De Havilland D.H.9A
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De Havilland - D.H.9A - 1918 - Великобритания
Страна: Великобритания
Год: 1918


Двухместный дневной бомбардировщик
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Airco (de Havilland) D.H.9A

   Невысокие летные данные D.H.9 могли быть улучшены путем установки более мощного и надежного мотора. Поскольку для фирмы "Rolls-Royce" создание такого мотора в короткие сроки оказалось не по силам, решили заказать большое количество двигателей Liberty 12 в США. Фирма "Airco", занятая новым самолетом D.H.10, предложила фирме "Westland Aircraft Works" в Иеовиле (Сомерсет) переделать D.H.9 под эту силовую установку. Фирма "Westland", построившая большое количество самолетов D.H.4 и D.H.9 по субподряду, поступила еще лучше, скомпоновав лучшие элементы обоих самолетов с американским двигателем. Чтобы использовать преимущества дополнительной мощности мотора, фюзеляж был усилен, а площадь крыльев увеличена. Прототип Airco (de Havilland) D.H.9A совершил с вой первый полет с двигателем Eagle VIII. Вскоре после этого в воздух поднялся прототип с двигателем Liberty. Поставки в Королевские ВВС начались в июне 1918 года.
   "Westland" и субподрядчики построили примерно 885 экземпляров D.H.9A. Самолет получил звание выдающегося стратегического бомбардировщика Первой мировой войны. Производство D. Н.9А продолжалось и в послевоенные годы, когда он использовался Королевскими ВВС во время воздушных операций в Ираке и на северо-западной границе Индии. "Westland" продолжала модернизацию самолета (Nine-Ack, сокращенно Ninak) до тех пор, пока его не сняли с вооружения в 1931 году. Самолетами D.Н.9А были оснащены восемь эскадрилий дневных бомбардировщиков и шесть вспомогательных эскадрилий британских ВВС, размещенных в Соединенном Королевстве. Также они служили на почтовой авиалинии Каир - Багдад, в Египте и Палестине.
   D.H.9A имел ряд модификаций, созданных в большей мере фирмой "de Havilland", чем "Airco" (отошедшей от дел после Первой мировой войны) или иностранными участниками. D.H.9AJ Stag был прототипом с улучшенным основным шасси и силовой установкой, состоящей из звездообразного двигателя Bristol Jupiter VI мощностью 465 л. с. (347 кВт). D.H.9R - гоночный самолет-полутораплан с W-образным двигателем Napier Lion II мощностью 465 л.с. (347 кВт). Обозначение Engineering Division USD-9A было дано девяти в целом схожим самолетам D.H.9A американского производства с неподвижной установкой 7,62-мм пулемета Browning, перенесенной с левого на правый борт фюзеляжа и модифицированным рулем направления. Обозначение Engineering Division USD-9B получил самолет USD-9A с двигателем Liberty 12А мощностью 420 л. с. (313 кВт).


ТАКТИКО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ

   Airco (de Havilland) D.H.9A (стандартный самолет Королевских ВВС)

   Тип: двухместный дневной бомбардировщик
   Силовая установка: поршневой двигатель Packard Liberty 12Vee мощностью 400 л. с. (298 кВт)
   Летные характеристики: максимальная скорость 198 км/ч на уровне моря; максимальная скороподъемность 271 м в мин на уровне моря; набор высоты 1980 м за 8 мин 55 с; практический потолок 5105 м; продолжительность полета 5 ч 15 мин
   Масса: пустого 1270 кг; максимальная взлетная 2107 кг
   Размеры: размах крыла 14,01 м; длина 9,22 м; высота 3,45 м; площадь крыла 45,22 м2
   Вооружение: один 7,7-мм синхронизированный пулемет Vickers и один или два 7,7-мм пулемета Lewis на турели Скарфа в задней кабине; 299 кг бомб
E9703 was a Mann Egerton-built D.H.9A; compare it with F1010 and note the different exhaust and strutless tailplane.
Final types produced by Mann Egerton were the D.H.9A (E9703 shown) and D.H.10. They were finished in battleship grey on plywood surfaces and fabric was doped dark brown to Scheme AMA
De Havilland D.H.9A E726 was built by Whitehead Aircraft Ltd of Richmond, Surrey. It features a lengthy exhaust pipe extending almost to the tailplane, and is fully equipped for night flying, with lights on the top wing and flare-brackets forward of the skids on the lower wing tips.
Airco (de Havilland) D.H.9A, 350 h.p. Rolls-Royce "Eagle."
MEMBERS OF THE DE HAVILLAND "FAMILY": A LATER TYPE, THE D.H.9A THIS HAD THE AMERICAN LIBERTY ENGINE.
D.H.9A E8685 of 60 Sqn at Kohat in 1926. The squadron was engaged in supporting the Army and police along the North-west Frontier in India.
Airco D.H.9A H3626 was built at Southport, Lancashire, by the Vulcan Motor & Engineering Company.
A pair of RAF officers pose with D.H.9A serial E8765, allocated to RAF North Russia (Southern Area) in 1919. Note the 112lb RL (Royal Laboratories) bomb in the foreground. The first RAF use of improvised gas bombs was undertaken by D.H.9s and D.H.9As at Yemtsa, the strategically important railhead on the Vologda-Archangel line, in late August 1919.
D.H.9a "Украинский чекист" из отряда им. Ильича, Харьков, 1923г.
Standard aircraft up to the 1930s although built in the last year of the war: a D.H.9A at Karachi;
A line-up of D.H.9As of No 55 Sqn at Hinaidi, Iraq, in 1926. In September 1920 the unit arrived in Mesopotamia (which officially became Iraq the following year) and spent the next two decades on policing duties in the country, largely made up of operations against raiding tribesmen. Regular claims have since been made that the RAF used chemical weapons in Iraq in the 1920s, but examination of the evidence suggests it is not true.
The rugged D.H.9A was one of the outstanding aircraft of its era, and differed from its predecessor, the D.H.9, in being fitted with an American-built 400 h.p. Liberty L-12 engine. This example, F2842, is seen at Hinaidi, Iraq, while serving with C Flight, 55 Sqn, in 1926.
A British-built DH.9a photographed at Petrovsk in 1919, note Vickers FB.19 (Mk.I) in background at right.
Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Tylee, Commanding Officer of the Canadian Air Force, stands beside D.H.9A G-CYBF during the trans-Canada flight. The epic journey between Halifax and Vancouver was completed when the aircraft reached the latter on October 17, 1920.
Restoration completed, F1010 stands in the new building at Hendon as an evocative memorial to the first gallant RAF bomber crews.
A clutch of 20lb general purpose bombs on the port wing of D.H.9A JR7825, which operated with No 14 Sqn in Transjordan.
A line-up of "C” Flight DH9A trainers at Abu Sueir. This picture, showing the Flight’s star symbol, came from Peter Green.
POLICING THE DESERT FRONTIER: Taken at a landing ground on the edge of the Wadi Sirhan. These six machines were doing a long reconnaissance, during a Wahabi revolt. A large party of Wahabis were sitting on their frontier, but a few miles away, when this photo was taken.
A TEMPORARY CRIPPLE: A forced landing at Bair. Waiting for a new engine to be brought by lorry from Amman, 150 miles away.
Два "Де Хевилленда" и "Снайп" на аэродроме в Березнике, лето 1919г.
Sopwith Snipes and Airco D.H.9As in North Russia, 1919. Kinkead led a flight of Camels as B Flight of 47 Squadron.
The three types of machines with which this Squadron is equipped, namely, on the left: the D.H.9, of which there are four; centre the Westland "Wapiti," which number eight, and finally - sundry Avro "Lynx" biplanes.
THE R.A.F. DISPLAY: Event No. 1. Air Drill by Day-bombing Squadrons. This was staged to show the improvement in performance of modern machines. 4, shows some of the D.H.9A's taking off in formation.
THE AUXILIARY AIR FORCE IN THE AIR DEFENCE EXERCISES: Our photograph shows some of the Officers of No. 601 (County of London) Bombing Squadron, which is under the command of Squadron Leader Lord Edward Grosvenor. From right to left: Flying-Officer E. D. Whitehead Reid, Flight-Lieut. S. B. Collett, Flying Officer H. N. St. V. Norman, Flying Officer Norman H. Jones, Flying Officer J. J. Parkes, Flight-Lieut. H. N. Thornton (Adjutant), Pilot Officer A. G. Haward and Flying Officer G. J. C. Mahony (Assistant Adjutant).
Two R.A.F. D.H.9's on the Maidan, Calcutta, after their flight down from the north.
AUXILIARY AIR FORCE MACHINES AT LYMPNE: In the foreground two Avro-Lynx, and behind a number of D.H.9a's.
A D.H.9A about to be coaxed into life with the aid of a Hucks starter. Note the practice bombs, the cutout on the lower starboard wing root and the early single-axle undercarriage.
De Havilland D.H.9a ("Liberty" Engine). This is a hardy war-type that has passed through various modifications right up to the present day, and is still doing service with several of the bombing squadrons. Large quantities of this type have been produced, and it is too well known to need further reference here. The Bombing Squadrons equipped with D.H.9a's are :- Nos. 8 (Iraq); 14 (Amman and Ramleh); 24 (Communications, Kenley); 27 (Risalpur); 30 (Iraq); 39 (Spittlegate); 47 (Mid. East); 55 (Iraq); 60 (Kohat); 84 (Iraq); 207 (Eastchurch); 600 (A.A.F. Northolt); 601 (A.A.F. Northolt); 602 (A.A.F. Renfrew); 603 (A.A.F. Turnhouse); 605 (A.A.F. Castle Bromwich).
Plt Off Wright flying D.H.9A ER8733, another rebuilt aircraft from No 4 FTS Abu Sueir. This D.H.9A was built by the Aircraft Manufacturing Co Ltd at Hendon.
В годы Первой мировой войны DH.9A получил прозвище "Nineack". Самолет стал одной из основных машин британских ВВС в межвоенный период. J7067 - один из 312 самолетов DH.9A, модифицированных компаниями в 1924-1926 годах. Хорошо видна открытая кабина наблюдателя/стрелка.
An Airco D.H.9A of No 30 Sqn over the hostile terrain of 1920s Iraq. The unit was based in Baghdad when work on the Furrow started in the summer of 1921, and continued to operate the trusty “Ninak” until 1929, when it re-equipped with Westland Wapitis.
Another D.H.9A of No 30 Sqn near Sulaimaniya.
D.H.9A J8147 of No 55 Sqn over Baghdad.
DE HAVILLAND D.H.9A: Day Bomber, with "Liberty" Engine.
"A DRESS REHEARSAL": Some D.H.9a's of No.39 Bombing Squadron carrying out evolutions over Hendon.
The D.H.9A (400 h.p. Liberty engine), which was introduced in 1918 and remained in extensive use until a few years ago, may be regarded as one of the typical intermediate types between the early and the modern military aeroplanes.
"A DRESS REHEARSAL": Some D.H.9a's of No.39 Bombing Squadron carrying out evolutions over Hendon. Note the formation of Fairey "Fawns" in the left-hand corner of the top picture.
Самолеты D.Н.9А, принадлежащие 39-й эскадрилье британских ВВС, в плотном боевом строю во время учебного полета, 1923 год.
55-я эскадрилья в составе авиакрыла "Месопотамия" в 1920-1922 годах выполняла миротворческие задания в Ираке. DH.9A этой эскадрильи часто выполняли рейды против баз враждебных племен.
Шахматная окраска киля - в черно-серебристую шашечку - позволяет предположить, что этот построенный компанией "Whitehead" DH.9A принадлежал звену "B" из 47-й эскадрильи, дислоцированной в Африке в 1920-1928 годах.
30-я эскадрилья британских ВВС летала на DH.9A в 1921-1929 годах, проведя почти все время в Ираке. Самолеты обычно несли запасное колесо на левом борту в носовой части, а на многих машинах эскадрильи законцовки крыльев и стабилизатора окрашивались в оранжевый цвет, чтобы их легко можно было обнаружить в случае вынужденной посадки.
D.H.9A E802 was one of several hundred built by the Whitehead Aircraft Co Ltd at Feltham, Middlesex, and is seen here a long way from home operating with No 30 Sqn in Iraq. Note the spare wheel lashed to the fuselage, a common - and frequently necessary - precaution adopted while flying over unpredictable and often harsh terrain.
D.H.9A H3510 of 8 Squadron. Ninacks were employed by this unit from late 1920 until the beginning of 1928, policing Iraq and India.
D.H.9A E944 of No 30 Sqn over Hinaidi.
Menzies at the controls of D.H.9A J8189 of No 45 Sqn, based at Helwan, Egypt, during his tenure with the unit from October 1928 to June 1929.
The de Havilland D.H.9A, known affectionately as the “Ninak”, was introduced into RAF service in the last six months of the First World War and went on to become the Service’s reliable workhorse all over the world for the next decade. This example, J9124, was operated by No 30 Sqn, which flew the type in Mesopotamia/Iraq throughout the 1920s.
The author demonstrates the ideal position for air-to-air close-ups on D.H.9A JR7107 Niobe. There is reason to believe that the photograph was faked.
A de Havilland D.H.9A of 47 Squadron, RAF, over the Nile in the 1920s. A rebuilt airframe serialled JR7107 this machine is carrying apparatus for experimental parachute research in the canister on its lower starboard wing. Flying the machine when the picture was taken was parachute specialist Fg Off C. K. Coggle.
600 Squadron flew D.H.9A day bombers from October 1925 until August 1929. The unit was based first at Northolt and then at Hendon.
Actual photograph taken from accompanying 'plane, at instant after man had jumped and pulled the rip cord - his Irvin is seen instantly opening.
De Havilland D.H.9A E850 Perseus was famed for its longevity of service with No 47 Squadron, based at Helwan, Egypt. It is seen here making dropping trials with "Karma-Potter" supply parachutes. Its C of A was renewed three times.
AT THE CROYDON MEETING ON EASTER MONDAY: Stocken, on the D.H.9A, 400 h.p. Liberty, winning the Club Handicap.
A D.H.9A bounds across the valley floor taking off on another policing sortie in the Middle East. One intriguing report from a No 30 Sqn pilot in 1927 refers to a sortie in which practice runs were made with “Rains”. It remains a complete mystery as to what this refers to - perhaps a petroleum-based “sticky fire” like napalm?
THE BIRMINGHAM "SKY-TERRIERS": No. 605 County of Warwick (Bombing) Squadron, take off to bomb the "Derelict Fort" (no natives, by request!).
FORMATION FLYING AT CROYDON: On the left, two sections of No. 39 Squadron on D.H.9A's meet in formation flying, while, on the right, some of the same machines are seen coming in after their demonstration.
THE FOURTH R.A.F. "PAGEANT," 1923: A distinct advance was seen in this year's formation flying, both in quantity and quality. Ten D.H.9a's from No. 39 Squadron (Spittlegate) execute some close evolutions.
THE FIFTH R.A.F. "PAGEANT," 1924: The most thrilling event of all those presented up to this fifth year was certainly the demonstration of air drill given by two Squadrons (Nos. 39 and 207) of D.H.9a's, 18 machines in all, a slight impression of which is shown.
MORE GROUP EVOLUTIONS: These were carried out by two Wings of two day-bombing squadrons (Nos .11 and 12, Fairey Fawns, and Nos. 39 and 207, D.H. 9As). In the top view the four squadrons flying together, and below, flying towards one another.
A FINE FORMATION: Were each of the two day-bombing squadrons, in "Squadron" formation, pass over each other and produce a wonderful pattern.
THE R.A.F. DISPLAY: Event No. 1. Air Drill by Day-bombing Squadrons. This was staged to show the improvement in performance of modern machines. 1 shows a formation of D.H.9A's.
Air drill by D.H.9As.
EVENT 9, AN AIR ATTACK ON LONDON: The upper shows an "enemy" squadron of day-bombers (D.H.9's) arriving.
THE HALTON PAGEANT: Destruction of Desert Stronghold. The bombers (Bristol Fighters and a D.H.9A) bomb the fort.
D.H.9A в сельхозварианте
IN THE LORD MAYOR'S SHOW: Aviation occupied quite a prominent place in'this year's procession. Our photographs show: (2) and (3) A D.H.9a day-bomber escorted by a contingent of No. 600 City of London Bombing Squadron, Auxiliary Air Force.
Left W/Cdr. Arthur, Officer Commanding No. 431 M.U. (centre right), with the team that brought D.H.9A F1010 home from Poland. The aircraft is to be preserved by the R.A.F. Museum, Hendon
The RAF Museum's de Havilland D.H.9A fuselage, obtained from Krakow, Poland, in exchange for a Spitfire XVI, is having a set of spruce wings and a tailplane built in the Museum's Cardington workshops.
Сборка DH.9A из третьей (из семи) производственной партии на заводе "Westland" в Йовиле. Самолеты собирались "Westland" для британских ВВС по лицензии. Помимо постройки новых машин "Westland" в 1924-1926 годах выполнила ремонт нескольких самолетов британских ВВС.
The view at top shows the uncovered fuselage during restoration. The badly decayed original side panel can be seen propped up on the floor. At bottom, the addition of the covered fin and rudder makes the structure look more like a Ninack.
An early view of the Stag Lane works with D.H.9s being reconditioned.
HAWKER ENGINEERING COMPANY: Two views in the erecting shops. The machines in course of construction are Snipe and D.H.9A's.
The view shows the Avro-like tail unit, parallel strutting, Flt Lt Crawford, and three D.H.9As on major overhaul in the hangar.
Fawn J7206 served with Nos 100 and 503 Sqns. The type was intended to replace the D.H.9A, an example of which is visible in the background.
A Record Breaker: As announced in "Flight" last week, a Napiere engined Airco (DeH.) 9R, piloted by Capt. Gathergood, established a number of British records for speed on November 15, 1919. Our photograph shows the machine used for the flights. Capt. Gathergood, the pilot, is standing in front of the machine
A D.H.9b, with Rolls-Royce "Eagle" engine, remodelled by the Aircraft Disposal Company.
Spanish D.H.9A, with locally modified Napier Lion and attendant plumming, bombed up and ready to go at Melilla.
The Lion-engined D.H.9A G-EBGX, named Aurora, modified by John Ken­worthy for competing in the 1923 King's Cup Race. The air­craft was eventually sold over­seas.
The Lion-engined D.H.9A G-EBGX, named Aurora, modified by John Ken­worthy for competing in the 1923 King's Cup Race. The air­craft was eventually sold over­seas.
THE RACE FOR THE KING'S CUP: Ten of the faster machines, arranged in the order of starting: 7, D.H.9A;
SOME DERBY MACHINES: A.D.C. D.H.9a (450 h.p. Napier "Lion").
An A.D.C. Modification: This D.H.9 has been altered considerably by the Aircraft Disposal Company, and among other changes will be observed the substitution of Lamblin radiators for the usual nose radiators.
G-EBAN was also fitted with the 350 h.p. Eagle VIII and, with full armament, was ferried to the Spanish Air Force by the Aircraft Disposal Company.
Алан Кобхэм на крещении D.H.9 "Айлин", на котором он в 1923г. принял участие во второй гонке "Кингс Кап", но не преуспел. Любопытно, что в первой гонке 1922г. победа была одержана на D.H.4A, показавшем весьма высокую для того времени среднюю скорость 198 км/ч.
THE KING'S CUP: Mr. A. J. Cobham being congratulated on having secured second place. Inset, the Napier "Lion"-engined D.H.9 passing over the winning line.
D.H.9a (350 h.p. Rolls-Royce "Eagle VIII").
SOME OF THE STARTS FOR THE KING'S CUP RACE: Perry gets off on the D.H.9A;
Mr. H. H. Perry, who on the D.H.9a (350 h.p. R.R.) secured third place in the Aerial Derby Handicap, getting away.
D.H.9A G-EBCG was fitted with a 350 h.p. Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII for competing in the Croydon Whitsun Races in 1922. The standard nose radiator was later removed in favour of small side radiators, in which form the D.H.9A competed in the 1922 King’s Cup Race.
G-EAXC was a brand new D.H.9A converted by the Air­craft Disposal Co., in 1922 and competed in the Coupe Lamblin race of that year.
Photograph showing the armament of the D.H.9As flown for demonstration to the Spanish Air Force. Note the Lamblin radiators between the under­carriage legs for cooling the 350 h.p. Eagle VIII engine. After trials in Spain a batch of D.H.9As was ordered by the Spanish Air Force.
Two Views of the Lamblin Radiators on the A.D.C. D.H. 9.
The Scarff ring gun mounting and aft decking structure can be seen left; before the decking was added the forward and aft fuselage sections had to be mated, right.
The accuracy of F1010’s new wings was checked by rigging them to the untouched fuselage.
The view shows the main petrol tank and cabane structure. Note the “Westland Aircraft Works” transfer on the starboard aft strut.
The detail view shows the nonstandard tailplane bracing strut.
The fuselage nears completion.
Some A.A.F. "Nurses": Attending the Liberty engine of a D.H.9a. The regular participation by A.A.F. units and the absence of forced landings prove the efficiency of the "amateur" engineers.
The 400 h.p. 12-cylinder Liberty engine was obtained from the USA.