Vickers Virginia
Страна: Великобритания
Год: 1922


Тяжелый ночной бомбардировщик-биплан
Лама голд раша отзывы постельные принадлежности из шерсти lama gold лама голд.
Описание
Фотографии
Vickers Type 57 Virginia

  Прототип довольно большого биплана Type 57 Virginia, мало отличавшегося по конструкции от Vimy, совершил первый полет 24 ноября 1922 года. Этот самолет стал основой сил тяжелых ночных бомбардировщиков Королевских ВВС Великобритании (RAF) в годы между двумя мировыми войнами. Virginia несли службу в боевых частях с 1924 года до середины 1930-х годов, а затем использовались для подготовки парашютистов на авиабазе Хенлоу. Ко времени завершения производства ВВС получили 124 самолета.
  Первым из 10 вариантов стал опытный Virginia Mk I, оснащенный парой ПД Napier Lion по 450 л. с. (336 кВт), которые позднее заменили на 650-сильные (485 кВт) ПД Rolls-Royce Condor III, присвоив новое обозначение Type 96 Virginia Mk I.
  В дальнейшем самолет получил новый удлиненный фюзеляж с доработанной носовой частью, стрелковые точки на задних частях крыла и сменил обозначение на Type 115 Virginia Mk VIII. Позднее самолет прошел доработку до стандарта Type 129 Virginia Mk VII и, наконец, до Virginia Mk X.
  Второй прототип, Type 76 Virginia Mk II, отличался двигателями Napier Lion и удлиненной носовой частью, облегчавшей работу бомбардира. После испытаний эта машина, как и первый прототип, сначала была доработана до стандарта Mk VII, а затем и до стандарта Virginia Mk X.
  Type 79 Virginia Mk III, построенный по контракту с Министерством авиации от 1922 года, был близок по конструкции Virginia Mk II, но имел сдвоенное управление, бомбодержатели под крылом и был оснащен двигателями Napier Lion II по 468 л. с. (349 кВт).
  Практически идентичный Mk III, вариант Type 99 Virginia Mk IV получил дополнительное оборудование и увеличенную бомбовую нагрузку. Один из этих самолетов использовался для испытаний бипланного хвостового оперения с третьим (центральным) рулем направления.
  Такое же оперение получил первый основной серийный вариант Type 100 Virginia Mk V (построено 22). Вариант Type 108 Virginia Mk VI (построено 25) получил доработанное крыло, и до этого стандарта доработали еще шесть Virginia Mk V.
  Второй выпущенный Virginia Mk III был возвращен компании "Vickers" для установки новой носовой части, улучшавшей обзор пилота, одновременно получив все доработки, введенные на Mk VI, а также удлиненную заднюю часть фюзеляжа и небольшую стреловидность крыла для повышения устойчивости. В таком виде он послужил прототипом для варианта Type 112 Virginia Mk VII, построенного в количестве 11 машин. До этого стандарта доработали еще 38 самолетов ранних модификаций.
  На Type 128 Virginia Mk IX (построено 8, доработано 27 самолетов) ввели автоматические предкрылки и хвостовую стрелковую точку, а последний вариант Type 139 Virginia Mk X (построено 50, доработано 53) получил цельнометаллический каркас.
  Сыгравшие важную роль в становлении будущего Бомбардировочного командования, многие самолеты Virginia продолжали использоваться для различных экспериментов до 1941 года, в основном в качестве летающих лабораторий для испытаний двигателей.


ТАКТИКО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ

  Vickers Virginia Mk X

  Тип: тяжелый ночной бомбардировщик-биплан
  Силовая установка: два 12-цилиндровых ПД Napier Lion VB мощностью по 580 л. с. (433 кВт)
  Летные характеристики: максимальная скорость на высоте 1525 м - 174 км/ч; потолок 4725 м; дальность полета 1585 км
  Масса: пустого 4377 кг; максимальная взлетная 7983 кг
  Размеры: размах крыла 26,72 м; длина 18,97 м; высота 5,54 м; площадь крыла 202,34 м2
  Вооружение: один 7,7-мм пулемет Lewis в носовой части и сдвоенный Lewis в хвостовой, до 1361 кг бомб
The Vickers "Virginia" long-distance bomber, two Napier "Lion" engines.
THE VICKERS "VIRGINIA": These four views have been passed for publication by the Air Ministry, but no detail description may be given. The machine is fitted with two Napier "Lion" engines. The motor-car and men in the photographs give a good idea of the size of the machine.
SLOTTED WINGS: Two views of the Vickers "Virginia" bomber fitted with the Handley-Page slotted wings. On the left, the slots are shown closed, and on the right, open.
A LINE-UP: Six Vickers "Virginia" night bombers (twin Napier "Lions") of No. 502 (Ulster) (Bomber) Squadron at Aldergrove Aerodrome.
AT THE R.A.F. PAGEANT: One of the larger machines which took part in the "Fly Past": The Handley Page "Hyderabad" and the Vickers "Virginia," twin-engined (Napier "Lions") bombers.
Hooton Air Pageant: This Vickers "Virginia" was very useful to many spectators for sheltering from the incessant rain that tried its hardest to wash out the Pageant, but failed.
With parachutist on the port wing, a Virginia taxies out at one of the pre-war RAF Displays at Hendon.
Off on a night raid: Warming up the "Lion" engines.
A view of the Control Tower at Croydon lit by their own floodlight. The aircraft on the left are the two Vickers "Virginia" night-bombers.
No. 500 (County of Kent) (Bomber) Squadron. The first "Virginia" of the new Cadre Squadron at Manston was christened "Isle of Thanet" by the Mayors of Margate and Ramsgate on June 4.
Mr. Scullin inspects the Vickers "Virginia" Mark X.
THE SPECIAL RESERVE FLIGHT: Names, left to right: (in pilot's cockpit) Fit. Lt. R. C. Newton, S.R., and F/O. C. W. Lindsay, S.R.; (on ground) Fit. Lt. H. K. Goode, D.S.O., D.F.C., Adjt.; Wing Com. L. T. N. Gould, M.C., Commanding Officer; Fit. Lt. J. H. Sender; P/O. R. T. Corry, S.R.; F/O. J. K. Brew; P/O. B. G. Corry, S.R.; P/O. F. F. Rainsford, S.R.; P/O. J. L. C. Newton, S.R., and P/O. J. A. Robinson, S.R.
Officers and Pilots of No. 7 B.S. with the Minor Trophy.
Officers and Pilots of No. 58 B.S.
THE VICKERS "VIRGINIA": A large twin-engined ("Lion") bombing biplane - the latest version of the world-famous "Vimy."
Vickers Virginia Mark X
Первый британский стратегический бомбардировщик межвоенного периода Vickers Virginia состоял на вооружении с 1924 до 1937 года. На снимке: версия Mk VII, такие машины служили в 58-й эскадрилье, которой Харрис командовал в 1925 году.
CATAPULTED: A "VIRGINIA" NIGHT-BOMBER IS SHOT INTO THE AIR BY A 4,000 H.P. ENGINE AFTER A 100 FEET RUN.
The faithful "Virginia" is a heavy bomber with two water-cooled "Lions.'' The type is being replaced.
HOOKED! There is a certain grotesquely helpless appearance about this aircraftsman as he is jerked off the wing of the Vickers "Virginia" during practice near Henlow.
В ранний межвоенный период самолет Virginia был основным тяжелым бомбардировщиком британских ВВС. Вариант Mk X состоял на вооружении 7-й, 9-й, 10-й, 51-й, 58-й, 214-й, 215-й, 500-й и 502-й бомбардировочных эскадрилий до конца 1927 года.
"F.F.V.": A Vickers "Virginia" surveys Central London during the Great Strike.
Vickers "Virginia" (Two Napier "Lions") It is now six years since the late Sir John Alcock and Sir Arthur Whitten Brown flew across the Atlantic in a Vickers "Vimy" with two Rolls-Royce "Eagle" engines, a type similar to that on which the late Sir Ross Smith, and his brother, Sir Keith Smith, flew from London to Australia. The "Vimy" may be said to have been the prototype of the Vickers "Virginia" four-seater long-distance bomber which will take part in the Display. The "Virginia" is, however, fitted with more powerful engines (Napier "Lions"). The "Virginia" forms the standard equipment of Bombing Squadrons No.7, Bircham Newton, 9 (Manston), and 58 (Worthy Down).
Over the bombing target. Night bombers do not bomb from such a low altitude but no picture could be made from their normal height.
AERIAL SKITTLES: An amusing and original event was that in which Vickers "Virginia" bombers of No. 99 (Bomber) Squadron flew low over a row of big skittles and endeavoured to "bowl" them over with their bombs. Here we see what was almost a direct hit.
VICKERS "VIRGINIA": Night Bomber, with two Napier "Lion" Engines.
A "Virginia " stunting, while under it and in the background may be seen a "Gloster Gamecock."
THE BANKS OF LOUGH NEAGH: Three Vickers "Virginias" (twin "Lions" ) of No. 502 (Ulster) (Bomber) Squadron in formation above the great lough, by whose shores lies Aldergrove Aerodrome.
No. 58 (Bomber) Squadron: A Flight above the clouds.
THE "VIRGINIAS" DROP SMOKE BOMBS.
No.7 (Bomber) Squadron: Three "Virginias" in formation.
Three "Virginias" of No. 58 (Bomber) Squadron on day raid.
A Flight of No. 7 (Bomber) Squadron.
NO. 7 (BOMBER) SQUADRON OUT FOR BLOOD.
LOW BOMBING: Three Vickers "Virginias" ("Lions") of No. 9 (Bomber) Squadron dropping smoke bombs on a ground target.
Picturesque, if not exciting - sixteen Irvin parachutes, carrying 200-lb. weights, being dropped from Vickers "Virginias" of the Home Aircraft Depot.
SAFETY FIRST: All R.A.F. pilots and observers are equipped with Irvin parachutes, and here we see a demonstration of a simultaneous drop from Vickers "Virginias" by the Parachute Section of the Home Aircraft Depot.
The trusty old Virginias' only (and probably last) Hendon Display item - parachute escapes by the "crews" of bombers attacked and set on fire by Gauntlets of No. 111 (F) Squadron; note the war-time S.E.5a on the ground.
NIGHT WORK: Vickers' "Virginia" night bombers, taking off in formation
VICKERS "VIRGINIAS" (NAPIER "LIONS") HELPING TO MAKE NORWICH "AIR MINDED": Formation flying over Mousehold Aerodrome.
80 TONS OF MATTER IN THE AIR: A squadron of Vickers "Virginia" night-bombers flying over the Croydon aerodrome in formation.
THE GRANDE FINALE AT THE R.A.F. DISPLAY: (4) Nine Vickers "Virginia" dittoes arrive from a base thoughtfully provided near by, loaded with a few best-quality pills
AT THE R.A.F. DISPLAY: Proceedings opened at Hendon on Saturday with a long distance (500 miles) race for Night-Bombing Squadrons, two of which are shown leaving the aerodrome. Top No. 9 Manston and bottom No. 7 Bircham Newton (Vickers "Virginias")
IMPUDENCE AND DIGNITY AT THE CROYDON DEMONSTRATION: This photograph shows the Hawker "Cygnet" light 'plane taking off, with the Armstrong-Whitworth "Argosy" three-engined commercial aeroplane flying above it and a squadron of Vickers "Virginia" night bombers in the distance.
DEPARTURE OF THE NIGHT BOMBERS: Below some of the "Virginias" taxying up for event 7. On the right, the three squadrons in flight, No. 7 (Worthydown) in the lead, followed by No. 9 (Manston) and No. 58 (Worthydown).
EVENT 9, AN AIR ATTACK ON LONDON: An "enemy" squadron of day-bombers (D.H.9's) are followed by another squadron of "enemy" machines (Vickers "Virginias" night-bombers), which are being attacked by defending single-seater fighters (Gloster "Grebes"), and one is seen "in flames."
REFUELLING IN MID-AIR. TWO "VIRGINIAS" GIVING A DEMONSTRATION OF REFUELLING IN THE AIR: THE TOP MACHINE HAS JUST MADE CONTACT WITH THE LOWER. THE MAN IN THE TAIL COCKPIT HAVING SECURED THE END OF THE PIPE-LINE.
REFUELLING: A demonstration of mid-air fuel supply. The "Tanker," a Vickers "Virginia," has dropped its pipe line, and the observer of the "Wapiti" has just secured the end.
A NIGHT RAID: A "Virginia" making its way to its objective. The photograph is taken from the cockpit in the tail of the bomber.
THE OBJECTIVE: An impressive photograph from the tail cockpit of a "Pegasus"-engined Vickers "Virginia" approaching Brooklands.
Flying Londonward in the twilight. - A Flight photographer's impression from the tail cockpit of a "Virginia" of No. 502 B. Squadron.
The pilot's view of "Air skittles" - an ever-popular item carried out by "Virginias." The smoke from the bomb which has just burst can be seen.
WHAT THEY CAN'T BE SHOWN: Empire Air Day is on May 23. Every effort is being made to show the taxpayer and his family how the R.A.F. keeps in training, and the various units are organising some magnificent shows for the occasion. The thrills of actual Service flying must perforce remain untasted, but an admirable impression is given by such photographs as this one, which, taken at Martlesham, shows the R.A.F.'s newest army co-operation machine - the Hawker Hector with 725/805 h.p. Napier Dagger - on the tail of a Pegasus-Virginia.
SOME OF THE MACHINES AT NORWICH: The photograph shows a Vickers "Virginia" coming in to land over a line of "Moths" which are having their tanks filled.
One of types seen at Brooklands - the Vickers "Virginia" Bomber.
"BOMBING UP." Fitting a heavy bomb to a rack beneath the wing of a Vickers "Virginia" night bomber.
Bombing up: Fixing a 550-lb. bomb in its rack.
INSTRUCTION: A sergeant teaching airmen to suspend bombs in the racks under the nose of a "Virginia."
MECHANISATION: A "Virginia" is easily moved about when the tail has been raised on to a Shelvoke and Drury trolley.
The "Virginia" and engines before the start.
The compressed air engines are at work. A cloud of steam rises overhead. The "Virginia" has already lifted off the ground, slightly right wing down owing to the side wind. The tail is clear of the trolley, which has stopped running. We rejoice that we cannot reproduce the noise of the engines.
The wheeled trolley on which the tail of the machine is supported in flying position.
This photograph shows the point at which the cable is attached by a hook to the fuselage.
THE BOMB-AIMER: The critical moment of a raid, when the nose is opened and aim is taken at the target
GUARDING THE TAIL: This composite photograph shows a rear gunner in the tail of a Vickers "Virginia" ready for any attacks by enemy fighters.
Vickers Virginia VI J7561, Orion, of No 7 Squadron, seen after a cross-wind landing at Worthy Down in 1931. No 7 Squadron, together with No 58, was the first to receive the Virginia in service. These heavy night bombers were powered by two 570 h.p. Napier Lions.
An unidentified Vickers Virginia, seen the morning after a night-time forced landing as a result of engine failure. No one was hurt. The Virginia was the first RAF bomber to be fitted with an automatic pilot. No 7 Squadron gained the distinction of winning the Lawrence Minut Bombing Trophy eight times, and in their time were the RAF's crack bomber squadron.