Flight 1937-09
Flight
GERMANY'S WAR GAME: Troops taking cover beneath the wing of a Messerschmitt Me. 109 fighter during the recent mock air raid on Berlin, for which 7,000 public shelters were built. Details of the Me. 109 are well worth study.
A formation of Heinkel fighters during the military display which concluded the Nazi Congress at Nurnberg.
EXPOSED IN PARIS: A mock-up Morane fighter leads the racing Caudron C-460, a winner at last year's U.S. National Air Races, through one of the halls in the Salon D'Aviation. Whatever the criticisms aimed at some of the Exhibition interiors, there can be no quarrel with this one.
On the whole, Continental installations of liquid-cooled engines cannot compare with Rolls-Royce practice. This view shows the Hispano X "cannon" engine in the Dewoitine D.500 fighter bought by the Air Ministry.
The Fairey Battles are lined up on Upwood aerodrome.
"Echelon stepped up" is a most tricky formation, but in the picture the young pilots of No. 63 (Bomber) Squadron are doing very well.
A flight of Fairey Battles in formation. This picture shows the plan view of the machine as it would appear to diving fighters in air exercises.
Shadow-shading helps to make an aeroplane inconspicuous when seen from above with the earth as a background, but against a white cloud the machines stand out vividly.
With its wheels retracted and almost entirely concealed, the Battle is as clean as any aeroplane in the skies. Its top speed is given by the manufacturers as 257 m.p.h.
The re-formed No. 63 Squadron. Squadron Leader V. S. Parker, D.F.C. A.F.C., the Commanding Officer, is in the centre.
EIGHT-ENGINED BIPLANE: This composite picture of the Short-Mayo gives an excellent idea of the relative sizes of the two components and of the appearance of the assembly as a whole before it is amoebically split into two. Mercury, the upper component, made flying trials early this week.
"MAIA" MEETS "MERCURY": Following the tradition of "happy events," the lusty baby Mercury, upper component of the Short-Mayo Composite aircraft, was brought along to her mother-ship, Maia, last week.
The picture shows the very small frontal area. Note how little the Napier-Halford engines project.
The picture gives a good idea of the neat installation of the Napier-Halford Rapier engines
A perfect landing: Without trailing-edge flaps the speed is not excessive, even with the load carried when this picture was taken.
In spite of its large floats, Mercury appears to have a top speed of considerably more than 200 m.p.h.
The graceful lines are well brought out in the photograph of the machine flying overhead.
Just before Mercury's third flight: Mr. J. Lankester Parker going on board to give his demonstration. Mr. H. L. Piper, who will fly the machine during the next series of tests and during the actual separation, watches from his perch on one of the floats.
The Hawker "Hart" with Rolls-Royce "F" type engine. This machine has been fitted with steam cooling. Note the condensers along the leading edges of the upper and lower planes.
Lord Londonderry tries out Flt. Lt. "Shell" Bentley's Hawk Major.
Up and down: In the air, the B.A. Eagle being demonstrated by Mr. Bay; on the ground, the Hawk Speed Six and the new Wicko.
Mr. Miles has adopted this "leg"-type undercarriage for the Magister.
Against the Ohio sky: Three Boeing fighters of the U.S. Army Air Corps which gave an aerobatic at the National Air Races.
ANGLO-CANADIAN-AMERICAN: One of two Northrop Delta cabin floatplanes built under licence by the Canadian Vickers firm for the Royal Canadian Air Force. The engine is a 750 h.p. Wright Cyclone F.
Belgian Air Force officers called at Hucclecote last week to collect nine Gloster Gladiators, part of a contract. Their formation work - the photographs were taken only a few minutes after they had entered the machines for the first time - is testimony to men and machines.
Group, left to right : Adj. Pessendorffer, Adj. Bochmann, Adj. Piercot, Mr. N. Daunt, Adj. Wegria, Flt. Lt. P. E. G. Sayer, Adj. Cluytens, Lieut. Elroy, 2nd. Lieut. Creteur, F/O. Maurice Summers, Capt. Le Grand, Mr. J. Hindmarsh, M. Vanderghote.
Frank Fuller's new Seversky in action. This machine is a racing development of a standard pursuit type ordered in quantity by the U.S. Army Air Corps to replace the obsolescent Boeings.
Frank Fuller's new Seversky at rest. This machine is a racing development of a standard pursuit type ordered in quantity by the U.S. Army Air Corps to replace the obsolescent Boeings.
The three Gauntlets of No. 111 (F) Sq. are concluding one of their two shows.
The two leading machines, the Klemm in the foreground and the V.E.F. on the left. Two of the four Gauntlets at the meeting may be distinguished in the background.
Sea and cloud: A pleasing impression ol the Singapore III's ot Nos. 209 and 210 (G.R.) Squadrons leaving for the Mediterranean to join the anti-piracy patrol.
SALT IN THE AIR: A Short Singapore III (four Rolls-Royce Kestrels) touches down alongside destroyers in Portland Harbour. The Singapore is probably the largest military flying boat in service in the world
MALTESE CAMEO: A Fairey Swordfish torpedo spotter reconnaissance floatplane (690/750 h.p. Bristol Pegasus III) from the Courageous landing in Valetta Harbour, Malta.
TROOPER-BOMBER: The Bristol Bombay (Type 130) bomber-transport which recently conveyed British Staff Officers to the German manoeuvres. The Bombay is being built in quantity by Short and Harland. With two Bristol Pegasus Xs (960 h.p. max.) the performance is a revelation.
EIGHT IN HAND: The Bloctube engine control unit as fitted to the Handley Page Harrow. It provides throttle, mixture, D. H. airscrew-pitch, air intake and oil-cooler control for each of the two Bristol Pegasus engines (with Hobson carburettors). The makers are R.T. Bloctube Controls, Cricklewood Broadway Works, 25, Sheldon Road, London, N.W.2.
JERSEY EXPRESS: The Island of Alderney passes beyond the wing-tip of a homeward-bound Jersey Airways' D.H.86, the crews of which nowadays have permission to cut ths corner of the French coast, which can be seen in the left-hand corner.
"... a quick inspection of the new control tower and buildings at Liverpool ..." The A.S.T. Dragonfly and Vega Gull on the tarmac at Speke.
An advanced Kestrel XVI installation in the new Miles trainer/general-purpose military monoplane. The coolant is ethylene glycol.
ZERO HOUR APPROACHES: The scene at Hatfield before the start of the King's Cup Race eliminating contest last Friday. Nearest the camera is Charles Gardner's blue 1936 model Percival Mew Gull which won the final at an average speed of 233.7 rn.p.h.
Gardner's victorious Mew Gull being led in after the finish at Hatfield.
Gardner's winning Mew Gull (Gipsy Six II).
Three Percival Mew Gulls - two with Series II Gipsy Six engines - are entered. This view is of Alex Henshaw's machine with Series I engine.
Capt. Percival's Mew Gull, which finished third in the final and which made the fastest actual speed on both days.
Family affair: Miss Pearl Henshaw, "Pop" and Alex, clean down their Mew Gull at Baldonnell.
Mr. Gardner, photographed at the start.
The instruments and controls of Gardner's Mew Gull. The majority of instruments, unless otherwise indicated, are Smith's :- (1) Reid and Sigrist turn-and-bank indicator, (2) Airspeed indicator. (3) Altimeter - another is concealed by the card at the foot of the panel. (4) and (5) Air intake temperature switch and indicator. (6) Fuel gauge - another is hidden on the extreme left of the panel. (7) Clock. (8) Air intake and flame-trap control. (9) Airscrew pitch control. (10) Tail trimmer. (11) Compass. (12) Stop watches (13) Throttle and altitude controls. (14) Ignition switches. (15) Oil pressure. (16) Sperry directional gyro. (17) Boost pressure gauge. (18) Engine rev. indicator. The flap control, not visible in this view, is below the throttle controls.
Venturi tube on a swivelling mounting on Henshaw's Mew Gull.
The air intake in the cowling of Capt. Percival's Mew Gull, near the airscrew, gives a boosting effect.
The Woolsington wind-sock gives some indication of the strength of the wind at the Newcastle control. The machine coming in is the Vega Gull flown by Miss Dillon and Capt. Neville Stack.
All the Vega Gulls except one, as shown here, will have Series II Gipsy Sixes with D.H. v.p. airscrews.
IMPRESSIONISM: An effective portrait of Air Hire's new v.p. Vega Gull at Heston. This machine has a good deal of special equipment for night operations.
"... a quick inspection of the new control tower and buildings at Liverpool ..." The A.S.T. Dragonfly and Vega Gull on the tarmac at Speke.
In spite of the large aggregate amount of sea-crossing, very few competitors took the precaution of wearing life-saving jackets. Derek Schreiber (right) and Flt.-Lt. Peel, his navigator, were among the exceptions.
Two wide doors simplify, as far as possible, the business of entry into the front or rear seats of the Vega Gull.
The instruments and engine controls of the v.p. Vega Gull. On the extreme right is the landing and navigation light switchboard, while on the left is the useful left-hand additional throttle lever. At the base of the dashboard can be seen (on the left side) the fuel pump, airscrew pitch and intake controls, with (behind the dua! stick) the flooding control. The gauges for the four fuel tanks are on the right of the dash, and the boost gauge is in the centre at the top.
CYGNUS plays the lead - an attractive "still" from Paul Rotha's documentary film, The Future's in the Air, now being completed by the Strand Film Co. The picture deals with our Empire airways.
The T.K.2 provides Mr. G. de Havilland with a little "g" at the aerodrome turn
The Cirrus Major 150 is installed in the new high-wing Wicko.
Up and down: In the air, the B.A. Eagle being demonstrated by Mr. Bay; on the ground, the Hawk Speed Six and the new Wicko.
MODERN AIRPORT: A view of the terminal building - reminiscent in general appearance of that at the unlucky Gatwick - of the new Budapest Airport taken on the day before the official opening, with M. Budaor's Bucker Jungmann in the foreground. The building must be one of the most beautifully arranged and decorated at any airport in the world.
Count von Hagenburg (in cockpit) borrowed an aerobatic Bucker from Capt. Alex. Papana.
Beating the band: Herr Paul Forster (F. W. Stieglitz) concludes his performance with a not-too-emotioning inverted fly-past. We are slowly becoming accustomed to that sort of thing.
An impression of Herr Emil Kropf's F. W. Stosser. Close inspection may show that the pilot is holding lots of top rudder and left aileron; anyway, the machine is not going in the direction in which it is pointing.
The new Heinkel is distinctly reminiscent of the He.111 twin-engined model.
'THE DESSAU GIANT' is a free translation of the name of the prototype Junkers Ju.90. The installation of the inverted-vee Mercedes can be gathered from this view
"THESE COMMODIOUS UNFURNISHED PREMISES." The house-agents' jargon seems nicely applicable to the truly startling interior of the prototype Junkers Ju.90 airliner, which is now undergoing its initial flying trials. Divided into five compartments, the cabin will accomodate forty passengers, and there will be several baggage, mail and lavatory divisions.
The two leading machines, the Klemm in the foreground and the V.E.F. on the left. Two of the four Gauntlets at the meeting may be distinguished in the background.
The Klemm 35, which, flown by Herr Clausen, won the race, rounding the aerodrome turn. He is about to overtake Mr. Du Port's Moth Major.
Herr Clausen is being congratulated by Mrs. W. E. Davis, who entered the machine which finished third.
The two leading machines, the Klemm in the foreground and the V.E.F. on the left. Two of the four Gauntlets at the meeting may be distinguished in the background.
A CLIPPER TAKES SHAPE: The first of the Boeing Clippers, which will weigh twice as much as a Short Empire boat, is being assembled and should be flying in a few months. This view shows the junction of wing and hull.
"STYLING," as the Americans call decorative schemes, is a feature of the latest Fairchild 24, with 150 h.p. in-line Ranger engine. A luxury interior offers a choice of five upholstery colours, and fourteen colour combinations are available for the exterior. Cruising at 123 m.p.h., it carries three, and one of the well-established Warner-radial-engined models is available as a four-seater. Malcolm and Farquharson, of Heston, state that these machines may appear on the British market.
AS IT SHOULD BE: We in this country can certainly learn something from America when it comes to making instrument boards look as if they are designed from the start and for the job. This is the panel of the Fairchild "45" low-wing luxury private-owner type (handled by Malcolm and Farquharson of Heston) fitted with the new Fairchild radio compass. At the top of the centre panel is the indicator, on the right is the remote control panel and (lower corner) the rotator control. The majority of the other instruments speak for themselves. The "45" carries five people at a cruising speed of 173 m.p.h.
U.S. PILOTS GET TOGETHER: A trio of Grumman fighters from an American aircraft-carrier dress by the left during manoeuvres. These Grummans have 700 h.p. Pratt and Whitney Twin Wasp Junior engines and are the fastest machines of their class in service.
The Gwinn Aircar typify the present American trend toward three-wheeled undercarriages. This machine is offered as a practical private-owner type. A Pobjoy powers the Gwinn.
View of the new Seversky two-seater fighter developed for the export market, showing the installation of the free Browning gun. The engine is an 850 h.p. Cyclone G. Major. Alexander de Seversky is seen "up front."
The new Sikorsky is much more eyeable than the S-42 model, due not only to its greater aerodynamic cleanness but to the shape of the wing and hull.
BUENOS FAKING. The Brooklands clubhouse after Warner Bros, had adapted it to film requirements as a Spanish Airport Building. The windsock must be an international one!
"... which, in view of age, type and original cost, was in the best condition."
The Waco Model N typify the present American trend toward three-wheeled undercarriages. This machine is offered as a practical private-owner type, the Waco being regarded as an addition to the standard range, which might indicate that the manufacturers intend to sound - public opinion before standardising the tricycle gear. The Waco - a four-seater - has one of the new Jacobs radials It seems that there is scarcely an American manufacturer who is not designing or building machines with a nose wheel.
The Waterman Arrowbile typify the present American trend toward three-wheeled undercarriages. This machine is offered as a practical private-owner type. The Waterman is being handled by the Studebaker concern and mounts the four-in-line Menasco.
The Short Scion Senior (four Pobjoy Niagaras) is shown as a landplane.
A Triton among the minnows: Piper's Short Scion Senior ready to leave the line on Friday. The next machine is Brig.-Gen. Lewin's Miles Whitney Straight, which finished second.
Mr. Piper in the Short Scion Senior entertains the Wilmington crowd.
Up and down: In the air, the B.A. Eagle being demonstrated by Mr. Bay; on the ground, the Hawk Speed Six and the new Wicko.
The B.A. Eagle (Gipsy Major).
Scarborough scars: Capt. W. L. Hope was only one of several competitors who bore visible evidence at Dublin of the bumping they received on the stretch up the North-East coast.
"I was beginning to realise that I might be in the running for a place, provided the following wind did not help the two Miles Whitney Straights too much."
September in the Rain: The King's Cup machines were wheeled into the De Havilland erecting shops to afford shelter to the associated humanity during Thursday's downpour.
A handicapper handicapped: Capt. Dancy, suffering from an injured foot, does a little scrutineering. He is examining the Miles Whitney Straight of Brig.-Gen. Lewin, who is seen with him.
On the right: What they were looking at - two special venturi tubes which, when power for blind-flying instruments was required, could bs clamped outside the window of the Whitney Straight.
A Triton among the minnows: Piper's Short Scion Senior ready to leave the line on Friday. The next machine is Brig.-Gen. Lewin's Miles Whitney Straight, which finished second.
Ken Waller, seated astride the Comet at Cardiff, superintends refuelling, armed with a screwdriver and a long white wand - like the best wands, invisible.
Mr. Waight takes the D.H. Comet across the aerodrome at low altitude.
Mr. Lowe's Pobjoy-engined Comper Swift embodies a number of alterations as compared with the original of some years ago. A Gipsy-powered version is also racing.
The elevator and rudder hinge gaps of Lowe's Comper Swift were faired over with metal foil doped to the fabric.
Some extra special fairings were to be found on Lowe's Comper Swift. The wing struts were faired together, unusual spats at the after end of each wheel fitted close up against the tyre, and the special cowling for the Pobjoy engine embodied a neat air intake.
Exhaust driven superchargers are incorporated on the glycol-cooled Curtiss Conqueror engines of the Consolidated two-seater pursuit monoplanes of the U.S. Army Air Corps.
A typical crowd scene at the National Air Races, the "high-spot" of America's aerial sporting year. The formation is composed of Great Lakes dive bombers belonging to the U.S. Marine Corps.
NEW POWER FOR THE DRONE: How the flat-four Ava two-stroke engine is arranged in Lord Sempill's new Drone. The airscrew is well clear of the cut-away trailing edge and the engine turns over at only 2,100 r.p.m., so the familiar noise is no longer heard; this machine has, in fact, that quality of quietude which should add greatly to the pleasure of what is now rather more than "Drone-floating." The price of this model has been fixed at ?325 with full equipment.
Roscoe Turner's new Twin Wasp-powered Ring Free Meteor which, strangely enough, returns to the fixed undercarriage, possibly indicating some outstanding advantage of the mid-wing arrangement.
DOUGHBOYS IN THE DUST: An elderly Thomas Morse observation machine brings the U.S. Army to its knees during manoeuvres. The dust clouds are not caused by bullets but are due to the hasty dispersal of the troops.
SILENT SERENITY: A pleasant impression of a Professor sailplane over the Midland Gliding Club's site at Long Mynd, Shropshire.
The Hendy 302 has been used as a flying test bed for the new Cirrus Major 150 engine.
This striking photograph of Bradwell Edge shows, down below, the factory chimney known to pilots as the "thermal indicator." Its smoke indicates the presence of a thermal current rising from the valley. When this picture was taken the competitor in the Grunau Baby was struggling to maintain his height.
The Klemm 35, which, flown by Herr Clausen, won the race, rounding the aerodrome turn. He is about to overtake Mr. Du Port's Moth Major.
EXPOSED IN PARIS: A mock-up Morane fighter leads the racing Caudron C-460, a winner at last year's U.S. National Air Races, through one of the halls in the Salon D'Aviation. Whatever the criticisms aimed at some of the Exhibition interiors, there can be no quarrel with this one.
One of the B.A. Double Eagles entered has Gipsy Sixes (Series I) and the other Gipsy Majors. The more powerful version should do 190 m.p.h.
Details of the latest version of the B.A. Double Eagle's retractable undercarriage.
As flown in the King's Cup Race, the new C.W.A. Cygnet has the Cirrus Major 150.
A good impression of the T.K.4, piloted by Bob Waight, getting its tail skid off Hatfield Aerodrome at the start of the King's Cup Eliminating Race on Friday.
The T.K.4 built by D.H. Technical students.
Seeing is believing: Waight looks into the fuel tank of the T.K.4 during replenishment at Renfrew.
The makers of the Dowty undercarriage have co-operated with the D.H. Technical School students in the design of the inward hingeing retractable legs of the T.K.4.
With its feet tucked up, and with a final coat of dope, the Miles Hobby will look far prettier than it does in this, its experimental state.
WOODWORK AS A HOBBY: Mr. F. G. Miles' own pet entry for the King's Cup race. Christened the Hobby, it is powered with one of the new Series II Gipsy Majors driving a "1,000" size D.H. v.p. airscrew. Unorthodox features of this fascinating little wooden racer are the wide track and the short span, which is actually less than the length.
MAJOR-POWERED MINOR. The diminutive Hobby single-seater sports monoplane which will be the mount of its designer - Mr. F. G. Miles - in the King's Cup Race. It has one of the new Gipsy Major II engines.
This G.A. drawing shows the unusual proportions of the Miles Hobby and the relatively wide track of the undercarriage.
RUDY'S RACER: The Folkerts Menasco-engined monoplane with which Rudy Kling, an agricultural worker, took the Greve and Thompson Trophies at the U.S. National Air Races. Kling landed it twice with the wheels up.