Hunting Percival Jet Provost / P.84
Варианты:
Hunting Percival - Jet Provost / P.84 - 1954 - Великобритания
Страна: Великобритания
Год: 1954


Двухместный учебно-тренировочный самолет базовой подготовки
Описание
Фотографии
Hunting (Percival) P.84 Jet Provost и BAC Strikemaster

  Руководство "Hunting" считало использование британскими ВВС в качестве учебных одновременно поршневых Provost и реактивных Vampire нелогичным, поэтому инициировало разработку реактивной версии самолета Provost для осуществления полного цикла подготовки молодых пилотов. Этот вариант сохранил крыло и оперение от исходного самолета Provost, но получил новый фюзеляж, внутри которого размещался турбореактивный двигатель и убирающееся трехопорное шасси с носовым колесом.

  Десять таких самолетов были заказаны в марте 1953 года британскими ВВС под обозначением Hunting Jet Provost T.Mk 1, первый из них поднялся в воздух 16 июня 1954 года, а в течение 1955 года все они подверглись сравнительным испытаниям. Первый курсант совершил на этом самолете самостоятельный полет 17 октября 1955 года. Успех машины был налицо и последовали новые заказы - Jet Provost оставался в эксплуатации в британских ВВС в качестве основного учебно-тренировочного самолета базовой летной подготовки вплоть до декабря 1989 года, когда ему на смену пришел Shorts Tucano (перевооружение было начато с 7-й летной школы в Черч Фентон). В 1-й летной школе последний T.Mk 5 был списан 4 июня 1993 года, но 6-я летная школа эксплуатировала последние четыре T.Mk 5 для подготовки штурманов до 20 сентября 1993 года.
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Варианты

  Jet Provost T.Mk 3: изначальный серийный вариант самолета с турбореактивным двигателем Bristol Siddeley (затем Rolls-Royce) Viper Mk 102 тягой 7,78 кН, с легкими катапультными креслами компании "Martin Backer", концевыми топливными баками и рядом улучшений (построена 201 машина)
  Jet Provost T.Mk 3A: модернизированный фирмой BAC вариант самолета T.Mk 3, оснащенный радиодальномерным оборудованием и аппаратурой РСБН
  Jet Provost T.Mk 4: вариант самолета с ТРД Viper Mk 202 тягой 11,12 кН; всего построено 185 машин
  Jet Provost T.Mk 5: последний серийный вариант для британских ВВС, разработанный компанией "Hunting" под обозначением H.145, позднее BAC.145. Самолет имел фюзеляж с герметичной кабиной для экипажа, удлиненную носовую часть с отсеком БРЭО, и усиленное крыло с увеличенными внутренними топливными баками и большей нагрузкой на внешней подвеске. Концевые топливные баки обычно не подвешивались. Построено 110 самолетов
  Jet Provost T.Mk 5A: модернизированный компанией BAC вариант самолета T.Mk 5, оснащенный радиодальномерным оборудованием и аппаратурой РСБН
  Jet Provost T.Mk 51: экспортный вариант самолета T.Mk 3 с двумя пулеметами калибра 7,7 мм и подкрыльевыми узлами подвески вооружения; поставлялся Цейлону (Шри-Ланке), Кувейту и Судану
  Jet Provost T.Mk 52: экспортный вариант самолета T.Mk 4 с вооружением, как у T.Mk 51; поставлялся Ираку, Южному Йемену, Судану и Венесуэле
  Jet Provost T.Mk 55: экспортный вариант самолета T.Mk 5; поставлялся в Судан


ТАКТИКО-ТЕХНИЧЕСКИЕ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКИ

  Hunting Percival Jet Provost T.Mk 5

  Тип: двухместный учебно-тренировочный самолет базовой подготовки
  Силовая установка: один ТРД Rolls-Royce (Bristol Siddeley/Armstrong Siddeley) Viper ASV.11 Mk 202 тягой 11,12 кН
  Летные характеристики: максимальная скорость на высоте 7620 м - 708 км/ч; начальная скороподъемность 1219 м/мин; практический потолок 11200 м; дальность с концевыми топливными баками 1450 км
  Масса: пустого 2271 кг; максимальная взлетная 4173 кг
  Размеры: размах крыла 10,77 м - без концевых топливных баков и 11,25 м - с ними; длина 10,25 м; высота 3,10 м; площадь крыла 19,85 мг
Hunting Jet Provost T.1 XD677 'M-Q' of 2 Flying Training School, Syerston, circa 1959. Silver overall with 24in (60.9cm) yellow 'Trainer' bands on fuselage and wings. Code letters approximately 16in. Note: Common to all the artwork: Roundels: fuselage 18in, wings 30in, fin flash 18 x 24in. Serials: Fuselage 8in; underwing 24in.
Hunting Jet Provost T.3 XM411 'R-G' of the Central Flying School, Little Rissington, circa early 1960s. Aluminium with yellow Day-Glo areas.
Hunting Jet Provost T.4 XP669 '37' of 2 Flying Training School, Syerston, circa late 1960s. Aluminium with 8in wide red Day-Glo panels.
Hunting Jet Provost T.4 XP547 '03' of 79 Squadron, 'C' Flight 1 Tactical Weapon Unit, Brawdy, in 1983. Dark Green, Dark Sea Grey with Light Aircraft Grey under surfaces. Red/blue tactical roundels.
Hunting Jet Provost T.4 XP583 '87' of RAF College, Cranwell. Red and white fuselage with red and Light Aircraft Grey wings. Dark and light blue 'Cranwell' band with RAF College crest on fuselage. With the exception of the College band, this was the common finish for the remainder of the aircraft's service.
Hunting (BAC) Jet Provost T.5 XW370 of 'The Swords' aerobatic team, 3 Flying Training School, Leeming. Red and white fuselage with red and Light Aircraft Grey wings. Name in gold script on the intake.
Изображен один из последних серийных T.Mk 5, принадлежавший 1-й летной школе.
Based at North Weald, Essex, Kennet Aviation operate the only airworthy let Provost T.1. G-AOBU was built as a demonstrator at Luton in 1954 and was retired in 1961. It flies in 2 FTS colours as 'XD693' 'Q-Z'.
T.3s XM424 and XM466 showing off the attractive display colour scheme of 1 FTS, Linton-on-Ouse, Yorkshire, 1992.
Part of the static display at the base in July 1999 to celebrate 1 FTS’ anniversary. The Avro 504 replica, Meteor F.8, Jet Provost T.4 and Hunter T.7 were all from the Yorkshire Air Museum at Elvington. At the end of the line is a Hawk T.1A and Slovenian Bell 412EP.
The Jet Provost T Mk 55 is similar to the Strikemaster but has a less powerful engine.
Самолет Vulcan, сопровождаемый Jet Provost, с которого и был сделан этот снимок, демонстрирует свою способность лететь на малой высоте. Маленький "наперсток" в носовой части - радар системы следования рельефу местности.
On September 3, 1969, the CFS received the first of the new BAC Jet Provost T.5s for the RAF, XW287. The T.5 featured a pressurised cockpit to allow for the increasing requirement for high-altitude training. A total of 110 T.5s were produced for the RAF, with serial numbers in the ranges XW287 to XW336, XW351 to XW375 and XW404 to XW438. Pictured is XW330 flying over the RAF College, Cranwell, Lincs, and wearing the unit's standard blue band.
«Джет Провост». На таких самолетах летали «Красные Пеликаны»
Some Jet Provosts wore this colourful scheme featuring a blue top to its fuselage and tip tanks. Pictured is T.5A XW325, which finished its service life with 6 FTS, Finningley, Yorks.
T.5 XW354 pictured in 1989 wearing a revised version of the Cranwell 'band' adopted by the unit's display team - 'The Poachers' - which swept up from the lower fuselage to the rudder top.
In March 1953 the Ministry of Supply placed an order for ten basic jet trainers, to be called the Jet Provost T.1, for tests. The prototype, XD674, undertook its maiden flight on June 16, 1954. The batch (XD674 to XD680 and XD692 to XD694) was delivered to the RAF during 1955 - XD676 is pictured in April of that year. For the first time a turbojet engine was introduced early on into the training syllabus and pupils could now fly with a nosewheel undercarriage at the start of their training - this was crucial as by then this configuration was almost 'standard' on operational aircraft. The first trainee pilot to go solo in a Jet Provost did so in October 1955.
JET PROVOSTS Mk. I and II. These two photographs provide an excellent opportunity for study of some of the basic differences between the Hunting Percival P.84 Jet Provost T. Mk. 1 and T. Mk. 2. The photo is a rare view of the "civil" demonstrator G-AOBU. The sixth Jet Provost built (G-23-IIs the thirteenth), G-AOBU c/n. HPAL/006) was experimentally fitted with underwing tip tanks.
Photographed at Blackbushe on 8th September is G-AOBU, the only civil-registered demonstration Percival Jet Provost. Ex-Luftwaffe General Adolf Galland is seen nearest the camera, about to fly the Jet Provost.
The Hunting Percival Jet Provost with new "short-leg" short-stroke undercarriage.
Jet Provost
FIN STRAKE EXTENSION is new feature of the production Hunting Percival Jet Provost T. Mk. 2 (XD694).
Power of the Hunting Percival Jet Provost is provided by an Armstrong Siddeley Viper turbojet.
JET PROVOSTS Mk. I and II. These two photographs provide an excellent opportunity for study of some of the basic differences between the Hunting Percival P.84 Jet Provost T. Mk. 1 and T. Mk. 2. The photo shows the latest modifications incorporated on G-23-I, the Class B (temporary) registered T. Mk. 2. These include the new one-piece, curved windshield, the extended spine to the fin fairing and the short-stroke undercarriage.
Jet Provost. The only jet trainer in the world to have been accepted for ab initio and basic military flying training, the Jet Provost has been ordered into production for the Royal Air Force.
The Hunting Jet Provost T Mk.3, the latest primary/basic trainer - chosen by Royal Air Force Flying Training Command. In full quantity production, it is also available for early delivery to other Air Forces.
' This is it! Solo for the first time. Start with cockpit checks - instruments, oil pressure, take-off trim. Good. Brakes off ... a quick look round ... full throttle.'
'Keep her straight. Ah - not so bumpy, nose wheel is off the ground. Faster ... faster ... gently back with the stick ... up and away in a steady climb.'
' Steady though; we've still got to land ... down undercarriage ... down flaps ... this is living! This is why I wanted to join the R.A.F.'
'Not bad ... not bad at all. A little wide on the approach, but a smooth enough touch-down. And my best take-off yet. Hope my instructor was watching.'
In early 1957 it was announced that an improved variant of the Jet Provost would be standardised throughout Flying Training Command - the T.3. Serial numbers for these were in the ranges XM346 to XM480 and XN458 to XN643. The first T.3, XM346, carried out its maiden flight on June 22, 1958. T.3s entered service with 2 Flying Training School at Syerston, Notts, in June 1959. Pictured is XM384 of 2 FTS.
Underside shot of Jet Provost T.3 XM346 clearly showing the positioning of serial numbers.
BAC (Hunting) Jet Provost T.3A XN470 of No. 7 F.T.S., Church Fenton
Jet Provost T.4 XN554 in the new colour scheme - white top, red undersides - over N. Gloucs. last month
... and the spritely Jet Provosts.
In November 1961 the Jet Provost T.4 entered service with the Flying Training Schools. The 185 examples delivered to the RAF carried the serial numbers XP547 to XP688, XR643 to XR707 and XS175 to XS231. This formation is from the Central Flying School at Little Rissington, Glos.
Several well-known aerobatic teams were formed with Jet Provosts over the years. They included the ‘Red Pelicans' (which were painted all-over red) from the CFS, pictured here in 1964 while flying T.4s.
Jet Provost T.4 of "The Red Pelicans" team. Note polished-metal leading edges of wings and intakes, and C.F.S. badge on nose and fin
Раритет британской авиации: "Джет Провост"
Jet Provost T.4 of "The Red Pelicans" team.
Provost Pair plus one at Hurn.
Percival Provost G-AWPH and Hunting Jet Provost G-PROV during a recent training flight.
Jet Provost G-JETP wears a midnight blue colour scheme. It is seen here airborne in the hands of Adrian Gjertsen.
BAC Jet Provost T.5s.
The flypast began (and ended) with the R.A.F Ensign being flown past the Queen, carried by Whirlwind HAR.10 XR453 of No. 2 F.T S., flanked by C.F.S. Gazelle HT.3s XX406 and XW898. In the background twenty-two Jet Provost T.5As in "25" formation (from No 1 F.T.S. and R.A.F. College Cranwell) start their run-in
BAC Jet Provost T.5 XS231 in the proposed new markings for R.A.F. Training Command aircraft: white-topped fuselage and fin with dayglo red undersides; wings and tailplane in polyurethane grey. The first prototype, XS230, first flew on 28th February 1967 and the type will enter R.A.F. service next year. Upwards of one hundred of these pressurised versions of the T.4 (note more bulbous cabin) are expected to be ordered
Finningley's resident No. 6 F.T.S. supplied this Jet Provost T.5B, XW324 coded "U", for the static park
BAC Jet Provost T.Mk 52 of Iraqi Air Force armed with 24 Sura rockets
Hunting Jet Provost T Mk.52 in the insignia of the Venezuelan Air Force
Hunting Percival Jet Provost T.Mk.1
"RED PELICANS" COLOUR NOTES: The aircraft are predominantly "dayglo" red, with standard R.A.F. roundels and serials and the normal anti-glare black on top of the nose. Tip-tanks are striped silver and "dayglo" red. Aerials: U.H.F. silver; D.M.E. and Standby yellow. The C.F.S. crest consists of a red pelican with gold embellishments, on a grey tower. Nose flashes are coloured (towards centre): purple, green, light blue (thin band) and black
HUNTING JET PROVOST T.3: Now in service with the R.A.F., the Jet Provost T.3 can be seen at Farnborough in its standard and export forms, the latter being the Jet Provost T.51 for Ceylon. The Jet Provost T.4 has the more powerful Viper A.S.V.II. The Jet Provost T.3 has a 1,750-lb. s.t. Bristol Siddeley Viper 102 turbojet, and dimensions are: Span 36 ft. 11 in.; length 32ft. 5 in.; height 10ft. 2 in.; wing area 213.7 sq.ft.
Hunting Jet Provost T.Mk.4
BAC 145 Jet Provost T.Mk 5 primary and basic trainer