Flight 1939-12
Flight
RUSSIAN REMAINS: The tail of a Russian bomber - apparently an S.B. - brought down by the Finns not far from Helsinki. This type was used to a considerable extent in Spain and is based on an American Martin design. It carries a crew of three and does about 210 m.p.h.
A Russian SB bomber brought down by Finnish A.A. guns. When these machines were used in Spain they did not have the Hamilton type variable-pitch airscrews. The nose gun turret is interesting.
GOOD SHOOTING: This seaplane scout on the Admiral Graf Spee was rather severely handled by the British naval gunners. The picture was flown to Buenos Aires and transmitted by radio direct to London. A picture of the undamaged machine in position was published in our issue of October 19, 1939.
An Armstrong Siddeley Tiger VIII installed in an Armstrong-Whitworth Whitley bomber.
Welding the engine mounting of an Armstrong Whitworth Whitley bomber with British Oxygen company’s equipment.
A 500 yards’ stretch of yet another part of England. Armstrong Whitworth Whitley V wings on the jigs.
Erecting Merlin-engined Whitley Vs. The picture shows the enormous erecting shop, which is a companion to the wing shop on the previous page.
Erecting Merlin-engined Whitley Vs. The photograph shows sub-assemblies laid out in approximately the position they will occupy on the machine.
“THE LION HAS WINGS”: But the two Tigers of this Armstrong Whitworth Whitley had practically none, yet they managed to bring the machine home in safety. All the top surface fabric of the port wing was stripped off, and a considerable proportion of that of the starboard wing.
Two twisted machine guns are propped against the riddled wing of a Messerschmitt Me 109 (Daimler Benz DB 600) brought down by R.A.F. Hurricanes on the Western Front.
MESSERSCHMITT ME 109. Daimler Benz DB 601 of 1,150 h.p.; four machine guns (shell-gun optional); 340 m.p.h. plus
“Somewhere else in England”. Fitting a Blenheim undercarriage;
FIGHTER BLENHEIM: Certain squadrons of the R.A.F are equipped with Bristol Blenheims adapted for use as long-range fighters. Machines of this type, as shown, machine gunned German flying boats at Borkum as lately related in Flight.
“Somewhere else in England”. Installing the Bristol Mercury;
“Somewhere else in England”. Building a Blenheim short nose on a jig.
Powered with three Junkers Jumo 205 diesels the Blohm and Voss Ha 138 is a long-range flying boat of unusual design. There is a distinct possibility that this type has been put into production. Certainly at least two prototypes were built.
The new Dewoitine D.520 which is capable of 330 m.p.h.
GUNNING THE DC 3: This time only with paint guns. One of the Swedish Air Lines’ machines being given its coat of orange paint.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 159 experimental parasol fighter with Junkers Jumo 210 engine. The wheels retract completely into the fuselage.
Armament of Single-seaters: Curtiss Hawk 75A with one 0.3in gun and one 0.5 in.; Curtiss Hawk 75A with six rifle-calibre machine gun; Curtiss Hawk 75A with two shell-guns and two machine guns; Fiat G.50 with two 0.5in. guns and two rifle-calibre machine guns; Hawker Hurricane with eight rifle-calibre machine guns; Morane M.S.406 with one 20 mm. shell-gun and two machine guns; Bloch 151 with two shell-guns and two rifle-calibre machine guns; Fokker D.23 with two shell-guns and two machine guns; Bell experimental pursuit with one 37 mm. shell-gun (unconfirmed).
Armament of Single-seaters: Curtiss Hawk 75A with one 0.3in gun and one 0.5 in.; Curtiss Hawk 75A with six rifle-calibre machine gun; Curtiss Hawk 75A with two shell-guns and two machine guns; Fiat G.50 with two 0.5in. guns and two rifle-calibre machine guns; Hawker Hurricane with eight rifle-calibre machine guns; Morane M.S.406 with one 20 mm. shell-gun and two machine guns; Bloch 151 with two shell-guns and two rifle-calibre machine guns; Fokker D.23 with two shell-guns and two machine guns; Bell experimental pursuit with one 37 mm. shell-gun (unconfirmed).
CURTISS HAWK 75A. Pratt and Whitney Twin Wasp of 950 h.p.; six machine guns; 317 m.p.h
A pair of Heinkel He 111 Ks of the newest type take off on a reconnaissance job.
HEINKEL HE 112 (latest type). Daimler Benz DB 601A of 1,150 h.p.; armament uncertain ; 370 m.p.h. plus.
Replenishing belt boxes of Browning guns on a Hawker Hurricane.
CO-OPERATIVE: A flight of Westland Lysander II Perseus-engined Army Co-operation machines calls in at a Hurricane squadron’s aerodrome. When these machines are employed on the Western Front it will be part of the Hurricanes’ job to see that they are not molested by Messerschmitts.
Armament of Single-seaters: Curtiss Hawk 75A with one 0.3in gun and one 0.5 in.; Curtiss Hawk 75A with six rifle-calibre machine gun; Curtiss Hawk 75A with two shell-guns and two machine guns; Fiat G.50 with two 0.5in. guns and two rifle-calibre machine guns; Hawker Hurricane with eight rifle-calibre machine guns; Morane M.S.406 with one 20 mm. shell-gun and two machine guns; Bloch 151 with two shell-guns and two rifle-calibre machine guns; Fokker D.23 with two shell-guns and two machine guns; Bell experimental pursuit with one 37 mm. shell-gun (unconfirmed).
HAWKER HURRICANE I. Rolls-Royce Merlin engine of 1,050 h.p.; eight machine guns; 330 m.p.h.
In appearance the Martin 167W is one of the most businesslike machines of its type.
The Morane 406 is being built in great quantities and has had a number of successes. It is said to be more manoeuvrable than the Me 109 and is armed with one shell-gun and two machine guns.
Armament of Single-seaters: Curtiss Hawk 75A with one 0.3in gun and one 0.5 in.; Curtiss Hawk 75A with six rifle-calibre machine gun; Curtiss Hawk 75A with two shell-guns and two machine guns; Fiat G.50 with two 0.5in. guns and two rifle-calibre machine guns; Hawker Hurricane with eight rifle-calibre machine guns; Morane M.S.406 with one 20 mm. shell-gun and two machine guns; Bloch 151 with two shell-guns and two rifle-calibre machine guns; Fokker D.23 with two shell-guns and two machine guns; Bell experimental pursuit with one 37 mm. shell-gun (unconfirmed).
MORANE 406. Hispano Suiza 12Y of 860 h.p.; one shell-gun and two machine guns; 310 m.p.h.
Armament of Single-seaters: Curtiss Hawk 75A with one 0.3in gun and one 0.5 in.; Curtiss Hawk 75A with six rifle-calibre machine gun; Curtiss Hawk 75A with two shell-guns and two machine guns; Fiat G.50 with two 0.5in. guns and two rifle-calibre machine guns; Hawker Hurricane with eight rifle-calibre machine guns; Morane M.S.406 with one 20 mm. shell-gun and two machine guns; Bloch 151 with two shell-guns and two rifle-calibre machine guns; Fokker D.23 with two shell-guns and two machine guns; Bell experimental pursuit with one 37 mm. shell-gun (unconfirmed).
A NOCTURNAL DEFENDER: Our Spitfires and Hurricanes, in spite of their high performance, are sufficiently docile to be suitable for night fighting. It is believed that the German Messerschmitts 109 are disliked by pilots for night landings. Our picture shows a Spitfire about to start on a flight in the dark.
The installation of the Rolls-Royce Merlin in the Supermarine Spitfire fighter. Current versions have a variable-pitch airscrew.
The Supermarine Spitfire which, as a compromise between speed, armament and manoeuvrability, is unexcelled by any single-seater in general use. Like the Hurricane it has eight wing-mounted Browning machine guns. The top speed is 367 m.p.h. at a height of 18,400ft
SUPERMARINE SPITFIRE I. Rolls-Royce Merlin engine of 1,050 h.p.; eight machine guns; 367 m.p.h.
COLLEGIATE: North American Harvard advanced trainers, more of which are being delivered to England under the “cash-and-carry” scheme. Despite the howl emitted by the direct-drive Pratt and Whitney Wasp engine, the Harvard is establishing itself as a very useful type. Canada is using similar equipment and Australia has the general purpose Wirraway, also evolved from the same basic design. France has a lower-powered version with the Wright Whirlwind engine.
MIXED GRILL IN CANADA: The Canadian type of De Havilland Tiger Moth, the Fairey Battle, North American Harvard, Westland Lysander and Airspeed Oxford are all in use in the R.C.A.F. and are represented in this group. The Lysander is built in Canada but the Battles and Oxfords were imported from England.
Messerschmitt Me 110 twin-engined fighter and multi-purpose machine with Daimler-Benz DB 601 engines were used in the action last week when seven Wellingtons were brought down and twelve Messerschmitts suffered the same fate. The Me 110 which mounts shell-firing guns is shown above. The Germans say it is faster than our Spitfires, but this is doubtful.
MIXED GRILL IN CANADA: The Canadian type of De Havilland Tiger Moth, the Fairey Battle, North American Harvard, Westland Lysander and Airspeed Oxford are all in use in the R.C.A.F. and are represented in this group. The Lysander is built in Canada but the Battles and Oxfords were imported from England.
From grassland to production in twelve months. An impressive view of Rootes’ Shadow Factory, where long and short-nosed Blenheims are produced at a remarkable rate.
One of the 18 Lysander Is supplied to the Royal Egyptian Air Force shown fitted with a Vokes streamlined air filter, necessary on dusty, tropical aerodromes.
CO-OPERATIVE: A flight of Westland Lysander II Perseus-engined Army Co-operation machines calls in at a Hurricane squadron’s aerodrome. When these machines are employed on the Western Front it will be part of the Hurricanes’ job to see that they are not molested by Messerschmitts.
MIXED GRILL IN CANADA: The Canadian type of De Havilland Tiger Moth, the Fairey Battle, North American Harvard, Westland Lysander and Airspeed Oxford are all in use in the R.C.A.F. and are represented in this group. The Lysander is built in Canada but the Battles and Oxfords were imported from England.
MIXED GRILL IN CANADA: The Canadian type of De Havilland Tiger Moth, the Fairey Battle, North American Harvard, Westland Lysander and Airspeed Oxford are all in use in the R.C.A.F. and are represented in this group. The Lysander is built in Canada but the Battles and Oxfords were imported from England.
Flying Officers A. H. Fairweather and B. C. Andrew, of British Columbia, with an Airspeed Oxford at Camp Borden.
A general view of the Dornier. The airscrews are V.D.M.s.
A camera after removal from the Do 17 shown in the views below. Two of these were on board.
The R.A.F. exhibits interest in the hinged long-chord cowling over one of the B.M.W.132 Dc radials in the Do 17, the pilot of which was “dead, but wouldn’t lie down.”
Two alternatives in the arming of a twin-engined fighter. On the left the nose is shown with two 23 mm. Madsen shell-guns and two Madsen rifle-calibre machine guns, while above is the installation in “line-abreast” of eight rifle-calibre Brownings. Actually the machine is the Fokker G.I.
France has taken delivery of Koolhoven F.K.58s as shown. It does about 315 m.p.h.
Originally named the Skycat, this new Vultee fighter is now called the Vanguard. It has one of the new fully-cowled Pratt and Whitney Double Wasp engines and is among the world s fastest military aircraft.
Armament of Single-seaters: Curtiss Hawk 75A with one 0.3in gun and one 0.5 in.; Curtiss Hawk 75A with six rifle-calibre machine gun; Curtiss Hawk 75A with two shell-guns and two machine guns; Fiat G.50 with two 0.5in. guns and two rifle-calibre machine guns; Hawker Hurricane with eight rifle-calibre machine guns; Morane M.S.406 with one 20 mm. shell-gun and two machine guns; Bloch 151 with two shell-guns and two rifle-calibre machine guns; Fokker D.23 with two shell-guns and two machine guns; Bell experimental pursuit with one 37 mm. shell-gun (unconfirmed).
The little Caudron C.713 which does nearly 300 m.p.h. on 450 h.p. It is in production in France, but may be used as a trainer.
A scene in the wing-covering shops, where female labour is used exclusively.
“Somewhere in England.’’ Foreign Press representatives interested in a demonstration of the Vickers-Armstrongs Wellington.
Yet one more Wellington is taken from the erecting shops to the aerodrome for flight tests.
NAVIGATIONAL: Surrounded by geodesics and complicated gadgetry, the navigator of a Vickers Wellington long-range bomber sets about his business.
A Saunders-Roe Lerwick high-speed, long-range Service flying boat powered with two Bristol Hercules fourteen-cylinder, two-row sleeve-valve engines designed by Mr. A. H. R. Fedden.
A smokescreen laid by French destroyers on convoy work as seen from the bow cockpit of a C.A.M.S. flying boat.
NAVAL DIVE-BOMBERS: Blackburn Skua fleet fighter dive-bombers (Bristol Perseus XII sleeve-valve engine). The Skua has a top speed of 225 m.p.h. and as a fighter is armed with five machine guns, four being fixed in the wings.
ARISTOCRATIC: The Bristol Beaufort I high-speed multi-purpose monoplane showing how small is the frontal area of each of its two Bristol Taurus sleeve-valve radials.
" ... simplest and sweetest ol twins - a D.H. Rapide ..."
EIGHT IN HAND: The Bloctube engine control unit as fitted to the Handley Page Harrow. It provides throttle, mixture, D. H. airscrew-pitch, air intake and oil-cooler control for each of the two Bristol Pegasus engines (with Hobson carburettors). The makers are R.T. Bloctube Controls, Cricklewood Broadway Works, 25, Sheldon Road, London, N.W.2.
MIXED GRILL IN CANADA: The Canadian type of De Havilland Tiger Moth, the Fairey Battle, North American Harvard, Westland Lysander and Airspeed Oxford are all in use in the R.C.A.F. and are represented in this group. The Lysander is built in Canada but the Battles and Oxfords were imported from England.
Axial roller bearings (left) are used in Lockheed Airdraulic Cantilever shock absorber struts as fitted to the De Havilland Frobisher class of air liner (right).
MASTERFUL APPROACH: A Miles Master two-seater advanced trainer (Rolls-Royce Kestrel XXX) approaches to land with flaps down. A considerable number of these machines is already in service.
200 M.P.H. UPWARDS: Young Alex Henshaw, after a long innings as a private owner, has put his experience to good purpose by joining the test piloting staff of the Supermarine branch of Armstrong Whitworths. With team mates like Pickering and Quill he has landed a job any young man would give his boots for.
Australia’s Minister of Supply, Mr. R. G. Casey, and his family. He flies a Percival Gull.
Designed for fighting and light bombing, the Heinkel He 118 was fitted with a Daimler Benz DB 600 engine. In many respects it resembled the He 70 transport machine
A multi-purpose machine, the Henschel Hs 124 appeared in two forms. At first it had Junkers Jumo 210s and a revolving gun turret in the nose; the later version shown above has B.M.W. 132 Dcs and the nose has been redesigned. The array of externally-stowed bombs is interesting.
An untouched photograph taken by Flight with the miniature camera. It shows the V.E.F. J12 cabin monoplane at Ronaldsway, Isle of Man.
Three Boeing 307 Stratoliners are on order by P.A.A. One is for experimental landplane service over the Atlantic.
One of Pan American's Boeing 314 “Clippers.” By the end of 1940 their fleet should be increased to twelve.
The Blohm and Voss Ha 140 is a cleverly designed float plane intended for torpedo-dropping, bombing and reconnaissance. The engines are B.M.W. 132 Dcs.
Uncommon among German machines in that it had a rotating gun turret, the Focke-Wulf Fw 57 was a multi-purpose type with two Junkers Jumo 210 engines. It will be seen that the engines protrude beyond the level of the nose.
ABOVE CALIFORNIA’S MOUNTAINS: A Douglas DC 5 over country typical of many of America's air routes.
Armament of Single-seaters: Curtiss Hawk 75A with one 0.3in gun and one 0.5 in.; Curtiss Hawk 75A with six rifle-calibre machine gun; Curtiss Hawk 75A with two shell-guns and two machine guns; Fiat G.50 with two 0.5in. guns and two rifle-calibre machine guns; Hawker Hurricane with eight rifle-calibre machine guns; Morane M.S.406 with one 20 mm. shell-gun and two machine guns; Bloch 151 with two shell-guns and two rifle-calibre machine guns; Fokker D.23 with two shell-guns and two machine guns; Bell experimental pursuit with one 37 mm. shell-gun (unconfirmed).