Flight 1938-04
Flight
"IT WAS A FAMOUS VICTORY." The Battle and the Blenheim make an appropriate background for the aircraft apprentices of Halton. The officers' mess is in the distance.
This photograph, taken at Hendon before the last R.A.F. display, is a history of production in itself, for the types shown range from the Virginia to modern Expansion bombers.
SKY SIGN: On the occasion of Field-Marshal Goering’s presentation of the first German-Austria flag to an Austrian Squadron, Austrian Fiat C.R.32 fighters made a swastika in the sky over Wienerneustadt. Field-Marshal Goering is commander-in-chief of the German Air Force. In the fore­ground can be seen a Dornier Do.17 fighter-bomber as fully described in an exclusive Flight article last week.
Overweather: One of A.B.<...>transport's Douglas D.C.3s.
Do 24 разрабатывалась для авиации голландских ВМС (на фотографии), но состояла на вооружении еще пяти государств. Больше всего таких самолетов поступило в Люфтваффе.
One of the most efficient military flying boats now in the air, tne Do.24 was built to the order of the Netherlands Government.
The Hurricane, which, although one of the fastest military aircraft in the world, is fabric-covered.
A pair of Junkers Ju.86s (one with Jumo diesels) paraded at Tempelhof with a Heinkel He.70 and an early Junkers used for testing the original Jumo. A Ju.52 peeps in at the top corner.
"IT WAS A FAMOUS VICTORY." The Battle and the Blenheim make an appropriate background for the aircraft apprentices of Halton. The officers' mess is in the distance.
The Battle is typical modern stressed-skin type.
An outstanding British contribution to the development of commercial flying: the Mayo Composite aircraft.
Mercury, the shapely upper component of the Mayo Composite aircraft. This machine should make the transatlantic trip this year. The engines are four Napier Rapiers.
GUARDING THE GATEWAY: A Hawker Hart (Kestrel IB) over the Suez Canal. The unfamiliar device on top of the engine cowling, resembling a waffle iron, is an air filter, now standard equipment Out East.
A pair of Junkers Ju.86s (one with Jumo diesels) paraded at Tempelhof with a Heinkel He.70 and an early Junkers used for testing the original Jumo. A Ju.52 peeps in at the top corner.
The Beechcraft 18 (two Jacobs) with float undercarriage. A particularly adaptable type.
The characteristic silhouette of the Heinkel He.111 of Lufthansa.
Mr. J. Gadd, of Cirrus, inspects a Major 150 installed in a Miles Magister.
MAKING WAY FOR THE YOUNG ’UNS: A symbolic picture of a new Miles Magister on a visit to one of the few R.A.F. stations with an Avro 504N still on charge. The 504 series (and later the Tutor) were, of course, in the very front rank of training aircraft. Even to-day the Tutor is finding wide employment, but will eventually be superseded by monoplane types.
STRANGE CARGO: Two flamingoes, part of the odd zoological consignment unloaded from International Air Freight’s Curtiss Condors at Croydon last week.
A Do.17 for Yugoslavia with Gnome Rhone 14N0. engines. The cowlings are noteworthy.
The Do.17 as powered with two 950 h.p. Daimler-Benz D.B.600 inverted vee-twelves. This version is very fast indeed.
This specially prepared Flight drawing presents at a glance the layout of the Do.17 bomber-fighter. Actually the machine represented here is to some extent a “cocktail” version, embodying various optional features such as twin fixed guns in the top front fuselage decking. If need be, bombs may be carried externally, low on the sides of the fuselage. The inverted Daimler-Benz engines may be regarded as opposite numbers of our Merlin, though current ratings are slightly lower than for the Rolls-Royces. On the right, Gnome-engined version.
The striking general arrangement of the Do.17 as fitted with Gnome Rhone 14N0. engines for Yugoslavia. The wing, it will be noted, is of fairly low aspect ratio.
Close-ups of (left) the retractable undercarriage and a section of the "double wing" of the Do.17 and (right) the somewhat unusual tail.
On the left are details of the wing construction of the Do.17 showing the use of extruded sections. On the right is a fairly representative piece of fuselage construction.
Fraulein Hanna Reitsch flying the F.W.61 inside the Deutschlandhalle in Berlin.
Test rig for single rotor, including an electric motor for the drive. Lift and power required at different speeds were measured simultaneously.
160 h.p. Siemens Sh 14a engine, with clutch and transmission.
Nose of the F.W.61. The propeller is merely a cooling fan. The three-wheeled undercarriage should be noted.
Вертолет Fw 61V1 в первом свободном полете. Бремен, 26 июня 1936 г.
An historical moment: The F.W.61 makes its first free flight, piloted by Ing. Rohlfs, on June 26, 1936. The fuselage had not yet been covered. Lateral and fore-and-aft control is by tilting the rotor heads.
Rotor head with blade hinges and incidence control.
Model of three-bladed rotor driven by 3 h.p. electric motor for tests in wind tunnel.
Petrol-driven model (0.7 h.p.) in free flight
NOT-SO-UNKNOWN QUANTITY: A wind-tunnel model of the projected 300-m.p.h. Miles X.2 four-engined transport. Although the layout is unorthodox in a number of senses no new problems in stability and control are involved.
Everyone familiar with the appearance of the Fokker Faucheur - illustrated several times in Flight - will acknowledge the accuracy of Mr. H. J. Towner’s model.
This photograph, taken at Hendon before the last R.A.F. display, is a history of production in itself, for the types shown range from the Virginia to modern Expansion bombers.
A pair of Junkers Ju.86s (one with Jumo diesels) paraded at Tempelhof with a Heinkel He.70 and an early Junkers used for testing the original Jumo. A Ju.52 peeps in at the top corner.
Подвеска бомб под крыло летающей лодки, 1938 г.
Light bombs on a Kestrel-engined Singapore III, a type used extensively by Blueland for long-distance reconnaissance.
This special Flight drawing shows details of the installation of the Jumo diesel engines; the internal layout of this type of engine is apparent in the photograph. In the small sketch are seen the peculiar longitudinal steps on each side of the main hull, in addition to the twin water rudders.
Quick fill-up: No. 217 Squadron’s Ansons about to be replenished by “Mr. Zwicky” at Tangmere.
No. 217 (G.R.) Squadron (with “Flight” represented in the leading Anson) slips past the Casquets on its way to make a low bombing attack on the convoy, which it found about 120 miles from the nearest land.
The Avro 652 transport in its later form - actually - one for the Egyptian Government. The well-known Anson was developed from the 652, two of which were used by Imperial Airways.
An adaptable feeder­line or charter type is the Cheetah-powered Avro 652
A Fairey Swordfish torpedo spotter reconnaissance machine (690/750 h.p. Bristol Pegasus III) taking off from the Courageous turns almost immediately the wheels are clear of the deck in order to clear the way for the next man off. The steam jet, which shows when the shin is headed dead into wind, is in prominence.
OVER THE CHANNEL: Vildebeests of No. 42 (T.B.) Squadron on the way to torpedo a "convoy" in the Channel seen from the gunner's cockpit of a consort.
Подготовка к подвеске торпед на самолеты "Уайлдбист" IV 42-й эскадрильи
Bristol Perseus-engined Vickers Vildebeest IV torpedo bombers of No. 42 (T.B.) Squadron, the first standard military aircraft to be fitted with sleeve-valve engines and detachable-blade wooden airscrews They are seen at Thomey Island, complete with “tinfish.”
В полете - звено самолетов "Уайлдбист" IV из 42-й эскадрильи
SLEEVE-VALVES IN SERVICE: Vickers Vildebeest IV torpedo bombers (Bristol sleeve-valve Perseus VIII) approach the “convoy” during the recent Combined Exercises.
Pioneers in India: part of the Tata fleet at Bombay
One of Cook Strait Airway’s D.H. Rapides flying over Wellington.
Type which have done an enormous amount of pioneer work on airlines in all parts of the world: the D.H.89, or Dragon Rapide
This photograph, taken at Hendon before the last R.A.F. display, is a history of production in itself, for the types shown range from the Virginia to modern Expansion bombers.
In South America: A Sedta Junkers leaving Quito for Guayaquil. The company was started by Herr Hammer, one of the pioneers of South American air transport.
London’s Terminal : British Airways, imperial Airways and K.L.M. on the tarmac at Croydon.
A pair of Junkers Ju.86s (one with Jumo diesels) paraded at Tempelhof with a Heinkel He.70 and an early Junkers used for testing the original Jumo. A Ju.52 peeps in at the top corner.
Outstanding among the landplanes is the D.H. Albatross, which makes use of the compact D.H. Gipsy Twelves. The tail is now cantilever with the fins and rudders at the extremities.
“A Government order for a transatlantic mail carrier, placed in 1936, provided a small part of the immense development cost of the Albatross.”
A well-arranged trio of Percival Q.6 monoplanes (two Gipsy Six II). This type is likely to make its mark as a small commercial type.
CIVIL FORMATION: A pleasant impression of three of the new Percival Q.6 monoplanes, specially “posed” by their pilots for Flight's photographer. The nearest, which is painted flame and yellow, is for King Ghazi; next is the demonstrator; and third is Sir Philip Sassoon's. The Q.6 is a feeder-line, charter or luxury private-owner type, and is fitted with the Gipsy Six Series II.
ROYAL EQUIPMENT: Inside King Ghazi’s Percival Q.6. On the right is the very complete Marconi two-way radio equipment with D F (or homing) loop, the graduated control wheel of which can be seen at the top of the picture. Interesting features of the Q.6 dashboard are the trimming cranks on the throttle bank, the D.H. constant-speed airscrew controls at the top of the dash to the right of the throttles, and the vacuum-operated flap control below the airscrew levers. All the six seats have Irvin seat-type parachutes.
P.O. AT ST. MORITZ: The Hon. Drogo Montagu sends this snap, which he took recently at the St. Moritz mountain airport. He says that the machine shown, Mr. Ian Walker’s Vega Gull, was the first British privately owned aircraft to land there.
Mr. Broad­bent waves on his arrival at Han­worth for the benefit of the news cameramen. The actual flight had ended at Lympne last Friday
Empire debarkation: The new pontoon gangway at Berth 10, New Dock, Southampton.
Passengers coming ashore at the Imperial Airways terminal at Southampton in April 1938.
The Short Empire boat, demonstrating the use of the Gouge flaps which contribute in no small measure to its excellent performance.
New type for Air France: The Bloch 220
New type for Air France: The trimotor Dewoitine D.338.
The Blohm and Voss Hamburger floatplane with four Junkers Jumo diesels - a type catapulted from Lufthansa’s “floating aerodromes.”
Intended for long-distance mail-carrying, this new Heinkel has four 240 h.p. Hirth inverted vee-eights.
Cabin arrangements of the Boeing Stratoliner, which will accommodate 33 passengers by day or 25 by night. Just aft of the control cabin is the men’s dressing room, and then four compartments - the first two shown made up for night travel. On the near side are nine chairs for short-trip passengers. At the rear are the women’s dressing room and the galley.
Air, drawn in through the leading edge of each wing, is com­pressed by the superchargers, warmed, and circulated as shown in this diagram.
Final assembly, in the open air, of the Boeing Atlantic Clipper, which will be powered with four of the new two-row, 1,500 h.p. Wrights. "Sea-wings" provide lateral stability on the water and facilitate embarkation of passengers.
Seating the fuselage of the Douglas D.C.4 on to the wing. A tricycle undercarriage is specified for this machine ; the engines will be four Pratt and Whitney Twin Hornets.
London’s Terminal : British Airways, imperial Airways and K.L.M. on the tarmac at Croydon.
PLOUGHSHARE AND SWORD: Civil and military versions of the Lockheed 14 monoplane, sometimes called the Zephyr. The transport machine does over 260 m.p.h. with two Cyclone Gs; turrets will detract from the performance. The bomb stowage is interesting, an advantage being that only a comparatively small hole has to be cut in the skin covering of the fuselage for the bombs to <...>
AMPHIBIAN FIGHTER - Virtually the so-called “Convoy” fighter with amphibian gear, this machine is seen before being dismantled for shipment from America to Russia. If the wings are used as tanks a range of 6,000 miles is claimed to be possible. By interchanging wing panels and power units the machine can be used as a trainer, for observation, or as a light bomber. Quantity production in Russia is probable.
MIDLANDS CENTRE: The terminal building and hangar at the new Wolverhampton aerodrome - with a small portion of Mr. J. R. Bryan’s Reliant in the right foreground. The Midland Aero Club are providing the club flying facilities there, while Boulton Paul already give a manufacturing atmosphere. The latter’s works, incidentally, make an excellent landmark when the aerodrome is being approached in poor visibility.
BREAKING NEW GROUND: The new Timm light transport which takes advantage of Handley Page slots and slotted flaps and does over 200 m.p.h. on a pair of Wright Whirlwinds. View and landing characteristics should be superior to those of the majority of commercial machines in the air to-day.
The Comet welcomed at Croydon on its return from the record flight.
An unorthodox snapshot of Clouston and Ricketts, amusingly suggestive of the famous painting, “The Death of Nelson.’’ They are watching the Comet being prepared in the works of Essex Aero Ltd., at Gravesend.
This Flight drawing clearly shows the layout of the Comet’s cockpit, and of some of the equipment carried during the flight. Both pilots wore Irvin seat-pack-type parachutes. There is a small luggage space behind the rear seat. The main fuel tanks (128 and 110 gallons) are in front of the pilot, and there is a 20 gallon tank aft.
The Airspeed Convertible Envoy shows great versatility in military and commercial fields. Two Siddeley Cheetahs are normally specified.
Cirrus Minor installation showing clearly the engine’s small size, in a Blackburn Bluebird used for testing purposes
China Clipper: One of the Martin boats used for the P.A.A. trans-Pacific ser­vice.
The Vickers Virginia was produced in wood and metal.
This photograph, taken at Hendon before the last R.A.F. display, is a history of production in itself, for the types shown range from the Virginia to modern Expansion bombers.
The Pobjoy-powered Scion is available as a land­plane or on floats.
Cirrus Minor engines have found their way to many distant lands; The Butler monoplane, which hails from Australia;
Cirrus Minor installation in a B.A. Swallow
The layout of the Chrislea side-by-side two-seater.
MAKING WAY FOR THE YOUNG ’UNS: A symbolic picture of a new Miles Magister on a visit to one of the few R.A.F. stations with an Avro 504N still on charge. The 504 series (and later the Tutor) were, of course, in the very front rank of training aircraft. Even to-day the Tutor is finding wide employment, but will eventually be superseded by monoplane types.
London’s Terminal : British Airways, imperial Airways and K.L.M. on the tarmac at Croydon.
This modified Dart Flittermouse has characteristics which lead its owner to hope that real soaring flight, with the 28 h.p. Scott engine switched off, will be possible in the right atmospheric conditions.