Flight 1938-10
TURKISH BLENHEIMS: In the first of the views Flt. Lt. C. A. Washer, a Bristol test pilot, is seen with officers of one of the Turkish Blenheim squadrons. The main group is of officers and N.C.O.’s of Nos. 24 and 25 squadrons. In the centre of the back row with his hand in his tunic is Lt. Col. Sevket Acar, commanding Gazi Emir aerodrome, Izmir. Third from the left in the back row is Capt. Kula, commanding No. 25 squadron, and fourth from the right is Capt. Farhi, commanding No. 24 squadron.
TURKISH BLENHEIMS: A line-up of the Blenheims.
Inside the control - cabin “mock-up” of the Curtiss-Wright transport. Two features are of particular interest. The first is the new type of "clear vision" control wheel, which has neither spokes nor centre; the second is the provision of additional windows, which may be seen on the left, to give the pilots a maximum range of vision. The instrument panel has an arrangement of tell-tales which relieve the pilot of the necessity for studying the individual readings of the instruments.
The Handley Page Hampden (two Bristol Pegasus) follows the Harrow as the standard production type at the Handley Page works;
The Hurricane, extremely manoeuvrable, very fast and a veritable flying arsenal.
AN AFRICAN RALLY: More than seventy machines appeared at the Lourenco Marques aerodrome for the air rally early last month.In this aerial photograph most of them are seen parked in front of the D.E.T.A. hangar. On the tarmac are this concern's three recently acquired Ju.52s, while on the right there are the four Rapides, the Dragonfly and the Hornet which are also used by the company.
SPITFIRES ON SHOW: At the recent opening of the new Cambridge Aerodrome by Sir Kingsley Wood, the new Supermarine fighters made their first public appearance as R.A.F. equipment. Ejector-type exhausts have now enhanced the already impressive performance of these machines.
The Fairey Battle has a single Rolls-Royce Merlin engine;
A breezy impression of the Short-Mayo composite aircraft taking off from the Tay.
An impression of the actual separation a few miles north of Dundee. Major Mayo was an observer in the lower component.
FOR TEACHING DOMINION DEFENCE: Two of the five Airspeed Oxfords recently ordered by New Zealand have been assembled and flown at Auckland. Mr. W. Locke, of Airspeeds, is seen (right) after the assembly test flights. The Oxfords will be attached to the F.T.S. at Wigram, the South Island headquarters of the R.N.Z.A.F.
ENSIGN, the first of the imposing new class for Imperial Airways, arrived at Croydon last week. That worthy veteran Scylla can be glimpsed in the background.
SANS TURRET: The D.H. Don appears in a new form - as a fast communications machine, for which purpose it is now being supplied in quantity to the R.A.F. With the 525 h.p. - for-take-off Gipsy Twelve (or Gipsyking, as it is designated for Service purposes; the Don has a top speed of 213 m.p.h., and cruises at 192 m.p.h. with 62 per cent, power at 11,000ft. One of the two engine-cooling ducts can be seen in the leading edge.
TUG O' WAR: High-speed towing of drogue targets is the chief duty of the new Hawker Henley (Rolls-Royce Merlin) shown in this special Flight photograph.
TUG O' WAR: High-speed towing of drogue targets is the chief duty of the new Hawker Henley (Rolls-Royce Merlin) shown in this special Flight photograph. The drogue cable is wound on a winch driven by a windmill, which can be seen in its out-of-action position, turned edge-on to the slipstream.
THE ANVIL AND THE GLADIATORS: A unique aerial impression of the famous “tied-together” Gloster Gladiators of No. 87 (F.) Squadron before a perfect example of cumulo-nimbus cloud.
KOOLHOVEN F.K.58 (1,030 h.p. Hispano-Suiza)
LONG-RANGE MODS: If everything goes according to plan the Long-Range Development Flight of the R.A.F. should now be on their way to Australia with four Vickers Wellesleys. This view (actually of a machine loaned by the Air Ministry to the Bristol Company for engine tests) shows how the long-range type differs from the standard model. It will be seen that the Pegasus XXII engine is more carefully faired.
VICKERS WELLINGTON long-range bombers (Pegasus) awaiting test at Brooklands. The crankcase cowlings are interesting.
An R.A.F. Vickers Vincent at a desert landing-ground.
The Handley Page Hampden (two Bristol Pegasus) follows the Harrow (shown) as the standard production type at the Handley Page works;
ON THE NORTH-WEST FRONTIER: Once every two years the garrison of Chitral is relieved. Owing to the mountainous nature of the route, and the height of the pass (10,500ft.) it takes more than three days for the column to reach Chitral. This year, part of the forces concerned were flown up to a landing ground near Chitral, the journey taking less than one hour. Some of the relieving garrison - Sikh Sepoys - are seen entering a Vickers Valentia of the Bomber-Transport Flight at Risalpur.
SUMMER AT SCHIPHOL: A glimpse from the windows of the restaurant and waiting room at Amsterdam's airport. At times there are as many as half a dozen Douglases lined up on the apron.
An unusual view of the Tipsy two-seater. In production form this machine is stressed for aerobatic work and is comfortably inside the upper weight limit of the light C.A.G. class.
Some self-explanatory details of the Tipsy two-seater in partially constructed form. The fuselage and wing are shown above, with details of each in enlarged form. The section at “A” is interesting in that it shows the way in which the plywood webs are sandwiched between the spruce members of the diagonals and of the ribs, with box stiffening at the joints.
Probably the most efficient aircraft in the world, the D.H. Albatross flies at 210 m.p.h. on a cruising output of 1,302 h.p. from the four Gipsy Twelve engines this while carrying a disposable load of 11,638 lb. in the case of the transatlantic version, which is shown here. The range at the same power and loading against a 40 m.p.h. headwind is 2,500 miles.
IN THEIR UNDERCOATS: Two D.H. Albatrosses, Imperial Airways’ Frobisher and one of the Air Ministry long-range jobs, seen out together at Hatfield last week.
Latest of the Miles private-owner types, the Monarch, shown here in three-seater form. It has "glide control" flap gear and cruises at 125 m.p.h.
DEVELOPMENT TYPE: The “sports model” Mosscraft flying at Hanworth. A trainer version, with a Cirrus Minor engine, is in course of construction.
The vast extent of the split flap area in the Mosscraft is shown in this photograph, taken when the machine was on the point of touching down. Mr. W. H. Moss was flying when this photograph was taken.
The sports-type Mosscraft monoplane - another machine designed for front seat flying. A trainer version is in course of construction.
FOR LITHUANIAN SERVICES: As related above, these two radio-equipped Percival Q.6s were recently flown out to Kaunas for use on Lithuania’s first airline - an internal one between the base and Palanga.
Fast, yet comparatively docile, the Percival Mew Gull can carry a useful load over long distances. Variations of the type have won the King’s Cup in the last two successive years.
Too well known even to require naming, an example of the Short Empire boat is shown here with the Gouge flaps partly depressed. The first of the eight new high-payload versions of the same machine should be coming out of the Rochester works very shortly. A modified version of the Empire boat forms the lower component of the Short-Mayo Composite Aircraft.
THE COMPOSITE INFLUENCE - or just a photographic coincidence. Two Short boats, Qantas Empire Airways’ Coogee and Imperial Airways’ Corsair, riding at anchor in choppy water in Rose Bay, Sydney.
END OF THE SEASON: Last week the Blohm and Voss seaplane Nordstern made the season’s final Atlantic crossing.
Some out-of-the-ordinary Photographs by Willi Ruge, a German Pilot who Recently Made a Trip to the Cape in a Bucker Monoplane
Refuelling the Bucker in the rain
SEAPLANE RECORD-BREAKER: In the hands of Herr Helmut Kalkstein, this Klemm 35 recently broke five records for seaplanes in the single and two-seater classes. As a single-seater the machine reached a height of 7,000 metres (22,966ft.), flew over a 100-km. course at an average speed of 228.705 km h (142.1 m.p.h.) and over 1,000-km. course at 227.748 km,h (141.51 m.p.h.). As a two-seater it reached a height of 5,600 metres (18,373ft.) and covered the 100-km. course at 227.704 km h (141.48 m.p.h.).
LUXURY SPECIAL: Designed to special order this Koolhoven FK-57 has a cruising speed of nearly 170 m.p.h. and a normal range of 900 miles.
ORDERLY GROUPING: As a comparison with that of the new Curtiss-Wright, the control and instrument layout of the D.C.4 is shown on the left. Nowadays there is so much for the pilot and his assistant to look after that great pains must be taken to group the various items in order of precedence and to ensure that every one of the essential controls is immediately accessible.
On the power control banc, for instance, the section above is devoted to those controls and instruments which may be required continuously in actual flying, while below are grouped those which are only needed from time to time. In the centre of the dashboard is the Sperry automatic pilot panel with, on each side, a complete blind-flying group for each of the pilots. Above the screen, in the centre, are the various temperature and other indicators with most of the switch-gear. On their left are gauges measuring the actual horsepower delivered to the airscrews and the amount of hydraulic pressure available for braking.
THE HARBINGER: A fine study of the British Airways Lockheed 14 in which the Prime Minister made his second historic flight to Germany.
British Airways Fourteens are the first British machines to be fitted with the new Marconi streamlined D.F. aerial, the casing of which will be seen just aft of the fixed aerial support. The “rails,” which may just be discerned under the fuselage between the undercarriage legs, are part of the blind-approach aerial system.
The “works” in one of British Airways new Lockheed Fourteens. It will be seen that the standard lay­out has been modified to incorporate a special compartment for the radio operator, and in this sketch the bulkhead dividing this compartment from that used by the passengers is cut away on the right to show the position of the different features of the extensive radio equipment. This includes not only a blind approach receiver and medium-wave sets, but also short - wave equipment, since the Fourteens will eventually be used for long-distance work on the West African service.
Details of the operation of the Fowler flaps on the Fourteen. It will be seen how, with the use of a single operating cable and a special track or guide, the flap is arranged to move through different positions. Three of these positions are shown diagrammatically on the right.
ONE OF TWO NEW LUSCOMBES: Designed for quantity production and with many interchangeable parts, this Luscombe model is primarily interesting because it shows the way in which metal construction is appearing amongst even the smallest types in America. It is powered by a 90 h.p. Warner Radial. It is two-seater and have been given its A.T.C. - the American C. of A.
ONE OF TWO NEW LUSCOMBES: Designed for quantity production and with many interchangeable parts, this Luscombe model is primarily interesting because it shows the way in which metal construction is appearing amongst even the smallest types in America. It is powered by a 50 h.p. Continental. It is two-seater and have been given its A.T.C. - the American C. of A.
The swept-back leading edge assists “visibility.”
The Ha 140 exhibits typical Blohm and Voss characteristics, e.g., twin rudders and single-strut float attachments.
THROUGH the WINDOW - A Boeing B-17 Bomber.
The Elmendorf Special or Marcoux-Bromberg Jackrabbit with a 250 h.p. Menasco B-6S.
Recently taken over by General Aircraft, the Cygnet, which is an all-metal stressed skin medium-weight, will shortly be fitted with a tricycle undercarriage. The machine is shown here with its new twin-rudder assembly.
S. J. Wittman’s astounding monoplane has a Curtiss D-12 engine and wings of constant chord.
The Comper Scamp, designed for initial training, is a simple and ingenious tri­cycle pusher.
Lieutenant Wade’s Miller HM-1 is a two-seater version of the late Frank Hawk's "Time Flies".
MOTORLESS ENDURANCE: Tandem-seated in the well-protected if not too roomy cockpits of this sailplane, two Austrian pilots, Toni Kahlbacher (left) and Josef Fuhringer, remained aloft for 40hr. 51min. on September 8-10 after an aero-tow to 1,500ft., thereby setting up a new world record for two-seater gliders. According to Flugsport, they subsisted on an uninspiring diet of biscuits and water
One of several new types which are coming along for C.A.G. training, the Dart Weasel. In this general arrangement drawing it is shown in tricycle trainer form; another version will be available with a side-by-side seater cabin layout.