
Initial Climb 800 4,6 600 3,5
ft. m. ft. m.
Absolute Ceiling 15,200 4,460 11,000 3,350
Endurance at Cruising
Speed 5-3 hours 5-3 hours
lb. kg. lb. kg.
Military Load 1,280 582 2,628 1,194
The endurance shown is with normal fuel load of 124 gallons (565 litres). An auxiliary tank holds 60 gallons (272 litres). The military load shown is exclusive of the weight of crew and fuel.
Flight, April 1932
Vickers "Vildebeest" TORPEDOPLANE
This machine, which can be used for a variety of purposes, is dealt with below mainly in its torpedoplane form
IN view of the fact that the Vickers "Vildebeest" was described and illustrated in FLIGHT of November 6, 1931, it is not thought necessary to describe in the following article the general structural peculiarities of the machine, but rather to devote the available space to those features which are characteristic of it in its capacity of a torpedoplane. It was pointed out in the previous description that the "Vildebeest" can be used for torpedo dropping, day or night bombing, and reconnaissance. Moreover, the machine is supplied as an ordinary landplane and as a twin-float seaplane, while a variety of engines can be fitted to suit purchasers' requirements.
The main characteristics of the "Vildebeest" are given in the table on this page. From these it will be seen that the machine has a very good performance when fitted with the Hispano Suiza 12 Lbr. engine, which develops a normal maximum of 595 b.h.p. at 2,000 r.p.m. This engine is of the geared type, the gear ratio being 0.5 : 1, and the compression ratio is 6 to 1.
It is a feature of most Vickers machines that the ratio of gross weight to tare weight is high; in other words that the structural efficiency is good. In the case of the Vickers "Vildebeest" seaplane this ratio is no less than 1.735, so that the machine carries as disposable load 73.5 per cent, of its own weight. This figure is based on a tare weight of 5,240 lb., which includes 140 lb. of fixed equipment of a character always fitted what ever functions the machine is desired to perform. Included in this fixed equipment are the following items: Pilot's instruments, safety belt, gunner's harness, belt feed gun mounting, ammunition boxes, drum-feed gun sight, Scarff ring, drum pegs, observer's instruments, fire extinguishers, electrical equipment, Very pistols and cartridges, bomb gear and torpedo release. Thus it will be seen that the tare weight upon which the gross to tare weight ratio is based is not by any means a “stripped” figure. If one subtracts this fixed equipment the bare stripped weight of the machine becomes 5,100 lb., and the ratio gross to bare weight becomes 1.78.
Certain removable equipment amounts to another 240 lb., which gives a normally equipped weight of 5,480 lb. In addition to this the machine can carry, when used as a torpedoplane, a disposable load of 3,620 lb. (1 635 kg.), composed of the following items: Pilot and observer, 352 lb. (160 kg.); W.T. equipment, 100 lb. (45 kg.); intercommunication set, 7 lb. (5 kg.); torpedo suspension and release gear, 86 lb. (39 kg.); torpedo up to 2,020 lb. (909 kg.); petrol (124 gallons = 434 litres), 955 lb. (434 kg.); oil (8 gallons = 36 litres), 100 lb. (45 kg.). With this disposable load the total all-up weight is 9,100 lb. (4 140 kg.).
The normal petrol capacity of 124 gallons is contained in two main tanks of 62 gallons (282 litres) each. If the machine is required for greater range, an auxiliary petrol tank of 60 gallons (273 litres) capacity can be fitted, a corresponding weight of military load being, of course sacrificed to keep the machine within its gross weight of 9,100 lb.
With normal petrol tankage the duration is 4.6 hr. at a cruising speed of 106 m.p.h. at a height of 6,560 ft., or a still-air cruising range of 488 miles (785 km.). When the auxiliary petrol tank is fitted, the duration becomes 6.8 hr., and the corresponding still-air cruising range 720 miles (1 160 km.).
The performance shown in the table is based upon British standard atmospheric conditions (temperature 15 deg. C. and barometer 760 mm. at zero height). At a total all-up weight of 9,100 lb. (4 140 kg.) the following performances are guaranteed: Maximum speed at sea-level, 130.5 m.p.h. (210 km./h.); climb to 2 000 m. (6,560 ft.) in 18 min.; landing speed at zero altitude, 59.5 m.p.h. (96 km./h.). These performances, it is pointed out, can only be guaranteed provided the engine develops not less than 595 b.h.p. at 2,000 r.p.m. at sea-level.
From an aerodynamic point of view it is of interest to find that the Everling “high-speed figure" is as high as 19.4, which is well above the average for a twin-float seaplane, and points to a very low minimum drag coefficient.
Flight, November 1932
Vickers (Aviation) Limited
ALTHOUGH the machines for which Vickers (Aviation), Ltd., are generally known throughout the world are probably mostly their heavy long-distance night bombers, of which the firm has supplied large numbers to the R.A.F., the firm has produced a great many other types, several of which have gained fame abroad. Of the many types produced we have space here to deal with but a very few. It might be recalled, however, that a Vickers "Vespa" (Bristol Pegasus engine) holds the world's altitude record (pilot. C. F. Uwins, of the Bristol Company) of 13,404 m. (43,976 ft.).
Fitted for a range of duties such as reconnaissance, general purposes, bombing and torpedo carrying, the scope of the "Vildebeest" does not end there, but includes also the fitting of floats, when a variety of seaplane functions can be performed by the machine. As a torpedoplane the "Vildebeest" has now been adopted as the standard machine of the R.A.F., and squadrons are in process of being re-equipped with it. As used in the R.A.F. the machine will be powered by the Bristol Pegasus engine.
Another version of the "Vildebeest" is fitted with the Hispano-Suiza 12-Lbr engine of 600 h.p. The armament consists of two Vickers machine guns, one synchronised to fire through the propeller and the other on a Scarff ring in the rear cockpit, and of either a torpedo weighing 2,200 lb. (1 000 kg.) or the equivalent load of bombs.
The main data of the ''Vildebeest ' are :-
Length o.a. 38 ft. 6 in. (11,75 m.)
Wing span 49 ft. 0 in. (14,94 m.)
Wing area 728 sq. ft. (67,75 m2.)
Tare weight 4,459 lb. (2 020 kg.)
Fuel and military load 3,500 lb. (1 590 kg.)
Gross weight 8,346 lb. (3 786 kg.)
Max. permissible weight 8,500 lb. (3 854 kg.)
Maximum speed 136 m.p.h. (220 km./h.)
Speed at 3 000 m. 120 m.p.h. (193 km./h.)
Range 746 miles (1 200 km.)
Absolute ceiling 14,250 ft. (4 350 m.)
When the machine is fitted 'with the Pegasus engine the performance is slightly increased, with the exception of the range, which is slightly decreased.
Бомбардировщик-торпедоносец ВВС испанского республиканского флота Виккерс CASA "Уайлдбист" HS-12N.b.r. и эмблема эскадрильи морской авиации.
Vickers Vildebeest torpedo-plane and bomber.
GOSPORT CAMEO: A Blackburn Shark (Siddeley Tiger) and a Vickers Vildebeest (Bristol Pegasus) used for development work with torpedoes at Gosport. Both types (classed officially as torpedo bombers), although well established in service, are still in quantity production. Certain Vildebeests are receiving Perseus sleeve-valve engines.
THE VICKERS VILDEBEEST: A two-seater Torpedoplane with Bristol Jupiter VIII Engine.
Торпедоносец "Уайлдбист" III, аэродром Госпорт (Англия)
Vickers "Vildebeest" Pegasus Engine
SAME WEAPON, DIFFERENT ELEMENTS: A Vickers Vildebeest used for training pilots in the art of torpedo-dropping seen over a British submarine which also specialises in attacks with torpedoes. These are of heavier patterns.
The Vickers Vildebeest torpedo bomber, with 590 h.p. Pegasus II M, is used for coastal defence.
It was not possible to show the public any actual torpedo dropping at Gosport on Empire Air Day, but this picture, secured beforehand, depicts the "tinfish" a moment after its release.
Here we see a Vildebeest dropping a practice torpedo in Stokes Bay.
Vickers Vildebeest S1710 releases its torpedo onto a target. This aircraft was operated by A Flight at Gosport and later passed to 4 School of Technical Training as 1187M.
Vickers Vildebeest II K2939 was one of 30 machines delivered to the RAF between June and August 1935. Delivered initially to 100 (Torpedo Bomber) Squadron, K2939 was attached to the Station Flight at Kai Tak and appears to be equipped for target towing duties. K2939 was ditched in the Lyemun Pass, Hong Kong on May 23, 1939. Powered by a 635 h.p. Pegasus IIMB radial engine, the Vildebeest II carried a l,100lb torpedo and was armed with one forward-mounted Vickers gun and a Lewis gun aft.
Торпедоносец Виккерс «Вайлдебест» в камуфляжной раскраске. Юго-Восточная Азия. Фото 1939-1941 гг.
This view of a line of RNZAF Vildebeest IIIs gives some idea of the pilot’s lofty position in this torpedo bomber. RNZAF Vildebeests differed from RAF aircraft in that they had folding wings.
Самолеты Виккерс «Вайлдебест» на фоне ангаров. Середина 1930-х гг.
An informal group: officers under instruction awaiting their turns to fly. They are mostly Naval officers, but the possession of a moustache in one case indicates a military man.
Штурман «Вайлдебеста» передает техникам бортовую фотокамеру.
A Vickers "Vildebeest" (Bristol "Pegasus") with which No.100 B.S. is to be re-equipped this summer.
FOR No. 100 (BOMBER) SQUADRON: The Vickers "Vildebeest" Torpedoplane ("Pegasus").
Торпедоносец Виккерс «Вайлдебест» Мк.П из 36-й аз летит над гаванью Сингапура. Фото периода 1936-1939 гг.
At Thorney Island we flew Vildebeests. Here is the Vildebeest Mk III, with the 660 h.p. Pegasus IIM3 engine.
PUTTING THEIR TRUST IN PEGASUS: Vickers Vildebeestes of the Royal New Zealand Air Force flying at 13,000ft. over no sort of country for forced landings. The scene is the Southern Alps of New Zealand and the temperature, according to the photographer, was to deg. below zero. Beneath the nearest machine is a long-range tank.
Vickers "Vildebeests" of the Royal New Zealand Air Force in formation with Mount Ngauruhoe in the background.
A flight of Vickers Vildebeest bombers (Bristol Pegasus engine) of the Royal New Zealand Air Force.
IN MALAYA: Vickers Vildebeest aircraft of No. 36 (Torpedo - Bomber) Squadron flying over the country round Singapore.
THE VICKERS "VILDEBEEST." Fitted with a "Bristol" Pegasus Engine for use either as a bomber or torpedoplane, this aircraft is notable for its weight-carrying capabilities, the disposable load being nearly two tons. The Pegasus-engined "Vildebeest" is in full production in the establishment of Messrs. Vickers (Aviation) Ltd., Brooklands, and has been adopted as standard equipment by the Royal Air Force and by the Government of New Zealand. Already several squadrons operating in various parts of the world are equipped with this machine.
NEW ZEALAND'S CHOICE. Sir James Parr, High Commissioner for New Zealand, last week attended Brooklands for a demonstration of one of the twelve "Vildebeests" which have been ordered for coast defence work. Mr. J. Summers, Vickers' chief test pilot, treated Sir James and a large party of visitors to a brilliant display of flying.
Vickers Vildebeest IV (left) and Vildebeest II.
ON DUM DUM AERODROME: The Vickers "Vildebeests" ("Pegasus") of No. 100 (Bomber) Squadron at Calcutta en route for Risalpur from Singapore. The return journey amounted to 7,000 miles.
Подготовка к подвеске торпед на самолеты "Уайлдбист" IV 42-й эскадрильи
Bristol Perseus-engined Vickers Vildebeest IV torpedo bombers of No. 42 (T.B.) Squadron, the first standard military aircraft to be fitted with sleeve-valve engines and detachable-blade wooden airscrews They are seen at Thomey Island, complete with “tinfish.”
Fixing the "tin fishes." The levers on the trolley raise the torpedo into the carriers under the Vildebeest.
A reassuring line-up of Vickers Vildebeest IV torpedo bombers.
VICKERS VILDEBEEST: Torpedo bomber (Pegasus IIM engine - 635 h.p. at 5,000ft.); span, 49ft.; gross weight, 8,100 lb.; max. speed, 142 m.p.h. at 4,930ft. (Picture shows Vildebeest IV with Perseus engine.)
The second aircraft in which Menzies had to make a forced landing after engine failure while at the A&AEE was Vickers Vildebeest III K4164, seen here following its conversion to Mk IV configuration. On January 7, 1935, Menzies experienced engine failure in the aircraft and had to put down in a field near Trimley St Martin in Suffolk.
THE SAME ONLY DIFFERENT: Anyone could be excused for saying of the above view "It's an ordinary Vickers Vildebeest as used by the R.A.F." But that is not true. Note, for instance, that a long-chord cowling is fitted; this is not standard on the present Pegasus-engined type. Actually the machine has a Bristol Perseus sleeve-valve engine and is of a type adopted as Service equipment by the Air Ministry.
Vickers Vildebeest K4164, the aircraft in which Menzies made his forced landing in January 1935, following its conversion from a Pegasus-engined Mk III to the testbed for the Bristol Perseus-powered Vildebeest Mk IV.
A formation of 22 Squadron Vildebeest is seen setting course over Chichester Harbour to attack the Navy in combined services exercises in the Channel.
В полете - звено самолетов "Уайлдбист" IV из 42-й эскадрильи
SLEEVE-VALVES IN SERVICE: Vickers Vildebeest IV torpedo bombers (Bristol sleeve-valve Perseus VIII) approach the “convoy” during the recent Combined Exercises.
Трехместный Vildebeest Mk III стал основной серийной модификацией и в 1930-х годах был основным торпедоносцем-бомбардировщиком сухопутного базирования. На фотографии - самолеты из 42-й эскадрильи.
A flight of Vildebeests. Note the angle at which the torpedoes are carried.
Not a ghost squadron: Our photographer has caught the formation at a moment when some trick of light on a dull day shows the machines up vividly against the ground. Their usual duties, however, take them over the sea where their silvery paint would not make them so conspicuous.
OVER THE CHANNEL: Vildebeests of No. 42 (T.B.) Squadron on the way to torpedo a "convoy" in the Channel seen from the gunner's cockpit of a consort.
Torpedo attack on a ship: Two Vildebeests have levelled out and are aiming at the vessel, while a third is still diving down from the height at which the approach was made.
This striking photograph shows No. 42 (T.B.) Squadron in formation over one of the inlets of the South Coast. This is the only squadron equipped with the Vickers Vildebeest IV driven by the Bristol sleeve-valve Perseus engine.
THE KING'S BIRTHDAY AT MALTA: A squadron of Vickers Vildebeests flying past H.E. the Governor, Sir Charles Bonham-Carter.
A unique formation of eight Service types which are normally to be found at Gosport. They are, reading from the top of the picture, Vildebeest, Osprey, Shark, Tutor, Avro 504N, Swordfish, Nimrod and Magister.
A Vildebeest torpedo bomber makes a dive-bombing attack.
"MILITARY LOAD" - AND MORE. An 18-in. torpedo and an assortment of bombs on a Vickers "Vildebeest" torpedo bomber. Bombs and torpedo are alternative loadings. It is not possible to carry both at the same time.
AS A LANDPLANE: View of the "Vildebeest" in the act of dropping its torpedo.
The photograph gives a good idea of the small amount of spray created by the torpedo on striking the water.
BRITISH AIRCRAFT IN SPAIN: As previously reported in "Flight," a Vickers "Vildebeest" torpedo carrier was recently delivered to the Spanish Government at Madrid - the first of an order of 26 machines. Our picture shows the machine at Madrid, when a successful demonstration was carried out by Mr. H. W. R. Banting.
One of 25 licence-built Vickers Vildebeests built for the Spanish Navy by Construcciones Aeronauticas SA (CASA) of Cadiz. They were delivered during 1935 and formed the Escuadrilla de Torpederos at San Javier.
Республиканские легкие бомбардировщики-торпедоносцы Виккерс CASA "Уайлдбист". Вверху - колесный, внизу - поплавковый вариант. Обратите внимание на оригинальный камуфляж нижней машины.
ON TOUR: A Vickers "Vildebeest" torpedo bomber (Hispano-Suiza) fitted as a twin-float seaplane which is being sent on a tour of the ports of Northern Europe. It is being piloted by Capt. H. C. Biard.
AS A SEAPLANE: The "Vildebeest" in full flight. The upper photograph shows the machine as a landplane, with the torpedo in place.
LAUNCHING THE "VILDEBEEST": The machine is run down the slipway on its beaching wheels. Note the water rudders on the floats. The pilot's cockpit is in front of the wings, just behind the engine.
In 1930 the prototype Vickers Vildebeest, N230, was modified for exhibition at the Paris Air Show. The original Jupiter XF engine was replaced with a Jupiter XIF with Townend ring. Registered G-ABGE for the show, the aircraft was modified further and flown on a sales tour of Baltic ports. This photograph was taken during the tour at Santahamina, Helsinki. A Finnish Air Force Blackburn Ripon is seen at right.
TAKING OFF: This photograph shows the good view forward and downward from the pilot's cockpit.
THE "VILDEBEEST" IN FLIGHT: The shape of the float bottoms, steps, etc., may be seen in this photograph.
A Vickers Vildebeest floatplane, equipped as a bomber, in the act of touching down at Felixstowe after a test flight.
The "Vildebeest" ("Pegasus") Torpedo Bomber.
A cockpit bag is carried on the Vickers Vildebeest torpedo bomber. It is normally stowed in the top portion of the fuselage but is inflated automatically when the Vildebeest enters the water
FIRST IN SERVICE: This view shows to advantage the installation of a moderately supercharged Bristol Perseus sleeve-valve engine in a Vickers Vildebeest torpedo-bomber. This combination has been adopted by the Air Ministry and marks the entry of sleeve-valve engines into the Service
SPANISH-BUILT: Some of the Spanish Air Force Vickers Vildebeest torpedo-bombers under construction at the Getafe, Madrid, works of Construcciones Aeronauticas S.A., who are building them under licence from Vickers (Aviation) Ltd. Twenty-six have recently been completed, with wheel undercarriages, while conversion sets to enable the machines to be used as twin-float seaplanes have also been produced by the C.A.S.A. Hispano Suiza engines are fitted. It is stated that the naval authorities, in particular, are extremely pleased with the Vildebeests.
Embryo aircraftmen at another RAF school, the Technical Training School (Apprentices) at Halton, undergo blackboard instruction with Vickers Vildebeest 969M/K2817 and Westland Wallace 604M/K3665 behind.
Some pilots of No. 42 (T.B.) Squadron. Left to right: Sgt. N. B. Harvey, Sgt. F. D. Flinn, Sgt. G. S. Forbes, Sgt. G. S. Turner, P/O. G. S. P. Rooney, F/O. W. H. Cliff, F/O. J. S. Tupho'me. F/O. D. B. M. Wright, F/O. A. Hibberd, Sqn. Ldr. G. C. Bladon
The report of the forced landing in local newspaper The Evening Star and Daily Herald on Tuesday, January 8, 1935, the day after the incident.
The Vildebeest had the unusual, rather vicious Vickers air brakes. Air pressure in the brake system was pumped up to 4001b/in2 in the air or before taxying. Attempts to pump up any more pressure whilst moving could result in something like this.
The RAF's first operational use of the Albacore was in Malaya when a few were used alongside the Vildebeeste of 36 Squadron. One of these lies derelict in Singapore, a mute testimony to that ill-fated campaign.
Vickers "Vildebeest" (Pegasus engine) for "general purpose" duties. The auxiliary fuel tank increases the range from 625 to 1,250 miles.
The Arethusa, an Imperial Airway's Liner of the Atalanta class at Rangoon.
Although the sketch is from the Vickers Vildebeest manual, the torpedo equipment is that which was standardised until World War Two. It has all the elements developed for the Dart except that there is a reversion to the cartridge release system (as used by the early Shorts). Notable too is the increased nose down attitude of the torpedo which was favoured in the mid 1930s as ensuring a cleaner entry into water. A newer development was the electric heating element within the torpedo.
This series of sketches, specially prepared by Flight, shows the various types of gear and the flotation angles of certain R.A.F. machines. Those fitted with Youngman dinghies, of course, do not sink immediately.