Taylorcraft Auster
Варианты:
Taylorcraft - Auster - 1939 - Великобритания
Страна: Великобритания
Год: 1939


Two-seat light liaison or observation monoplane
Описание:
Auster
Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation
Фотографии

Auster

Корректировщик и самолет связи. Одномоторный подкосный моноплан с верхним расположением крыла. Шасси неубирающееся. Являлся усовершенствованным и "англизированным" вариантом легкого самолета Е-2, спроектированного под руководством Г. Тэйлора в "Тэйлор эйркрафт корпорейшн" (США). Переделка конструкции осуществлялась группой инженеров фирмы "Тэйлоркрафт эйроплейнз ингланд", являвшейся флагманом вновь созданной Тэйлором компании "Тэйлоркрафт эйроплейнз". Модернизированный гражданский вариант ("модель D") появился в 1939 г., специализированный военный АОР ("air observation post" - "воздушный наблюдательный пункт") - в мае 1942 г.
Серийный выпуск осуществлялся заводом "Тэйлоркрафт" в Тармастоне с 1939 г., серии АОР -с августа 1942 г. Всего изготовлено около 1900 машин военного назначения.
Экипаж самолета - 2-3 чел. Вооружения нет. Двигатель - в зависимости от модификации.
Самолет находился на вооружении Королевских ВВС с сентября 1939 г. (первоначально только как связной).
Основные серийные модификации военного времени:
  - "Остер" I (модель D/1) с мотором Циррус "Минор", двухместный;
  - "Остер" II (модель F) с мотором "Джипси Мейджор" I, двухместный;
  - "Остер" IV (модель G) с мотором O-290-3, трехместный, укороченный фюзеляж, измененное остекление кабины;
  - "Остер" V (модель J), вариант модификации IV с усовершенствованным оборудованием.
Закупленные у фирмы гражданские самолеты "модели D" ("Остер" D) летали как связные на территории Великобритании с конца 1939 г. В апреле 1941 г. в Северной Африке "остеры" впервые использовали в роли корректировщиков артиллерийского огня. Позднее они в этом качестве служили также в Европе и Бирме. В Италии их применяли и южноафриканские подразделения.
Производство "Остера" закончилось лишь в марте 1953 г. (модификация V строилась до января 1946 г.). Последнюю модификацию, AOP Mk.6, сняли с вооружения в 1955 г.


"Остер" V||
Размах:||10,98 м
Длина:||6,83 м
Моторы, количество х мощность:||1 x 130 л.с.
Взлетная масса, максимальная:||903 кг
Максимальная скорость:||209 км/ч
Практический потолок:||4575 м
Дальность:||483 км

Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation

Auster Aircraft (UK)
  Because of the large number of basically similar aircraft produced by this company during the 1940s and 1950s, it is considered expedient to cover the earlier types in the following paragraphs. Many of the later types are covered separately thereafter.
  Auster Aircraft Ltd was a successor to Taylorcraft Aeroplanes (England) Ltd which was formed in 1939 to manufacture a cabin mono­plane under licence from Taylorcraft Aircraft Corporation of America. The company assumed the name Auster Aircraft Ltd on 7 March 1946.
  The British Taylorcraft was produced in a number of different forms for the RAF and the British Army. The Auster 1 (Cirrus Minor engine), the Auster 3 (Gipsy Major engine) and Auster 4 and 5 (97 kW; 130 hp Lycoming engine) were all used on active service as three-seat artillery spotters or Air Observation Posts. Through­out the war development of the design continued, and although the same basic welded steel-tube structure remained, considerable strengthening was achieved and performance improved. In later Auster 5 models trailing-edge flaps were incorporated. During the wai the company built 1,604 Austers for the RAF and the Army Air Corps: 100 Mk 1s,
2 Mk 2s (shortage of Lycoming engines), 467 Mk 3s, 255 Mk 4s and 780 Mk 5s. In addition, six Model H gliders were built.
"Остер" Mk.III ВВС Израиля, июль 1948г.

Faithfully restored to its military glory, Auster III VH-SNB is flying again.
Today Austers are cherished by appreciative owners all over the world. Wearing colours denoting service in the Far East, Europe and in the UK (left to right): AOP.9, Mk.III, Mk.V and Mk.I. Noteworthy are the different cowlings housing different powerplants.
Taylorcraft Plus C
This Taylorcraft Plus C was operated by the Romford Flying Club at May lands in 1939.
Impressed Taylorcraft Plus Cs were upgraded following to C/2 standard, replacing the original Lycoming with the Cirrus Minor I. HH985, here in June 1942, was struck off charge on February 28, 1943.
Taylorcraft Plus C G-AFTN.
Taylorcraft D
Taylorcraft Model D G-AHXG of the Shropshire Aero Club following C of A renewal at Baginton. It was destroyed in a gale at Sleap on February 12, 1961.
Taylorcraft Plus D
Plus D T9120 was the first aircraft delivered to the British military from Taylorcraft Aeroplanes, being used in the original evaluation.
Taylorcraft Plus D G-AFZl was impressed soon after the outbreak of hostilities, becoming W5741.
With Butlin’s bunting waving in the breeze in the background, G-AKOG comes in over Taylorcraft Plus D G-AHCG to land at Ingoldmells.
Auster I
"Остер" I на аэродроме
Auster Mk.I LB278. The 'stick' in front of the cockpit is the crude fuel level indicator, while visible under the horizontal tailplane is the aerodynamic trim vane.
Auster 1 of 1942.
Auster II
The new engine for the Mk.II - MZ105 illustrated - required a shorter cowling design.
Like many British prototypes of the era, MZ105 had camouflage upper surfaces and yellow undersides. The lines on the underside of the fuselage are zips in the fabric that gave easy access to the internal structure of the aircraft.
Classic view from a 'walk-around' sequence of MZ105 as a Mk.II at Boscombe Down in February 1943.
MZ105 was one of two prototype Mk.IIs with a Lycoming O-293-3.
Auster III
Taylorcraft Auster III LB319 pictured in October 1942
The prototype Auster Mk.III, October 1942, introduced the Gipsy Major I. LB319 lacked other features of the Mk.III, most notable of which was the extension of the glazing to the rear of the fuselage.
Taylorcraft Auster III MZ127 was delivered ex-Rearsby early in 1943.
Taylorcraft Auster III MZ108 operating in Italy in 1943. Built at Rearsby early in 1943, it was finally struck off RAF charge in August 1944.
A fine study of Auster AOP III NJ747 making an uncharacteristic leap off the ground during a demonstration at Rearsby in September 1943.
Auster III NJ747 demonstrating its manoeuvrability at Rearsby in September 1943.
An Auster III is guided on to a beach at Akyab, Burma.
The Auster III was powered by a 130 h.p. D.H. Gipsy Major engine and had split trailing-edge flaps to give better short field performance.
Visibility was vital to the AOP mission, and also the survival of the Auster itself. Production Mk.IIIs, such as MT407, had more extensive Perspex glazing at the rear of the cockpit. In addition a rear-view mirror was mounted above the cockpit cabin.
Capt Day RA shortly after his arrival on HMS Hunter in an Auster III in the Bay of Bengal in May 1945.
An Auster III on a beach at Akyab, Burma in January 1945.
Photographed from a train near Beilen in 1965 are an unidentified Tiger Moth and the mortal remains of Auster III PH-NIN. Formerly NX537 with the RAF, this aircraft became R-7 and 8A-10 with the Dutch Air Force before being sold directly to Skylight, an aerial advertising company. It was written off near Beilen in the northern province of Drente, on June 27, 1964, and was broken up the following year. We would like to hear from anyone who knows the meaning of the name Antic Aeroplanes painted on the fuselage, or the identity of the Tiger Moth.
Auster III PH-NGK also began life with the RAF, as MZ331, before being passed to the Dutch Air Force, becoming R-18 and 8A-11. At the time the aircraft was photographed, at Eelde Airport in May 1968, it was owned by Tugair.
Auster III PH-NGF initially flew with the RAF as MZ166. In the Dutch Air Force it became R-5 and 8A-1 before being registered as PH-NGF. It is pictured at Hilversum Airport on May 14, 1966.
Looking fresh out of the paintshop in an updated almond-and-blue colour scheme is Auster III PH-UFP, formerly NJ916 of the RAF, at Rotterdam in 1960. It had previously served with the Dutch Air Force and Navy. In 1964, registered G-ATAX, it was operated by the Geilenkirchen Flying Club in Germany. Following a return to the Dutch register in July 1965, the aircraft flew again as G-ATAX, this time with the Laarbruch Flying Club. Later it was sold in Australia as VH-KRL.
Like many foreign air arms that operated Austers, Greece used them in combat. NJ894 was one of a batch used by the Royal Hellenic Air Force during the civil war in the country following the German withdrawal
Amongst the Mk.IIIs used by the RAAF was one of the original Mk.II prototypes, MZ105, which was upgraded to Mk.III standard before being handed over to the Australians. The aircraft survived its RAAF service and still flies in private hands.
The first AOP.IIIs for the Netherlands were operated in RAF markings before adopting R-prefixed serials - R-2 was one of two later transferred to the Dutch police, both becoming PH-POL.
Auster 3 9M-ALB, probably at Sharjah
An interesting photograph of the Nene-Vampire A78-2 when in use at the RAAF base at Rathmines as an instructional airframe. Also visible in this photograph are a Wirraway, Mustang, Auster III and Tiger Moth.
Auster IV
MT454 was the Mk.IV prototype. It was in this aircraft that A L Wykes was killed on May 15,1944.
Production Mk.IVs had a neater engine exhaust than used by the prototype. Another difference was that navigation lights were mounted in fairings on the wingtips.
AOP.IV MS951 carrying a red cross and white undersides to denote its use in the casualty evacuation role with the Netheravon Station Flight in 1947.
The rear visibility of the Auster Mk.IV was further improved by redesigning the rear and upper Perspex units.
Auster Mk.IV MS958 was one of a batch of 254 built as such between March and May 1944. It served with 653 Squadron, surviving the war to be sold in March 1947 as G-ALYA.
Taylorcraft Auster IV MS958 pictured in January 1944 before it went to 653 Sqn. In 1949 it became G-ALFA.
A line of factory-fresh Taylorcraft Auster IVs awaiting collection at Rearsby early in 1944. MT177, in the foreground, served with 659 Sqn until it crashed on August 2, 1944. In the background is a Turbinlite Havoc, fitted with a high-powered searchlight in the nose.
Taylorcraft Auster IV MT237 leaps into the air at Rearsby in 1944. It served with 656 Sqn until struck off RAF charge in August the following year.
Taylorcraft Auster IV MT237 demonstrating its apparent steep take-off capability - followed, no doubt, by a mile or so of nose-up wallow and a slight rate of sink! Seen here at Rearsby in 1944, MT237 later served with 656 Sqn until struck off charge in August 1945.
Taylorcraft Auster IV MT242 of 651 Sqn flying in Italy in 1944. This aircraft was struck off charge in July the following year.
Auster V
Auster V израильтяне купили у англичан прямо в Палестине
The Taylorcraft Auster V Light Liaison and Observation Monoplane (130 h.p. Lycoming O-290 engine).
Taylorcraft Auster V TJ458 was delivered to 657 Sqn in 1945.
AOP.V 5404 was one of six of the variant used by the SAAF in South Africa, mainly to help train artillery personnel.
The Auster Mk.V was externally identical to the Mk.IV. It was the most widely produced version and the final type to enter service before World War Two ended.
Mk.V TJ537, in December 1945, served throughout its life with the RAE at Farnborough. Can readers explain the rig it is mounted on?
TJ603 served with the British Commonwealth Occupation Force in Japan and was serving with the Iwakuni Station Flight when photographed at the main RAF Spitfire base at Miho in 1947.
Taylorcraft Auster V TJ626 at Santa Cruz in May 1946.
Taylorcraft Auster AOP. V TJ477, one of 400 delivered to the RAF between October 1944 and December 1945, at Fayid, Egypt in November 1946. It served with 216 Sqn Communications Flight during the time that the squadron’s fleet of Douglas Dakotas was maintaining regular transport services around the Middle East. The Auster was sold as surplus in January 1948.
B. H. Hargrave's Sherburn-based Auster 5, G-AKPI, in its old military camouflage as NJ703 at the "taildraggers" fly-in at Old Warden 22/5/77
Auster 5
Post-war many Austers abandoned the camouflage scheme and were painted silver overall. AOP.V TJ524 has a glider tug attachment under the tail.
TJ212 in contrast was apparently (if not officially) on the strength of 45 Squadron, presumably for communications or, perhaps, spotting duties while the unit was at Negombo, Ceylon, also in 1947. The squadron's main equipment comprised Bristol Beaufighter TF.10s - one of which can be seen behind.
AOP.V TJ651 served with 791 Squadron of the Fleet Air Arm at Sembawang in Singapore in 1946. It later went to the Airwork unit.
Between January 1950 and July 1952, AOP.5 TJ688 was flown by 1832 Squadron from St Merryn.
HALF-'N-HALF. Lycoming O-290-3 - powered Auster 5 operated by the Royal Queensland Aero Club of Archerfield, Brisbane, has Auster 5D-standard Aiglet empennage, but not the conversion to D.H. Gipsy Major inline. Rudder stripes identify R.Q.Ae.C.
It was useful to the Army that the Auster could be easily dismantled and loaded onto a 3-ton truck. Mk.V TJ465 plus another, served with the Austria Communications Flight.
Auster V RT538 of 656 Sqn being loaded into a C-47 “Dunibo” for Padang.
Three Auster Mk. Vs were converted to operate from floats. TJ207, the first, under test at Beaumaris, Anglesey, in 1944.
FLOATPLANE AUSTER V. S/Ldr. L. S. Ash, R.A.F.O. (white overalls) has sent us this photograph of the first Taylorcraft Auster (a Mark V: TJ207) to be fitted with twin floats taken from a D.H.82 Queen Bee. S/Ldr. Ash carried out the test flying while at Saunders-Roe, Beaumaris, Anglesey, during the winter 1944-45. In this seaplane form the Auster V had a maximum speed of 105 m.p.h. on 130-h.p. Lycoming O-290-3/1. Later, two more Mk. Vs and two Mk. lVs were similarly "booted".
 
Rudimentary flying control somewhere in the Imphal Valley. The controller is flashing a green, perhaps a red, with his Aldis lamp. Cloud obscures the mountaintops in the distance and an AOP Auster lurks on the dusty airfield in the background.
Some versions of the Taylor craft Auster IV were fitted with the standard blind-flying panel.
A member of the Leicester Home Guard seated in an Auster IV in early 1944. The radio equipment is mounted in place of the front starboard seat. The pilot’s seat was armour-plated and pulled forward to give access to the back seat.
Этот еврейский Auster, что называется, сел в лужу
The Preservation profile on Auster J/l Autocrat ZK-AUX brought back many memories of days at Bowling Green Lane around the time that Temple Press bought G-AERO. I was on the editorial staff there throughout the time the Autocrat was the company “hack” - writing for The Aeroplane Spotter until mid-1948 and thereafter for The Aeroplane. It is interesting to identify the five occupants of G-AERO depicted by Chris Wren in his Oddentification cartoon (although, of course, the Autocrat could only carry three - two side-by-side with dual controls and an uncomfortable little seat athwartships in the rear of the cabin).
Taylorcraft Auster III
Auster AOP.III